The chipangizo ndi mfundo ntchito ya ananyema magalimoto

Zamkatimu

Mabuleki oyimika magalimoto (omwe amadziwikanso kuti handbrake, kapena m'moyo watsiku ndi tsiku "handbrake") ndi gawo limodzi lama batire oyendetsa galimoto. Mosiyana ndi makina oyendetsa mabuleki omwe amayendetsa pomwe akuyendetsa, makina oyimitsa magalimoto amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri kuti agwiritse ntchito poyimitsa, ndipo itha kugwiritsidwanso ntchito ngati mabuleki azidzidzidzi pomwe mabuleki akuluakulu alephera. Kuchokera m'nkhaniyi tikuphunzira za chipangizocho ndi momwe mabuleki oyimika magalimoto amagwirira ntchito.

Ntchito ndi cholinga cha kuswa kwa dzanja

Cholinga chachikulu cha mabuleki oyimika magalimoto (kapena mabuleki amanja) ndikusungitsa galimotoyo pamalo oimika nthawi yayitali. Amagwiritsidwanso ntchito ngati kulephera kwa main braking system pakagwa mwadzidzidzi kapena mwadzidzidzi. Pachifukwa chachiwiri, buleki lamanja limagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati chida chobisira.

Handbrake imagwiritsidwanso ntchito popanga mawondo oyenda mumagalimoto amasewera.

Mabuleki oyimika magalimoto amakhala ndi mabuleki actuator (omwe nthawi zambiri amakhala makina) ndi mabuleki.

Mitundu yamagalimoto oyimitsa

Mwa mtundu wa drive, batire lamanja lidagawika:

  • makina;
  • hayidiroliki;
  • kusinthana kwamagetsi kwamagetsi (EPB).

Njira yoyamba ndiyofala kwambiri chifukwa cha kapangidwe kake kosavuta komanso kodalirika. Kuti muyambe kuyimitsa magalimoto, ingokokerani chogwirira kwa inu. Zingwe zomangika zimatseka mawilo ndikuchepetsa kuthamanga. Galimotoyo idasweka. Handbrake handrake imagwiritsidwa ntchito mochulukira.

Malinga ndi njira yopangira mabuleki oyimika magalimoto, pali:

  • ngo (phazi);
  • wokhala ndi lever.

Chophimbacho chimagwiritsidwa ntchito pamagalimoto omwe amadzipangira okha. Kuphika kwa dzanja lamanja pamakina oterewa kumachitika m'malo mozungulira.

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Palinso mitundu yotsatirayi yamagalimoto oyimitsa ma brake:

  • ng'oma;
  • kamera;
  • wononga;
  • chapakati kapena kufalikira.

Mabuleki a Drum amagwiritsa ntchito lever yomwe, chingwecho chikakokedwa, chimagwira pamapepala othyola. Otsatirawa amaponderezedwa ndi drum, ndipo braking imachitika.

Pakayimitsidwa poyimitsa magudumu apakati, si magudumu omwe amatseka, koma shaft yoyendetsa.

Palinso galimoto yamagetsi yamagetsi, pomwe makina oyimitsira ma disc amagwirana ndi magetsi.

Kuyimitsa chipangizo

Mfundo zazikuluzikulu za kuswa kwa magalimoto ndi monga:

  • limagwirira kuti actuates ndi ananyema (ngo kapena ndalezo);
  • zingwe, chilichonse chomwe chimagwira pama braking system, zomwe zimapangitsa braking.

Pakapangidwe ka brake drive ka handbrake, chingwe chimodzi mpaka zitatu chimagwiritsidwa ntchito. Ndondomeko yamawaya atatu ndi yotchuka kwambiri. Mulinso zingwe ziwiri zakumbuyo ndi chingwe chimodzi chakutsogolo. Zoyambilira ndizolumikizidwa ndi mabuleki, zomalizazi zimapita ku lever.

Zingwezi zimalumikizidwa ndi zomwe zidasweka poyimitsa magalimoto pogwiritsa ntchito matumba osinthika. Kumapeto kwa zingwe kuli mtedza wosintha womwe umalola kusintha kutalika kwa galimotoyo. Kuchotsa pamabuleki kapena kubwerera kwa makinawo pamalo ake oyambilira kumachitika chifukwa cha kasupe wobwerera yemwe amakhala pachingwe chakutsogolo, cholingana kapena mwachindunji pamakina osweka.

Momwe mabuleki amagwirira ntchito

Makinawa amayendetsedwa ndikusunthira lever pamalo ake ofikira mpaka latch ikadina. Zotsatira zake, zingwe zomwe zimakanikiza magudumu am'mbuyo oyimitsira magudumu ndikutambasula. Mawilo am'mbuyo atsekedwa ndipo mabuleki amapezeka.

Kuti muchotse galimotoyo kuchokera pa handbrake, muyenera kugwira batani lotsekera ndikutsitsa lever pansi pomwe idakhala poyambirira.

Kuyimitsa poyimitsa

Ponena za magalimoto okhala ndi mabuleki azida, mitundu yotsatirayi ya mabuleki amagwiritsidwa ntchito:

  • wononga;
  • kamera;
  • ng'oma.

Wononga ntchito mabuleki chimbale ndi pisitoni imodzi. Chotsatirachi chimayang'aniridwa ndi kagwere komwe kali mkati mwake. Chowotcha chimazungulira chifukwa cha lever yolumikizidwa mbali inayo ndi chingwe. Pisitoni yoluka imalowa ndikusindikiza ma pads omwe ananyema pa disc.

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Mumakina amamera, pisitoni imasunthidwa ndi pusher yoyendetsedwa ndi cam. Otsatirawa amalumikizidwa mwamphamvu ndi lever ndi chingwe. Kuyenda kwa pusher ndi pisitoni kumachitika kamera ikamazungulira.

Drum mabuleki amagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga ma piston angapo.

Ntchito yogwiritsira ntchito

Pomaliza, tikupatsani maupangiri angapo ogwiritsira ntchito mabuleki oyimika magalimoto.

Nthawi zonse onetsetsani malo omwe mwasungunuka musanayende. Sitikulimbikitsidwa kukwera pa handbrake, izi zitha kubweretsa kukulira ndi kutentha kwa mapiritsi ndi ma disc.

Kodi ndizotheka kuyika galimotoyo pa handbrake nthawi yachisanu? Izi sizikulimbikitsidwanso. M'nyengo yozizira, matope okhala ndi chipale chofewa amamangirira mawilo ndi chisanu choopsa, ngakhale kuyimilira pang'ono kumatha kuyimitsa ma disc a mabuleki ndi ziyangoyango. Kuyenda kwamagalimoto sikungatheke, ndipo kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu kumatha kubweretsa mavuto aakulu.

M'magalimoto omwe amatumiza zodziwikiratu, ngakhale ali ndi "maimidwe oyimilira", tikulimbikitsanso kuti tigwiritse ntchito bwalo lamanja. Choyamba, idzawonjezera nthawi yothandizira momwe magalimoto akuyimikiridwira. Ndipo chachiwiri, idzapulumutsa dalaivala kuti abwerere modzidzimutsa pagalimoto, yomwe, imatha kubweretsa zotsatira zoyipa ngati kugundana ndi galimoto yoyandikana nayo.

Pomaliza

Kuyimitsa magalimoto ndikofunikira pakupanga galimoto. Kugwira ntchito kwake kumawonjezera chitetezo cha kuyendetsa galimoto ndikuchepetsa ngozi. Chifukwa chake, ndikofunikira kuti muzindikire ndikusunga njirayi pafupipafupi.

Mafunso ndi Mayankho:

Ndi mabuleki otani mgalimotomo? Zimatengera mtundu wagalimoto ndi kalasi yake. The braking system akhoza kukhala makina, hayidiroliki, pneumatic, magetsi ndi kuphatikiza.

Kodi pedal ya brake imachita chiyani? Ma brake pedal amalumikizidwa ndi brake booster drive. Malingana ndi mtundu wa dongosolo, izi zikhoza kukhala galimoto yamagetsi, hydraulic drive kapena air drive.

Ndi mabuleki otani? Kutengera ndi cholinga cha ma brake system, imatha kugwira ntchito ya brake yayikulu, yothandiza (injini ya braking imagwiritsidwa ntchito) kapena kuyimitsidwa.

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