Zonse za mpope wamafuta wamafuta

Zamkatimu

Palibe injini yoyaka mkati yomwe ingagwire ntchito yopanda mafuta. Kapangidwe ka ma mota amaphatikizira magawo ambiri omwe amagwira ntchito mofananamo m'njira zosiyanasiyana potembenuka, kuchitapo kanthu ndikubwezeretsanso mayendedwe. Kuti malo awo olumikizirana asatope, ndikofunikira kupanga kanema wokhazikika wamafuta yemwe amaletsa kukangana kowuma kwa zinthu.

Kodi pampu yamafuta yamagalimoto ndi chiyani

Dongosolo kondomu zigawo zikuluzikulu za wagawo mphamvu akhoza kukhala a mitundu iwiri. Galimoto imapatsidwa sump yonyowa mwachisawawa. Mitundu ina ya SUV ndi yamagalimoto amasewera imakhala yovuta kwambiri. Werengani zambiri zakusiyana pakati pawo. kubwereza kwina... Mosasamala kanthu kachitidwe komwe kamagwiritsidwa ntchito mgulu lamagetsi, mpope wamafuta udzakhala chinthu chofunikira mmenemo. Iyi ndiye njira yofunikira kwambiri, yomwe imatsimikizira kuti mafuta osadodometsedwa amasunthidwa kuzipangizo zonse za injini, kuti pakhale kanema woteteza mbali zake nthawi zonse, chipangizocho chimatsukidwa bwino ndi zinyalala zazitsulo ndikukhazikika bwino.

Zonse za mpope wamafuta wamafuta

Tikambirana za momwe imagwirira ntchito, zosintha zomwe zilipo, zovuta zawo ndi momwe mungadziwire zolephera izi. Kungakhalenso kothandiza kupenda maupangiri angapo ogwiritsira ntchito njirayi.

Cholinga cha mpope wamafuta

Kotero kuti mphamvu yotsutsana pakati pa ziwalo zamagalimoto oyendetsa samawawononga, mafuta a injini amagwiritsidwa ntchito. Zambiri pazakufotokozaku, komanso momwe mungasankhire yoyenera pagalimoto yanu, zafotokozedwa payokha... Mwachidule, kupezeka kwa mafuta sikuti kumangochepetsa kukangana pakati pazigawozo, komanso kumapereka kuziziritsa kowonjezera, popeza zida zambiri za ICE sizizirala mokwanira popanda mafuta. Ntchito inanso yamafuta a injini ndikutsuka fumbi labwino lomwe limapangidwa chifukwa chazomwe zimagwirira ntchito yamagetsi.

Ngati mayendedwe ali ndi mafuta okwanira okwanira, omwe ali mu khola pamoyo wonse wazogulitsidwazo, ndiye kuti mafutawa sangagwiritsidwe ntchito pagalimoto. Chifukwa cha ichi ndi katundu wothamanga kwambiri komanso wotentha. Chifukwa cha ichi, mafuta amapangira zida zake mwachangu kwambiri kuposa ziwalo zomwe.

Zonse za mpope wamafuta wamafuta

Kotero kuti woyendetsa galimoto sayenera kukonza njinga yamoto nthawi iliyonse yomwe mafuta amathandizira, m'malo mwa injini zachikale kwambiri, pulogalamu yamafuta idagwiritsidwa ntchito, momwe mpope wamafuta umayikidwira.

Mu mtundu wakale, ndi njira yosavuta yolumikizidwa ndi mota. Izi zitha kukhala zodziwikiratu kudzera pa crankshaft gear kapena poyendetsa lamba momwe makina ogwiritsira ntchito mpweya amalumikizirana, oyendetsa jenereta ndi njira zina, kutengera kapangidwe ka galimotoyo. M'dongosolo losavuta kwambiri, lili pogona. Ntchito yake ndikuwonetsetsa kuti mafutawa ali ndi vuto lililonse kuti liziperekedwera nthawi zonse.

Momwe ntchito

Ntchito ya makinawa ndi awa. Pamene crankshaft ikuyamba kuzungulira, kuyendetsa pampu yamafuta kumayambitsidwa. Zida zimayamba kuzungulira, kutola mafuta kuchokera pamalopo. Umu ndi momwe mpope umayambira kuyamwa mafuta kuchokera mosungira. Mu injini zapamwamba zokhala ndi sump yonyowa, mafuta otsekemera amayenda molunjika kudzera mu fyuluta kudzera mumayendedwe ofanana mbali iliyonse ya chipindacho.

Ngati injini ili ndi "sump youma", ndiye kuti izikhala ndi mapampu awiri (nthawi zina pamakhala mapangidwe ndi mapampu atatu amafuta). Imodzi ndiyokoka ndipo inayo imatulutsa. Makina oyambawo amangotenga mafuta kuchokera mu sump ndi kuwadyetsa kudzera mu fyuluta mosungira mosiyana. Supercharger yachiwiri imagwiritsa ntchito kale mafuta kuchokera mu thanki iyi, ndipo ikapanikizika imapereka kudzera munjira yopangira nyumba yamagalimoto mbali zonse.

Zonse za mpope wamafuta wamafuta

Kuti muchepetse kupsinjika, dongosololi limagwiritsa ntchito valavu yochepetsera kuthamanga. Nthawi zambiri pamakhala kasupe pachida chake yemwe amakakamira kukakamizidwa kwambiri, ndikuwonetsetsa kuti mafutawo abwereranso mu sump. Ntchito yayikulu ya mpope wamafuta ndikutulutsa kosalekeza kwa mafuta, omwe ndiofunikira kwambiri pakuchita kwamagetsi.

Chipangizo chopopera mafuta

Ngati tilingalira pampu yamakedzedwe yamafuta, ndiye kuti imakhala ndi thumba losindikizidwa. Lili ndi magiya awiri. Mmodzi wa iwo ndi mtsogoleri ndipo winayo ndi wotsatira. Choyendetsa choyendetsa chimakonzedwa pa shaft yolumikizidwa ndi mota. Chipinda chopangidwira chimapangidwa ndi chipinda - mafuta amayamwa mmenemo, kenako amalowa mumayendedwe amiyala yamphamvu.

Wolandila mafuta wokhala ndi thumba lomwe limatsuka kuchokera ku tinthu tating'onoting'ono limalumikizidwa ndi thupi la makinawo. Chipangizochi chiyenera kukhala pamalo otsikirako kotero kuti ngakhale mafuta ali mkati mwake ndi ochepa, pampu imapitilizabe kupopa pamzere.

Mitundu yamapampu amafuta

Pampu yamafuta yayikulu imayendetsedwa ndi sitima yamagalimoto yolumikizidwa ndi crankshaft, koma palinso zosintha zomwe zimachitika potembenuka kwa camshaft. Mtundu wachiwiri wowombelera umagwiritsidwa ntchito kawirikawiri chifukwa cha kapangidwe kake. Cholinga chake ndikuti kusintha kamodzi kwa camshaft kumafanana ndikusintha kwa crankshaft, chifukwa chake imazungulira pang'onopang'ono, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti kuti mupange kukakamiza kofunikira pamzerewu, ndikofunikira kugwiritsa ntchito makokedwe apadera pamakina oyendetsa pampu. Mitundu yamagetsi imagwiritsidwa ntchito mocheperako, kenako makamaka ngati chinthu chothandizira.

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  Ndondomeko yamafuta agalimoto
Zonse za mpope wamafuta wamafuta

Ngati tigawa magawo onse m'magulu malinga ndi kayendetsedwe ka kasamalidwe, padzakhala awiri mwa iwo:

  1. Zosalamulidwa... Izi zikutanthauza kuti kukonzedwa kwachangu pamzere kumachitika ndi valavu yapadera. Pampu imayenda pafupipafupi, chifukwa chake imapanga mutu wokhazikika, womwe nthawi zina umadutsa gawo lofunikira. Pofuna kuwongolera kupsinjika kotere, valavu, ikadzuka iyi parameter, imatulutsa kupsyinjika kopyola mu crankcase kulowa sump.
  2. Chosinthika... Kusinthaku kumayendetsa panokha kukakamiza pakusintha magwiridwe ake.

Ngati tigawa njirazi molingana ndi kapangidwe kake, ndiye kuti padzakhala zitatu: zida zamagetsi, zowzungulira ndi mapampu amafuta. Mosasamala mtundu wamafuta oyendetsera mafuta ndi kapangidwe ka makinawo, owombetsa onse amagwira ntchito mofananamo: amayamwa mafuta kuchokera kutsitsi laling'ono, amawadyetsa kudzera mu fyuluta mwina molowera mu injini, kapena padera thanki (chowombera chachiwiri chimagwiritsidwa ntchito kufalitsa mafuta). Tiyeni tione kusintha izi mwatsatanetsatane.

Zida zamapampu

Zosintha zamagalimoto zimaphatikizidwa mgulu la mitundu yopanda malamulo ya omwe amawombera. Valavu yochepetsa kuthamanga imagwiritsidwa ntchito kusintha kuthamanga kwa mzere. Chida cha chipangizocho chimayendetsedwa potembenuza crankshaft. Mwa makonzedwe otere, mphamvu yakukakamira imadalira liwiro loyenda mozungulira la crankshaft, chifukwa chake mzerewo umayenera kutaya mafuta owonjezera.

The zida zida mpope mafuta tichipeza:

  • Zida zoyendetsa zolumikizidwa ndi crankshaft;
  • Giya yachiwiri yoyendetsedwa yomwe imagwira gawo loyamba;
  • Bokosi losindikizidwa Ili ndi mabowo awiri. Mu mafuta amodzi amayamwa, ndipo winayo amaperekedwa kale atapanikizika, ndikupita mu mzere waukulu;
  • Kupanikizika kwambiri kwa valavu (valavu yochepetsa). Kugwiritsa ntchito kwake kumafanana ndi awiri a plunger (werengani za chipangizochi payokha). Msonkhano wamagetsi umakhala ndi kasupe wopanikizika ndi mafuta ochulukirapo. Pisitoni ili muwiri imayenda mpaka njira itatseguka ndikukhazikitsa mafuta owonjezera;
  • Zisindikizo zomwe zimatsimikizira kulimba kwa makinawo.

Ngati tikulankhula za kuyendetsa kwa mapampu amafuta amafuta, ndiye kuti pali mitundu iwiri:

  1. Zida zakunja... Awa ndi mapangidwe ofanana ndi zida zambiri zamagalimoto monga gearbox. Poterepa, magiya amatenga nawo mano omwe amakhala mbali yawo yakunja. Ubwino wa makinawa ndi kuphweka kwake. Chosavuta cha kusinthaku ndikuti mafuta akagwidwa pakati pa mano, malo opanikizika amapangidwa. Pofuna kuthetsa izi, dzino lililonse lamagetsi limakhala ndi poyambira. Kumbali inayi, chilolezo chowonjezera chimachepetsa magwiridwe antchito a pampu pama liwiro ochepa a injini.
  2. Kutengera kwamkati... Poterepa, amagwiritsanso ntchito magiya awiri. Mmodzi wa iwo ali mkati, ndi chachiwiri - mano kunja. Gawo loyendetsa limayikidwa mkati mwa yoyendetsedwa, ndipo zonsezi zimazungulira. Chifukwa cha kusamutsidwa kwa olamulira, magiyawo amakhala ndi matelefoni mbali imodzi, ndipo mbali inayo ndikokwanira kudya ndi jekeseni wa mafuta. Kapangidwe kameneka kamakhala kosakanikirana komanso kosiyana ndi kusinthidwa kwam'mbuyomu pakuwongolera bwino magwiridwe antchito aliwonse oyaka moto wamkati.
Zonse za mpope wamafuta wamafuta
1 gearing wamkati; 2 Zida zakunja

Pampu yamafuta yamagetsi (mfundo zakunja) imagwira ntchito molingana ndi mfundo zotsatirazi. Mafuta amayenda mumtsinje wokoka kupita ku magiya. Zinthu zosinthasintha zimatenga kachigawo kakang'ono ka mafuta ndikupondereza mwamphamvu. Makina opanikizikawo akamalowa m'malo operekera, amakankhidwira mu mzere wamafuta.

Zosintha zomwe zimagwiritsa ntchito mawonekedwe amkati zimatha kukhala ndi vuto linalake lopangidwa ndi chikwakwa. Izi zimapezeka mdera lomwe mano amiyendo ali pamtunda wotalikirana wina ndi mnzake. Kukhalapo kwa chisokonezo chotere kumatsimikizira chisindikizo chabwino cha mafuta, komanso nthawi yomweyo kuthamanga kwapamwamba pamzerewu.

Mapampu a Rotary lobe posamutsa mafuta amafuta

Kusinthaku ndikofanana ndi kusintha kwa zida zamkati. Kusiyana kwake kuli chifukwa chakuti m'malo mwa magiya osunthika, makinawo ali ndi chinthu chakunja chokhazikika ndi mano amkati ndi chozungulira chosunthira (chimayenda mu stator). Kupsyinjika kwa mzere wamafuta kumaperekedwa chifukwa chakuti mafuta omwe ali pakati pa mano amakhala opanikizika kwambiri ndipo amaponyedwa mopanikizika mchipinda chopanikizacho.

Kuphatikizanso ndi kusintha kwa zida, ma blower otere amawunikiranso kuthamanga pogwiritsa ntchito valavu kapena kusintha malo amkati. M'buku lachiwiri, dera limakhala ndi valavu yochepetsera kuthamanga, ndipo imayendetsedwa ndi crankshaft yozungulira. Ndipo magwiridwe ake amadalira.

Zonse za mpope wamafuta wamafuta

Kusintha koyamba kumagwiritsa ntchito stator yosunthika. Kasupe wothandizirayo amakonzanso kukhathamira kwamafuta. Ntchitoyi imagwiridwa ndikuwonjezera / kuchepetsa mtunda pakati pazinthu zosinthasintha. Chipangizocho chidzagwira ntchito molingana ndi mfundo zotsatirazi.

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  Polestar imapangitsa makina amunthu kupanga

Ndi kuwonjezeka kwa liwiro la crankshaft, kuthamanga pamzere kumachepa (chipangizocho chimadya mafuta ochulukirapo). Izi zimakhudza kuchuluka kwa masika, ndipo nawonso amatembenuza stator pang'ono, potero amasintha mawonekedwe a chinthuchi poyerekeza ndi ozungulira. Izi zimasintha kuchuluka kwa chipinda. Zotsatira zake, mafuta amafinyidwa kwambiri ndipo mutu pamzere ukuwonjezeka. Ubwino wa kusinthidwa kwa mapampu amafuta sikuti kumakhala kokha. Kuphatikiza apo, imasungabe magwiridwe antchito osiyanasiyana a unit yamagetsi.

Vane kapena mapampu amafuta a vane

Palinso mtundu wa mapampu amafuta (kapena vane). Mukusintha uku, kupanikizika kumasungidwa ndikusintha mphamvu, kutengera kuthamanga kwa injini yoyaka yamkati.

Chipangizo cha pampu yotere chimaphatikizapo zinthu zotsatirazi:

  • Casing;
  • Ozungulira;
  • Stator;
  • Ma mbale osunthika ozungulira.

Mfundo yogwiritsira ntchito njirayi ndi iyi. Chifukwa cha kusunthika kwa rotor ndi stator axis, gawo lowonjezeka lopangidwa ndi kachigawo limapangidwa mgawo limodzi la makinawo. Liwiro la crankshaft likakula, mbale zimatambasulidwa pakati pazinthu zopangira jekeseni chifukwa cha mphamvu ya centrifugal, potero zimapanga zipinda zina zowonjezera. Chifukwa cha kusinthasintha kwa masamba ozungulira, mphamvu zamphanga izi zimasintha.

Zonse za mpope wamafuta wamafuta

Kuchuluka kwachipinda kumakulirakulira, chimatuluka chotchinga, kuti mafuta amenyedwe pampope. Pamene masamba akuyenda, chipinda chino chimachepetsedwa ndipo mafuta amaponderezedwa. Mimbayo ikadzaza mafuta imasunthira njira yoberekera, sing'anga wogwira ntchito imakankhidwira mu mzere.

Ntchito ndi kukonza kwa mpope wamafuta

Ngakhale makina opopera mafuta amapangidwa ndi zida zolimba komanso zolimba, ndipo imagwira ntchito munthawi yamafuta ambiri, ngati zinthu zikuphwanyidwa, chipangizocho sichingathe kumaliza ntchito yake. Kuti muthane ndi izi, ganizirani zovuta zomwe zimakhudzana ndi kagwiritsidwe ntchito, kukonza ndi kukonza mapampu amafuta.

Zovuta zama pampu amafuta

Monga tanenera poyamba, pali mitundu iwiri ya makina kondomu mafuta - youma ndi yonyowa sump. Poyamba, pampu yamafuta imakhala pakati pa fyuluta ndi thanki yosungira mafuta. Zosintha zina zamtunduwu zimalandira pampu yoyikika pafupi ndi rediyeta yozizira makina oyesezera injini. Kuti mumvetsetse komwe mpope wamafuta umapezeka mgulu lina lamagalimoto, muyenera kusamala kuti ndi njira ziti zomwe zimalumikizidwa ndi mota (lamba kapena unyolo).

M'makina ena othira mafuta, pampu yamafuta imakhala kutsogolo kwa magetsi, pamalo otsika kwambiri. Wolandila mafuta nthawi zonse amayenera kumizidwa m'mafuta. Kuphatikiza apo, mafutawo amapatsidwa fyuluta, momwe amatsukamo tinthu tating'onoting'ono tazitsulo.

Popeza kugwira ntchito moyenera kwamagetsi kumadalira mawonekedwe amafuta, mpope wamafuta amapangidwa kotero kuti uli ndi chida chachikulu chogwirira ntchito (mumitundu yambiri yamagalimoto, nthawi imeneyi imawerengedwa m'makilomita mazana masauzande). Ngakhale zili choncho, njirazi nthawi zina zimalephera. Zowonongeka zazikulu ndi izi:

  • Magiya obvala, mano ozungulira kapena a stator;
  • Kuchulukitsa kosavuta pakati pa magiya kapena magawo osunthira ndi kapangidwe ka pampu;
  • Kuwonongeka kwa makina amadzimadzi (nthawi zambiri izi zimachitika makina akakhala ulesi kwanthawi yayitali);
  • Kulephera kwa valavu yothanirana kwambiri (makamaka mphero chifukwa chogwiritsa ntchito mafuta otsika kapena kunyalanyaza malamulo osintha mafuta). Valavu ikakhala kuti sikugwira ntchito munthawi yake kapena siyitsegula konse, oiler wofiira pa dashboard amayatsa;
  • Kuwonongeka kwa gasket pakati pazinthu za thupi;
  • Wolandila mafuta watsekedwa kapena fyuluta yamafuta ndi yonyansa;
  • Kuwonongeka kwa makina oyendetsa (nthawi zambiri chifukwa cha magalasi achilengedwe);
  • Zoyipa zina za mpope wamafuta zitha kuphatikizanso kuwonongeka kwa kachipangizo kamene kamakakamira mafuta.
Zonse za mpope wamafuta wamafuta

Kulephera kwa mpope wamafuta kumalumikizidwa makamaka ndikugwiritsa ntchito mafuta otsika kwambiri, kuphwanya kusintha kosinthira mafuta (werengani zambiri za kangati kuti musinthe mafuta a injini) kapena kuchuluka kwa katundu.

Pampu yamafuta ikalephera, kupezeka kwamafuta kumagawo kumasokonekera pamizere yamafuta. Chifukwa cha ichi, injini itha kukhala ndi njala yamafuta, yomwe imabweretsa kuwonongeka kosiyanasiyana kwa magetsi. Komanso, zoyipa zake zili pamakina amagetsi komanso kupsinjika kopitilira muyeso. Pompu yamafuta ikawonongeka, imasinthidwa kukhala yatsopano - zambiri zosintha zatsopano sizingakonzedwe.

Diagnostics ndikusintha kwa mpope wamafuta

Chizindikiro choyamba kuti pali vuto ndi mpope wamafuta mu injini ndi mafuta omwe amatha kuyatsa padashboard. Mukazindikira mtundu wa bolodi, mutha kuzindikira nambala yolakwika yomwe ingasonyeze kulephera kwa makina opanikizira. Kwenikweni, kupanikizika m'dongosolo kumachepetsedwa. Ndizosatheka kudziwa kuwonongeka kwakadongosolo kosayang'anitsitsa makina ndi zida zina.

Momwe mapampu amafufuzira ndi awa:

  • Choyamba, chimasulidwa;
  • Kuyang'anitsitsa kwa mlanduwu kumachitika kuti muwone kuwonongeka kowoneka bwino, monga ming'alu kapena zopindika;
  • Chivundikiro cha nyumba chimachotsedwa ndipo umphumphu wa gasket umayang'aniridwa;
  • Kuyendera magiya a makinawo kumachitika. Ngati mano awo aduladulidwa, pamaso pa ziwalo zosinthika, amalowedwa m'malo ndi ena atsopano;
  • Ngati palibe zolakwika zowoneka, m'pofunika kuyeza kulumikizana pakati pa mano azida. Njira yapadera yogwiritsira ntchito njirayi imagwiritsidwa ntchito. Pampampu yogwira ntchito, mtunda wapakati pazomwe zikuyenera kuchitidwa uyenera kukhala kuyambira 0.1 mpaka 0.35 millimeters;
  • Komanso, kusiyana pakati pa zida zakunja (ngati mtunduwo uli ndimayendedwe amkati) ndi khoma lamthupi kumayesedwa (kuyenera kukhala pakati pa 0.12 mpaka 0.25mm);
  • Komanso, chilolezo chachikulu kwambiri pakati pa shaft ndi casing casing chimakhudza magwiridwe antchito. Izi ziyenera kukhala pakati pa 0.05-0.15mm.
  • Ngati pali mwayi wogula zida zosinthira, ndiye kuti zimayikidwa m'malo motopa. Apo ayi, chipangizocho chimasinthidwa ndi chatsopano.
  • Pambuyo poyang'ana ndikukonzekera, chipangizocho chimasonkhanitsidwa mosasunthika, chimayikidwa m'malo mwake. Injini imayambika ndipo makina amayang'aniridwa kuti achepetse. Ngati mafuta amatha kuyatsa pa dashboard sikuwala, ndiye kuti ntchitoyo yachitika molondola.
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Tiyeneranso kukumbukira kuti mtundu uliwonse wa mpope uli ndi magawo ake, omwe nthawi zambiri amawonetsedwa muzolemba zamagalimoto.

Kusintha mpope wamafuta

Ngati injini kondomu dongosolo m'malo mpope mafuta, pafupifupi magalimoto onse ntchitoyi limodzi ndi disassembly tsankho la wagawo mphamvu. Komabe, nthawi zambiri, kukhazikitsa pampu yatsopano sikovuta. Kuti muchite izi mwaluso, makinawo amayenera kuyikidwa pamalo owolokera kapena kuyendetsedwa m'dzenje. Izi zithandizira kuthetsa ndi kusonkhanitsa makinawo.

Musanayambe ntchito, muyenera kusamalira chitetezo. Kuti muchite izi, galimoto iyenera kuyima (payenera kuyimitsidwa pansi pa mawilo), ndipo batiri liyenera kulumikizidwa.

Pambuyo pake, kuyendetsa nthawi kumachotsedwa (unyolo kapena lamba, kutengera mtundu wamagalimoto). Iyi ndi njira yovuta kwambiri, chifukwa chake njirayi iyenera kuchitidwa moyenera molingana ndi malangizo okonza ndi kukonza galimoto. Pambuyo pake, pulley ndi magiya amachotsedwa, kutsekereza kufikira pampu.

Zonse za mpope wamafuta wamafuta

Kutengera mtundu wa ICE, mpope umamangiriridwa pamiyala yamphamvu yokhala ndi ma bolts angapo. Chipangizocho chikachotsedwa mu injini, m'pofunika kuwunika momwe valavu yochepetsera kuthamanga imagwirira ntchito. Wolandila mafuta amayeretsedwa, magawo osokedwa amasinthidwa kapena pampu imayendetsedwa kwathunthu.

Unsembe wa chipangizo ikuchitika mu dongosolo n'zosiyana. Chenjezo lokhalo ndiloti kulimba, kutsatira makokedwe olimba a ma bolts amafunika. Ndiyamika wrench ya torque, ulusi wamatumbawo sangadulidwe kapena kufooka kwambiri panthawi yolimbitsa, chifukwa chake, nthawi yogwiritsira ntchito pampu, kulumikiza kumasula ndipo kupsinjika kwa dongosolo kudzagwa.

Kukonzekera galimoto ndi momwe zimakhudzira mpope wamafuta

Oyendetsa magalimoto ambiri amakongoletsa magalimoto awo kuti akhale owoneka bwino kapena olimba. apa). Ngati, kuti injini ikwaniritse bwino, magawo ake amasinthidwa, mwachitsanzo, zonenepa zimasokonekera kapena mutu wina wamiyala, masewera a masewera, ndi zina zambiri, muyenera kuganizira zogula mtundu wina wa pampu yamafuta. Cholinga chake ndikuti makina oyenera sangakhale opirira katunduyo.

Zonse za mpope wamafuta wamafuta

Pakukonzekera mwaluso, pokonza makina odzozera mafuta, ena amaika pampu yowonjezera. Nthawi yomweyo, ndikofunikira kuwerengera momwe magwiridwe antchito akuyenera kukhalira, ndi momwe mungalumikizire bwino dongosolo.

Momwe mungakulitsire moyo wamapampu

Poyerekeza ndi kukonzanso kwa magetsi, mtengo wa pampu yamafuta yatsopano siwokwera kwambiri, koma palibe amene amafuna kuti chipangizocho chilephere mwachangu. Pofuna kupewa ndalama zowonjezera, woyendetsa galimoto ayenera kuganizira malangizo angapo osavuta:

  • Musalole kuti mafuta agwere pamunsi pamlingo wololedwa (chikuni chogwirizira chimagwiritsidwa ntchito pa izi);
  • Gwiritsani ntchito mafuta opangira zida zamagetsi izi;
  • Onetsetsani momwe makina akusinthira mafuta. Cholinga chake ndikuti mafuta akale amalimba pang'onopang'ono ndikusiya mafuta;
  • Pokonza mafuta otsekemerawo, tulutsaninso fyuluta yakale yamafuta ndikuyika yatsopano;
  • Kusintha mpope wamafuta nthawi zonse kuyenera kutsatiridwa ndi mafuta odzaza ndi kuyeretsa sump;
  • Nthawi zonse mverani chizindikiritso cha mafuta m'dongosolo;
  • Nthawi ndi nthawi onetsetsani vuto la valavu yothandizira, ngati ilipo, ndikuyeretsani mafutawo.

Ngati mumatsatira malamulo osavutawa, makina omwe amapopera mafuta pazinthu zonse zamagetsi azigwira ntchito nthawi yonseyi chifukwa chazomwezi. Kuphatikiza apo, tikupangira kuwonera kanema mwatsatanetsatane momwe kuwunika ndi kukonza kwa mpope wamafuta kumachitika mwachikale:

Kuzindikira ndikuyika m'malo mwa OIL PUMP VAZ classic (LADA 2101-07)

Mafunso ndi Mayankho:

Kodi pompa mafuta ndi chiyani? Zimapanga kuthamanga mu dongosolo la mafuta a injini. Izi zimathandiza kuti mafuta afike kumakona onse a mphamvu yamagetsi, kuonetsetsa kuti mbali zake zonse zimayikidwa bwino.

Kodi mpope wamafuta wa injini yayikulu ili kuti? Sump yonyowa - pakati pa cholandila mafuta (chomwe chili mu poto yamafuta) ndi fyuluta yamafuta. Sump youma - mapampu awiri (imodzi pakati pa wolandila mafuta mu sump ndi fyuluta, ndi ina pakati pa fyuluta ndi thanki yowonjezera yamafuta).

Kodi pampu yamafuta imayendetsedwa bwanji? Mapampu apamwamba kwambiri amafuta amakhala osayendetsedwa. Ngati chitsanzocho chikhoza kusinthidwa, pampuyo imakhala ndi wolamulira wodzipereka (onani malangizo a wopanga).

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