Chinhu chinowanzoitika cheva scooter ndiko kwavo kwekupedzisira kutyaira kuburikidza nesiyari, nzira ine hungwaru yakapusa yekuenderera kwesimba simba. Kugadziriswa kwayo uye kugadzirisa kwakakwana kunokutendera kuti uwane iyo yepamusoro yekutasva mhando yeiyo sikuta.

Scooter variator uye batira kugadzira

Scooter inoratidzira CVT yekupedzisira dhiraivha, inozivikanwawo seinoshandura, ine huchenjeri hwakareruka hwakawanda-chidimbu chinoramba chichienderera chinoshandura chinotamisa simba kubva kuinjini kuenda kune vhiri rekumashure. Iyo lightweight CVT yakanakira mainjini madiki uye isingadhuri inotsiva bhuku rekufambisa uye driveline kana cheni drive inowanikwa pamidhudhudhu mizhinji. CVT yakatanga kushandiswa pama scooter nemugadziri weGerman DKW kuma1950 ekupedzisira paDKW Hobby modhi ine 75cc maviri-sitiroko injini. Cm; iyi system yakaita kuti zvikwanise kuwedzera iyo yekumhanyisa kumhanya kwemotokari kusvika ku60 km / h approx.

Kana zvasvika pakuchengetedza uye kugadzirisa scooter yako, tinokurumidza kusvika kumusoro wenyaya. Izvi zvinokonzerwa nekuti, kune rumwe rutivi, izvo zvinhu zvinoiswa kune vamwe kupfeka, uye kune rimwe divi, musiyano wakasarudzika zvisirizvo unogona kutungamira mukudonha kwesimba reinjini.

 

Kushanda

Kuti tinzwisise mashandiro eCVT, ngatitange nekurangarira chiyero chegiya pane bhasikoro rine magear akawanda (senge bhasikoro remakomo), sevazhinji vedu tatoona: tinoshandisa diki ketani sprocket kumberi kutanga pano. uye hombe kumashure. Sezvo kumhanya kunowedzera uye kudhonzwa kwekumashure kunoderera (semuenzaniso, kana uchidzika), tinopfuudza ketani kuburikidza neketani hombe pamberi uye neketani diki kumashure.

Iko kushanda kweiyo variator kwakafanana, kunze kwekunge ichimhanya ichienderera neV-bhanhire pachinzvimbo checheni uye inogadzirisa otomatiki ("shanduko") zvichienderana nespidhi nekugadzirisa iyo centrifugal simba.

Iyo V-bhandi inonyatso kutenderera kumberi nekumashure mune slot pakati pemaviri V-akaumbwa tapered pulleys, iyo nzvimbo pakati payo pane crankshaft inogona kusiyana. Iko kumberi kwemukati pulley zvakare kunogadzira zviyero zvecentrifugal zveanosiana iwo anotenderera, ayo anotenderera munzira dzakatarwa dzakakombama.

 

A yekumanikidza chitubu anodzvanya iwo akapetwa pulleys vachipesana neumwe kubva kumashure. Pakutanga, V-bhandi rinotenderera kumberi padyo nemubato uye nekumashure kumucheto kwekunze kwemagiya ebhevel. Kana iwe ukawedzera, inverter inosvika pakushanda kwayo; iwo ma roller anosuduruka anobva amhanya achitevedza nzira dzavo dzekunze. Centrifugal simba rinosundira chinofamba chinosimudza kure nemubato. Mukaha uripakati pemapuru unodzikira uye V-bhandi rinomanikidzwa kufambisa nharaunda yakakura, ndiko kuti, kuenda kunze.

V-bhandi rakasununguka zvishoma. Ichi ndicho chikonzero ichisunda zvitubu kune rimwe divi uye ichifamba ichipinda mukati.Pachinzvimbo chekupedzisira, mamiriro acho anodzoserwa kubva kune ekutanga mamiriro. Iyo giya reshiyo inoshandurwa kuita giya ratio. Scooter ane variator, hongu, zvakare inoda idling. Iyo otomatiki centrifugal batira inoitisa kupatsanura injini simba kubva kumashure vhiri pazasi rpm uye kuibatanidzazve ivo paunongomhanyisa uye kupfuudza imwe injini rpm. Kune izvi, bhero rakasungirirwa kumashure dhiraivha. Muchikamu chekumashure cheiyo variator, centrifugal uremu ine kukweshera linings inodzorwa nezvitubu zvinotenderera mubhero iri.

Zvishoma nezvishoma

Variator uye scooter batira

a = Injini, b = Yekupedzisira kutyaira

Injini yekumhanyisa yakaderera, iwo mairi rollers anotenderera padhuze neiyo axis, iyo gaka pakati pemberi tapered pulleys yakafara.

Zvimwe pamusoro wenyaya:
  Ndinoisa sei pamhepo mota mota inishuwarenzi?

Kuwedzera kumhanya

Variator uye scooter batira

 

a = Injini, b = Yekupedzisira kutyaira

Iwo ma roller anotenderera anoenda kunze, achimanikidza kumberi tapered pulleys pamwechete; bhandi rinosvika padivi rakakura

Kubvumirana kwehurema hwe centrifugal pamwe nekukwesana kwavo linings padhuze nebhero kunoenderana nekuomarara kwematsime - matsime ane kuomarara kwakadzika kunonamira pamwechete pakumhanya kweinjini, uye zvitubu zvine kuomarara kwakakwirira zvinopa kumirisana kuri nani kune centrifugal simba; adhesion inoitika chete pane yepamusoro kumhanya. Kana iwe uchida kumhanyisa iyo scooter pane yakanakisa injini kumhanya, matsime anofanirwa kuenzaniswa neinjini zvinotsanangurwa. Kana kuomarara kwacho kwakanyanya, injini inodzika; kana iine ruzha zvakanyanya, injini inoshereketa zvine ruzha kutanga.

Kugadziriswa - Ndezvipi zvinhu zvinogadziriswa?

V-bhandi

Iyo V-bhandi ndiyo yekupfeka chikamu cheva scooter. Inofanira kutsiviwa nguva dzose. Kana nguva dzekugadzirisa dzikapfuurwa, zvinokwanisika kuti bhanhire richapwanya "pasina yambiro", iyo chero ipi inounza mota kumira. Nehurombo, bhanhire rinogona kunamatira mu crankcase, zvichikonzera kukuvara kwakananga. Ona bhuku remuridzi wemota yako yenguva dzebasa. Ivo vanovimba, pakati pezvimwe zvinhu, pasimba reinjini uye, sekutonga, vanofanirwa kufamba pakati pe10 ne000 km.

Bevel pulleys nemavhiri evelvel

Nekufamba kwenguva, kufamba kwebhandi kunokonzeresa mamaki pamapuleti akapetwa, ayo anogona kutadzisa kushanda kweiyo variator uye kupfupisa hupenyu hweV-bhandi. Naizvozvo, tapered pulleys inofanirwa kutsiviwa kana yakakwenenzverwa.

CVT anotenderera

CVT rollers zvakare aneta nekufamba kwenguva. Maumbirwo avo anova angular; ipapo dzinofanira kutsiviwa. Worn rollers anokonzera kurasikirwa kwesimba. Kumhanyisa inova isina kuenzana, yakaoma. Kakawanda kudzvanya ruzha chiratidzo chekusakara pane iwo anotenderera.

Bhero uye batira matsime

Iyo clutch linings inogara ichiiswa pasi pekupokana kupfeka. Nekufamba kwenguva, izvi zvinokonzeresa notch uye groove mune clutch dzimba; zvikamu zvinofanirwa kutsiviwa neazvino kana batira ichitsvedza uye nekudaro haichabatike nemazvo. Clutch matsime anozorora nekuda kwekuwedzera. Ipapo clutch mapedhi anotsemuka uye scooter inotanga kana injini kumhanya yakanyanya kuderera. Iva nezvitubu zvinotsiviwa neakasarudzika clutch sevhisi.

Kudzidzisa zvidzidzo

Ita shuwa kuti yako nzvimbo yebasa yakachena uye yakaoma usati wabvarura inverter. Kana zvichibvira, sarudza nzvimbo kwaunogona kusiya sikuta kana iwe uchida zvimwe zvikamu. Kuti ushande, iwe uchada ratchet yakanaka, chipanera chakakura uye chidiki (iyo nzara yekutyaira inofanira kusimbiswa kusvika ku40-50 Nm), mallet yerabha, pombi dzedenderedzwa, chimwe mafuta, chigadziriso chemabhureki, jira kana seti pepa tauro rinokunguruka uye uve nechokwadi chekubata uye kugadzirisa maturusi akatsanangurwa pazasi. Zvinokurudzirwa kuisa dhende hombe kana kadhibhodhi pasi kuitira kuti zvikamu zvakabviswa zvigone kuiswa zvakanaka.

Zano: Usati wabatanidzira, tora mifananidzo yezvikamu neako smartphone, izvo zvinokuponesa kushushikana kwekusanganazve.

Kuongorora, kugadzirisa uye kuungana - ngatitangei kutanga

Gadzira disk kuwana

01 - Sunungura iyo firita yemhepo dzimba

Variator uye scooter batira

Nhanho 1 Mufananidzo 1: Tanga nekusunungura mhepo yekuchengetera dzimba ...

Kuti uwane diski, unofanira kutanga wabvisa chivharo chayo. Kuti uite izvi, suka kunze, uchitarisa kuti ndezvipi zvinhu zvinoda kubviswa kuti uwane mukana wekutyaira. Zvinogoneka kuti pombi yekumabhureki yekumashure yakasungirirwa pazasi pevhavha kana kuti iyo tangi iri kumberi. Semuenzaniso wedu, pane mamwe mamodheru zvinofanirwa kubvisa iyo yekuyedza chubhu kubva kune feni kutonhora sisitimu kana kubva kumhepo firita dzimba.

Variator uye scooter batira

Nhanho 1, pikicha 2: ... wochisimudza kuti uwane ma screws

Variator uye scooter batira

Nhanho 1, pikicha 3: Bvisa iyo grommet yerabha.

02 - Bvisa mudguard

Variator uye scooter batira

Iwo anovhara ayo anodzivirira iyo yekuvharavha dhiraivha kubva pakubviswa inofanirwa zvekare kubviswa.

03 - sunungura shaft yekuseri kumashure

Variator uye scooter batira

Mune zvimwe zviitiko, shaft yekumashure inokwana mukati mevhavha uye inochengetedzwa nenati iyo inofanirwa kutanga yasunungurwa. Kavha diki, iyo inofanirwa kubviswa zvakasiyana, iri pane hombe dhiraivha yekuvhara. Iwe unofanirwa kubvisa izvi. Kuti usunungure nzungu iri mubvunzo, kiya iyo variator ine yakakosha yekukiya chishandiso.

04 - Sunungura clutch butiro

Variator uye scooter batira

Nhanho 4, foto 1: sunungura iyo vario chivharo.

Zvimwe pamusoro wenyaya:
  Iyo yakanakisa modular mudhudhudhu ngowani: kuenzanisa

Mushure mekuona chokwadi kuti hapana zvimwe zvinhu zviri kuvharira kavha yekutyaira, zvishoma nezvishoma sunungura zvimisikidzo zvinokwira zvichipfuura kubva kunze kuenda mukati. Kana zvimisikidzo zvakasiyana saizi, teerera kune yavo chinzvimbo uye usarasikirwe neyakagezwa washer.

Kurova kushoma nerabha mallet kunobatsira kuisunungura.

Variator uye scooter batira

Nhanho 4, pikicha 2: Wobva wabvisa kavha yekutyaira.

Iwe unogona ikozvino kubvisa chifukidziro. Kana iyo isingakwanise kuvharirwa, nyatso tarisa kwayakaitirwa. Iwe unogona kunge wakanganwa sikuru, usamanikidze. Usashandise mallet yerabha kusunungura kavha yekutyaira mune yayo slot kusvikira waita chokwadi kuti wasunungura ese screws.

Variator uye scooter batira

Nhanho 4 Mufananidzo 3: Usarasikirwe neakavhara sleeve mabutiro.

Mushure mekubvisa chivharo, ita shuwa kuti ese akasvikika ekugadzirisa maoko anoramba ari munzvimbo; usavarase.

Muzviitiko zvakawanda, kana iyo yekumashure propeller shaft ichibuda muchivharo, iyo bushing yakasununguka. Iwe haufanire kurasikirwa nayo. Nyatsochenesa mukati mevhavha kubva muguruva nemarara. Kana paine mafuta mune iyo variator dzimba, ipapo injini kana drive gasket iri kubuda. Ipapo iwe unofanirwa kuzvitsiva. Dhimoni rava pamberi pako.

Kuongorora uye kugadzirisa kweiyo V-bhandi uye akasiyana ma roller.

05 - Bvisa vario kufukidza

Variator uye scooter batira

Nhanho 5 Mufananidzo 1: Vhara iyo variator uye sunungura iyo yepakati nati ...

Kuisa V-bhandi nyowani kana itsva CVT pulleys, tanga kusunungura nzungu ichichengetedza kumberi tapered pulleys kune crankshaft magazini. Kuti uite izvi, dhiraivha inofanirwa kuvharwa nekiyi yakakosha.

Variator uye scooter batira

Nhanho 5, foto 2:… bvisa rin'i yesimbi kuti ishande zviri nani

06 - Bvisa kumberi tapered pulley

Variator uye scooter batira

Kana kumberi tapered pulley yakaiswa, unogona kutenga mutengesi anorova / anorova akakodzera mota yako. Kana paine maburi akasimba kana mbabvu kumberi, iwe unogona kuisa bracket.

Nyanzvi dzine hunyanzvi nemaoko avo dzinogona zvakare kugadzira dhizaini yeratchet kana bracket yesimbi yakati sandara pachavo. Kana iwe wakanamatira muzvipikiri zvinotonhora, shanda nokungwarira kuti zvisatsemuka.

Tsamba yacho: Sezvo nzungu iri yakasimba, zvakakosha kushandisa chishandiso chakakodzera kubata variator zvakachengeteka. Zvikasadaro, iwe uri panjodzi yekukuvadza iyo. Tsvaga rubatsiro kana zvichidikanwa. Ipapo mubatsiri wako anofanira kubata chishandiso panzvimbo nekushandisa simba paunenge uchisunungura nzungu.

Variator uye scooter batira

Mushure mekusunungura uye kubvisa nzungu, kumberi tapered pulley inogona kubviswa. Kana iyo yekutanga dhirairi vhiri iri kuseri kwenzungu pane shaft, teerera kune yayo inokwira chinzvimbo.

07 - V-bhandi

Variator uye scooter batira

V-bhandi rave kuwanikwa. Inofanira kunge isina mitswe, makinki, akasakara kana akavhunika mazino, uye inofanira kunge isina mavara emafuta. Hupamhi hwayo haufanire kunge iri pasi peimwe kukosha (tarisa kumutengesi wako nezve muganho wokupfeka). Yakawanda huwandu hwerabha mune crankcase zvinogona kureva kuti bhanhire harisi kutenderera mushe mumudhiraivho (tsvaga chikonzero!) Kana kuti nguva yebasa yapera. Premature V-bhandi kupfeka kunogona kukonzerwa neasina kuiswa akaisirwa kana akapfeka tapered pulleys.

Kana tapered pulleys ane grooves, iwo anofanira kutsiviwa (ona pamusoro). Kana ivo vachipera pavanosangana nekupisa, saka vakaremara kana kusakodzera kukodzera. Kana V-bhandi risati ratsiviwa, richenese nebhureki rekuchenesa uye utarise kune iko kutenderera usati waenderera.

08 - CVT anotenderera

Variator uye scooter batira

Nhanho 8, foto 1:…

Kuti utarise kana kutsiva batira rollers, bvisa kumberi kwemukati tapered pulley ine clutch dzimba kubva kune shaft.

Iyo dzimba dzinogona kusungirirwa kune pulley kana kusiiwa yakasununguka. Kudzivirira zvese zvinoumbwa kuti zvisadonhe uye zviyero zveiyo inverter kuti irambe iri munzvimbo, iwe unofanirwa kusimbisa uye nekuchengetedzeka kubatisisa chikamu chose.

Wobva wabvisa clutch roller shroud - nyatso tarisa nzvimbo dzekumisikidza dzemativi akasiyana. Chenesa ne brake cleaner.

Variator uye scooter batira

Nhanho 8 Mufananidzo 2: Dhiraivha Mukati

Tarisa iwo ma-roller anotenderera kuti apfeke - kana akavezwa, akapetwa, akapinza micheto, kana dhayamita isiriyo, mutambo unofanirwa kutsiviwa.

Variator uye scooter batira

Nhanho 8 Mufananidzo 3: Tsiva Yekare Worn CVT Roller

09 - Isa iyo variator pane iyo shaft

Paunenge uchiunganidza imba yekubatira, zvishoma girisa iwo ma roller uye matanho ekubatira, zvinoenderana neiyo scooter modhi, nemafuta, kana kuisa iwo akaoma (bvunza wako mutengesi).

Zvimwe pamusoro wenyaya:
  Kugadziridza Midhudhudhu: Kawasaki ZXR 400

Kana paine O-mhete mune iyo variator dzimba, dzitsiva. Paunenge uchiisa iyo unit pane iyo shaft, ita shuwa kuti iyo variator rollers anoramba ari munzvimbo mudzimba. Kana zvisiri, bvisa clutch butiro zvakare kutsiva iwo anotenderera.

Variator uye scooter batira

10 - Fambisa iyo yakapetwa pulleys

Variator uye scooter batira

Paradzira mapureti ekumashure akapetwa kuitira kuti bhanhire rigone kudzika pakati pemapuru; saka, bhandi rine nzvimbo yakawanda kumberi.

11 - Isa iyo spacer washer.

Variator uye scooter batira

Wobva waisa yekunze kumberi bevel dhiraivhu pulley nezvose zvinobatanidzwa zvinhu - zvishoma girisa shaft ine girisi shoma usati waisa bushing. Ita shuwa kuti iyo nzira yeV-bhandi yakatwasuka pakati pemapuru uye haina jam.

12 - Isa zvese pulleys nepakati nati ...

Variator uye scooter batira

Nhanho 12 Mufananidzo 1. Isa zvese pulleys nepakati nati ...

Usati waisa iyo nati, cheka-tarisa kuti zvese zvikamu zviri munzvimbo yavo yepakutanga uye shandisa imwe tambo kukiya kune iyo nati.

Wobva watora yekukiya chishandiso seyamuro uye sungisa iyo nut ine torque wrench kune iyo torque yakatsanangurwa nemugadziri. Kana zvichidikanwa, ita kuti mubatsiri abate chimbo chekukiya panzvimbo! Kamwe zvakare ita shuwa kuti tapered clutch pulleys ari akanangana zvakananga neayo imba yekuisa chisimbiso pamusoro paunotendeuka batira.

Kana vakaminama, tarisa musangano zvakare! Ita shuwa kuti V-bhandi yadzvanywa nekuidhonza zvishoma kunze kwenzvimbo pakati pemapapuru.

Variator uye scooter batira

Nhanho 12 Mufananidzo 2:… uye sungisai nut zvakachengeteka. Tsvaga rubatsiro kana zvichidikanwa

Clutch kuongorora uye kugadzirisa

13 - Kubvisa batira

Variator uye scooter batira

Bvisa imba yekubatira kubva mugodhi kuti iwe ugone kutarisa yavo yemukati inomhanya pamusoro uye necentrifugal uremu linings. Kumbira mutengesi wako weiyo yekupera muganho kukosha. Izvo zvakakosha zvikuru kutsiva mapedhi asingasviki 2 mm gobvu kana kupfeka asingagadzike.

Iyo yekunamatira inogona kuongororwa kunyangwe kana iyo V-bhandi ichiri munzvimbo.

Nzira yakanakisa yekutsiva clutch linings nematsime ndeyekubvisa kumashure bevel pulley / batira musangano kubva kune shaft. Chokwadi, iyo unit inofanirwa kumisikidzwa pairi uye iko kuvhiya kunoomeswa nekuvapo kwechitubu mukati. Kuti uite izvi, tanga wabvisa V-bhandi. Bata imba yekubatira zvakasimba kusunungura iyo yepakati mugodhi nati. Kuti uite izvi, bata maburi anopisa nechombo kana kubatirira iwo mbichana zvakasimba kubva kunze netambo yakasungirwa. Izvo zvinobatsira pakuvhiya uku kuve nemubatsiri anobata chimbo chekubata zvakachengeteka panzvimbo iwe uchisunungura nati.

Variator uye scooter batira

Kana nati iri kunze, sunungura usati wabvisa kavha yekutyaira; saka, danho iri rakatopera, semuenzaniso wedu. Nekusunungura nati, unogona kusimudza batira dzimba uye woongorora mamiriro ayo emukati ekupfeka (ane mamaki) sezvakaratidzwa pamusoro. Kana iyo clutch mapedhi akapfeka kana iyo centrifugal uremu chitubu yakasununguka, iyo tapered pulley / clutch gungano inofanirwa kubviswa kubva mugodhi sezvakatsanangurwa kare. Chigadzirwa chinobatwa munzvimbo nenzvimbo hombe yepakati.

Kuti uisunungure, bata batira, semuenzaniso. wrench yetambo yesimbi uye yakakodzera yakakosha wrench; Pombi dzemvura pombi hadzina kukodzera izvi!

ZANO! Gadzira chokurukisa chine tsvimbo yakamonerwa

Kana iyo tapered pulleys ichisundidzirwa mukati nechirimo, chishandiso chinobhinya mushure mekusunungura nzungu; iwe unofanirwa kufunga izvi uye sungisa chishandiso kuti ubvise nati kubva mumubato nenzira inodzorwa.

Kune injini dzakakura kupfuura 100 cc, chiyero chematsutso chakanyanya kwazvo. Naizvozvo, kuti tirambe tichidzvinyirira chitubu, tinokurudzira zvakasimba kubata gungano nekunze neshinda, iyo inozorora zvishoma mushure mekubvisa nzungu.

Variator uye scooter batira

Gadzira chokurukisa chine tsvimbo yakamonerwa →

Variator uye scooter batira

Isa chokurukisa ... →

Variator uye scooter batira

... Bvisa nati ... →

Variator uye scooter batira

... Wobva wasunungura chokurukisa batira musangano →

Variator uye scooter batira

Chitubu chakasununguka chave kuoneka →

Variator uye scooter batira

Bvisa batira kubva tapered pulley →

14 - Isa nyowani clutch linings.

Panguva yekugadzirisa zvakare, pini iyi inobatsirawo kutsikisa chitubu kuti nati iiswe nyore nyore.

Mushure mekubvisa coupling kubva kune tapered pulleys, unogona kutsiva matsime uye linings. Paunenge uchitsiva gaskets, shandisa matsva macircle uye uone kuti ari munzvimbo.

Clutch Kubereka Kugadziriswa

Mukati meyesilinda liner ye tapered pulley pane kazhinji tsono inotakura; Ita shuwa kuti hapana tsvina inopinda mukutakura uye uve nechokwadi chekuti inotenderera zviri nyore. Kana zvichidikanwa, vanatse nepfapfaidzo yePROCYCLE brake cleaner uye zora mafuta zvakare. Wongorora zvakare kubereka kwekudonha; kana semuenzaniso. girizi inobuda mukutakura uye inopararira pamusoro peV-bhandi, inogona kutsvedza.

Clutch gungano

Clutch gungano rinoitiswa nehuremu kurongeka. Kuti usimbise iyo yekunze nzvimbo nati, shandisa torque wrench (3/8 mukati., 19 kusvika 110 Nm) uye bvunza mutengesi wako matoriki. Tarisa-tarisa kuti zvese zvikamu zvakaunganidzwa nemazvo usati wavhara iyovhavha yekutyaira, wobva wadzorera zvese zvekunze nzvimbo kunzvimbo yavo yepakutanga.

Variator uye scooter batira

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