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Zamkatimu

Crankshaft mgalimoto

Crankshaft ndi gawo la injini yamagalimoto yoyendetsedwa ndi gulu la pisitoni. Imasinthitsa makokedwe kupita ku flywheel, yomwe imazungulira magiya opatsira. Kupitilira apo, kusinthaku kumafalikira kumayendedwe oyendetsera magudumu oyendetsa.

Magalimoto onse pansi pa hood omwe amaikidwa injini zoyaka mkati, yokhala ndi makina oterewa. Gawoli limapangidwira mtundu wa injini, osati mtundu wamagalimoto. Pogwira ntchito, crankshaft imadzipukusa motsutsana ndi mawonekedwe amkati oyaka moto momwe adayikiramo. Chifukwa chake, m'malo mwake, ma minders nthawi zonse amayang'anitsitsa kukulira kwa zinthu zopaka ndi chifukwa chake zidawonekera.

Kodi crankshaft imawoneka bwanji, ili kuti ndipo ndizovuta ziti?

Mbiri ya Crankshaft

Monga chinthu chodziyimira chokha, crankshaft sinawonekere usiku wonse. Pachiyambi, teknoloji ya crank idawonekera, yomwe idagwiritsidwa ntchito m'madera osiyanasiyana a ulimi, komanso mafakitale. Mwachitsanzo, ma crank oyendetsedwa ndi manja adagwiritsidwa ntchito kuyambira 202-220 AD. (m’nthawi ya ufumu wa Han).

Chodziwika bwino cha zinthu zotere chinali kusowa kwa ntchito yosinthira mayendedwe obwereza kukhala ozungulira kapena mosemphanitsa. Zogulitsa zosiyanasiyana zopangidwa ndi mawonekedwe a crank zidagwiritsidwa ntchito mu Ufumu wa Roma (zaka za II-VI AD). Mafuko ena apakati ndi kumpoto kwa Spain (Celtiberians) ankagwiritsa ntchito mphero zomangirira, zomwe zinkagwira ntchito pa mfundo ya crank.

Kodi crankshaft m'galimoto ndimotani ndipo imagwira ntchito bwanji

M'mayiko osiyanasiyana, luso limeneli lakonzedwa bwino ndi kugwiritsidwa ntchito pa zipangizo zosiyanasiyana. Ambiri a iwo ankagwiritsidwa ntchito potembenuza magudumu. Cha m'zaka za m'ma 15, makampani opanga nsalu anayamba kugwiritsa ntchito ng'oma zomwe zikopa za ulusi zinkawombera.

Koma crank yokhayo sipereka kasinthasintha. Chifukwa chake, ziyenera kuphatikizidwa ndi chinthu china chomwe chingapereke kutembenuka kwamayendedwe obwereza kukhala kasinthasintha. Katswiri wina wachiarabu Al-Jazari (anakhalako kuyambira 1136 mpaka 1206) anapanga crankshaft yathunthu, yomwe, mothandizidwa ndi ndodo zolumikizira, imatha kupanga masinthidwe otero. Anagwiritsa ntchito njira imeneyi m’makina ake pokwezera madzi.

Pamaziko a chipangizochi, njira zosiyanasiyana zinapangidwa pang'onopang'ono. Mwachitsanzo, munthu wina wa m’nthawi ya Leonardo da Vinci, dzina lake Cornelis Corneliszun, anamanga makina ocheka matabwa omwe ankayendetsedwa ndi makina oyendera mphepo. Mmenemo, crankshaft idzachita ntchito yosiyana poyerekeza ndi crankshaft mu injini yoyaka mkati. Mosonkhezeredwa ndi mphepo, mtengowo unkazungulira, womwe, mothandizidwa ndi ndodo zomangira ndi zikwapu, umasintha mayendedwe ozungulira kukhala oyenda mobwerezabwereza ndikusuntha macheka.

Pamene makampani akukula, ma crankshafts adatchuka kwambiri chifukwa cha kusinthasintha kwawo. Injini yothandiza kwambiri mpaka pano idakhazikitsidwa pakusintha kwamayendedwe obwereza kuti ayende mozungulira, zomwe zingatheke chifukwa cha crankshaft.

Kodi crankshaft ndi chiyani?

Monga mukudziwa, m'mainjini oyaka kwambiri amkati (momwe injini zina zoyaka zamkati zimagwirira ntchito, werengani m'nkhani ina) pali njira yosinthira mayendedwe obwereza kukhala mayendedwe ozungulira. Chitsulo champhamvu chimakhala ndi ma pistoni okhala ndi ndodo zolumikizira. Mpweya wosakanikirana ndi mafuta zikalowa mu silinda ndikutenthedwa ndi mphamvu, mphamvu zambiri zimatulutsidwa. Kutulutsa mpweya kumakankhira pisitoniyo pansi pakatikati.

Kodi crankshaft m'galimoto ndimotani ndipo imagwira ntchito bwanji

Zitsulo zonse zimakhala pa ndodo zolumikiza, zomwe zimamangiriridwa ku crankshaft yolumikiza magazini. Chifukwa chakuti nthawi yogwiritsira ntchito masilindala onse ndi yosiyana, zotsatira za yunifolomu zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pamakina oyeserera (kuthamanga kwakanthawi kumadalira kuchuluka kwa zonenepa zamagalimoto). Izi zimapangitsa kuti crankshaft izizungulira mosalekeza. Kuyenda kozungulira kumatumizidwa ku flywheel, ndipo kuchokera pamenepo kudzera pa clutch kupita ku gearbox kenako kuma wheel wheel.

Chifukwa chake, crankshaft idapangidwa kuti isinthe mayendedwe amitundu yonse. Gawoli nthawi zonse limapangidwa molondola kwambiri, popeza ukhondo wosinthasintha wa shaft mu gearbox umadalira kuyanjana ndi ndendende yoyeserera kokhotakhota kwa wina ndi mnzake.

Zida zomwe crankshaft imapangidwa

Kupanga ma crankshafts, chitsulo kapena ductile chitsulo chimagwiritsidwa ntchito. Cholinga chake ndikuti gawolo lili ndi katundu wolemera (makokedwe apamwamba). Chifukwa chake, gawo ili liyenera kukhala lamphamvu kwambiri komanso lolimba.

Kupanga zosintha zachitsulo, kuponyera kumagwiritsidwa ntchito, ndikusintha kwazitsulo. Kuti apange mawonekedwe abwino, lathes amagwiritsidwa ntchito, omwe amayang'aniridwa ndi mapulogalamu amagetsi. Chogulitsacho chikayamba kupangika, chimakhala mchenga, kuti chikhale cholimba, chimakonzedwa pogwiritsa ntchito kutentha kwambiri.

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Kapangidwe ka crankshaft

kolendo1 (1)

Chovalacho chimayikidwa m'munsi mwa injini molunjika pamwamba pa sump yamafuta ndipo chimakhala ndi:

  • magazini yayikulu - gawo lothandizira la gawo lomwe limayikidwa chonyamula mota;
  • polumikiza ndodo magazini - oyimitsira kwa ndodo kulumikiza;
  • masaya - kulumikiza magazini onse olumikizana ndi ndodo;
  • chala - gawo lotuluka la crankshaft, pomwe pulley yamagalimoto (nthawi) yoyendetsa imakhazikika;
  • shank - mbali yotsutsana ya shaft, yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi flywheel, yomwe imayendetsa magiya a gearbox, sitatayo imagwirizananso nayo
  • zolimbirana - zimathandizira kuti pakhale kuyendetsa bwino poyendetsa gulu la pisitoni ndikuthandizira mphamvu ya centrifugal.

Magazini akuluwo ndi olamulira a crankshaft, ndipo ndodo zolumikizira nthawi zonse zimasamutsidwa mosiyana. Mabowo amapangidwa kuti apange mafuta mumayendedwe.

Crankhaft crank ndi msonkhano wopangidwa ndi masaya awiri ndi ndodo yolumikizira imodzi.

M'mbuyomu, zoyikiratu zama cranks zidayikidwa mgalimoto. Injini onse lero zili ndi crankshafts chimodzi. Amapangidwa kuchokera kuzitsulo zamphamvu kwambiri popanga kenako kutembenuza ma lathes. Zosankha zotsika mtengo zimapangidwa ndi chitsulo chosanja pogwiritsa ntchito kuponyera.

Nachi chitsanzo pakupanga crankshaft yachitsulo:

3 Akupera crankshaft Mokwanira ndondomeko ndondomeko

Kodi chojambulira cha crankshaft ndi chiyani?

DPKV ndi kachipangizo kamene kamatsimikizira malo a crankshaft panthawi inayake. Chojambulira ichi nthawi zonse chimayikidwa mgalimoto zamagetsi zamagetsi. Werengani zambiri zamayendedwe amagetsi kapena osalumikizana apa.

Kuti mafuta osakanikirana ndi mpweya aziperekedwa kwa silinda munthawi yoyenera, komanso kuti aziyatsa nthawi yake, ndikofunikira kudziwa nthawi yomwe silinda iliyonse imagwira sitiroko yoyenera. Zizindikiro zochokera ku sensa zimagwiritsidwa ntchito m'njira zosiyanasiyana zamagetsi zamagetsi. Ngati gawoli siligwira ntchito, ndiye kuti magetsi sangathe kuyamba.

Pali mitundu itatu yama sensa:

  • Inductive (maginito). Mphamvu yamaginito imapangidwa mozungulira sensa, pomwe mfundo yolumikizirana imagwera. Chizindikiro cha nthawi chimalola kuti zida zowongolera zamagetsi zizitumiza zomwe zimafunidwa kwa omwe akuchita.
  • SENSOR ya Hall. Ili ndi mfundo yofananira yogwira ntchito, maginito okha a sensa amasokonezedwa ndi chinsalu chokhazikitsidwa ndi shaft.
  • Chamawonedwe. Chimbale cha mano chimagwiritsidwanso ntchito kulunzanitsa zamagetsi ndi kasinthasintha ka crankshaft. M'malo mwamaginito okha, kugwiritsidwa ntchito kowala kumagwiritsidwa ntchito, komwe kumagwera wolandila kuchokera ku LED. Chikhumbo chopita ku ECU chimapangidwa panthawi yomwe kusokonekera kwa kuwala kukuyenda.

Kuti mumve zambiri za chipangizocho, mfundo zoyendetsera ntchito ndi zovuta za crankshaft position sensor, werengani mu ndemanga yapadera.

Crankshaft mawonekedwe

Mawonekedwe a crankshaft amatengera kuchuluka ndi malo amisili, momwe amagwirira ntchito ndi zikwapu zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi silinda-pisitoni gulu. Kutengera izi, crankshaft imatha kukhala ndimakalata angapo olumikizira ndodo. Pali ma mota momwe katundu kuchokera ku ndodo zingapo zolumikizira amakhala pakhosi limodzi. Chitsanzo cha mayunitsi amenewa ndi injini yoyaka yamkati yoboola V.

Gawoli liyenera kupangidwa kuti nthawi yosinthasintha ikathamanga kwambiri ichepetse momwe zingathere. Counterweights itha kugwiritsidwa ntchito kutengera kuchuluka kwa ndodo zolumikizira komanso momwe mapangidwe a crankshaft amapangidwira, koma palinso zosintha popanda izi.

Zoyenda zonse zimakhala m'magulu awiri:

  • Zothandizira zonse. Chiwerengero cha magazini akuluakulu chikuwonjezeka ndi chimodzi poyerekeza ndi ndodo yolumikizira. Izi ndichifukwa choti m'mbali mwa pini iliyonse yazitsulo pali zothandizira, zomwe zimagwiranso ntchito ngati cholumikizira cha makinawo. Ma crankshafts awa amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri chifukwa wopanga amatha kugwiritsa ntchito zinthu zopepuka, zomwe zimakhudza magwiridwe antchito a injini.Kodi crankshaft m'galimoto ndimotani ndipo imagwira ntchito bwanji
  • Zovala zochepa zonyamula. M'magawo otere, magazini akulu amakhala ochepa kuposa ndodo yolumikizira. Ziwalo zoterezi zimapangidwa ndi zitsulo zolimba kwambiri kuti zisasokonezeke kapena kusweka panthawi yosinthasintha. Komabe, kapangidwe kameneka kumawonjezera kulemera kwa shaft yokha. Kwenikweni, ma crankshafts ngati awa adagwiritsidwa ntchito mu injini zothamanga kwambiri m'zaka zapitazi.Kodi crankshaft m'galimoto ndimotani ndipo imagwira ntchito bwanji

Kusintha kwathunthu kumathandizira kukhala kopepuka komanso kodalirika, chifukwa chake imagwiritsidwa ntchito mu injini zoyaka zamkati zamkati.

Kodi crankshaft imagwira ntchito bwanji mu injini yamagalimoto

Kodi crankshaft ndi chiyani? Popanda kuyenda kwa galimoto sikungatheke. Gawolo limagwira ntchito potembenuza njinga zamoto. Makina agalimoto okha ndi omwe amagwiritsa ntchito ndodo zolumikiza.

Crankshaft imagwira ntchito motere. Mafuta osakaniza a mpweya amayatsa mu injini yamphamvu. Mphamvu yomwe imapangidwa imakankhira pisitoni kunja. Izi zimayambitsa ndodo yolumikizira yolumikizidwa ndi crankhaft crank. Gawo ili limayenda mozungulira mozungulira mozungulira crankshaft axis.

kolendo2 (1)

Pakadali pano, gawo lina lomwe lili mbali yotsatira ya olamulira limayenda mbali ina ndikutsitsa pisitoni yotsatira mu silinda. Kuyenda kwazinthu izi kumabweretsa ngakhale kuzungulira kwa crankshaft.

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Chifukwa chake mayendedwe obwezera amasandulika kukhala ozungulira. Makokedwewo amapatsidwira ku pulley ya nthawi. Kugwiritsa ntchito njira zonse za injini kumadalira kasinthasintha ka crankshaft - mpope wamadzi, mpope wamafuta, jenereta ndi zomata zina.

Kutengera ndi kusinthidwa kwa injini, pakhoza kukhala kuchokera pamakwerero 12 mpaka XNUMX (imodzi yamphamvu).

Kuti mumve zambiri za momwe kagwiridwe kake kamagwirira ntchito ndi zosintha zawo zosiyanasiyana, onani kanema:

Mafuta a crankshaft ndi magazini olumikizana ndi ndodo, momwe amagwirira ntchito ndi mawonekedwe amitundu yosiyanasiyana

Mavuto omwe angakhalepo a crankshaft ndi mayankho

Ngakhale crankshaft imapangidwa ndi chitsulo cholimba, imatha kulephera chifukwa chapanikizika nthawi zonse. Gawoli limakumana ndi kupsinjika kwamakanema kuchokera pagulu la pisitoni (nthawi zina kukakamiza pakanyumba kamodzi kumatha kufikira matani khumi). Komanso, pa ntchito ya galimoto, kutentha mkati kukwera kwa madigiri mazana angapo.

Izi ndi zina mwazifukwa zakusokonekera kwa gawo limodzi la makinawa.

Wopezerera wamakhosi oyika pang'ono

zidole (1)

Kuvala kwamakalata olumikizira ndodo sikulephera kugwira bwino ntchito, popeza mphamvu yamagwiridwe imapangidwa mgawoli mopanikizika kwambiri. Chifukwa cha katundu wotere, magwiridwe antchito amawoneka pazitsulo, zomwe zimasokoneza kuyenda kwaulere kwa mayendedwe. Chifukwa cha ichi, crankshaft imatentha mofanana ndipo imatha kupunduka.

Kunyalanyaza vutoli kumangodzaza ndi kugwedezeka kwamphamvu kwamagalimoto. Kutenthedwa kwa makinawo kumabweretsa kuwonongeko kwake, ndipo mu unyolo, makina onse.

Vutoli limathetsedwa ndikupera ma crankpins. Pa nthawi yomweyo, awiri awo amachepetsa. Kuonetsetsa kuti kukula kwa zinthuzi kuli kofanana pazitsulo zonse, njirayi iyenera kuchitidwa kokha pamakina a akatswiri.

vkladyshi_kolenvala (1)

Popeza pambuyo pa ndondomekoyi mipata ya gawolo imakulirakulira, pambuyo pokonza chida chapadera chomwe chimayikidwa pa iwo kuti chikwaniritse malowa.

Kulanda kumachitika chifukwa cha mafuta ochepa mu crankcase ya injini. Komanso, mafutawa amakhudza kupezeka kwa vuto. Ngati mafuta sasinthidwa munthawi yake, imakhuthala, pomwe mafuta pampu satha kupanga zovuta zomwe zimafunikira m'dongosolo. Kukonzekera kwakanthawi kumapangitsa makinawa kuti agwire ntchito kwanthawi yayitali.

Dulani kiyi

chipani (1)

Makina oyikirako amalola makokedwe kusamutsidwa kuchokera kutsinde kupita pa pulley yoyendetsa. Zinthu ziwirizi zili ndi ma grooves omwe amaphatikizira mphero yapadera. Chifukwa cha zinthu zotsika mtengo komanso katundu wolemera, gawoli nthawi zambiri limatha kudulidwa (mwachitsanzo, injini ikakhala yothina).

Ngati ma grooves a pulley ndi KShM sanasweke, ingochotsani fungulo ili. M'magetsi akale, izi sizingabweretse zotsatira zomwe mukufuna chifukwa chakubwerera m'mbuyo. Chifukwa chake, njira yokhayo yothetsera vutoli ndikusintha magawowa ndi atsopano.

Flange dzenje avale

mapiri (1)

Flange yokhala ndi mabowo angapo olumikiza chingwe chowongolera amamangiriridwa ku crankshaft shank. Popita nthawi, zisa izi zimatha kusweka. Zolakwa zoterezi ndizogawika monga kutopa.

Chifukwa cha magwiridwe antchito atanyamula katundu wolemera, ma microcracks amapangidwa m'zigawo zazitsulo, chifukwa chomwe zimapangidwira kamodzi kapena pagulu pamalumikizidwe.

Kulephera kumathetsedwa ndikubwezeretsanso mabowo pazitali zazikulu za ma bolts. Vutoli liyenera kuchitidwa ndi flange komanso flywheel.

Kutuluka pansi pa chidindo cha mafuta

salnik (1)

Zisindikizo ziwiri zamafuta zimayikidwa m'magazini akulu (chimodzi mbali iliyonse). Zimateteza kutayikira kwamafuta pansi pamiyala yayikulu. Ngati mafuta azifika pamalamba oyang'anira nthawi, izi zitha kuchepetsa moyo wawo.

Kutulutsa kwa chidindo cha mafuta kumatha kuoneka pazifukwa izi.

  1. Kugwedera kwa crankshaft lapansi. Poterepa, mkati mwa bokosi lokuzirala latha, ndipo silikhala mokwanira pakhosi.
  2. Nthawi yayitali kuzizira. Makinawo atasiyidwa mumsewu kwa nthawi yayitali, chidindo cha mafuta chimauma ndi kutaya mphamvu. Ndipo chifukwa cha chisanu, iye amadzuka.
  3. Mtundu wazinthuzo. Magawo a Bajeti nthawi zonse amakhala ndi moyo wochepa wogwira ntchito.
  4. Zolakwika pakukhazikitsa. Makaniko ambiri amaika ndi nyundo, akuyendetsa modekha chidindo cha mafuta pamtengo. Kuti gawolo ligwire ntchito nthawi yayitali, wopanga amalimbikitsa kugwiritsa ntchito chida chopangira njirayi (mandrel for bearing and seals).

Nthawi zambiri, zisindikizo zamafuta zimatha nthawi yomweyo. Komabe, ngati pakufunika kusinthanitsa imodzi yokha, yachiwiri iyenera kusinthidwa.

Crankshaft kachipangizo wonongeka

datchik_kolenvala (1)

Chojambulira chamagetsi ichi chimayikidwa pa injini kuti igwirizanitse magwiridwe antchito a injini ndi poyatsira. Ngati ili ndi vuto, mota siyingayambike.

Chojambulira cha crankshaft chimazindikira malo azomwe zimayikidwa pakatikati pa cholembera choyamba. Kutengera ndi gawo ili, zida zamagalimoto zamagalimoto zimawonetsetsa mphindi yakubakiramo mafuta mu silinda iliyonse ndikuperekera kwa mphanvu. Mpaka kugunda kumalandiridwa kuchokera ku sensa, kuthetheka sikunapangike.

Ngati sensa iyi yalephera, vutoli limathetsedwa ndikuliika m'malo mwake. Mtundu wokhawo wopangidwira mtundu wa injiniyi ndiomwe uyenera kusankhidwa, apo ayi magawo a crankshaft sangagwirizane ndi zenizeni, ndipo injini yoyaka mkati sichigwira ntchito moyenera.

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Ntchito ya Crankshaft

Palibe magawo mgalimoto omwe safuna kuyang'anitsitsa kwakanthawi, kukonza kapena kusintha. Zomwezo zimapitanso ku crankshafts. Popeza gawoli limakhala lolemedwa nthawi zonse, limatha (izi zimachitika mwachangu makamaka ngati mota nthawi zambiri imakhala ndi njala yamafuta).

Kuti muwone momwe crankshaft ilili, iyenera kuchotsedwa pamalowo.

Chovalacho chimachotsedwa motere:

  • Choyamba muyenera kukhetsa mafuta;
  • Kenako, muyenera kuchotsa galimoto m'galimoto, ndiye zinthu zake zonse zachotsedwa;
  • Thupi lamkati loyaka moto latembenuzidwira pansi ndi mphasa;
  • Pakukonza phiri la crankshaft, ndikofunikira kukumbukira komwe kuli zisoti zazikulu - ndizosiyana;
  • Zophimba pachikuto chothandizira kapena zazikulu zimachotsedwa;
  • O-ring yakumbuyo imachotsedwa ndipo gawo limachotsedwa mthupi;
  • Zitsulo zonse zazikulu zimachotsedwa.

Chotsatira, timayang'ana crankshaft - momwe zilili.

Kukonza ndi mtengo wa crankshaft yowonongeka

Crankshaft ndi gawo lovuta kwambiri kukonza. Chifukwa chake ndi chakuti gawo ili limagwira ntchito mothamanga kwambiri pansi pa katundu wolemetsa. Chifukwa chake, gawo ili liyenera kukhala ndi geometry yabwino. Izi zitha kuchitika pogwiritsa ntchito zida zolondola kwambiri.

Kodi crankshaft m'galimoto ndimotani ndipo imagwira ntchito bwanji

Ngati crankshaft ikufunika kuti ikhale pansi chifukwa chakuwoneka kwa zigoli ndi kuwonongeka kwina, ntchitoyi iyenera kuchitidwa ndi katswiri wodziwa ntchito pogwiritsa ntchito zipangizo zapadera. Kuti mubwezeretse crankshaft yotopa, kuphatikiza pakupera, pamafunika:

  • Kuyeretsa ngalande;
  • Kusintha kwa mayendedwe;
  • Chithandizo cha kutentha;
  • Kusamalitsa.

Mwachibadwa, ntchito yotereyi ingakhoze kuchitidwa ndi akatswiri oyenerera kwambiri, ndipo adzatenga ndalama zambiri pa izi (ntchitoyo ikuchitika pazida zodula). Koma iyi ndi nsonga chabe ya madzi oundana. Mbuyeyo asanayambe kukonza crankshaft, iyenera kuchotsedwa ku injini, ndiyeno imayikidwa bwino. Ndipo izi ndi zowononga zowonjezera pa ntchito ya waminder.

Mtengo wa ntchito zonsezi umadalira mtengo wa mbuye. Izi ziyenera kumveka bwino m'dera limene ntchito yotereyi ikuchitika.

Palibe zomveka kukonza crankshaft pamene kwathunthu disassembly injini, choncho ndi bwino nthawi yomweyo kuphatikiza ndondomeko ndi kukonzanso injini kuyaka mkati. Nthawi zina, zimakhala zosavuta kugula galimoto ya mgwirizano (yochokera kudziko lina osati pansi pa nyumba ya galimoto komanso popanda kuthamanga m'dera la dziko lino) ndikuyiyika m'malo mwa yakale.

Algorithm yoyang'ana crankshaft:

Kuti mudziwe gawo la gawo, liyenera kuthiriridwa ndi mafuta kuti muchotse mafuta otsalira pamwamba ndi pamadontho a mafuta. Mukatha kutsuka, gawolo limakonzedwa ndi kompresa.

Komanso, chekechi chimachitika motere:

  • Kuyendera gawolo kumachitika: kulibe tchipisi, mikwingwirima kapena ming'alu, ndipo zimadziwikanso kuti zawonongeka motani.
  • Ndime zonse zamafuta zimatsukidwa ndikutsukidwa kuti zidziwike zomwe zingatseke.
  • Ngati mikwingwirima ndi zokopa zimapezeka m'magazini olumikizira ndodo, gawolo limayenera kupukutidwa ndikupukutidwa pambuyo pake.
  • Ngati kuwonongeka kukupezeka pamayendedwe akulu, ayenera kusinthidwa ndi ena atsopano.
  • Kuyang'anitsitsa kwa flywheel kumachitika. Ngati yawonongeka pamakina, gawolo limasinthidwa.
  • Chojambula chokwera chala chake chimayesedwa. Pakakhala zolakwika, gawolo limasindikizidwa, ndikukankhira lina mkati.
  • Chisindikizo cha mafuta pachikuto cha camshaft chimayang'aniridwa. Ngati galimoto ili ndi mtunda wapamwamba, ndiye kuti chidindo cha mafuta chiyenera kusinthidwa.
  • Chisindikizo kumbuyo kwa crankshaft ndikusinthidwa.
  • Zisindikizo zonse za raba zimawerengedwa ndipo ngati kuli kofunikira, zimasinthidwa.

Pambuyo pakuwunika ndikukonza moyenera, gawolo limabwezeretsedwanso pamalo ake ndipo mota wasonkhanitsidwa mosanjikizanso. Mukamaliza ndondomekoyi, crankshaft iyenera kuzungulira bwino, osachita khama kapena kugwedezeka.

Crankshaft akupera

Mosasamala kanthu za crankshaft yopangidwa ndi zinthu, posakhalitsa ntchito imapangidwa pamenepo. Kumayambiriro koyamba kwa kuvala, kukulitsa moyo wogwira ntchito, ndi nthaka. Popeza crankshaft ndi gawo lomwe liyenera kupangidwa mwangwiro, kupukuta ndi kupukuta kuyenera kuchitidwa ndi womvetsetsa komanso wodziwa zambiri.

Adzagwira ntchito yonse payekha. Kugula kokhako kolumikizira ndodo (ndizolimba kuposa fakitore) kumadalira mwini galimoto. Zida zokonzera zimasiyana pakulimba kwake, ndipo pamakhala kukula kwake 1,2 ndi 3. Kutengera kuti crankshaft idagundidwa kangati kapena momwe idavalira, magawo ofanana amagulidwa.

Kuti mumve zambiri za ntchito ya DPKV ndikuzindikira zovuta zake, onani kanema:

Crankshaft ndi camshaft sensors: magwiridwe antchito, zovuta ndi njira zowunikira. Gawo 11

Kanema pa mutuwo

Kuphatikiza apo, onerani kanema wamomwe crankshaft imabwezeretsedwa:

Kubwezeretsanso kwa crankshaft magazine poyang'ana

Mafunso ndi Mayankho:

Kodi crankshaft ili kuti? Gawoli lili mu injini yomwe ili pansi pa silinda. Zingwe zolumikizira ndi ma pistoni mbali inayo zimalumikizidwa ndi khosi la chopunthira.

Dzina lina la crankshaft ndi chiyani? Crankshaft ndi dzina lachidule. Dzina lathunthu la gawoli ndi crankshaft. Ili ndi mawonekedwe ovuta, omwe amaphatikizika omwe amatchedwa mawondo. Dzina lina ndi bondo.

Nchiyani chimayendetsa crankshaft? Chovalacho chimalumikizidwa ndi flywheel pomwe nthawi imafalikira. Gawoli lapangidwa kuti lisinthe mayendedwe obwereza kukhala ozungulira. Chovundikiracho chimayendetsedwa ndi kusintha kwa ma pistoni. Mpweya / mafuta osakaniza amayatsa mu silinda ndikusunthira pisitoni yolumikizidwa ndi crankhaft crank. Chifukwa chakuti njira zomwezo zimachitika pamagalasi oyandikana, crankshaft imayamba kuzungulira.

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