Yesani Porsche 804 kuchokera ku Fomula 1: siliva wakale

Yesani Porsche 804 kuchokera ku Fomula 1: siliva wakale

Wotsiriza waku Germany "Silver Arrow" kuti apambane mu Fomula 1

Zaka 50, komabe mokweza - pa Red Bull Ring ku Austria. Porsche 804 imakondwerera tsiku lokumbukira. auto motor und masewera akhala akuyendetsa wopambana wotchuka wa Grand Prix kuyambira 1962.

Kodi mudakhalapo pachikho cha ufa? Umu ndi momwe Dan Gurney adamvera mu 1962. Pa Nürburgring North Circuit mu Formula 1 Porsche yake, adamenyera nkhondo kuti apambane Graham Hill ndi John Surtis. Ali ndi ngozi yopusa - batire pamapazi ake limatuluka kuchokera pazolumikizira ndipo amayesetsa kulikonza ndi phazi lakumanzere. Mantha amabisalira muubongo wake - chimachitika ndi chiyani ngati atseka pansi ndikuwuluka? Izi zitha kukhala ndi zotsatirapo zakupha. Chifukwa woyendetsa ndege ku Porsche 804 amakhala ngati kuti ali pakatikati pa thankiyo. Malita 75 a mafuta okwera kwambiri adatsanulidwa mu thanki yayikulu - kumanzere, kumanja ndi kumbuyo kwake. Malita 75 otsalawo amapopera m'matanki akutsogolo mozungulira mapazi a woyendetsa.

Iron Nerves anathandiza Gurney, ndipo anamaliza wachitatu, ndipo pambuyo pake anatcha German Grand Prix mpikisano wake wabwino kwambiri ndi zotsatira za 804. M'galimoto yaku Germany ya Fomula 1, adapambana kale French Grand Prix, ndipo patatha sabata imodzi ... Fomula bwalo panjira ya Zolitude pafupi Stuttgart.

Porsche 804 yokhala ndi injini yaying'ono-eyiti

Zaka 50 zapita kuchokera pamenepo. Porsche 804 ilinso kutsogolo kwa nkhonya - osati ku Nurburgring kapena Rouen, koma ku Red Bull Ring ku Austria. Lero, kuti muyendetse galimoto ya Fomula 1, mufunika othandizira angapo. Zomwe ndimafunikira ndi Klaus Bischoff, wamkulu wa Porsche Wheel Museum ku Stuttgart. Adayamba kale kutenthetsa V-1,5. Makina a nkhonya ku Porsche ndi ochepa - 84 malita okha. Komanso, ndiwokweza kwambiri ndipo amangofuula ngati abale ake abwino kwambiri. Ma eyala asanu ndi atatu ali ozizira. Wowonera wamkulu amawombera malita 000 amlengalenga pamphindi. Izi zimafunikira mphamvu zisanu ndi zinayi za akavalo, koma zimapulumutsa rediyeta ndi zoziziritsa.

Popeza American Gurney anali wosewera wamkulu wa Fomula 1, Porsche racing adamva bwino. Osachepera chiwongolero chimatha kuchotsedwa - zimapangitsa kukhala kosavuta kukhala pa "chogwirira chimodzi" chopapatiza. Zikafika pakulowa m'galimoto yanu, ndibwino kuti musagwiritse utawaleza, ziyenera kukutetezani mukamadumpha. Zimasunthira ngati ndizoyipa. Sikoyenera kuyesa kuchita. Chubu chowonda chimatha kuthandizira kumbuyo kwa mutu bwino.

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Palibe chomwe chimachitika pansi pa 6000 rpm.

Muyenera kukhala pampando, kupumitsa manja anu kunja kwa thupi ndikuboola mapazi anu mozungulira. Mwendo wakumanzere umakhala pa batri. Chingwe chachitsulo chimayenda pakati pa miyendo - chimagwira chowotcha. Kupanda kutero, zonse zili m'malo: kumanzere kuli cholumikizira, pakati - pakulema, kumanja - pa accelerator. Makina oyatsira ali kumtunda chakumanja kwa dashboard. Kumanzere - zikhomo zoyambira mapampu amafuta. Ndizofunikira chifukwa panthawi ya mpikisano, mafuta amapopedwa kuchokera m'mathanki mwanzeru kwambiri kuti magawidwe akulemera kwa 46 peresenti kutsogolo ndi 54% kumbuyo kwa kumbuyo kumakhala kosalekeza momwe zingathere.

Kumanzere kwa chimango cha tubular pali chosinthira chachikulu chamagetsi ndi cholembera choyambira. Chifukwa chake, sipafunikira makina omwe ali ndi jenereta yoyambira, chifukwa mukangokoka zolimba pa lever, zonenepa zisanu ndi zitatu zimayamba kugundana kumbuyo kwanu. Zida zoyambirira zimangokhala ndi vuto. Mumathandizira, kumasula zowalamulira, ndikupita. Koma chikuchitika ndi chiani? Kukoma kumayamba kutha. Chinthu choyamba chomwe muphunzire ndikuti kuthamanga kwapamwamba kumafunika apa. Pansi pa 6000 simungathe kuchita chilichonse. Ndipo malire apamwamba anali 8200. Ndiye, pakagwa vuto ladzidzidzi, zinali zotheka kukweza ena chikwi.

Komabe, pa 6000 rpm, njinga imayamba kukoka mwamphamvu kwambiri. Sizosadabwitsa kuti muyenera kupititsa patsogolo ma kilogalamu a 452 kuphatikiza dalaivala ndi mafuta. Chojambulacho chimalemera makilogalamu 38, thupi la aluminium ndi 25. Pambuyo pake, ziwalo zoyambirira za pulasitiki zidagwiritsidwa ntchito pa 804.

Nthawi yoyamba yomwe mumagunda mabuleki, woyendetsa ndege amachita mantha

Kutumiza magiya ndi achidule. Choyamba, chachiwiri - ndipo apa pali chodabwitsanso chotsatira: gearbox yothamanga sikisi ilibe njira zoyendetsera lever. "Samala mukamasintha," Klaus Bischoff anandiuza. Pambuyo pake ndidazindikira kuti pambuyo pa mpikisano woyamba Dan Gurney adapempha chidebe. Mu gear yachitatu, muyenera kudikirira pang'ono kuti muwonetsetse kuti lever ili mkanjira wapakati. China chilichonse chidzawombeledwa: ngati mutayika zida zisanu, samatha kutayika, zotsatira zake zoyambirira zitha kuwonongeka kwa injini.

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Mukazolowera, muphunzira momwe mungasinthire mosamala magiya. M'malo mwake, mukukumana ndi zodabwitsa zina. Kona yoyamba, yomwe imayima mwamphamvu - "Remus-Right" imatengedwa mu zida zoyambirira. Galimoto ya Fomula 1 ndiye Porsche yoyamba yokhala ndi mabuleki ama disc. Makamaka, ma disc mabuleki okhala ndi zokutira zamkati, mwachitsanzo kuphatikiza ng'oma ndi mabuleki ama disc. Yankho losangalatsa laukadaulo. Tsoka ilo, ndi zolakwika zazing'ono. Nthawi yoyamba kuphwanyidwa kwa brake, woyendetsa ndege amachita mantha - chovalacho chimatsikira pafupifupi pansi. Muukadaulo waluso, izi zimatchedwa "pedal yayitali". Mwamwayi, ndidafika pakona yoyamba yayikulu ndi ulemu wokwanira ndipo m'kuphethira kwa diso ndidayamba kupindika. Ndiye zotsatira braking anaonekera.

Porsche 804 osokoneza

Woyendetsa woyeserera Herbert Linge akukumbukira kuti: "Mabuleki ankagwira ntchito bwino, koma amayenera kukhala okonzeka asanatembenuke." Izi ndichifukwa choti kunjenjemera kwa magudumu kumasuntha ma pads kutali ndi disc ya mabuleki. Izi zikuyenera kudziwitsidwa mwapadera, koma zanzeru izi kwakhala zikuphatikizidwa kale m'moyo wagalimoto wamasiku ano. Oyendetsa ndege nthawi imeneyo amayenera kupirira zovuta zazing'onozi, koma mumazolowera msanga. Zowononga kwambiri mabuleki ndi njira ngati Red Bull Ring, yomwe ili ndi zigawo zake zazifupi zowongoka komanso ngodya zolimba, zina zomwe, monga Rint-Right, zilinso zotsika.

Komabe, kuyendetsa ndege 804 kumabweretsa chiwopsezo chachikulu. Woyendetsa ndegeyo akutsamira m'galimoto, ndipo kumbuyo kwake kumatsala phula. Pamaso pake - mawilo otseguka, omwe mutha kulondola molondola. Porsche wokhala pampando umodzi wokhala ndi matayala opapatiza amakhala ngati galimoto yonyamula kuposa galimoto yothamanga ya Fomula 1 - ndiyopondereza komanso yopitilira muyeso, koma ndiyosavuta kuyendetsa. Mwaiwala kwanthawi yayitali kuti mwakhala pampando woyendera mafuta. Mwinanso, zinali choncho ndi omwe kale anali a Grand Prix. Chisangalalo chidafika pachimake, ndipo mantha adazilala.

Woyendetsa mabokosi eyiti pamagalimoto ena opambana

M'malo mwake, ntchito 804 idangotha ​​chilimwe chimodzi chotentha. Ngakhale nyengo ya 1962 isanathe, wamkulu wa kampaniyo Ferry Porsche adati: "Tikusiya." M'tsogolomu, kampani ya Porsche idafuna kuchita nawo mpikisano wamagalimoto omwe ali pafupi kupanga. Mu 1962, Fomula 1 idalamulidwa ndi magulu achingerezi, BRM idapambana World Championship. Ndipo ndi chassis yake yatsopano - aluminium monocoque - Lotus sikuti imangotumiza mbiri ndikupanga chimango cha ma tubular, komanso ikusintha Fomula 1.

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804 ili munyumba yosungiramo zinthu zakale, koma magawo ena a ntchitoyi adapulumuka pantchito yopuma pa Fomula 1. Mwachitsanzo, mabuleki ama disc adasinthidwa bwino. Kapena V-1,5, yomwe poyambirira idali yodetsa nkhawa timu ya Porsche chifukwa idalibe mphamvu zokwanira, koma pambuyo pake idakhala yayikulu. Ndi voliyumu yogwira ntchito ya 200 malita, imafikira mphamvu yayikulu ya 270 hp. Pamene theka la lita anawonjezera kuti mphamvu kiyubiki mphamvu ukuwonjezeka kwa 907 HP Mu Porsche 24 injini idapambana mpikisano wa maola 910 ku Daytona, mu 1968 idapambana European Alpine Skiing Championship, ndipo mu 908 mu XNUMX idapambananso Targa Florio ku Sicily.

Porsche 804 idakali gawo lofunikira m'mbiri. Ndendende patsiku lokumbukira tsiku lake lobadwa la 50, Nico Rosberg ndi Mercedes akukondwerera kupambana kwina kwa timu yaku Germany mu Fomula 1. Inde, idachokera kwa omwe akupikisana nawo, komabe itha kutengedwa ngati mphatso yabwino yakubadwa.

DATA LAMALANGIZO

BODY Seater single Formula 1 racing car, chitsulo chubu grille chimango, aluminiyamu thupi, kutalika x m'lifupi x kutalika 3600 x 1615 x 800 mm, wheelbase 2300 mm, kutsogolo / kumbuyo njanji 1300/1330 mm, tank capacity 150 l, net net 452 kg.

SUSPENSION Kuyimitsidwa koyimilira kutsogolo ndi kumbuyo ndi mfuti zokhumba kawiri, akasupe opumira, ma telescopic oyimitsa zoyimitsa, zotsogola kutsogolo ndi kumbuyo, mabuleki am'mbuyo ndi kumbuyo, matayala kutsogolo 5.00 x 15 R, kumbuyo 6.50 x 15 R.

Kutumiza kwa mphamvu Kuthamangitsa kwamagalimoto kumbuyo, magudumu asanu ndi limodzi othamangitsa pang'ono.

INJINE Wozizilitsa mpweya, injini yamphamvu yamphamvu eyiti, ma camshafts anayi, mapulagi awiri pa silinda, 1494 cc, 3 kW (132 hp) @ 180 rpm, max. makokedwe 9200 Nm pa 156 rpm.

NKHANI ZA DYNAMIC Liwiro pafupifupi pafupifupi 270 km / h.

Zolemba: Bernd Ostman

Chithunzi: Achim Hartmann, LAT, Porsche-Archiv

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