Mtengo woyendetsa magetsi

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Mtengo woyendetsa magetsi

Kodi kuyendetsa magetsi kumawononga ndalama zingati? Yankho la funso ili lamutu lidzaperekedwa m'nkhaniyi. Chisamaliro chapadera chidzaperekedwa ku zosankha zosiyanasiyana zolipiritsa ndi ndalama zomwe zimagwirizana. Mtengo pa kilomita ufananizidwanso ndi mtengo wa petulo. M'nkhani ya mtengo wa galimoto yamagetsi, timakambirana wamba bili ya ndalama.

Kusungitsa pang'ono pasadakhale, mwina kosafunikira: mitengo yowonetsedwa imatha kusintha. Chifukwa chake yang'anani tsamba la gululo kuti muwonetsetse kuti muli ndi mitengo yamakono.

Ndalama zolipirira nyumba

Mutha kungolumikiza galimoto yanu yamagetsi kunyumba. Kuchokera pamalingaliro amtengo wapatali, iyi ndiyo njira yomveka bwino: mumangolipira malipiro anu amagetsi nthawi zonse. Kuchuluka kwenikweni kwa malipiro kumadalira wothandizira, koma pafupifupi pafupifupi 0,22 € pa kWh (kilowatt ola). Ngati mumalipiritsa momwe mungathere kunyumba, muli ndi ndalama zotsika kwambiri polipira galimoto yamagetsi.

Iyi si njira yolipiritsa yachangu kwambiri, koma mutha kuyisintha pogula malo anu ochapira kapena bokosi la khoma. Kulipiritsa kunyumba kumatha kutsika mtengo ngati mupanga magetsi anu pogwiritsa ntchito ma solar. Munthawi imeneyi, muli ndi mwayi waukulu wazachuma kuchokera pakuyendetsa magetsi.

Mtengo woyendetsa magetsi

Mtengo wa siteshoni yanu yolipirira

Kuchuluka kwa ndalama zomwe mumalipira potengera malo anu ochapira zimatengera zinthu zosiyanasiyana: wopereka chithandizo, mtundu wa kulumikizana, komanso kuchuluka kwa mphamvu zomwe malo ochapira angapereke. Zimafunikanso kusankha "smart charging station" kapena ayi. Malo opangira osavuta amayambira pa 200 euros. Malo opangira zida zanzeru zamagawo atatu okhala ndi zolumikizira ziwiri amatha kuwononga € 2.500 kapena kupitilira apo. Choncho mitengo imatha kusiyana kwambiri. Kupatula pa mtengo wa siteshoni yolipiritsa yokha, pangakhalenso ndalama zowonjezera kukhazikitsa ndikukhazikitsa kunyumba. Mutha kuwerenga zambiri za izi m'nkhani yogula malo anu opangira ma charger.

Mtengo wa malo olipiritsa anthu

Zinthu zimakhala zovuta m'malo othamangitsira anthu. Pali mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya malo opangira ndalama komanso othandizira osiyanasiyana. Mtengo ukhoza kusiyana kutengera malo ndi nthawi. Kuphatikiza pa kuchuluka kwa kWh, nthawi zina mumalipiranso mtengo wolembetsa komanso / kapena mtengo woyambira pagawo lililonse.

Mitengo yolipirira anthu ambiri imadalira magulu awiri:

  • woyang'anira siteshoni, yemwe amadziwikanso kuti Charching Point Operator kapena CPO; ndi:
  • service provider, yomwe imadziwikanso kuti mobile service provider kapena MSP.

Yoyamba ndi yomwe imayang'anira kukhazikitsa ndikugwira ntchito moyenera kwa siteshoni yolipirira. Yachiwiri ndi yomwe ili ndi khadi lolipira lomwe muyenera kugwiritsa ntchito polipira. Mutha kusiyanitsa pakati pa malo otchatsira wamba ndi ma charger okwera mtengo kwambiri.

Malo opangira ndalama wamba

Allego ndi m'modzi mwa oyendetsa masiteshoni akulu kwambiri ku Netherlands. Amalipiritsa mtengo wokhazikika wa € 0,37 pa kWh pazida zolipiritsa pafupipafupi. M'matauni ena chiwerengerochi ndi chochepa. Ku NewMotion (gawo la Shell), mumalipira € 0,34 pa kWh nthawi zambiri zolipiritsa. Ena ali ndi mtengo wotsika wa € 0,25 pa kWh. Mtengo uli pafupi 0,36 € pa kWh ndizofala kwambiri pamalipiritsa anthu.

Mtengo umatengeranso khadi lanu lolipira. Nthawi zambiri mumangolipira CPO (mlingo wa manejala), mwachitsanzo ndi khadi yanu yolipira ya ANWB. Komabe, nthawi zina ndalama zowonjezera zimawonjezeredwa. Mwachitsanzo, plugsurfing imawonjezera 10% ku izi. Othandizira ena amalipiranso mitengo yoyambira. Mwachitsanzo, ANWB imawononga € 0,28 pagawo lililonse, pomwe Eneco amalipira € 0,61.

Kufunsira khadi yolipira ndikwaulere kwa maphwando ambiri. Pa Plugsurfing mumalipira € 9,95 nthawi imodzi ndi € 6,95 ku Elbizz. Othandizira ambiri monga Newmotion, Vattenfall ndi ANWB samalipira ndalama zolembetsa. Kwa maphwando omwe amachita izi, izi nthawi zambiri zimakhala pakati pa ma euro atatu kapena anayi pamwezi, ngakhale pali kusiyana kokwera ndi kutsika.

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Mtengo woyendetsa magetsi

Nthawi zina amalipiritsanso chindapusa. Chindapusachi cholinga chake ndikuletsa zomwe zimatchedwa "charging station kupanikizana". Ngati muyima kwa nthawi yayitali galimoto yanu italipidwa, mudzalipidwa. Mwachitsanzo, ku Vattenfall ndi € 0,20 pa ola ngati agulidwa zosakwana 1 kWh pa ola. Mutauni wa Arnhem amalipira € 1,20 pa ola limodzi. Izi zimayamba patatha mphindi 120 galimotoyo itayipitsidwa.

Snelladers

Kuphatikiza pa malo othamangitsira wamba, palinso ma charger othamanga. Amalipira mwachangu kwambiri kuposa malo opangira wamba. Galimoto yokhala ndi batire ya 50 kWh imatha kulipiritsidwa mpaka 80% mphindi khumi ndi zisanu. Inde, muyenera kulipira zambiri pa izi.

Fastned ndiye woyendetsa wamkulu kwambiri ku Netherlands. amalipira 0,59 € pa kWh... Ndi umembala wa Golide wa € 11,99 pamwezi, mumalipira € 0,35 pa kWh. Iwo amalipira izo 0,69 € pa kWh.

Ndiye pakubwera Ionity, yomwe ndi mgwirizano pakati pa Mercedes, BMW, Volkswagen, Ford ndi Hyundai, pakati pa ena. Poyambirira amalipira mtengo wokhazikika wa € 8 pagawo lililonse. Komabe, kulipira mwachangu tsopano ndikokwera mtengo kwambiri ku Ionity, ndi liwiro 0,79 € pa kWh... Ndiotsika mtengo polembetsa. Mwachitsanzo, eni ake a Audi amatha kulipira € 17,95 pamwezi pamtengo wa € 0,33 pa kWh.

Tesla ndi nkhani ina chifukwa ali ndi zida zawo zothamangitsira mwachangu: Tesla Supercharger. Kulipiritsa ndikotsika mtengo kwambiri poyerekeza ndi zida zina zothamangitsa mwachangu chifukwa zitha kuchitika kale 0,25 € pa kWh... Tesla, m'mawu ake omwe, sakufuna kupanga phindu pano ndipo chifukwa chake angagwiritse ntchito mtengo wotsika wotere.

Mpaka 2017 kuphatikiza, kulipira mu Supercharger kunalibe malire komanso kwaulere kwa madalaivala onse a Tesla. Pambuyo pake, eni ake adalandira ngongole yaulere ya 400 kWh kwakanthawi. Kuyambira 2019, kulipiritsa kwaulere kopanda malire kwabwerera. Komabe, izi zimagwiranso ntchito kwa Model S kapena Model X komanso kwa eni ake oyamba. Ponena za mitundu yonse, mutha kupeza ma 1.500 km a zolipiritsa zaulere kudzera mu pulogalamu yotumizira. Pulogalamuyi ikutanthauza kuti eni ake a Tesla amalandira kachidindo akagula ndipo amatha kugawana ndi ena. Amene amagula galimoto pogwiritsa ntchito code yanu adzalandira ngongole yaulere ya Supercharge.

Mtengo woyendetsa magetsi

Kukayikakayika

Pali kusatsimikizika kwakukulu pamitengo yamitengo. Izi zimapangitsa kuti zikhale zovuta kumvetsetsa ndalama zenizeni zoyendetsera magetsi. Malo opangira ndalama nthawi zambiri sawonetsa liwiro, monga momwe zimakhalira ndi mpope wa gasi. Zomwe mumamaliza kulipira batire yoyipitsidwa zimadalira zinthu zambiri: mtundu wa malo opangira, komwe kuli malo opangira, momwe zimakhalira, wopereka, mtundu wa zolembetsa, ndi zina zambiri.

Ndalama zolipirira kunja

Nanga bwanji mtengo wolipiritsa galimoto yamagetsi kunja kwa nyanja? Poyamba, mutha kugwiritsanso ntchito makhadi ambiri olipira m'maiko ena aku Europe. Makhadi olipira a Newmotion / Shell Recharge ndi omwe amapezeka kwambiri ku Europe. Makhadi ena ambiri olipira amathandizidwanso m'maiko ambiri a ku Europe, kupatula ku Eastern Europe. Mfundo yakuti makhadi olipira amavomerezedwa m'dziko sizikutanthauza kuti pali kufalitsa kwabwino. Khadi yolipira ya MoveMove ndiyovomerezeka ku Netherlands kokha, komanso khadi yolipirira ya Justplugin - ku Netherlands ndi Belgium kokha.

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Ndizovuta kunena chilichonse chokhudza mitengo. Palibe mitengo yomveka kunja ngakhale. Mitengo imatha kukhala yokwera kapena yotsika kuposa ku Netherlands. Ngati m'dziko lathu nthawi zambiri amawerengedwa pa kWh, ku Germany ndi mayiko ena nthawi zambiri amawerengedwa pamphindi. Ndiye mitengo imatha kukwera kwambiri pamagalimoto omwe salipiritsa mwachangu.

Ndikoyenera kudziwiratu kuti ndi ndalama zingati zolipiritsa pamalo enaake kuti mupewe zodabwitsa (zosasangalatsa). Kukonzekera kumakhala kofunika kwambiri poyenda mitunda yayitali pagalimoto yamagetsi.

Mtengo woyendetsa magetsi

kumwa

Mtengo woyendetsa galimoto umadaliranso momwe galimoto imagwiritsira ntchito mafuta. Poyerekeza ndi injini yamafuta amafuta, mota yamagetsi imakhala yothandiza kwambiri. Choncho, magalimoto amagetsi amatha kuyendetsa motalika kwambiri ndi mphamvu zofanana.

Kuthamanga komwe kwalengezedwa ndi wopanga kumayesedwa ndi njira ya WLTP. Njira ya NEDC inali yokhazikika, koma idasinthidwa chifukwa inali yosatheka. Mukhoza kuwerenga zambiri za kusiyana pakati pa njira ziwirizi m'nkhani yamtundu wa galimoto yamagetsi. Ngakhale miyeso ya WLTP ndi yowona kuposa miyeso ya NEDC, m'machitidwe amamwa nthawi zambiri amakhala okwera pang'ono. Komabe, iyi ndi njira yabwino yofananizira magalimoto amagetsi monga njira yokhazikika.

Malinga ndi miyeso ya WLTP, pafupifupi galimoto yamagetsi imagwiritsa ntchito pafupifupi 15,5 kWh pa 100 km. Mosadabwitsa, pali mgwirizano pakati pa kulemera kwa makina ndi kugwiritsa ntchito. Magalimoto atatu a Volkswagen e-Up, Skoda Citigo E ndi Seat Mii Electric ndi ena mwa magalimoto otsika mtengo amagetsi omwe amagwiritsa ntchito 12,7 kWh pa 100 km. Komabe, si magalimoto ang'onoang'ono okha a mumzinda omwe ali ndi ndalama zambiri. Model 3 Standard Range Plus imachitanso bwino kwambiri ndikugwiritsa ntchito 12,0 kWh / 100 km.

Kumapeto ena a sipekitiramu ndi ma SUV akuluakulu. Mwachitsanzo, Audi e-Tron amadya 22,4 kWh pa 100 Km, ndi Jaguar I-Pace - 21,2. Porsche Taycan Turbo S - 26,9 kWh / 100 Km

Mtengo woyendetsa magetsi

Mtengo wamagetsi ndi mtengo wa petulo

Ndibwino kudziwa kuti magetsi amawononga ndalama zingati pa ola la kilowati, koma kodi mitengoyi ikufanana bwanji ndi mafuta a petulo? Kuti tiyerekeze mtengo wa kuyendetsa magetsi, timayerekezera mtengo wa magetsi ndi mafuta. Pakuyerekeza uku, tiyerekeze kuti mtengo wa petulo ndi € 1,65 pa lita imodzi ya € 95. Ngati galimoto imayendetsa 1 pa 15, ndiye kuti mumalipira € 0,11 pa kilomita.

Kodi mumalipira zingati pagalimoto yamagetsi yamagetsi pa kilomita imodzi yamagetsi? Tikuganiza kuti kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu ndi 15,5 kWh pa 100 km. Ndiye 0,155 kWh pa kilomita. Ngati mumalipira kunyumba, mumalipira pafupifupi € 0,22 pa kWh.Chotero mumalandira € 0,034 pa kilomita. Izi ndizotsika mtengo kwambiri kuposa mtengo wamafuta pa kilomita imodzi yagalimoto wamba.

Sikuti aliyense ali ndi malo ochapira, ndipo si aliyense amene angathe kulipiritsa kunyumba. Pamalo ochapira anthu, nthawi zambiri mumalipira € 0,36 pa kWh, monga tanenera kale m'nkhaniyi. Pogwiritsa ntchito mphamvu za 15,5 kWh pa 100 km, ndalamazo zidzakhala 0,056 euro. Akadali theka la mtengo wa petulo.

Kulipiritsa mwachangu ndikokwera mtengo kwambiri. Pongoganiza kuti mtengo wake ndi € 0,69 pa kWh, mumapeza mtengo wa € 0,11 pa kilomita. Izi zimakupangitsani kukhala ofanana ndi galimoto yamafuta. Kuchulukirachulukira kwa kulipiritsa mwachangu kumadalira, mwa zina, ndi njira zolipira zomwe zilipo kunyumba komanso ma kilomita angati omwe mumayenda pa tsiku. Pali madalaivala amagetsi amagetsi omwe amangofunika kuzigwiritsa ntchito nthawi ndi nthawi, koma palinso oyendetsa galimoto yamagetsi omwe amalipira mofulumira pafupifupi tsiku lililonse.

Chitsanzo: gofu vs e-gofu

Mtengo woyendetsa magetsi

Tiyeni titengenso chitsanzo cha magalimoto awiri ofanana: Volkswagen e-Golf ndi Golf 1.5 TSI. E-gofu ili ndi mahatchi 136. 1.5 TSI yokhala ndi 130 hp ndiye njira yapafupi kwambiri yamafuta malinga ndi mawonekedwe. Malinga ndi wopanga, Gofu iyi imayendetsa 1 mu 20. Ndi mtengo wamafuta a 1,65 euros, iyi ndi 0,083 euros pa kilomita.

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Gofu yamagetsi imagwiritsa ntchito 13,2 kWh pa kilomita. Pongoganiza kuti mtengo wanyumba ndi € 0,22 pa kWh, mtengo wamagetsi ndi € 0,029 pa kilomita. Kotero ndizotsika mtengo kwambiri. Ngati mumangolipiritsa potengera anthu onse pa € ​​​​0,36 pa kWh, mtengo pa kilomita imodzi ndi € 0,048, yomwe ikadali pafupifupi theka la mtengo wamafuta pa kilomita imodzi.

Kuti mtengo wagalimoto wamagetsi umakhala wopindulitsa bwanji zimatengera zinthu zingapo, makamaka magwiritsidwe, njira yolipirira komanso kuchuluka kwa makilomita omwe ayenda.

Zina zofunika

Choncho, ponena za mtengo wamagetsi, galimoto yamagetsi imakhala yokongola ndalama. Magalimoto amagetsi ali ndi maubwino angapo azachuma komanso zovuta zake. Pomaliza, tiyang'ana mwachangu. Kuwonjezereka kwa izi kungapezeke m'nkhani ya mtengo wa galimoto yamagetsi.

Mtengo woyendetsa magetsi

mtengo

Chodziwika bwino chodziwika ku magalimoto amagetsi ndikuti ndi okwera mtengo kugula. Izi makamaka chifukwa cha batri ndi zipangizo zodula zomwe zimafunika kuti zipangidwe. Magalimoto amagetsi akutsika mtengo ndipo zitsanzo zambiri zikuwonekera m'munsimu. Komabe, mtengo wogulira ukadali wokwera kwambiri kuposa wagalimoto yofananira ya petulo kapena dizilo.

ntchito

Pankhani yokonza ndalama, magalimoto amagetsi alinso ndi mwayi. Sitima yamagetsi yamagetsi sivuta kwambiri ndipo imakonda kuvala ndikung'ambika kuposa injini yoyaka mkati. Matayala amatha kutha mwachangu chifukwa cholemera kwambiri komanso torque. Mabuleki agalimoto yamagetsi akadali dzimbiri, koma amavala zochepa kwambiri. Izi zili choncho chifukwa galimoto yamagetsi nthawi zambiri imatha kuboola pagalimoto yamagetsi.

msonkho wapamsewu

Eni magalimoto amagetsi sayenera kulipira msonkho wapamsewu. Izi ndizovomerezeka mpaka 2024. Kotala la msonkho wamsewu uyenera kulipidwa mu 2025, ndipo ndalama zonse kuyambira 2026. Komabe, pakali pano, izi zikhoza kuwerengedwabe pakati pa ubwino wa galimoto yamagetsi.

Kusandulika

Mtengo wotsalira wa magalimoto amagetsi ndi petulo sunatsimikizikebe. Zoyembekeza zamagalimoto amagetsi ndi zabwino. Kwa galimoto ya C-gawo, mtengo wotsalira m'zaka zisanu udzakhalabe pakati pa 40% ndi 47,5% ya mtengo watsopano, malinga ndi kafukufuku wa ING. Galimoto ya petulo yochokera kugawo lomwelo imasunga 35% mpaka 42% yamtengo wake watsopano.

Inshuwalansi

Chifukwa cha inshuwaransi, ndalama zoyendetsera pamayendedwe amagetsi ndizokweranso pang'ono. Kawirikawiri, ndi okwera mtengo kwambiri kutsimikizira galimoto yamagetsi. Izi zimachitika makamaka chifukwa chosavuta kuti ndi okwera mtengo. Kuphatikiza apo, ndalama zokonzanso ndizokwera. Izi zikuwonekera pamtengo wa inshuwalansi.

Nkhani yokhudzana ndi mtengo wa galimoto yamagetsi ikufotokoza mfundo zomwe zili pamwambazi mwatsatanetsatane. Idzawerengedwanso, kutengera zitsanzo zingapo, ngati galimoto yamagetsi ndiyofunika pansi pa mzere.

Pomaliza

Ngakhale tafotokoza mwachidule za ndalama zina za EV, nkhaniyi yangoyang'ana pamitengo yolipiritsa. Pali zinthu zambiri zophatikiza pa izi. Choncho, n'zosatheka kupereka yankho losamveka ku funso: kodi galimoto yamagetsi imawononga ndalama zingati? Inde, mukhoza kuona mitengo pafupifupi. Ngati mumalipira kwambiri kunyumba, ndalama zake ndizodziwikiratu. Ndi njira yotsika mtengo kwambiri: magetsi amawononga pafupifupi € 0,22 pa kWh. Ngati muli ndi njira yoyendetsera galimoto, onetsetsani kuti muli ndi siteshoni yanuyanu.

Kulipiritsa pamalo opangira anthu onse ndikokwera mtengo kwambiri, pafupifupi € 0,36 pa kWh. Ziribe kanthu, mumapezanso zochepa kwambiri pa kilomita kuposa galimoto yofananira yamafuta. Chifukwa chake, magalimoto amagetsi ndi osangalatsa, makamaka ngati mukuyenda makilomita ambiri, ngakhale kulipiritsa mwachangu kumafunikabe kugwiritsidwa ntchito pafupipafupi. Ndi kuyitanitsa mwachangu, mtengo pa kilomita uli pafupi ndi wamafuta.

M'kuchita, komabe, zikhala kuphatikiza kulipiritsa kunyumba, kulipiritsa pamalo opangira anthu ambiri, komanso kulipiritsa ndi charger yothamanga. Momwe mungapambane zimatengera kuchuluka kwa kusakaniza kumeneku. Komabe, kuti mtengo wamagetsi udzakhala wotsika kwambiri kuposa mtengo wa petulo unganene motsimikiza.

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