Yesani galimoto ya Honda Civic Type R: mawonekedwe agalimoto

Yesani galimoto ya Honda Civic Type R: mawonekedwe agalimoto

Kuwonetsedwa ndi kuyendetsa kwa Honda Civic Type R ku Bulgaria ndi chifukwa china chofika pansi pachitsanzo ichi.

Pambuyo pobwerera molimbika ku Fomula 1 ndikusinthanso kuchokera kuzinthu zoyesedwa mwachilengedwe kupita ku ma turbo-petulo, kulimbikira kwa mainjiniya a Honda kwatsala pang'ono kuwonetsa zotsatira. Pambuyo pazaka zambiri pakupambana pamasewera apaderadera, opanga ndi oyang'anira a Honda adamva kuti ali ndi ukatswiri wokwanira kuti abwezeretse kupambana kwawo. Koma zinthu zidakhala zovuta kwambiri, ndipo makina amakono opangira jekeseni wophatikizidwa ndi makina a haibridi omwe amagwiritsa ntchito njira ziwiri zopangira ndi kupereka mphamvu zakhala zovuta. Poyamba, zinthu sizimawoneka ngati zabwino kwambiri, panali zovuta ndi kachitidwe ka turbocharger ndi kamangidwe, komwe kudapangitsa kuchepa kwa mphamvu. Koma pakuchuluka kwa nthawi ndikukula kwa dongosololi, kusintha masanjidwe, zida ndi kuwongolera, ndikupanga kuyaka koyaka ndi chipinda choyambirira, adayamba kugwera. Kuyambira nyengo ikubwerayi, timu ya Red Bull ilandila mphamvu kuchokera ku Honda, chizindikiro kuti mainjiniya aku Japan akwanitsanso kubwerera panjira. Momwe, ndi njira, nthawi zambiri m'mbiri yake. Honda sikuti imangotanthauza kuganiza kwama Japan, komanso malingaliro ake. Chimodzi mwazinthu zomwe sadzasiya ndikutsogolera ukadaulo, ngakhale zili zopindulitsa kwa iye kapena ayi. Onse mu motorsport komanso mdziko lenileni, Honda amawonetsa kusinthasintha ndikusintha, ndipo mawonekedwe amisili agalimoto nthawi zonse amaphatikizidwa ndi kudalirika kotchuka kwa chizindikirocho, makamaka injini zake. Kuwona mwachidule mbiri yakampaniyi, kusaka kwa Google, kapena kuyang'ana bwino pamasamba a buku labwino kwambiri la Adriano Cimarosi The Complete History of Grand Prix Racing kudzaulula zina zosangalatsa. Munthawi za 1986/1987/1988, ma injini a Honda a 1,5-litre turbocharged adayendetsa magalimoto monga Williams ndi McLaren. Mtundu wa 1987 akuti umafikira 1400 hp. m'maphunziro ophunzitsira komanso pamipikisano pafupifupi 900 hp Magawo awa atsimikiziranso kuti ndiwothandiza kwambiri komanso odalirika. Alibe jekeseni wachindunji, womwe ndi wofunikira kwambiri pakupanikizika kumeneku ndi kutentha m'masilindala, koma amatha kugwiritsa ntchito zida zosowa - mainjiniya a Honda, mwachitsanzo, amalowetsa m'malo azinthu zomwe zimapanikizika kwambiri ndi zokutira zonse za ceramic kapena zokutira za ceramic. ndipo mbali zambiri zimapangidwa ndi ma alloys opepuka kwambiri. Mu 1988, McLaren-Honda adapambana zopambana 15 ndipo Ayrton Senna adakhala mtsogoleri wadziko lonse. Nayi gawo losangalatsa - patangopita chaka chimodzi, injini yamphamvu yamphamvu yamphamvu ya Honda ipambananso. Dzina la Honda linakhala chowopsya kwa aliyense ndipo limavala chithunzichi mpaka lero.

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Kuchokera mumsewu waukulu kupita kumsewu komanso kumbuyo ...

Komabe, kupambana mu motorsport kumatanthauza, kaya ndi ma Circula 1, Indycar kapena TCR, kuphatikiza zosangalatsa za mafani ndi chiwonetsero chaukadaulo. Kupatula apo, yayikulu kapena ayi, kampani iliyonse yamagalimoto imayitanidwa kuti ipange magalimoto, ndipo chidziwitso ndi chithunzi cha motorsport nthawi zonse zimasiya zolemba pa izi. Kutha kwaukadaulo ndikuthekera kwaukadaulo. Komabe, palinso kulumikizana kwachindunji pakati pa motorsport ndi magalimoto opanga - magalimoto apamalire m'makalasi ena, monga compact, yomwe imakhala ndi mitundu yayikulu yamphamvu yamahatchi kwa anthu omwe amakonda kuyendetsa bwino. Kusintha pang'ono, amalowa munjirazo ndikupikisana nawo. Izi ndizochitika ndi Civic Type R.

Mtundu watsopanowu ukuwoneka zaka ziwiri zokha kuchokera koyambirira, ndipo injini yake ikukula m'njira zambiri, koma galimotoyo ndiyosiyana mosiyanasiyana. Cholinga cha izi ndikuti chitukuko chake chidachitika chimodzimodzi ndikukula kwa mtundu woyambira, womwe nawonso udapangidwa kuti ukhale wopereka mokwanira wa Type R.

Chimene, ndicho chizindikiro chabwino kwambiri cha Civic yosavuta. Zachidziwikire, omwe amapereka amatenga gawo lofunikira pakupanga galimoto - kaya ndi ma turbocharger, makina owongolera zamagetsi ndi ma jakisoni wamafuta, zida za chassis, zolimbitsa thupi, komanso kuchokera pano, udindo wopanga magalimoto ndi wovuta kwambiri. Akatswiri ndi omwe amapanga njira zoyaka ndi zinthu zomwe zilipo, kuwerengera kuzirala kwa injini ndi mitundu ya aloyi, kuphatikiza zonsezi ndi kuwononga mphamvu za mlengalenga ndi kulimbitsa thupi, kuthana ndi magwiridwe antchito a master scheme, poganizira kuthekera kwa wogulitsa. Monga adatsimikizira Elon Musk, "bizinesi yamagalimoto ndi ntchito yovuta." Kuyang'anitsitsa, ngakhale pa Tesla S yapamwamba, kukuwulirani mitundu yonse yamalankhulidwe anu ndikuwonetsani momwe galimoto ilili yovuta.

Honda Civic - khalidwe loyamba

Simungapeze chilichonse chonga ichi pa thupi la Civic Type R. Tanena kale zina mwazinthu za mtundu wa dizilo. Apa, tizingonena kuti kulimbikira kwa thupi kwawonjezeka ndi 37 peresenti ndipo kulimbitsa kokhazikika kwawonjezeka ndi 45 peresenti, chifukwa cha magwiridwe antchito apamwamba ndi maupangiri apamwamba kwambiri, njira zatsopano zowotcherera, zomangamanga zonyamula anthu komanso magwiridwe antchito azinthu zomwe zidalumikizidwa. Pofuna kulipirira kulemera kwina kwa magawo ena chifukwa champhamvu kwambiri, chivundikirocho chimapangidwa ndi aluminiyamu. Macpherson strut ndi cholumikizira cham'mbali cham'mbuyo ndizofunikira kuti munthu akhale ndi mayendedwe abwino pamsewu, koma izi zasinthidwa kukhala Type R. Kuthamangitsidwa kwa ma axles a ma shank bolts ndi mawonekedwe a magudumu asinthidwa, zosintha zenizeni zasinthidwa zokhudzana ndi kufunikira kochepetsera kugwedeza pang'ono kuchokera pa torque kupita pa chiwongolero. Ma kinematics ovuta a gudumu, omwe amachititsa kuti matayala azitha kugwiritsidwa ntchito mwamphamvu, asinthidwa, ndipo gawo lakumunsi lazinthu limapangidwa ndi zotayidwa. Kuyimitsidwa kwatsopano kwamalumikizidwe kumbuyo kumathandizanso kuti pakhale bata pamiyeso yayikulu, pomwe njanji yayikulu imalola mabuleki amtsogolo komanso kuthamanga kwakanthawi. Manja akumtunda, otsika komanso opendekera ndi zinthu zamphamvu kwambiri zomwe zimangopezeka mu mtundu wa R. Kuti mugawenso kulemera kwa galimotoyo, thankiyo iyenera kupendekera kumbuyo, kuchepetsa kulemera kwa chitsulo chakumaso ndi 3 peresenti poyerekeza ndi Civic yapitayo. ...

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Injini, la Honda

Injini yopambana ya 2.0 VTEC turbo palokha ndi luso lina la Honda lokhala ndi 320 hp. ndi 400 Nm yosuntha kwa ma lita awiri ndikudalirika kofunikira pakuyendetsa tsiku ndi tsiku komanso masewera. Makangano ambiri omwe amapezeka mgalimoto amakhala pakati pa zonenepa ndi ma pistoni, ndipo Honda nthawi zonse amadalira zokutira zapamwamba kuti zichepetse. Dongosolo lodziwika bwino la VTEC pano limagwira ntchito zina mosiyana ndi zomwe amavomereza. Chifukwa makinawo amagwiritsa ntchito turbocharger imodzi, mainjiniya akuyambitsa maulendo apadera osinthira kuti awonetsetse kuti pamafunika mpweya wabwino potengera katundu. Izi zikuyerekeza kugwira ntchito kwa kompresa yama geometry yosinthika. Njira zosinthira magawo awiriwa zimayang'anira nthawi yotsegulira malingana ndi kuchuluka ndi kuthamanga, komanso kutseka kuti mayankho abwinidwe amafuta ndi kutsuka kwa mpweya. Kuchuluka kwa kuchuluka kwa 9,8: 1 ndikokwera kwambiri pagalimoto yothamangitsidwa ndi mphamvu yayikulu chonchi, yomwe imagwiritsa ntchito mpweya wowonjezera kutentha kwamphamvu kwambiri. Ngakhale kufalitsa kwake ndi kwamakina, magetsi amathandizira mpweya wapakatikati posunthira magiya kuti agwirizane ndi liwiro la injini ndi shaft yolingana. Mafuta opatsira okha, opangidwa molunjika motsata kutuluka kwa mpweya, amakhazikika ndi madzi ozizira.

Dongosolo la utsi lokhala ndi ma nozzles atatu limakhudzanso ntchito ya injini. Izi sizowonetsera - chubu lililonse limakhala ndi cholinga chake. Machubu akulu akunja amapereka kutuluka kwa mpweya kuchokera ku injini, pomwe machubu amkati amayendetsa kamvekedwe ka mawu. Ponseponse, kutsika kumawonjezeka ndi 10 peresenti poyerekeza ndi zomwe zidakonzedweratu, ndipo izi zimachepetsa kupsinjika kwakumbuyo m'dongosolo. Kudziwa kolimba kwa Honda kwamphamvu zakuyenda kuchokera njinga zamoto (ndikufunika kwake kwa injini zamagetsi awiri) kumalipira apa: chubu lamkati limapereka gawo lalikulu mukamathamanga. Komabe, pansi pa katundu wapakatikati, kupanikizika kwapakatikati kumakhala kosavomerezeka, ndipo kudzera mwa iyo dongosolo limayamba kuyamwa mpweya. Izi zimathandizira magwiridwe antchito amawu komanso zimapereka bata. Mbalame imodzi yokha, yomwe imachepetsa kuchepa kwa kayendedwe ka flywheel ndi 25 peresenti, imathandizira kuyankha mwachangu kwa injini. Jekete lamadzi lowirikiza mozungulira mosakanikirana ndi utsi wambiri limathandizira kupititsa patsogolo kutentha kwa injini ndikuziziritsa komwe kumadzetsa mpweya, womwe umapulumutsa chopangira mphamvu.

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Zowonjezedwa pa izi ndikuphatikiza kwa njira zina za Civic komanso mtundu wa R. Makoma otetezera amatambasuliridwa kuti azikhala ndi matayala akulu, oyang'ana panja, kapangidwe kake kadzaza ndimalo owonera bwino kwambiri, komanso otchedwa. "Makatani amlengalenga" ndi mapiko akulu akumbuyo "amasiyanitsa" mpweya, ndikupanga zina zowonjezera kumbuyo. Njira zogwiritsira ntchito poyimitsa zosinthira (zokhala ndi valavu yamagetsi yomwe imayendetsa kayendedwe ka mafuta ndikuwongolera kosiyana kwa gudumu lirilonse), momwe gasi limayendera ndi chiwongolero (chokhala ndi magiya awiri) zasintha. Tsopano njira za Comfort, Sport ndi zatsopano + R ndizosiyana kwambiri ndi machitidwe awo. Mabuleki amaperekedwa ndi zida zopumira pisitoni zinayi zokhala ndi ma 350 mm disc kutsogolo ndi 305 mm kumbuyo. Ndipo popeza kuchuluka kwamphamvu koteroko kumakhala kovuta kuwongolera mukamangosunthira kumtunda wakutsogolo, chomalizirachi chimakhala ndi kusiyanasiyana kwa nyongolotsi, womwe ndi mtundu wapadera wa torso.

Chifukwa cha izi, komanso kuyimitsidwa kwapadera kutsogolo ndi mphamvu yayikulu, Type R imathamanga bwino kuposa omwe amapikisana nawo monga Seat Cupra 300, ndipo panjira imasandulika ngati Galimoto yoyendera yolimbitsa thupi komanso mayankho olimba. pa chiwongolero. Komabe, ma dampers osinthika komanso magalimoto osinthasintha amapereka chitonthozo chokwanira ngakhale pakuyenda tsiku ndi tsiku.

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