Chifukwa chiyani lamba wapampando sakukula komanso momwe angakonzere

Zamkatimu

Nthawi zina amakhulupirira kuti mapilo amapereka chitetezo chachikulu m'galimoto, komabe, izi siziri choncho. Ma airbags amathandiza kuti asavulale, koma malamba okha ndi omwe angapulumutse miyoyo. Koma ngati palibe amene ali ndi malingaliro abwino adzazimitsa mapilo, ndiye kuti sizingatheke kuwakakamiza kugwiritsa ntchito malamba molondola.

Chifukwa chiyani lamba wapampando sakukula komanso momwe angakonzere

Kuti azitha kugwedezeka, njira zotsekera (coil) ndi zotsekereza (inertial) zimayambitsidwa pamapangidwewo. Kuphatikiza apo, zida zovutitsa mwadzidzidzi zokhala ndi ma squibs zimayikidwa.

Zomwe zingapangitse kuti lamba apambane

Zida zomwe zimapanga makoyilo ndizodalirika, koma njira zilizonse zimalephera pakapita nthawi. Izi nthawi zambiri zimakhala chifukwa cha kuvala kwa ziwalo ndi kulowetsa kwa zonyansa.

Chifukwa chiyani lamba wapampando sakukula komanso momwe angakonzere

khola loko

Panthawi ya braking, komanso mpukutu wakuthwa wa thupi la galimoto, pamene ngozi kapena kugubuduka kwa galimoto n'kotheka, mayendedwe a mphamvu yokoka amasintha mogwirizana ndi thupi la lamba. Thupi ili lokha limakhazikika ku mzati wa thupi; mumikhalidwe yabwinobwino, mbali yake yoyimirira imagwirizana ndi ma axis omwewo a thupi komanso komwe kumalowera pansi.

Kutsekereza kumagwira ntchito pa mfundo yosuntha mpira waukulu, chifukwa chake leash yogwirizana nayo imapatuka ndikuletsa njira ya ratchet ya koyilo. Pambuyo pobwerera pamalo abwino, koyiloyo iyenera kutsegulidwa.

Chifukwa chiyani lamba wapampando sakukula komanso momwe angakonzere

Njira yachiwiri ya inertia ndi lever ya eccentric ndi giya yokhala ndi dzino lamkati pa olamulira a coil. Ngati liwiro lopumula limadutsa pachiwopsezo chowopsa, ndiye kuti lever imatembenuka, imasuntha ndikulumikizana ndi dzino. Mzerewu umakhazikika pokhudzana ndi thupi, ndipo kuzungulira kumatsekedwa. Lamba akatulutsidwa bwino pamlanduwo, izi sizichitika.

Kasupe wa koyilo ndiye amachititsa kuti lambawo alowe m'nyumba ndikumangirira. Amapanikizidwa bwino pamene lamba akutulutsidwa ndikumasuka akamangika. Mphamvu ya kasupe iyi ndi yokwanira kukanikiza lamba motsutsana ndi wokwerayo ndi kachulukidwe kena.

Kuvala kwa zida zamakina

Lamba amagwiritsidwa ntchito mofanana ndi galimoto yonse, mwachibadwa kuti makinawo amavala. Ngakhale kusuntha, koyiloyo imapitilirabe kusuntha pang'ono kwa munthu.

Chifukwa cha kuvala, njira zotsekera zimavutika kwambiri, chifukwa ndizovuta kwambiri pakupanga.

Mpira umayenda mosalekeza chifukwa cha kusintha kwa mtunda, mathamangitsidwe, ma braking ndi kumakona. Zinthu zina zokhudzana nazo zimagwiranso ntchito mosalekeza. Mafuta amatha kutulutsa oxidize, kuwuma ndikuwononga, komwe kumakhala chifukwa cholanda.

Zoyatsira

Malamba amakono amakhala ndi njira yodziwonetsera ngati pachitika ngozi. Polamulidwa ndi chipangizo chamagetsi, chomwe chinalemba mathamangitsidwe odabwitsa molingana ndi zizindikiro za masensa ake, squib mu makina othamanga amatsegulidwa.

Chifukwa chiyani lamba wapampando sakukula komanso momwe angakonzere

Kutengera kapangidwe kake, mwina mipweya yothawirayo yothamanga kwambiri imayamba kutembenuza rotor ya injini ya gasi, kapena mipira yachitsulo imasuntha, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti koyiloyo igwedezeke. Lambayo amatenga ulesi kwambiri momwe angathere ndipo amakakamiza wokwerayo kukhala pampando.

Pambuyo poyambitsa, makinawo adzatsekeka ndipo lamba sangathe kumasuka kapena kubwereranso. Malingana ndi malamulo a chitetezo, kugwiritsidwa ntchito kwake kowonjezereka sikuvomerezeka, nsaluyo imadulidwa ndikusinthidwa ngati msonkhano ndi thupi ndi njira zonse. Ngakhale zitakonzedwa, sizidzatha kupereka mlingo wofunikira wa chitetezo.

vuto la coil

Koyiloyo imasiya kugwira ntchito bwino pazifukwa zingapo:

  • kumasulira kwa nsalu yokhayokha pambuyo pa ntchito yaitali;
  • kulowetsedwa kwa dothi m'malo ozungulira;
  • dzimbiri ndi kuwonongeka kwa ziwalo;
  • kufooka kwa koyilo kasupe atakhala mu mkhalidwe wokhotakhota kwa nthawi yayitali mukamagwiritsa ntchito mitundu yonse ya zovala-clamps, zomwe sizovomerezeka kwambiri.

Chifukwa chiyani lamba wapampando sakukula komanso momwe angakonzere

Kasupe akhoza kumangika ndi kuonjezera preload yake. Ntchitoyi ndi yovuta ndipo imafuna kusamala kwambiri, chifukwa mutachotsa chivundikiro cha pulasitiki, kasupe nthawi yomweyo amamasuka ndipo zimakhala zovuta kwambiri kuti abwerere kumalo ake, makamaka kuti asinthe bwino.

Momwe mungapezere chifukwa chakusokonekera

Pambuyo pochotsa thupi la reel pachoyikapo, liyenera kuyimitsidwa mosamalitsa ndikuyesa kukokera lamba kuchokera mthupi. Ngati palibe kupendekera, ndiye lamba liyenera kutuluka mosavuta ndikubweza likatulutsidwa.

Ngati mupendeketsa chikwamacho, mpirawo umasuntha ndipo koyiloyo imatsekedwa. Njira yogwirira ntchito imabwezeretsa ntchito yake pambuyo pobwerera kumalo oyima. Kukwatiwa kukuwonetsa kusagwira bwino kwa loko kwa mpira.

Ngati lamba kukoka mofulumira mokwanira, loko centrifugal ndi lever eccentric adzagwira ntchito, ndipo koyilo adzakhala oletsedwa. Pambuyo pomasulidwa, ntchito imabwezeretsedwa ndipo sikuyenera kukhala kusokoneza ndi kukoka kosalala.

Ntchito yozindikira pyrotechnic tensioner imapezeka kwa akatswiri okha chifukwa cha kuopsa kwa makinawo. Osayesa kulilira ndi multimeter kapena kusokoneza.

Kukonza lamba wapampando

Njira zokonzetsera zomwe zilipo ndizophatikizira pang'ono makina, kuyeretsa, kutsuka, kuyanika ndi kuthira mafuta.

Chifukwa chiyani lamba wapampando sakukula komanso momwe angakonzere

Zida

Osati muzochitika zonse, kukonzanso kudzatha pogwiritsa ntchito zipangizo zamakono. Nthawi zina zomangira zamkati zimakhala ndi mitu yopanda malire, zimakhala zovuta kugula makiyi oyenera.

Koma nthawi zambiri muyenera:

  • makiyi ochotsa milandu m'thupi;
  • zolowetsa ndi Phillips screwdrivers, mwina ndi ma bits osinthika a Torx;
  • kopanira kukonza lamba wotambasulidwa;
  • canister yokhala ndi chotsukira aerosol;
  • mafuta ambiri, makamaka silicone yochokera.

Ndondomekoyi imadalira kwambiri mtundu wa galimoto komanso wopanga lamba, koma pali mfundo zambiri.

Malangizo

  1. Malamba amachotsedwa m'thupi. Kuti muchite izi, muyenera kumasula ma bolts angapo kuchokera ku mtedza wa thupi ndi socket kapena ma wrenches.
  2. Ndi screwdriver yopyapyala, zotchingira zimapanikizidwa, zomangira zimachotsedwa ndipo zophimba zapulasitiki zimachotsedwa. Pokhapokha pakufunika, musakhudze chivundikirocho, chomwe chili ndi kasupe wozungulira.
  3. Thupi la mpira limachotsedwa, ziwalozo zimatsukidwa ndikuwunikidwa, ngati zida zotsalira zilipo, zowonongeka kapena zowonongeka zimasinthidwa.
  4. Makinawa amatsukidwa ndi chotsukira, dothi ndi mafuta akale amachotsedwa. Mafuta ang'onoang'ono atsopano amagwiritsidwa ntchito kumalo omenyana. Simungathe kuchita zambiri, zambiri zidzasokoneza kuyenda kwaulere kwa magawo.
  5. Ngati kuli kofunikira kusokoneza makina a inertial ndi masika, chotsani chivundikirocho mutachotsa zomangira mosamala kwambiri. The levers wa limagwirira ayenera kuyenda momasuka, kupanikizana sikuloledwa. Kuti muwonjezere kupsinjika kwa kasupe, nsonga yake yamkati imachotsedwa, ozungulira amapindika ndikukhazikika pamalo atsopano.
  6. Zigawo zimayenera kutsukidwa ndi chotsukira ndikuthira mafuta pang'ono.

Njira yabwino yothetsera vutoli si kuyesa kukonza lamba, makamaka ngati watumikira kale kwa nthawi yaitali, koma m'malo mwake monga msonkhano ndi watsopano.

M'kupita kwa nthawi, kudalirika kwa ntchito kumachepa, mwayi wokonza bwino umakhalanso wotsika. Kupeza magawo atsopano ndikosatheka, ndipo zida zogwiritsidwa ntchito sizabwino kuposa zomwe zilipo kale. Kupulumutsa pachitetezo nthawi zonse kumakhala kosayenera, makamaka pankhani ya malamba.

Kukonza lamba wapampando. Lamba wapampando osamangika

Zinthu zawo zokha zimakalamba msanga ndipo zikachitika zoopsa, zonsezi zimagwira ntchito molakwika, zomwe zingayambitse kuvulala. Palibe mapilo omwe angathandize ndi malamba olephera; M'malo mwake, amatha kukhala oopsa.

Waukulu » Malangizo othandiza oyendetsa galimoto » Chifukwa chiyani lamba wapampando sakukula komanso momwe angakonzere

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