Kodi lamba wa nthawi ndi mtundu wanji womwe muyenera kusankha?

Zamkatimu

Kukonza sikokwanira popanda kuyang'ana ndipo, ngati kuli kotheka, m'malo mwa lamba wanyengo. Makina opanga magalimoto ambiri amakakamiza omwe amakhala ndi galimoto kuti asinthe chinthucho pomwe galimoto yatsopanoyo idutsa ma mileage omwe afotokozedwayo.

M'nkhaniyi, tikambirana momwe chidule cha nthawi chimayimira, chifukwa chake chinthuchi chimafunikira mu injini yoyaka mkati, chiopsezo chotuluka chake, pamene chikuyenera kusinthidwa ndi chatsopano, momwe mungasankhire lamba woyenera .

Kodi lamba wamagalimoto ndi chiyani?

M'galimoto, nthawi yamba ndi chinthu chozungulira ngati mphete yotseka. Gawoli limapangidwa ndi mphira waluso. Gawo lamkati limalimbikitsidwa ndi ulusi wopangira womwe umalepheretsa kutambalikako ndikuwonjezera kuuma kwa chinthucho. Kunja, lamba ndi wosalala, ndipo mkati mwake muli mano.

Kodi lamba wa nthawi ndi mtundu wanji womwe muyenera kusankha?

Izi zimatchedwanso lamba woyendetsa. Injini iliyonse imakhala ndi kukula kwake ndipo motero imakhala ndi gawo laling'ono la lamba. Palinso magalimoto omwe amagwiritsa ntchito tcheni m'malo mwa lamba wampira. Ndemanga yapadera imanena za mitundu yamagalimoto yomwe ili ndi mtundu wamtunduwu.

M'zaka za m'ma 1950, magalimoto ambiri ankagwiritsa ntchito tcheni, koma nthawi yoyendetsayi inali yaphokoso kwambiri komanso yolemera. Pogwira ntchito yake, damper ndi nsapato yovuta imafunika. Zinthu izi zidapangitsa kuti chipangizocho chikhale chovuta komanso cholemera, chomwe chimakhudza magwiridwe antchito agalimoto.

Pamene opanga makina amayesa kusintha lamba woyendetsa ndi lamba woyendetsa, poyambira oyendetsa sanatenge ndi chidwi chachikulu. Koma popita nthawi, lamba wanyamula watsimikizira kuti ndiwothandiza: injini yakhala yopepuka, yosavuta komanso yotsika mtengo kuyisamalira.

Kuti mumvetse zomwe lamba uja akuyenera, muyenera kudziwa kanthawi kanthawi.

Nthawi ndi njira yogawa gasi, yomwe imayikidwa pamutu wamphamvu kwambiri m'mayunitsi amakono amakono. Zapangidwa kuti zigawidwe moyenera magawo (kudya / utsi) mu silinda iliyonse ya injini. Zambiri pazomwe nthawi ya valavu ili, yafotokozedwa kubwereza kwina... Makinawa amatsegula ndikutseka mavavu olowera ndi kutulutsa ntchito pogwiritsa ntchito camshaft (pakapangidwe ndi magwiridwe antchito a gawo ili, werengani apa).

Kodi lamba wa nthawi ndi mtundu wanji womwe muyenera kusankha?

Pali zosintha zitatu za njirazi. Amasiyana wina ndi mzake pamalo a camshaft ndi ma valve. Izi ndi mitundu ya ma drive:

  1. Ma valve ali pamutu wamphamvu ndipo camshaft ili pansi pa injini. Pofuna kuyambitsa nthawi ya valavu, camshaft imayendetsa ma valve m'miyendo yama rocker ndikukankhira ndodo. Kusintha kotereku kwakanthawi sikuloleza kukula kwa ma crankshaft apamwamba, omwe amachititsa kuti mphamvu yoyaka mkati ikuvutike.
  2. Mavavu amakhala pansi pamiyala yamtengo wapatali pomwe ma mbale akuyang'ana mmwamba. Poterepa, camshaft ipezanso kumunsi kwa injini, ndipo ma cams akuyendetsa kale ma valve okha. Magalimoto awa ali ndi mafuta ovuta kwambiri, omwe amathandizira kukonza ndi kukonza kwa unit.
  3. Mtundu wofala kwambiri wamaimidwe okhala ndi camshaft ndi ma valve (pamutu wamphamvu). Camshaft imodzi imatha kugwiritsira ntchito ma valve onse kapena ma valve oyamwa kapena otulutsa. Pali zosintha momwe ma cams amasindikizira pamiyala yama rocker, komanso molunjika pa ma valve.

Mosasamala mtundu wanji wamagetsi omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito mu injini, momwe amagwirira ntchito ndi yemweyo - kutsegula valavu yofananira munthawi yomwe pisitoni imagwira utsi kapena kuponda (zomwe injini zikumenya, zimatiuza apa). Nthawi yotsegulira valavu imadaliranso momwe makina akugwirira ntchito. Gawo shifter limagwiritsidwa ntchito mu injini zamakono.

Makina ogawira gasi akapanda kukhazikitsidwa bwino, injiniyo imasokonekera ngakhale pang'ono. Pazovuta kwambiri, sizigwira ntchito.

Ili kuti lamba wanyengo m'galimoto?

Nthawi yamba ili kumbali inayo ya flywheel (ndi chiyani ndikusintha komwe kulipo, werengani apa). Zimakwanira pamwamba pa crankshaft ndi pulley yama camshaft. Zitha kupangidwa ngati magiya akuluakulu kapena mapulagi wamba. Poyambirira, ndikumangirira kolimba kofooka, sikungaterere, chifukwa chomwe nthawi yamagetsi idzatsalira.

Kodi lamba wa nthawi ndi mtundu wanji womwe muyenera kusankha?

Zingwe zoyambirira zidalimbikitsidwa ndi makhothi achitsulo, koma zosintha zotanuka kwambiri ndizomwe zimakhala ndi ulusi wopangira. Mpira umatsimikizira phokoso lochepa la gawolo. Mosasamala kapangidwe ka pulleys yamagalimoto oyendetsa galimoto, lamba nthawi zonse amakhala ndi mano, omwe amatsimikizira kulumikizana kwabwino kwa mawonekedwe azigawo.

Kuphatikiza pakukhazikitsidwa pa camshafts ndi crankshafts, lamba amalumikizanso ku unit ndi zolumikizira zina, monga pampu. Njira zina zonse zimalumikizidwa ndi mota pogwiritsa ntchito malamba awo.

Dongosolo, zingakhale zosavuta kulumikiza njira zonse ndi lamba umodzi, koma izi zidzachepetsa kwambiri moyo wautumiki wa chinthuchi. Mosasamala mtundu wamagalimoto, opanga makina azipanga kukhala kosavuta kotheka kulumikiza lambayo kuti zikhale zosavuta kuziyang'ana ndikusintha.

Mtundu uliwonse wamagalimoto uli ndi lamba wake wa nthawi, chifukwa kapangidwe ka ma mota ndi osiyana. Pazochitika zonsezi, kukula kwake kwa mphete kudzakhala kosiyana. Kuonetsetsa mphamvu pazipita kukonza chinthu ichi pa pulleys, izo tensioned ntchito wodzigudubuza wapadera (nthawi zambiri amagulitsidwa ndi lamba).

Kodi lamba wa nthawi yake ndi chiyani?

Kutengera mtundu wa injini, chisakanizo chokonzekera kale cha mpweya ndi mafuta, kapena mpweya wokha (ngati injini ili ndi jekeseni wachindunji), umalowa mu silinda kudzera ma valve. Kuti valavu iliyonse itsegule ndikutseka munthawi yake, makina opangira gasi amayenera kugwirizanitsidwa ndi ntchito crankshaft.

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Kodi lamba wa nthawi ndi mtundu wanji womwe muyenera kusankha?

Ntchitoyi imagwiridwa ndi lamba woyendetsa. Ntchito yowonjezerapo ya chinthuchi ndikuwonetsetsa kuti kuziziritsa kwanthawi zonse kuzizizira (ngati kapangidwe kake ka injini kumathandizira kuyanjana kwa njirazi). Pamene injini ikuyenda, lamba amasinthasintha malo oyendetsa pampu. Komanso, pama mota ambiri, makina oyaka amkati oyenda amaphatikizaponso kalunzanitsidwe ka mpope wamafuta.

Cholinga ndi momwe ntchito imagwirira ntchito

Chifukwa chake, monga mukuwonera, kulumikizana kwa magwiridwe antchito amagetsi ndi crankshaft zimatengera lamba wa nthawi. Ali panjira, imatsimikizira kugwira ntchito kwa mpope wamadzi ndi mpope wamafuta. Kodi element imagwira ntchito bwanji?

Chifukwa chogwira nawo ntchito ma pulleys onse oyenerera molingana ndi kapangidwe ka injini yoyaka mkati, galimoto ikayamba, oyambitsa amatembenuza chowulutsira, ndipo izi zimapangitsa kuti crankshaft izizungulira. Makina opendekera amayamba kusuntha ma pistoni mkati mwa zonenepa.

Nthawi yomweyo, mphamvuyi imafalikira ku lamba wa nthawi ndikudutsa mu camshaft pulley. Pakadali pano, ma valve amayamba kutseguka ndikutseka molingana ndi sitiroko yomwe imachitika m'ma cylinders.

Kutulutsa kwa mpope wamadzi kumayamba kuzungulira mozungulira, ndipo kuyendetsa mpope wamafuta kumayambitsidwa. Crankshaft position sensor (ndi chiyani komanso imagwira ntchito bwanji, imatero apa) amakonza malo a pisitoni mu silinda yoyamba ndikuwonjezera kuphulika kwa magetsi. Gawo latsopano la mafuta osakanikirana ndi mpweya amalowa m'miziramo kudzera m'magetsi. Chikhumbo chimagwiritsidwa ntchito pa kandulo yofananira ndipo BTC imayatsa. Chipangizocho chimathamanga popanda kuthandizidwa.

Kodi lamba wa nthawi ndi mtundu wanji womwe muyenera kusankha?

Ngati lambayo atazembera, kulumikizana kwa gulu lamphamvu-pisitoni ndi nthawi ya valavu kudzasokonezedwa. Poterepa, ma valve sadzatseguka molingana ndi zikwapu zamagalimoto. Kutengera mtundu wamagalimoto komanso kuchuluka kwa zosokoneza izi, makina oyaka amkati amatha kukhala osakhazikika kapena okhazikika. Pachifukwa ichi, ndikofunikira kuti nthawi ndi nthawi muziwona kupindika kwa mphete yoyendetsa.

Kufotokozera kwakusintha kwa nthawi ya lamba

Monga tanenera kale, galimoto iliyonse ili ndi lamba wake. Kuti woyendetsa galimoto asasokoneze gawolo, kunja kumakhala chinthu chomwe chikugulitsa. Nayi mbiri ya aliyense wa iwo. Mu manambala, wopanga amabisa kuchuluka kwa mano, mamvekedwe ake ndi mbiri yake, komanso m'lifupi mwake. Malinga ndikulemba kwapadziko lonse lapansi (ISO), mayina am'magulu amatha kutanthauzidwa motere:

92147x19 - 92 (mbiri ya dzino); 147 (chiwerengero cha mano); 19 (m'lifupi).

Pa lamba palokha pamatha kulembedwa motere: 163 RU 25.4 24315 42200 CR. Chiwerengero choyamba chikufanana ndi kuchuluka kwa mano, chachiwiri kukula kwa mankhwala. Mayina ena onsewa akuwulula tsatanetsatane wa mawonekedwe a mano ndi magawo ena.

Kodi lamba wa nthawi ndi mtundu wanji womwe muyenera kusankha?

Chidwi chachikulu chiyenera kulipidwa ku tanthauzo lenileni. Lamba amatha kudziwika ndi CR, HNBR kapena EPDM. Iliyonse ya iwo imawonetsa zinthu zomwe zinthuzo zimapangidwa:

  • Kr - chloroprene. Ndi kupanga labala. Zomwe zimalekerera nyengo kusintha bwino, sizimawotcha. Ngati galimoto nthawi zambiri imayenda m'misewu yafumbi, muyenera kumvetsera izi, chifukwa zawonjezera kukana kutuluka. Kugonjetsedwa ndi mafuta aukali komanso mafuta a injini. Kutentha kwa magwiridwe antchito kumachokera ku -40 mpaka +160 madigiri.
  • RPDM ndi mphira woyambira wa ethylene-propylene-diene. Ilinso mtundu wa mphira wopangira. Zinthuzo zimatha kusungidwa kwa nthawi yayitali. Ndi kugonjetsedwa ndi kumva kuwawa ndi kutentha. Zimalekerera molumikizana ndi zopangira mafuta. Kutentha kumachokera ku -40 mpaka +150 madigiri.
  • HNBR - Kutentha Kwambiri Kuteteza Mphira (Hydrogenated Nitrile Butadiene Elastomer). Zinthuzo zimalekerera kukhudzana ndi mankhwala omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito mgalimoto bwino. Kutengera kuchuluka kwa acrylonitrile, mankhwalawo amatha kupirira chisanu choopsa, koma nthawi yomweyo sichimalimbana ndi zovuta zamafuta. Kutentha kumakhala pakati pa -50 ndi +160 madigiri. Izi ndizinthu zodula kwambiri pamabotolo oyang'anira nthawi.

M'mabuku aukadaulo pamakina, mutha kupeza magawo ofunikira a mota inayake. Kuphatikiza pa geometry ya lamba, kuvala kwa mankhwala ndi chinthu chofunikira kwambiri. Mukamagula lamba watsopano, muyenera kuganizira izi:

  • Iyenera kupirira katundu wolemera komanso mphamvu yayikulu;
  • Ziyenera kusunga katundu wake, nthawi yachisanu komanso yotentha;
  • Ziyenera kukhala zosagwira kuvala mwachangu;
  • Mbiri ya mano sayenera kusintha mpaka kumapeto kwa moyo wautumiki;
  • Ikatambasulidwa, siyenera kutaya katundu wake.

Poganizira zonsezi, muyenera kugula zinthu kuchokera kwa opanga odziwika bwino.

Mitundu yamalamba yanthawi

Tiyeni tiwone mwachidule mitundu yodziwika bwino ya malamba. Zonse pamodzi, pali zosintha zitatu pazinthu izi:

  • Ndi mano;
  • Mbiri yopangidwa ndi mphero;
  • Mbiri yopangidwa ndi Poly-V.
Kodi lamba wa nthawi ndi mtundu wanji womwe muyenera kusankha?

Mu magalimoto amakono, malamba a nthawi amagwiritsidwa ntchito. Mitundu yotsala yamapulogalamu ilibe umboni wokha ngati malamba oyendetsa galimoto, koma mitundu yofananira imagwiritsidwa ntchito, mwachitsanzo, jenereta kapena kompresa.

Ponena za mawonekedwe a mano, palinso mitundu ingapo ya iwo. Aliyense wa iwo ali ndi makhalidwe ake, ndipo pa nthawi yomweyo cholinga chake. Makina wamba amagwiritsa ntchito lamba wokhala ndi mano otchedwa trapezoidal. Pali malamba okhala ndi mano ozungulira. Cholinga chawo ndikulumikiza magwiridwe antchito amphamvu kwambiri. Zida zamagetsi zotere zimakhala ndi makokedwe ambiri, omwe amatha msanga mano pa lamba wamba.

Kodi mungayang'ane liti nthawi?

Nthawi zambiri sikofunikira kuti muwone momwe lamba alili pafupipafupi. Pachifukwa ichi, kukonza magalimoto kumakonzedwa. Mndandanda wa ntchito panthawi iliyonse yothamanga umaphatikizapo ntchito zosiyanasiyana. Kamodzi panthawi yonse yantchito, kusintha kwa lamba kumachitika, ndipo nthawi yonseyi, oyang'anira amangoyang'ana momwe zinthu zilili ndi makina ena.

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Cheke chosayembekezereka cha lamba woyendetsa amayenera kuchitidwa ngati kuwonongeka kwamagalimoto, mwachitsanzo, chitoliro chazizira chaphulika, ndipo zoletsa kuwuma zafika pagalimoto yoyendetsa nthawi. Pankhaniyi, patapita kanthawi kochepa, muyenera kuwunikanso momwe ziwalo zina za raba zathiridwira (kapena mafuta, ngati woyendetsa mwangozi adathira pa chipindacho). Mankhwala omwe amapanga antifreeze, mafuta amafuta ndi mafuta amatha kuwononga zopangira mphira.

Kutengera mtundu wa injini, mphamvu yake ndi mtundu wamagalimoto, kusintha kwa lamba kumachitika pambuyo pa ma kilomita 60-160 zikwi.

Kodi lamba wa nthawi ndi mtundu wanji womwe muyenera kusankha?

Chifukwa china chofufuzira pafupipafupi momwe zinthu zilili ndi pomwe galimoto imayambitsidwa kuchokera pa pusher. Poterepa, lamba amakhala ngati woyambira, zomwe sizabwinobwino gawo lotere, chifukwa mota ikagundidwa motere, pamakhala lamba wambiri kuposa nthawi yoyambira. Ichi ndi chifukwa chofunikira kuti batire liyenera kuyang'aniridwa (pakusamalira magetsi ndi magwiridwe ake oyenera, onani apa).

Momwe mungamvetse kuti muyenera kusintha lamba wa nthawi

Sizachilendo kuti lamba amamasuka osagwiritsa ntchito gwero lonse logwirira ntchito, ngakhale kuti wopanga amakhala ndi nthawi yayitali yolowetsa m'malo ake pang'ono. Pachifukwa ichi, malingaliro aopanga sindiwo njira yokhayo yomwe angatsatire.

Kodi lamba wa nthawi ndi mtundu wanji womwe muyenera kusankha?

Ngakhale kuyang'anitsitsa ndi njira yabwino kwambiri yowonetsetsa kuti lamba wa nthawi ali bwino, limatetezedwa ndi chovala. Chitetezo sichovuta kuchotsa nthawi zonse, chifukwa chake ndizothandiza kuyang'ana pazifukwa izi:

  • Kuphatikiza pa mileage, zaka za malonda ndizofunikanso. Musagwiritse ntchito lamba yemwe wakhala pagalimoto zaka zopitilira 7 (izi zimachitika galimoto ikamayendetsa kawirikawiri). Zogulitsa za mphira zimakhala ndi tsiku lawo lothera, pambuyo pake mankhwalawo amataya katundu wake.
  • Pamene malfunctions anayamba kuonekera mu dongosolo poyatsira, koma poyatsira palokha ntchito bwino. Izi zimatha kuoneka mano akamagundana ndi pulley. Ndi kulephera koteroko, galimotoyo imatha katatu (pazifukwa zina, werengani payokha) kapena ayi kuyamba konse.
  • Kuwoneka kwadzidzidzi kwa utsi kuchokera ku chitoliro cha utsi. Zachidziwikire, izi zili ndi zifukwa zambiri (werengani zina mwa izo apa), koma ndi nthawi yake imalumikizidwa ndi mfundo yoti ngati nthawi ndi valavu sizigwirizana, mafuta sawotchera kwathunthu, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti chithandizocho chizivutika, ndipo pakalibe, tinthu osatenthedwa mu utsi.
  • Kuvala kwambiri pamano kumatha kuyambitsa phokoso pansi pa hood. Komabe, kulephera kunyamula pampu, jenereta ndi zida zina kumathandizanso.
  • Chidindo cha mafuta pachikopa chatha, mafuta amalowa ndikudutsa pulley. Ngati mafuta mu sump amagwa nthawi zonse (kufufuzidwa ndi chikwapu), koma palibe utsi wabuluu wochokera ku utsi, ndipo banga laling'ono lamafuta limawonekera pansi pa galimotoyo, muyenera kulabadira chidindo cha mafuta ndi kusinthanitsa lamba pambuyo pokonza, chifukwa lakumana kale ndi mafuta.
  • Ngati mlonda wa lamba atha kuchotsedwa mosavuta, kuyang'anitsitsa koyendetsa galimoto kumatha kuchitika. Musanagwiritse ntchito ma diagnostics ngati amenewa, muyenera kutsegula makandulo kuti kuyatsa gudumu lisayambitse injini (ngati kuyatsa kwatsegulidwa mwangozi). Ngati ming'alu ndi zovala zolemera zikupezeka, gawolo liyenera kusinthidwa posachedwa.

Ndi kuwonongeka kotani komwe kumatha kuchitika ndi lamba wa nthawi?

Nawa mabizinesi omwe amabedwa nthawi yayitali:

  1. Kutulutsa mavuto. Izi zimachitika chifukwa cha kuwonongeka kwachilengedwe kwa malonda. Nthawi zambiri gawo ili limayang'aniridwa pafupifupi theka la moyo wa chinthucho.
  2. Kufulumira kwa mano. Vutoli nthawi zambiri limapezeka m'mabotolo omangika kwambiri. Ngati palibe chomwe chidachitidwa, lambawo amatha nthawi zambiri.
  3. Ingress yazinthu zakunja mu nthawi yoyendetsa. Izi sizimachitika kawirikawiri, koma zimachitika pamndandandawu. Izi zikachitika, chinthucho chiyenera kusinthidwa posachedwa.
  4. Mano akuterera pa pulley. Kulephera koteroko ndi chifukwa chakulowa kwa mafuta m'mano kapena mavuto am'magazi. Izi zikachitika mosafunikira, magalimoto azigwirabe ntchito, koma osagwira ntchito mofananamo. Cholinga chake ndikuti kuphatikiza kwamayendedwe ndi mawotchi adatayika. Ngati mano akuterera kwambiri, injini imatha kusweka chifukwa cha ma pistoni akumenya valavu.
  5. Mphero wodzigudubuza. Izi zimachitika nthawi zambiri mukamagula chinthu chotchipa kapena kunyalanyaza chomwe chimalowedwa m'malo mwake.
  6. Lamba wosweka. Kutengera mtundu wamagalimoto, vutoli limatha kukhala chifukwa cha kuwonongeka kosiyanasiyana kwa magetsi. Makina ambiri amakono amawonongeka kwambiri ndi lamba wosweka wa nthawi.
Kodi lamba wa nthawi ndi mtundu wanji womwe muyenera kusankha?

Tiyeni tiganizire mwatsatanetsatane za kuwonongeka komaliza.

Chimachitika ndi chiani ngati lamba wa nthawi ikutha

Nthawi yamagetsi iyenera kusinthidwa kuti ma valve atsekeke pomwe pisitoni ili pamwamba pakufa. Ngati panthawiyi valavu yatsegulidwa, pisitoni idzaigunda ndikukhotetsa tsinde lake. Lamba wa injini ya galimoto ikasweka, kulumikizana kwa magawo awiriwa muma motors ambiri sikungapeweke, chifukwa palibe torque yomwe imaperekedwa ku shaft shaves (ma valavu amaundana poyera), koma crankshaft ikupitilizabe kuzungulira inertia.

Pofuna kuthana ndi vutoli, opanga ena apanga mawonekedwe apadera a pisitoni, mkati mwake momwe mumatsata ma disc a ma valavu, kuti mukamaliza lamba wa nthawi, ndodozo sizigwada. Koma ma ICE ambiri amakhala ndi ma pistoni achikale.

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  Ndondomeko yamafuta agalimoto

Kuphulika kwa chinthu choyendetsa nthawi zambiri kumabweretsa likulu la mphamvu yamagetsi: mavavu opindika, ma pistoni akusweka, ndipo nthawi zina (mwachitsanzo, mu injini za dizilo) ngakhale mbali zina za crank limatha. Mtengo wokonzanso kwakukulu nthawi zambiri umakhala wofanana ndi theka la mtengo wamagalimoto ofanana pamsika wachiwiri.

Koma nthawi zambiri chingwe cholumikizira chimapangitsa kuwonongeka kwakukulu kwa chipindacho. Pachifukwa ichi, lamba sangataye, koma mano angapo adzadulidwa, ndipo injini yoyaka yamkati imadzaza kwambiri. Kuwonjezera kuwonongeka kwa mavavu ndi pisitoni, ndi crank limagwirira akhoza kupinda.

Kodi lamba wa nthawi ndi mtundu wanji womwe muyenera kusankha?

Poganizira pamwambapa, woyendetsa galimoto aliyense ayenera kuganizira mozama nthawi yolowera lamba.

Mkhalidwe wakunja wa malonda unganene izi:

  • Misozi kapena tousled khothi gawo - kwambiri mavuto;
  • Dzino lodulidwa (kapena angapo) - amafutukula mopepuka;
  • Kugwira ntchito mano onse - molakwika tensioned;
  • Ming'alu yambiri - gawolo ndi lakale kapena limagwiritsidwa ntchito pafupipafupi kutentha kwambiri (kutsika kapena kutsika);
  • Valani mtunda pakati pa mano - mikangano yambiri kapena yosakwanira;
  • Madontho a mafuta - kuvala kwa pulley mafuta chisindikizo;
  • Zinthu zolimba kwambiri - mpheteyo yakalamba kale;
  • Kugwira ntchito kumapeto - chinthucho chimasokonekera;
  • Kuyendetsa kumapangitsa phokoso kwambiri - kusakhazikika bwino.

Dzipangireni nokha kukonza lamba

Mutha kusintha izi nokha, koma pamikhalidwe imodzi. Woyendetsa galimoto ayenera kudziwa bwino kapangidwe ka galimoto yake. Kulunzanitsa zikwapu ndi magawo a injini ndi imodzi mwanjira zovuta momwe muyenera kuganizira zanzeru zina zambiri. Ngati mumagalimoto akale makina ogwiritsira ntchito nthawi amakhala ndi chida chosavuta, ndiye kuti ma shifter oyenda ndi machitidwe ena atha kuyikika muma motors amakono, mothandizidwa ndi mayunitsi omwe amatha kusintha momwe amagwirira ntchito.

Kodi lamba wa nthawi ndi mtundu wanji womwe muyenera kusankha?

Pofuna kupewa zolakwika m'malo mwa chinthuchi, ndi bwino kulankhulana ndi akatswiri omwe ali ndi luso logwira ntchito ndi injini zina. Kuti izi zitheke, opanga amagwiritsa ntchito zilembo zapadera pamakina oyambira injini ndi ma pulleys. Pogwira ntchito, ndikofunikira kwambiri kuwonetsetsa kuti notcheszi zikugwirizana.

Ntchito yokonza ikuchitika motere:

  • Kufikira kwaulere lamba;
  • Chovalacho chimayikidwa pamalo pomwe pisitoni yoyamba yamphamvu ili ku TDC;
  • Samalani ndi zolemba. Ziyenera kufanana;
  • Timasokoneza mphete yakale ndikuyang'ana zisindikizo zamafuta zamagalimoto;
  • Osasintha lamba lokha. Pofuna kupewa mavuto ndi pampu ndi wodzigudubuza wovuta, zida zonse zoyendetsera nthawi (lamba ndi ma roller odzigudubuza, ngati sichoncho) ziyenera kusinthidwa;
  • Kuyeretsa kwa ma pulleys kumayang'aniridwa (ndikofunikira kwambiri kuti musagwetse zilembo);
  • Timavala lamba ndikulikonza ndi chozungulira;
  • Timasintha mavutowa molingana ndi zomwe wopanga akufuna. Nthawi zambiri, chizindikiro chachikulu chomwe mungadziwire ngati mpheteyo ndi yolimba ndikutsatira. Pa gawo lalitali kwambiri (kuyambira pampu mpaka pa camshaft gear), timayesa kutembenuza lamba ndi zala ziwiri. Ngati zinachitika ndi madigiri 90, ndiye kuti mokwanira amatambasulidwa.

Oyendetsa magalimoto ena amakayikira ngati kuli koyenera kusintha pampu yamadzi posintha lamba. Sikoyenera kuti muchite izi, koma ngati pulogalamu yoyendetserayi ikutanthauzanso kusamutsa makokedwe kupita pampu, ndiye kuti chifukwa cha chidaliro muyenera kuchita. Izi ndichifukwa choti pampu yamadzi yosweka imatha kupanikizana ndikuwononga mayendedwe. Nthawi zina, gawo ili limayenera kusinthidwa likapezeka kuti ndi lolakwika.

Momwe mungasankhire lamba wa nthawi, zomwe zaphatikizidwa ndi mtengo

Mukamasankha mphete yatsopano yoyendetsa, muyenera kusankha koyambirira, osati ma analog. Kuyendetsa mafakitale kumakhala motalika kwambiri. Potengera mtundu wa zinthu, zinthu zoyambirira zokha ndizomwe zimafanana nawo. Mtengo wawo, inde, ndiwokwera kuposa anzawo, koma padzakhala chidaliro kuti mpheteyo siyidzaphulika patatha makilomita masauzande angapo.

Kusaka lamba watsopano kuyenera kuchitidwa poyang'ana nambala ya VIN yagalimoto. Ngati palibe chidziwitso pamtundu wina wamagalimoto mumndandanda, mutha kusankha mphete molingana ndi magawo amgalimoto (kumasulidwa, zida, mtundu wa injini yoyaka mkati). Malinga ndi magawo awa, sikuti amasankha zida zoyambirira zokha, komanso ma analogues.

Kodi lamba wa nthawi ndi mtundu wanji womwe muyenera kusankha?

Musanagule chinthu, muyenera kuyang'ana tsiku lomwe amapanga. Ndikofunika kuti zinthuzo zizikhala zatsopano - zopangidwa ndi mphira zimakhala ndi moyo wawo wa alumali. Zochenjera zazing'ono: pakupanga, lamba limadziwika asanamalize. Pachifukwa ichi, chinthu chilichonse chidzakhala ndi manambala osiyanasiyana.

Kutengera ndi wopanga, mphete zoyendetsa zimagulitsidwa mwina payekha kapena zodzaza ndi ma roller osagwira. Monga tanenera kale, ndibwino kusintha zida, osati gawo lililonse palokha. Ngati kokha lamba akusinthidwa, lidzalemetsa kwambiri wodzigudubuza wamavuto, omwe amathyola yachiwiri mwachangu. Kulephera kwake kudzapangitsa kuti gawo la mphira lizivala mwachangu, lomwe posachedwa lidzafunika kulisintha.

Wopanga aliyense wamagalimoto ali ndi mfundo zake zamitengo, koma choyambirira ndichokwera mtengo kwambiri. Mwa njira, ndi magawo okwera mtengo omwe ndi achinyengo, kotero musanagule, muyenera kulabadira kupezeka kwa satifiketi ya wopanga ndi ma hologramu omwe ali pamakinawo.

Mavoti a mitundu yotchuka ya malamba oyang'anira nthawi

Nayi kamtengo kakang'ono ka opanga omwe amapanga nawo zinthu zoyendetsa nthawi:

Wopanga:Mtengo:Mapulani:kuipa:
ZachiyambiKutengera mtundu wamagalimotoMankhwala apamwamba kwambiri. Opanga magalimoto nthawi zambiri amakhala ndi magawo awo omwe amapanga magawo a magalimoto awo.Gulu lazinthu zodula kwambiri.
Zambiri zaifeKodi lamba wa nthawi ndi mtundu wanji womwe muyenera kusankha?Pafupifupi 30 USDOkonza magalimoto amagwiritsa ntchito izi popanga fakitale magalimoto awo. Alumali amakhala pafupifupi 30% kutalika kuposa momwe amafunidwira kuti agwiritsidwe ntchito, zomwe zimapatsa malambawo chitetezo chachikulu. Valani zosagwira. Mkati mwake mumachitidwa ndi wothandizila yemwe amalepheretsa kuwonongeka kwa mafuta opangira mafuta kapena kuwotchera mafuta. Poyerekeza ndi ma analogs, imatha kupirira katunduyo, 15%. Oyenera mitundu yambiri yakunja.Nthawi zambiri amabodza. Mtengo.
MiyalaKodi lamba wa nthawi ndi mtundu wanji womwe muyenera kusankha?Zoposa $ 30Mndandanda waukulu wazopangira zomwe zingagwiritsidwe ntchito. Chitsimikizo cha opanga cha 50 zikwi. kapena zaka 2 zosungira. Kutalika kwake ndi 34mm, chifukwa chake kuwonongeka kumachitika pafupipafupi. Ntchito fakitale wathunthu magalimoto. Imapirira maulendo apamwamba, kuwapangitsa kukhala oyenera magalimoto amasewera.Kusintha kokha ndi seti. Mtengo.
DaycoKodi lamba wa nthawi ndi mtundu wanji womwe muyenera kusankha?Pafupifupi 20 USDMankhwala Multilayer. Osati zoyipa kuposa zomwe anzawo ena amapanga.Amatambasula mwachangu kwambiri. Nthawi zambiri amabodza.
BoschKodi lamba wa nthawi ndi mtundu wanji womwe muyenera kusankha?Pakati pa 15 USDNgati makina akugwiritsidwa ntchito mosamala, ndiye kuti moyo wothandizira lamba umachokera ku 60 zikwi. Itha kukhazikitsidwa pamagalimoto am'nyumba ndi mitundu yakunja. Pali mabodza ochepa. Amasunga katundu wawo kwanthawi yayitali. Mtundu waukulu.Chogulitsacho chimauma pakasungidwa kwakanthawi. Onetsetsani kuti musinthe ndi chozungulira.
AMDKodi lamba wa nthawi ndi mtundu wanji womwe muyenera kusankha?Pafupifupi 80 USDAnagulitsidwa nthawi yomweyo monga akonzedwa ndi odzigudubuza atatu ndi lamba wolinganiza. Kuti magawo asapunduke, iliyonse ya iwo imakhala yokhayokha. Phokoso lochepa. Chovala chodzigudubuza sichikhala chobwerera m'mbuyo. Pofuna kudziteteza ku zinthu zabodza, ma rollers amadziwika makamaka.Katundu wotsika mtengo kwambiri. Ngakhale mtundu wa odzigudubuzawo, kulambalalako kumatha kusewera. Nthawi zina zida sizikhala ndi lamba woyambayo, koma analogue yaku Korea kampani ya Dongli.

Pomaliza, kanema wachidule woti chifukwa chiyani malamba ena amatha nthawi isanakwane:

NTHAWI YOSUNGA. NDI LITI LIMENE MUYENERA KUDZIWITSITSA LAMBA LANTHAWI YOFulumira? Kodi mungapewe bwanji lamba wosweka wa nthawi?

Mafunso ndi Mayankho:

Kodi mungadziwe bwanji nthawi yosinthira lamba wanthawi? 1 - kuphwanya kukhulupirika kwa lamba (ming'alu, zotchingira, etc.). 2 - gawo lirilonse liri ndi moyo wake wogwira ntchito (rabala ndi zaka 5-6 kapena 50-100 zikwi makilomita).

Kodi lamba wa nthawi ndi chiyani? Ichi ndi chinthu choyendetsa chomwe chimagwirizanitsa ntchito ya pistoni muzitsulo ndi njira yogawa gasi kuti ma valve ayambe kuchitidwa molingana ndi sitiroko.

Kodi decoding lamba wa nthawi ndi chiyani? Nthawi imayimira njira yogawa gasi. Iye ali ndi udindo wotsegula / kutseka kwa ma valve panthawi yake. Lamba wa nthawi amalumikiza crankshaft ndi camshaft.

NKHANI ZOFANANA
Waukulu » Chipangizo cha injini » Kodi lamba wa nthawi ndi mtundu wanji womwe muyenera kusankha?

Ndemanga za 2

  1. tanya
    ngati lamba wa nthawi akadali watsopano, koma malonda ndi akale (zaka 10 zapitazo), atha kugwiritsidwabe ntchito?
    tks

  2. Moni, ayi, kuti tipewe chifukwa timasintha lamba titayenda makilomita angapo komanso nthawi yotalikirapo, mwachitsanzo 80000 km kapena zaka 5, chifukwa mphira wa lamba umatha.

Kuwonjezera ndemanga