Kuyendetsa galimoto QUANT 48VOLT: kusintha kwamakampani amagalimoto kapena ...

Kuyendetsa galimoto QUANT 48VOLT: kusintha kwamakampani amagalimoto kapena ...

760 hp ndi mathamangitsidwe mu masekondi 2,4 akuwonetsa kuthekera kwa chosakanikirana

Amasowa mumithunzi ya Elon Musk ndi Tesla wake, koma nuncio wa La Vecchio ndi ukadaulo wa gulu lake wogwiritsidwa ntchito ndi kampani yofufuza nanoFlowcell zitha kusinthiratu msika wamagalimoto. Zatsopano zomwe zapangidwa kuchokera ku kampani yaku Switzerland ndi QUANT 48VOLT studio, yomwe imatsata QUANTINO 48VOLT yaying'ono ndi mitundu ingapo yam'mbuyomu monga QUANT F, yomwe sinagwiritsebe ukadaulo wa 48V.

Atatsala pang'ono kugwa kwamatsenga m'makampani opanga magalimoto m'zaka zaposachedwa, NanoFlowcell yasankha kuwongolera zomwe zingapangitse chitukuko ndikupanga ukadaulo wa zomwe zimatchedwa mabatire apompopompo, zomwe pantchito yawo sizikugwirizana ndi nickel-metal hydride ndi lithiamu-ion. Komabe, kuyang'anitsitsa situdiyo ya QUANT 48VOLT kudzaulula mayankho apadera aukadaulo - osati malinga ndi njira yomwe yatchulidwayi yopangira magetsi, komanso dera lonse la 48V lokhala ndi ma mota a polyphase okhala ndi ma coil a aluminiyamu ophatikizidwa ndi mawilo ndi mphamvu yonse ya 760 ndiyamphamvu. Inde, pali mafunso ambiri.

Ma batri oyenda - ndi chiyani?

Makampani ndi ofufuza angapo, monga Fraunhofer ku Germany, akhala akupanga mabatire azamagetsi kwa zaka zopitilira khumi.

Awa ndi mabatire, kapena m'malo mwake, zinthu zofananira ndi mafuta, zomwe zimadzazidwa ndi madzi, monga mafuta amatsanulira mgalimoto yokhala ndi mafuta kapena injini ya dizilo. M'malo mwake, lingaliro lakuyenda-kapena komwe kumatchedwa kuthamanga-kudzera pa batri ya redox silovuta, ndipo chivomerezo choyamba m'derali chimayambira 1949. Iliyonse ya malo awiriwa, olekanitsidwa ndi nembanemba (yofanana ndi maselo amafuta), imalumikizidwa ndi nkhokwe yomwe ili ndi electrolyte inayake. Chifukwa cha chizolowezi cha zinthu zomwe zimagwirana wina ndi mnzake, ma proton amasuntha kuchokera ku electrolyte kupita ku ina kudzera mu nembanemba, ndipo ma elekitironi amalunjikitsidwa kudzera mwa ogula omwe alumikizidwa ndi magawo awiriwo, chifukwa chake magetsi amayenda. Pakapita nthawi, akasinja awiri amasungunuka ndikudzazidwa ndi ma electrolyte atsopano, ndipo omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito "amapangidwanso" m'malo opangira magesi. Njirayi imayendetsedwa ndi mapampu.

Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Galimoto yoyesera Citroen SpaceTourer

Ngakhale zonsezi zimawoneka bwino, mwatsoka padakali zopinga zambiri pakugwiritsa ntchito batri yamtunduwu mgalimoto. Kuchuluka kwa mphamvu kwa batire ya redox yokhala ndi vanadium electrolyte kumangokhala 30-50 Wh pa lita imodzi, yomwe imafanana ndi batri ya lead-acid. Poterepa, kuti tisunge mphamvu zofananira ndi batire lamakono la lithiamu-ion lokhala ndi 20 kWh, pamlingo womwewo wa batri ya redox, 500 malita a electrolyte adzafunika. M'malo a labotale, omwe amatchedwa vanadium polysulfide-bromide mabatire amafika pamphamvu yama 90 Wh pa lita imodzi.

Zida zakunja sizofunikira pakupanga mabatire otuluka. Palibe zofunikira zodula monga platinamu yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito m'maselo amafuta kapena ma polima monga ma batri a lithiamu ion omwe amafunikira. Kukwera mtengo kwa ma labotale kumafotokozedwa kokha chifukwa chakuti ndi amtundu umodzi ndipo amapangidwa ndi manja. Ponena za chitetezo, palibe chowopsa. Ma electrolyte awiri akaphatikizidwa, mankhwala "amfupikitsidwe" amapezeka, momwe kutentha kumatulutsidwa ndipo kutentha kumakwera, koma kumakhala pamiyeso yabwinobwino, ndipo palibe chomwe chimachitika. Zachidziwikire, zakumwa zina sizabwino, komanso mafuta ndi dizilo.

Ukadaulo wa nanoFlowcell ukadaulo

Pambuyo pazakafukufuku, nanoFlowcell ipanga ukadaulo womwe sugwiritsanso ntchito maelekitirodi. Kampaniyo sinafotokozere mwatsatanetsatane momwe zimapangidwira, koma chowonadi ndichakuti mphamvu yakachitidwe ka bi-ion imafika pa 600 W / L ndipo, motero, imapangitsa kuti izitha kupatsa mphamvu zazikulu zamagetsi zamagetsi. Pachifukwa ichi, maselo asanu ndi limodzi omwe ali ndi volt 48 volts amalumikizidwa chimodzimodzi, omwe amatha kupatsa magetsi makina okhala ndi mphamvu ya 760 hp. Tekinoloje imeneyi imagwiritsa ntchito nembanemba yopangidwa ndi nananochnology yopangidwa ndi nanoFlowcell kuti ipangitse kulumikizana kwakukulu ndikulola ma electrolyte ambiri kuti asinthidwe munthawi yochepa. M'tsogolomu, izi zithandizanso kukonza mayankho a ma electrolyte okhala ndi mphamvu zambiri. Popeza dongosololi siligwiritsa ntchito mphamvu yamagetsi ngati kale, ma buffer capacitors amachotsedwa - zinthu zatsopano zimayendetsa magetsi amagetsi ndikukhala ndi mphamvu yayikulu yotulutsa. QUANT imakhalanso ndi magwiridwe antchito momwe ma cell ena amazimitsidwa ndipo mphamvu imachepetsedwa chifukwa chakuwonjezera mphamvu. Komabe, mphamvu ikafunika, imapezeka - chifukwa cha makokedwe akulu a 2000 Nm pa gudumu (8000 Nm yokha malinga ndi kampaniyo), kuthamangira ku 100 km / h kumatenga masekondi 2,4, ndipo kuthamanga kwambiri kumangokhala pamakilomita 300 okha. / h Pazigawo zotere, ndizachilengedwe kuti musagwiritse ntchito kufalitsa - ma mota amagetsi okwana 140 kW amalumikizidwa molunjika muma wheel wheel.

Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Kuyendetsa BMW M1 ndi Mercedes-Benz C 111: Duel ya zimphona

Zosintha mwachilengedwe zamagetsi zamagetsi

Chozizwitsa chaching'ono chaukadaulo - ma motors amagetsi okha. Popeza zimagwira ntchito pama volts otsika kwambiri a 48 volts, sizigawo zitatu, koma gawo lachitatu! M'malo mwa ma coil amkuwa, amagwiritsa ntchito zotayidwa kuti azichepetsera voliyumu - makamaka makamaka kupatsidwa mafunde akulu. Malinga ndi fizikiya yosavuta, yokhala ndi mphamvu ya 3 kW pamagetsi yamagetsi ndi magetsi a volt 45, zomwe zikuyenda pakadali pano ziyenera kukhala 140 amperes. Sizodabwitsa kuti nanoFlowcell yalengeza za 48 A pamachitidwe onse. Pachifukwa ichi, malamulo a anthu ambiri amagwiradi ntchito pano. Kampaniyo sinafotokoze njira zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kupatsira mafundewa. Komabe, mwayi wamagetsi otsika ndikuti chitetezo champhamvu zamagetsi sifunikira, zomwe zimachepetsa mtengo wazogulitsazo. Zimaperekanso mwayi wotsika mtengo wa MOSFETs (Metal Oxide Semiconductor Field Effect Transistors) m'malo mwa ma HV IGBTs okwera mtengo (High Voltage Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistors).

Ma mota kapena makina sayenera kuyenda pang'onopang'ono pakapita kuziziritsa kwamphamvu kozizira.

Matanki akulu amakhala ndi 2 x 250 malita ndipo, malinga ndi nanoFlowcell, maselo omwe ali ndi kutentha kozungulira madigiri 96 ndi 90% ogwira ntchito. Amalumikizidwa mumphangayo pansi pake ndipo amathandizira kuti pakhale mphamvu yokoka yamagalimoto. Pogwira ntchito, galimotoyo imatulutsa madzi, ndipo amchere ochokera ku electrolyte omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito amasonkhanitsidwa mu fyuluta yapadera ndikugawa makilomita 10 aliwonse. Komabe, sizikudziwika bwino kuchokera pazofalitsa zomwe zili pamasamba 000 kuchuluka kwa galimoto yomwe imagwiritsa ntchito pa 40 km, ndipo pali chidziwitso chosamveka bwino. Kampaniyo imanena kuti lita imodzi ya bi-ION imawononga ma 100 euros. Matangi okhala ndi 0,10 x 2 malita ndi mileage yoyerekeza ya 250 km, izi zikutanthauza malita 1000 pa 50 km, zomwe zimapindulanso poyerekeza ndi mitengo yamafuta (nkhani ina yolemera). Komabe, mphamvu yolengezedwa ya 100 kWh, yomwe imafanana ndi 300 kWh / l, imatanthauza kumwa kwa 600 kWh pa 30 km, yomwe ndiyambiri. Mwachitsanzo, Quantino yaying'ono ili ndi akasinja a 100 x 2 lita omwe amatulutsa (akuti) ndi 95 kWh (mwina 15?), Pomwe ma mileage omwe akuti ndi 115 km pomwe akudya 1000 kWh pa 14 km. Izi ndizosemphana ...

Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Mayeso oyendetsa Mercedes-Benz S-class motsutsana ndi Audi A8

Zonsezi pambali, ukadaulo woyendetsa komanso kapangidwe kagalimoto zitha kufotokozedwa kuti ndizodabwitsa, zomwe zokha ndizapadera pakampani yoyambira. Chimango chakumlengalenga ndi zinthu zomwe thupi limapangidwako ndizapamwamba kwambiri. Koma izi zikuwoneka kuti ndizovomerezeka motsutsana ndi kuyendetsa koteroko. Chofunikanso kwambiri, galimotoyi ndi TUV yotsimikizika yoyendetsa pamsewu wa Germany ndikukonzekera kupanga zingapo. Zomwe ziyenera kuyamba ku Switzerland chaka chamawa.

Zolemba: Georgy Kolev

Chachikulu " Zolemba " Akusowekapo " QUANT 48VOLT: kusintha pamsika wamagalimoto kapena ...

NKHANI ZOFANANA
Waukulu » Mayeso Oyendetsa » Kuyendetsa galimoto QUANT 48VOLT: kusintha kwamakampani amagalimoto kapena ...

Kuwonjezera ndemanga