Kulemekeza injini yamagalimoto

Zamkatimu

Galimoto iliyonse posachedwa imayamba kugwiritsa ntchito gwero lake, ngakhale agwiritse ntchito mosamala bwanji. Munthu akalemba ndalama zambiri, woyang'anira amachita zinthu zambiri zovuta zomwe zimafunikira kulondola kwambiri. Mwa iwo - yamphamvu honing.

Tiyeni tiganizire mwatsatanetsatane tanthauzo la njirayi, momwe imagwirira ntchito, komanso ngati pali njira ina.

Kodi injini silinda yoyimilira ndi chiyani

Kulemekeza injini ndiyo njira yomaliza pambuyo pokonzanso mphamvu yamagetsi. Zili ngati kufanana ndi kupukuta ndi kupukuta, pokhapokha poyerekeza ndi iwo kumakhala kosavuta.

Ngati mutayang'ana pamwamba pazipilala mukamaliza ntchitoyi, ndiye kuti zoopsa zazing'ono ngati mawonekedwe abwino zidzawonekera bwino. Makina ambiri amakono oyaka mkati amakonza izi ku fakitale.

Kulemekeza injini yamagalimoto

Kulemekeza kuyenera kuchitidwa kuti kuwongolera, mafupipafupi ndi kuzama kwazomwezo ndizolondola momwe zingathere. Popeza ili ndiye gawo lomaliza lokonza injini, limachitika pambuyo pa ntchito yayikulu, mwachitsanzo, ngati pobowola pamagetsi pakufunika kukhazikitsa ma pistoni okhala ndi gawo lokulirapo.

Pambuyo pokonzanso kwakukulu, silindayo ili ndi malo okongola, osalala bwino. Pogwiritsa ntchito pulogalamu yomwe ikufunidwa, mbuyeyo amagwiritsa ntchito chingwe chomwecho ngati chosangalatsa ndi kupukuta, amangogwiritsa ntchito hon - kamphindi kapadera. Zimapanga dongosolo loyenera ndi kuzama kofunikira.

Pambuyo pa honing, awiriwo-wamanja pisitoni amafuna nthawi yochepera yocheperako kuposa pakangotha ​​kukonza. Nazi zinthu zomwe zingawonetse kufunikira kwa njirayi:

  • Kuponderezana kunayamba kugwa (momwe mungadziyezere nokha, zafotokozedwa payokha);
  • Injini idayamba kudya mafuta ambiri. Kuphatikiza pa kuchepa kwa sump, utsi wabuluu udzawonekera kuchokera paipi yotulutsa utsi (kuphatikiza apo, zifukwa za zodabwitsazi zafotokozedwanso mu osiyana review);
  • Mphamvu zamainjini zatsika kwambiri;
  • Liwiro losagwira loyandama.
Kulemekeza injini yamagalimoto

Ndizosatheka kunena motsimikiza kuti injini yagalimoto inayake itafunikira kukonzanso kwakukulu (nkhaniyi imaganiziridwa kudzera pamtengo wamtengo wapatali, chifukwa sizolondola pachuma kuponyera cholembacho padera). Izi zimakhudzidwa ndimitundu yambiri, monga kuyendetsa galimoto, mafuta amtundu wanji ndi mafuta omwe mwiniwake wagalimoto amagwiritsa ntchito, ndi zina.

Ndikoyenera kudziwa kuti zizindikilo izi zonse sizolunjika. Zonsezi zitha kuwonetsanso zovuta zina mu injini, makina opangira mafuta, chopangira mphamvu, ndi zina zambiri.

Nthawi zambiri, mavuto oterewa omwe ali ndi machitidwe omwe amapezeka nawo amapezeka mgalimoto zokhala ndi mileage yayikulu - osachepera 100 zikwi. Munthawi imeneyi, kupanga kwina kumapangidwa mu silinda-pisitoni.

Mwachitsanzo, mtunda kuchokera kumpanda wamiyala mpaka mphete yopangira mafuta umakulira kwambiri kotero kuti mafuta satha kupanganso mphero yamafuta. Pachifukwa ichi, mafuta amakhalabe pamtunda, ndipo akagwirizana ndi mafuta kapena mafuta a dizilo, amasungunuka, chifukwa chophatikizira mafuta-mpweya chimakhala ndi zinthu zakunja. Powotcha, amapanga mwaye wakuda.

Kulemekeza injini yamagalimoto

Kuphatikiza pa kutulutsa kosasangalatsa, galimoto yomwe ili ndi vuto lofananira imachepa mphamvu chifukwa chotsitsa pang'ono. Pakatambasula utsi, gawo la mpweya wotulutsa utsi umadutsa pakati pa mphetezo ndi khoma lamphamvu ndikulowa mu crankcase ya injini. Popeza dalaivala amakakamiza kuti magetsi azigwira ntchito mwachizolowezi, mafuta azikula kwambiri.

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  Zizindikiro za mavuto a spark plug

Izi ndi zina mwa zifukwa zomwe kudzafunikira kukonzanso kwakukulu kwa bungweli. Mbuye akachita zonse zofunika (kubowoleza silinda mpaka kukula koyenera), mutha kufunsa honing.

Cholinga chachikulu cha honing

Cholinga cha opaleshoniyi ndi izi. Choyimira chaching'ono chimapanga kukhathamira pang'ono pakalilore. Ndikofunikira kuti mafutawo azikhala pamwamba.

Aliyense amadziwa kuti mafuta mu silinda-pisitoni makina amafunikira kuti muchepetse kusamvana pakati pa mphete ndi makoma amiyala, komanso kuti kuziziritsa koyenera kwa ziwalo zikadzetsa matenthedwe.

Kulemekeza injini yamagalimoto

Mu gawo lamagetsi lomwe lamaliza chuma chake, masamu a masilamu amasintha, omwe amachepetsa magwiridwe antchito a mota. Gawo lamkati lazitsulo pamapeto pake limasokonekera komanso kulimba komwe kumasiyana ndi gawo loyambirira lomwe limapangidwa mufakitole.

Kuwonongeka kumeneku kumakonzedwa ndi zotulutsa zonenepa. Ngati njira yofananayi idachitidwa kale, ndiye kuti kukula kwa silinda sikungafanane ndi koyamba, koma ndi kukonzanso kwachiwiri. Ntchitoyo ikamalizidwa, ndikofunikira kupanga notches oyenera mothandizidwa ndi wokweza.

Kuphatikiza pakukonza kondomu yapa silinda, honing ili ndi cholinga china. Njirayi imachotsa mbiya kapena mawonekedwe ake ngati apanga pakukulitsa.

Kuthana ndi mota kumatsimikizira kulimba kwazinthu zambiri, zomwe zimakhala zovuta kukwaniritsa ndi kupukuta kapena kuphwanya. Kuti kukonzanso kwa ICE kotereku kudzakhale ndi ntchito yomwe ikufunidwa pambuyo pake, kukula kwa ma cell ndi kuya kwa notches kuyenera kutsatira miyezo ya fakitore. Tikambirana momwe njirayi imagwirira ntchito moyenera, komanso zikhalidwe pambuyo pake.

Zoyenera kuchita ngati pali khunyu m'galimoto

Tsopano tiwona ngati zingatheke kuchotsa cholakwikacho ngati scuff yapanga, koma osasokoneza cholembera. Zachidziwikire, vutoli ndilovuta kwambiri kuwazindikira popanda kutsimikizika ndi mawonekedwe. Chofala kwambiri ndikutaya mphamvu kwa injini ndi kupanikizika. Monga tanenera kale, chizindikiro ichi ndi khalidwe mavavu kutopa kapena kulephera mu dongosolo mafuta.

Kulemekeza injini yamagalimoto

Ngati zifukwa zonsezi zitachotsedwa, koma zotsatira zomwe sankafuna sizinapezeke, ndiye kuti pali kuthekera kwakukulu kuti scuff idapangidwa mu silinda (yopanikizika pang'ono). Kulephera uku sikunganyalanyazidwe, chifukwa ngakhale vuto laling'ono posachedwa lidzawononga kwambiri pisitoni yamphamvu.

Ngati ovutitsa anzawo akadali ochepa kwambiri

Chinthu choyamba chomwe mungayesere kuchita musanapange makina oyaka amkati ndikugwiritsa ntchito chida chomwe chimakhala chophatikizika. Ichi ndi chinthu chomwe, mwazinthu zina, chimapanga kanema wolimba pazitsulo, kupewa kuwonjezeka kwa mkangano pakati pazigawo zowonongeka.

Kulemekeza injini yamagalimoto

Izi zimawonjezeredwa mu injini yamafuta. Zowonjezera zimayamba kuchita kutengera mawonekedwe a kapangidwe kake. Lero pali ndalama zosiyanasiyana zotere. Chimodzi mwazinthu izi ndi Suprotec Active Plus, yomwe imapangidwa ndi kampani yakunyumba.

Zowonjezera Suprotec Amalalikira Plus mu injini mafuta

Chodziwika bwino cha izi ndikuti tribo kapangidwe kake kuphatikiza ndikubwezeretsanso kumtunda ngati khoma lamphamvu limawonongeka pang'ono (kuvala sikuyenera kupitilira magawo khumi a millimeter).

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  Chifukwa chiyani mabuleki amangolira ndi mluzu

Kuti kuphatikiza kwa suprotek kukhale ndi zotsatira zabwino, muyenera kutsatira malingaliro a wopanga. Ngati kubwezeretsa mota kumachitika mosemphana ndi izi, zinthuzo sizigwira ntchito.

Kulemekeza injini yamagalimoto

Ubwino wa zowonjezera izi ndikuti kupitirira muyeso sikungapweteke chipangizocho. Zoona, sipadzakhalanso zotsatira kuchokera pamenepo. Pazifukwa izi, gawo ili liyenera kuchitidwa mozama. Ngati zofunikira zonse za wopanga zakwaniritsidwa, koma zotsatira zomwe mukufuna sizikuwonedwa, ndiye kuti vutoli ndi lalikulu kwambiri.

Zowonjezera sizithandiza

Palibe chowonjezera chomwe chingathandize kuchotsa zikwangwani zazikulu zolanda. Pachifukwa ichi, kusungunula kokha kokha kwa magetsi, zotengera zonenepa komanso kudzoza komwe kumafunikira. Gawo lomwelo logwiritsira ntchito mphako wolingana silotopetsa. Zovuta kwambiri kukonzanso zina. Chofunikira chokha ndichakuti amene akukonzanso akuyenera kumvetsetsa zovuta za gawo lomaliza la injini.

Kulemekeza injini yamagalimoto

Kudziwa zamayendedwe azinthu zothandiza kuti zithandizire kukhalabe ofanana ndi mawonekedwe azomwe zimayambitsa. M'magaraja, burashi yapadera imagwiritsidwa ntchito izi. Pamlingo waluso kwambiri, hon amawoneka ngati ndodo, yomwe mbali imodzi imayikidwa mu chuck ya lathe, ndipo mbali inayo ili ndi mipiringidzo itatu yokhala ndi zinthu zoyenera zomwe zimatha kusiya zokopa zazing'onoting'ono.

Njira ndi zida zofunikira

Kusunthika kosalala kwa chikho chopera mkati mwa silinda kumafunika pakadula yunifolomu. Ngati lathe imagwiritsidwa ntchito, ndiye kuti muyenera kuyendetsa bwino mulu wa chuck. Nthawi zambiri m'galimoto, burashi yapadera imagwiritsidwa ntchito. Kuthamanga, khama ndi kusuntha kwa mayendedwe kumatengera luso la mbuyeyo. Ngati wachita izi mobwerezabwereza, zidzakhala zosavuta kuti apange zojambula zolondola. Koma zidzasiyanabe ndi zomwe zingachitike mutagwiritsa ntchito njira zaukadaulo.

Kuti mumalize njirayi, mufunika mulingo woyenera komanso njanji yamayendedwe. Zida izi zitha kuthandiza kupanga mawonekedwe ofanana ndi mawonekedwe oyenera. Ngati mbuye atasochera, awononga mawonekedwe, chifukwa cha zomwe ayenera kuyambiranso zonse.

Chofunikiranso china chothandizira kuti mota uziyenda bwino ndikukhazikika kwamafuta. Pachifukwachi, palafini kapena mafuta osakaniza ndi othandiza. Madzi awa amatsuka tchipisi tating'onoting'ono tomwe timasokoneza kukhazikitsidwa koyenera.

Kulemekeza injini yamagalimoto

Mukamaliza ntchitoyi, chipangizocho chiyenera kutsukidwa ndi sopo. Izi zichotsa tinthu tating'onoting'ono tonse, kuti zisawonekere m'matangadza pambuyo pa msonkhano. Pambuyo pake, chipikacho chiyenera kuyanika ndikuchiritsidwa ndi mafuta odana ndi dzimbiri.

Galimoto ikasonkhanitsidwa, katundu asanaperekedwe kwa iye, gulu lamphamvu-pisitoni liyenera kuyendetsedwa. Izi zidzalola kuti tsatanetsatane azikondana. Munthawi imeneyi, injini yoyaka mkati imafunikira njira yochenjera yosinthira mafuta ndikugwiritsa ntchito mafuta apamwamba.

Kuti mugwedezeke pang'ono, mutha kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala ofananawo a suprotek kuphatikiza. Nthawi zina, kudzoza kumatha kuchitika popanda miyala yamphamvu. Ngati zowonongekazo ndizochepa, ndipo ntchito iyi yokha ndiyokwanira, mota mwina sichingachotsedwe pamakina.

Cylinder luso lotsogola

Zonsezi zimachitika magawo awiri. Poyamba, abrasive yayikulu imagwiritsidwa ntchito. Gawo ili limatchedwa kukwiya. Gawo lomaliza limafunikira chida choyala kale. Imodzi imabweretsa pamwamba pazipilalazo kuti zikhale bwino komanso zosalala.

M'mbuyomu, njirayi idagwiritsa ntchito ma ceramic abrasives ophatikizidwa ndi mipiringidzo. Mpaka pano, mafananidwe a diamondi atsimikiziridwa okha. Chifukwa cha izi ndikulimbana kwambiri ndi zinthuzo kuti zizikhala zovuta nthawi yayitali.

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Kulemekeza injini yamagalimoto

Zida zamakono zili ndi ma hons omwe amatha kusintha kukula kwake. Njira imeneyi imapewa yamphamvu yotopetsa pa lathes. Pambuyo makina, m'mimba mwake yamphamvu imatha kusintha pang'ono, koma m'malire oyenera kukonza.

Osasamala kwambiri pakuwongolera mitundu iwiri yamagalimoto. Kukonza kwamasinthidwe amanja ndikosiyana pang'ono ndi njira yofananira ndi malaya opanda manja.

Magalimoto opanda manja

Njira yosavuta yokonzera magalimoto achikale opanda. Pachifukwa ichi, chipikacho chimachotsedwa ndikuyika pamakina. Thupi limakhazikika, gawo lofunikira limayikidwa pang'onopang'ono ndipo chowongolera chimaperekedwa.

Kutengera ndi chida chomwe chikugwiritsidwa ntchito, komanso momwe makinawo akuyenera kuchitidwira, nthawi yogwirira ntchito idzasiyana. Ndikofunikira kuti mbuye awonetsetse kuti katiriji ikuyenda molunjika bwino, ndipo chipikacho chimakhazikika molimba momwe chingathere kuti chisadoderere.

Kulemekeza injini yamagalimoto

Zotsatira za honing zimayang'aniridwa ndi mpweya wamkati (chida chomwe chimayeza mkati mwake m'litali lonse la malonda). M'malo ochitira masewera olimbitsa thupi, zida zimagwiritsidwanso ntchito kudziwa kukula kwa malo omalizidwa.

Magalimoto amanja

Apadera a Motors amenewa ndi kuti kukonzanso mwa iwo pang'ono chosavuta. Wogulitsa galimoto amagula zingwe zingapo zamagetsi ena. Ndikofunikira kuwonetsetsa kuti magawo awa apita munthawi ya honing. Kupanda kutero, mankhwalawo sangagwire ntchito kwa nthawi yayitali.

Zogulitsa zoterezi zikagulidwa, wopanga akhoza kutsimikizira kuti malonda ake ndi okonzeka kuyika ndipo safunikanso kukonzanso zina. Popeza likulu la injini ndi njira yodula, ndibwino kuti mudziwonere nokha. Muyenera kufunsa wizara kuti awone ngati magawo onse azogulitsazi adawonedwadi kwa wopanga.

Kulemekeza injini yamagalimoto

Pakukonza ma liners pamsonkhanowu, payenera kukhala cholumikizira chapadera chofanana ndi thupi lamphamvu. Imakhazikika pabedi lamakina ndi mphamvu yolimba ya bolt kuti isawononge manja awo, koma nthawi yomweyo musalole kuti isunthe.

Manja atsopano amasinthidwa m'magulu anayi:

  1. Chingwe chosanjikiza chachitsulo chimachotsedwa (nthawi zina chimasokonekera);
  2. Honing ndi 150 grit okhakhala;
  3. Ntchito yofananira ndi njere zazing'ono (300 mpaka 500);
  4. Kuyeretsa pamwamba kuchokera kufumbi lazitsulo ndi maburashi a nailoni pogwiritsa ntchito phala lokhala ndi makhiristo a silicon.

Zotsatira zaovutitsa anzawo komanso mayankho ake

Nazi zotsatira zoyipa ngati injini yagoletsa:

Wonongeka:Zizindikiro:Njira yothetsera vutoli:
Kutentha kwamphamvu kwamafuta kumapangidwa chifukwa chakuti mphete zowazira mafuta sizichotsa mafuta owonjezeraGalimotoyo idayamba kutenga mafuta ambiri (munjira yomwe idanyalanyazidwa, mpaka lita imodzi pa 1 km.)Gwiritsani ntchito zowonjezera kuchokera ku Suprotec Active Plus; Ngati mankhwala sakuthandizani, muyenera kuyambiranso makina oyaka amkati
Kutopa kwa mafuta kwawonjezeka kwambiri chifukwa chakuti imasakanikirana ndi mafuta osakaniza ndi mpweya ndikuyakaKuphatikiza pakukulitsa kugwiritsidwa ntchito kwa mafuta, utsi wabuluu umatulutsidwa kwambiri kuchokera paipi yotulutsa.Thirani kapangidwe kake ka tribo m'mafuta; Ndi ma scuffs ang'onoang'ono, honing asintha momwe zinthu ziliri osadula
Kuchuluka kwake kwa pisitoni ndi silinda kwaswekaOsasintha amatembenuza "kuyandama"Ngati mafuta akugwira ntchito bwino, poyatsira ndipo palibe zolakwika mu gawo loyang'anira, ichi ndi chisonyezo chowoneka bwino cha kugwidwa. Pazigawo zoyambirira, zowonjezera Zowonjezera Zowonjezera zithandizira, munthawi zapamwamba kwambiri, zotopetsa komanso ulemu pambuyo pake zidzafunika
Mpweya wotulutsa utsi unalowa mu crankcaseKugwiritsa ntchito mafuta kwawonjezeka (kuti musunge mphamvu pamlingo wofanana, muyenera kukanikiza zolimba za gasi ndikuzungulira crankshaft)Nthawi zina, njira zopangira zida zamagetsi zitha kuthandiza. Komabe, zovuta zina zokhudzana ndi vuto (mwachitsanzo, kupsyinjika kwa pisitoni) zidzafuna kusokoneza kwathunthu kapena pang'ono. Palibe njira ina yodziwira chifukwa chenicheni cha kutayika kwamagetsi.

Ngakhale kuyimitsa mota kumatha kuchitika kunyumba pogwiritsa ntchito kubowola ndi zida zopangira makina, machitidwe amtunduwu sadzakhala oyenera. Pambuyo pa chithandizo chotere, scuffs amapangidwa mu injini mwachangu, zomwe zimafupikitsa nthawi pakati pakukonzanso mphamvu yamagetsi.

Popeza likulu la injini zoyaka zamkati lilinso ndi malire pazinthu zofananira, ndibwino kuperekera ulemu kwa akatswiri omwe amagwiritsa ntchito zida zamakono. Zipangizo zamagetsi zizichita bwino kwambiri kuposa njira "yamaso".

Poyerekeza, yang'anani njira yolumikizira mwachindunji masilindala kuti mugwiritse ntchito kwambiri pazida zamakono:

Direct block honing kuti akonze kukula.

Mafunso ndi Mayankho:

Kodi honing ndi chiyani? Izi ndizochepetsa kukhwimitsa makoma a silinda. Zimafunikanso kufulumizitsa kuthamanga kwa mphete za pistoni. Honingovka kumawonjezera moyo utumiki wa injini kuyaka mkati pambuyo likulu.

Kodi Block Honing ndi chiyani? Iyi ndi njira yomwe mauna abwino amagwiritsidwa ntchito pamakoma a masilindala. Amapereka kusungirako kwamafuta a injini, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti piston ring ring mafuta azikhazikika komanso kukhazikika kwamafuta.

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