Ziweto zamagalimoto: mitundu, zolinga, zosankha

Zamkatimu

Ngati zaka makumi angapo zapitazo winch idakhazikitsidwa makamaka pazida zapadera zomwe zikugwira ntchito movutikira panjira, ndiye kuti pakadali pano chida choterocho chasiya kukhala chachilendo kunyamula wamba. Kutengera mtundu wamakina, oyendetsa magalimoto ambiri sangakhale ndi vuto kupeza winch m'sitolo yamagalimoto.

Izi ndizotchuka kwambiri pakati pa omwe amakonda kugonjetsa malo ovuta panjira. Nthawi zambiri, njira zotere zimatha kuwonedwa pa bampala ya SUV yodzaza ndi malo okwera (chomwe chiri ndi momwe amayeza chimafotokozedwera. kubwereza kwina) ndi magalimoto anayi. Pamagalimoto oterewa, lamulo lofunikira limagwira: chakuya m'nkhalango, kupitilira kuthamanga thalakitala.

Ziweto zamagalimoto: mitundu, zolinga, zosankha

Kotero kuti dalaivala akhoza kutuluka panokha pamene galimotoyo yaikidwa m'matope kapena matalala, ndipo malo okhala pafupi kwambiri ali kutali kwambiri, opanga makina apadera a zida zapamsewu apanga winch. Ganizirani za winch, ndi mitundu yanji ya winches yomwe ilipo pagalimoto yofananira, momwe imagwirira ntchito, ndi mtundu wanji womwe ungasankhe bwino SUV yanu.

Kodi winch yagalimoto ndi chiyani?

Ngati galimoto ikuyendetsedwa kokha kumatauni kapena pamtunda, ndiye kuti sidzasowa winch. Koma bola ngati galimotoyo iyenera kugonjetsa mseu, mawonekedwe oterewa adzaikidwabe (ngakhale pali zosintha, koma pambuyo pake).

Ziweto zamagalimoto: mitundu, zolinga, zosankha

Wosankha bowa, msodzi, msaki komanso wokonda maulendo a Off-road apezanso chimodzimodzi magalimoto. Chipangizochi ndichipangidwe chomwe chimamangiriridwa ku bampala yagalimoto kapena pamalo oyikika kunja kwa galimoto. Adzakhaladi ndi galimoto. Itha kukhala mota yamagetsi kapena makina oyendetsa makina okhala ndi shaft yomwe chingwecho chimamenyedwa.

Cholinga cha winch

Extreme motorsport sikuti imangokhudza kuthamanga kwamagawo pamagalimoto amasewera, monga mpikisano womwe wafotokozedwa apa... Gululi limaphatikizaponso mipikisano yopanda msewu, mwachitsanzo, mpikisano wophunzitsira kapena kungoyendetsa pagalimoto kwambiri. Maulendowa nthawi zonse amakhala limodzi ndi njira zochotsera galimoto pachithaphwi.

Popeza ogonjetsa pamsewu amayesa mwayi wawo pomwe palibe kireni yomwe ingafikire, winch imangokhala ngati kireni yaying'ono. Ngati yasankhidwa bwino ndikutetezedwa bwino, ndiye kuti dalaivala sadzaopa kukhala m'chipululu chakutali kwambiri. Chinthu chachikulu ndikuti pali mphamvu yokwanira ya batri, ndipo mota simaima chifukwa cha dothi lalikulu. Koma pankhaniyi, bukuli lidzakuthandizani.

Ziweto zamagalimoto: mitundu, zolinga, zosankha

Winch yamagalimoto imakupatsani mwayi woti musinthe mphamvu iliyonse (yamagetsi, yama hayidiroliki kapena kuyesetsa kwakuthupi) ndikukoka mphamvu. Mphamvu imeneyi imalola kuti SUV izitulutsidwe zomwe zakakamira m'matope kapena paulendowu. Winch yamagalimoto yayikulu imakupatsani mwayi wolumikizira mbali imodzi ya chingwe kuzinthu zilizonse zolimba (mwachitsanzo, mtengo kapena chitoliro chachitsulo chomwe chimakhala ngati nangula yoyendetsedwa pansi) ndikuchotsa pang'onopang'ono galimotoyo kuchokera mu "ukapolo" wa mbali msewu.

chipangizo

Lero, oyendetsa magalimoto amapatsidwa zisankho zazikulu. Mtundu uliwonse udzakhala ndi chida chake, koma mfundo yogwirira ntchito ndiyofanana kwa onsewo.

Ziweto zamagalimoto: mitundu, zolinga, zosankha

Winch idzakhala ndi:

  • Kukhazikika kokhazikika. Kutengera ndi kusinthaku, kapangidwe kameneka kadzakonzedwa mwachindunji pagalimoto kapena pa "nangula" wokhazikika (chitsa, mtengo kapena chitoliro choyendetsedwa pansi).
  • Main shaft kapena drum. Kukoka kwa galimoto kumavulazidwa pamtunduwu.
  • Bwato. Kutengera mtundu wa winch, iyi idzakhala chingwe chopangira, chingwe chachitsulo kapena unyolo. Chilichonse mwazinthuzi chimakhala ndi zabwino zake ndi zovuta zake, chifukwa chake, posankha mtundu wa makina, muyenera kuganizira mtundu wa katundu womwe chinthuchi chiyenera kupirira.
  • Yendetsani. Pankhaniyi, nazonso, zonse zimatengera magawo amgalimoto. Pali zosintha pamakina zomwe zimachitika chifukwa cha kuyesayesa kwakuthupi (munthu amayendetsa chingwe chake molumikizana ndi gawo lothandizira pamakinawo pogwiritsa ntchito levers ndi set of ratchets). Komanso, ziziyenda zimapatsidwa zitsanzo za zingwe zamagetsi zamagetsi zamagetsi kapena ma hydraulic.
  • Wochepetsa. Popanda zida zochepetsera, ndizosatheka kugwiritsa ntchito mota wamagetsi ochepa kapena chida choyendetsa dzanja. Komanso, winch limagwirira ali okonzeka ndi ndalezo kuti amalola kusagwirizana kutsinde kapena kumulowetsa ng'oma ku gearbox lapansi. Ndi chinthu ichi, dalaivala ali ndi mwayi wololeza chingwe pamanja.
  • Control zipangizo. Cholinga chawo ndikuwonetsetsa kuti ng'oma yokhotakhota ikuyamba kuzungulira komanso kuyima. Batani loyambira limakhala pa winch body kapena pa unit yolandirana, ndipo nthawi zina imatha kupezeka mkatikati mwa galimotoyo pagululi. Pali ma winches osunthika omwe amayang'aniridwa kudzera pawailesi yakutali kapena analogue yolumikizidwa.
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Makulidwe a winches

Muyenera kusankha winch yatsopano yamagalimoto molingana ndi magawo osiyanasiyana, ndipo chofunikira kwambiri ndi kukula kwake kapena mphamvu zake. Momwemo, ndibwino kukhala ndi makina amphamvu kwambiri m'galimoto kuposa kulemera kwa galimotoyo. Cholinga chake ndikuti kukweza galimoto m'matope kumafuna kuthana ndi zoyesayesa zina. Galimoto ikakhala m'matope kwambiri, imawoneka kuti yayamwa mpaka mawilo akafika panthaka yolimba.

Galimoto ikakwezedwa kapena kukokedwa, matopewo amapanga kulimbana kwina komwe kuyenera kugonjetsedwa ndi winch drive. Pachifukwa ichi, ndikofunikira kuti mphamvu yamagetsi yoyendetsera kapena mphamvu ya chingweyo igonjetse mphamvuzi.

Mitundu yama winches agalimoto

Zojambula zamagalimoto zimasiyana osati pazinthu zokha zomwe amapangidwa komanso ndi kampani yopanga. Makamaka akuyenera kulipidwa pagalimoto, chifukwa mitundu iliyonse ili ndi zabwino zake, koma ilibe zovuta zina.

Ziweto zamagalimoto: mitundu, zolinga, zosankha

Mndandanda wazipangizo zamagalimoto zomwe zimatha kukoka galimoto pachiphalachi zikuphatikizapo:

  • Buku;
  • Mawotchi;
  • Magetsi;
  • Hayidiroliki.

Tiyeni tiganizire iliyonse yamtunduwu padera.

Dzanja winch pa galimoto

Uwu mwina ndiye mtundu wofala kwambiri wagalimoto. Cholinga chake ndikuti zosintha pamanja ndizotsika mtengo kwambiri ndipo sizigwiritsa ntchito zomwe galimotoyo ili nayo. Kuti atulutse galimoto m'matope, dalaivala sayenera kulumikizana ndi batri kapena mphamvu yamagetsi.

Kuti muchite izi, ndikwanira kukonza chingwecho mbali imodzi pamtunda wokhazikika, ndipo pamzake - chimangirireni ku zingwe zomwe zikugwirizana. Kenako, woyendetsa galimotoyo amakoka chingwecho, ndikutulutsa galimoto yake pang'onopang'ono.

Ziweto zamagalimoto: mitundu, zolinga, zosankha

Ngakhale chida choterocho chingakuthandizeni kutuluka mumsampha, sichingakhale chopindulitsa nthawi zovuta. Izi zimachitika makamaka ngati galimoto ili yolemera. Zocheperako poyerekeza ndi mayendedwe, zimakhala zosavuta kuzikoka, chifukwa izi zimafunikira mphamvu zambiri. Chifukwa chake, ngati galimoto ikulemera osaposa tani imodzi, ndiye kuti kukoka kumeneku kungagwiritsidwe ntchito. Kupanda kutero, galimotoyo imatha kukhala yoyima.

Mawotchi oyendetsa galimoto

Mtundu wotsatira wa winch wamagalimoto ndimakina. Ntchito injini gwero la galimoto lokha. Makina oterewa alibe zoyendetsa zake. Kawirikawiri samawoneka pa SUV pa chifukwa chimodzi chosavuta. Kuti mugwiritse ntchito yokoka, muyenera kulumikizana ndi injini yagalimotoyo.

Ziweto zamagalimoto: mitundu, zolinga, zosankha

Pali zitsanzo zochepa zomwe zimapangitsa kulumikizana ndi zida zotere. Nthawi zambiri amakhala okonzeka ndi winch kuchokera kufakitole, ndipo kugula kwatsopano kumatha kuphatikizidwa ndi kuwonongeka kwa mtundu wa fakitore. Pazifukwa izi, mitundu yamawatch yamawatch sikupezeka m'masitolo.

Hayidiroliki galimoto winch

Uwu ndiye mtundu wotsika kwambiri wazida zokoka. Cholinga chake ndikuti amapereka ntchito yosalala komanso yodekha momwe angathere, komanso ali ndi kapangidwe kovuta kwambiri. Amayeneranso kuyendetsa magalimoto olemera omwe agwera mumsampha wovuta, koma njira zamagetsi zimathanso kuthana ndi ntchitoyi bwinobwino. Kukonzekera koteroko kumawononga ndalama zambiri, chifukwa chake m'masitolo kusinthidwa koteroko kumakhalanso kosowa kwambiri, komanso mawonekedwe amakanema.

Ziweto zamagalimoto: mitundu, zolinga, zosankha

Monga mukuwonera, mwayi wama winches wama hydraulic ndikosavuta kwawo komanso kusalala. Komabe, izi zikutanthawuza mosavuta kuposa kuchita bwino kwambiri, chifukwa chake, zida zoterezi zimangogulidwa ndi omwe akuyendetsa galimoto omwe akufuna kutsimikizira momwe galimoto yawo ilili ndikuwonetsa kuthekera kwawo.

Kusiyanitsa kwakukulu pakati pa winch wama hydraulic ndi mtundu wamagetsi kuli pagalimoto. Kukhazikitsa koteroko kumalumikizidwa ndi chiwongolero chamagetsi. Poterepa, chipangizocho sichingagwiritsidwe ntchito ngati injini yamagalimoto yazima.

Winch yamagetsi

Winch wamagetsi ndiye mtundu wofala kwambiri komanso wotchuka wa "mathirakitala". Ili ndi mota wamagetsi wamagetsi, womwe umagwira kuchokera pa batri yamagalimoto (cholumikizira chimalumikizidwa molunjika ndi magetsi amagetsi amgalimoto mpaka kalekale, kapena kudzera pachikuta chopepuka cha ndudu). Pofuna kuti chipangizocho chisatulutse batri mumphindi zochepa, batire loyendetsa liyenera kuyikidwa mgalimoto. Kusiyanitsa pakati pazoyambira ndi zoyambira ndikofotokozedwa m'nkhani ina.

Msika wamagalimoto wamagetsi umapereka zosankha zazikulu zamagetsi. Ali ndi mphamvu zosiyana komanso kapangidwe kake kosinthidwa pang'ono. Winch yotereyi imatha kukhazikitsidwa pagalimoto nthawi zonse kapena kubisala mu thunthu ndipo imagwiritsidwa ntchito pokhapokha ngati zingafunike. Magalimoto oyendetsa magetsi amakhala ndi zovuta kwambiri kuposa anzawo ogwira ntchito, ndipo, ngakhale kuli phokoso panthawi yogwira ntchito, samagwira ntchito yawo moyipa kuposa mitundu yama hayidiroliki. Chinthu chachikulu ndikusankha chida choyenera.

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  Chipangizo ndi mitundu yoyendetsa
Ziweto zamagalimoto: mitundu, zolinga, zosankha

Ngati galimoto yaima ndipo singathenso kuthana ndi dothi, winch yamagetsi imapangitsa kukoka galimoto kupita kumalo oyenera kukonzanso. Njira iyi (ntchito yodziyimira payokha pa batri) imasiyanitsa kusinthaku motsutsana ndi mitundu ina yazokoka.

Kukhazikitsidwa kwa zingwe zamagetsi kumatha kubisika (kubisala kumbuyo kwa bampala kapena pansi pagalimoto). Chofunikira ndichakuti kapangidwe ka galimoto kapena bampala yake imakupatsani mwayi wobisa chipangizocho kuti chisasokoneze kapangidwe ka mayendedwe.

Nayi tebulo yaying'ono yomwe ingakuthandizeni kudziwa mtundu wa winch wamagetsi ndi mphamvu yake:

Kukoka mphamvuWinch kulemeraNdi mayendedwe ati omwe ali oyenera
2.0-2.5 mapaundi zikwi10-12 kgMa snowmobiles ndi ma ATV ochulukirapo, galimoto yopepuka, bola ngati galimotoyo isakhale pansi kwambiri
4.0-4.5 mapaundi zikwi17-25 kgMagalimoto okwera pamahatchi olemera kwambiri ndi ma ATV, galimoto zonyamula, ma SUV ang'ono kapena crossover yapakatikati
6.0-6.5 mapaundi zikwi18-30 kgYaying'ono SUV, pakati kosiyanasiyana crossover. Ngati chipangizocho chinagulidwa chifukwa cha crossover yolemera komanso SUV yayikulu, ndiye kuti akatswiri amalangiza kugwiritsa ntchito gawo lokulitsira.
9.0-9.5 mapaundi zikwiMakilogalamu 40 ndi zina zambiriZitsanzo zoterezi zidzatambasula SUV iliyonse.

Ndi magawo ati oti musankhe winch wagalimoto

Chifukwa chake, winch siyofanana. Kuphatikiza pamapangidwe osiyanasiyana ndikumanga zabwino, zida zimakhala ndi mphamvu zamagetsi osiyanasiyana. Ganizirani magawo omwe ayenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito posankha winch watsopano.

Chizindikiro chachinsinsi ndi mphamvu yogwira ntchito. M'masinthidwe ambiri, chiwerengerochi chimadziwika ndi mapaundi (mu mapaundi 0.45kg.). Kukoka kwa winch ndi mapaundi masauzande angapo, ndipo pamitundu yambiri imawonetsedwa ndi zolemba monga 4.7, zomwe zikutanthauza kuthekera kokoka mapaundi 4700 kapena 2115 kilograms (4700 * 0,45).

Chachiwiri ndi miyeso ya winch. Mwachilengedwe, galimoto ikakhala mchithaphwi, aliyense amafuna winch kuti athe kuthana ndi katundu wambiri. Koma chipangizocho chimakhala champhamvu kwambiri, chimakulitsa njirayo ndipo chimakhala chachikulu kwambiri. Sikuti kapangidwe kameneka kamangokhala ndi malo ambiri, kamakhalanso ndi kulemera koyenera. Sikuti aliyense woyendetsa galimoto ali wokonzeka kunyamula nawo makilogalamu 50 enanso.

Kuti mudziwe kuchuluka kwa winch yamagalimoto yomwe iyenera kukhala, muyenera kupanga mawerengero otsatirawa. Kuyeserera kocheperako kuyenera kukhala kuwirikiza theka ndi theka la galimotoyo (makamaka, kawiri). Koma nthawi yomweyo, muyenera kuzindikira kulemera kwakukulu kwa galimotoyo (kuphatikiza kulemera kwa okwera ndi katundu, kuti musafunike kutsitsa galimoto yomwe yakakamira). Ngati mukukayikira ngati kukoka kuli koyenera galimoto, ndibwino kuti musankhe njira ndi malire.

Ziweto zamagalimoto: mitundu, zolinga, zosankha

Chachitatu, ndikofunikanso kusankha kukoka kwatsopano ndi mtundu wa chingwe. Zida zonse zimagwira ntchito makamaka pamitundu iwiri yazingwe:

  1. Zitsulo. Uwu ndiye chingwe chofala kwambiri, chifukwa mwayi wake waukulu ndi mphamvu zazikulu, kulimba komanso kukana kuwonongeka kwa makina. Nthawi yomweyo, chingwe chachitsulo chimakhala ndi zovuta zina. Zimatha kuwonongeka, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti mitsempha yake iphulike pakapita nthawi. Chingwe chikakakamizidwa, chimatha kuwononga zinthu zambiri, kuphatikizaponso galimoto. Ngati winch imayikidwa nthawi zonse, ndiye kuti katundu wambiri adzaikidwa pachitsulo chakutsogolo chifukwa cha kulemera kwake (chingwe chachitsulo chimakhala ndi misa yochititsa chidwi - nthawi zambiri osachepera 40 kilogalamu), yomwe ichepetsa kwambiri ntchito moyo woyimitsidwa. Ngakhale panali zovuta izi, ngati makina nthawi zambiri amagwiritsidwa ntchito m'malo okhala ndi mchenga komanso miyala, ndiye kuti chingwe chachitsulo ndiye njira yabwino kwambiri yopambana. Cholinga chake ndikuti izi ndizosagwirizana ndi kumva kuwawa, ndipo sizipaka miyala pokoka galimoto. Chikhalidwe chofunikira mukamagwiritsa ntchito winch chotere ndi magolovesi olimba. Chingwe chophulika sichingakhale chapafupi kuwona, koma kusowa chitetezo kumatha kuvulaza kwambiri m'manja mwa driver, makamaka mukamasula chingwecho.
  2. Nayiloni. Ubwino wa chingwe chotere ndikumasinthasintha kwake ndi kulemera kwake (sipadzakhala katundu wochepa pazitsulo zakutsogolo). Kukhalapo kwa chingwe chopangira nthawi zambiri kumawonjezera makilogalamu 30 kutsogolo kutsogolo. Komanso, chiopsezo chovulala mukamagwira ntchito ndi chingwe sichichepera. Ngati tizingolankhula za zofooka, ndiye kuti ulusi wopanga umatambasulidwa mwamphamvu ndi kuyesetsa, ndipo mukamagwiritsa ntchito malo amchenga ndi amiyala, udzagwaguka kapena kung'ambika. Komanso, zinthu zokometsera zimatha kugwidwa ndimankhwala osiyanasiyana omwe amafafaniza misewu, amawonongeka msanga poyang'aniridwa ndi ma radiation (makamaka ngati makinawo amakhazikika mpaka kalekale) ngakhale madzi amvula. Ndikofunika kuyanika chingwe mutachigwiritsa ntchito kuti chisasokonezeke chikadzungulidwanso.
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Gawo lachinayi, lomwe muyenera kuyendamo, ndiyo njira yokonzera chipangizocho. Monga tanenera kale, ma winches amabisika, okwera komanso kunyamula. Galimoto iliyonse imatha kugwiritsa ntchito mtundu winawake, mwachitsanzo, mumitundu ina yamagalimoto sikutheka kubisa bwato kumbuyo kwa bampala kapena gulu lamthupi.

Ngati winch imayikidwa pompopompo pompopompo, ndiye kuti m'mitundu yambiri yama bumpers amafakitole, zosintha zina ziyenera kupangidwanso pakapangidwe kazigawo lamphamvu zamagalimoto. Nthawi zambiri, woyendetsa galimoto amayenera kugwiritsa ntchito wowotcherera.

Ziweto zamagalimoto: mitundu, zolinga, zosankha

Chachisanu. Ngakhale zovuta za chingwe cha nayiloni, akatswiri ambiri amalimbikitsa kuti mugwiritse ntchito. Pofuna kuti isadumphe ng'oma ikamasulidwa kwathunthu, bulaketi yapadera imayikidwa mu winch momwe chikoka chimadutsira kenako ndikumangirizidwa ndi kuzungulira kuzungulira shaft.

Ngati palibe chidziwitso pakukhazikitsa winch m'galimoto, ndibwino kuyiyika moyang'aniridwa ndi katswiri kapena kugwiritsa ntchito malo ogwiritsira ntchito. Ngati atayikidwa molakwika, makinawo amatha kutuluka paphiri, kapena kuthyola magetsi pamakina. Kuwonongeka koteroko sikungakonzedwe panjira zapanjira, ndipo ngati mutalumikiza chingwecho mbali yothandizirayo ya makina, mutha kuwononga zosatheka.

Komwe mungagule winch yamagalimoto

Mutha kupeza winch yatsopano m'sitolo iliyonse yayikulu yazida zamagalimoto. Palinso malo apadera okonzera magalimoto, komwe simungangonyamula kukoka, komanso kufunsa malingaliro a mbuye yemwe amakhazikika pakuyika zida zotere.

Mapangidwewo sanasankhidwe ndi VIN code (ndi chiyani, ndipo ili pati pa thupi lagalimoto, werengani apa), kupatula izi pomwe "thalakitala" imaphatikizidwa mu zida za fakitole, ndipo pali chidwi chokhazikitsa makina oyambilira. Nthawi zina, dalaivala amasankha chida molingana ndi mphamvu, kapangidwe ndi njira yolumikizira thupi.

Ziweto zamagalimoto: mitundu, zolinga, zosankha

Njira ina ndikugwiritsa ntchito malo ogulitsira pa intaneti. Pali nsanja zaku China monga Aliexpress zomwe zimapereka njira zabwino zosankhira bajeti, koma njirayi ndiyabwino kwambiri kwa akatswiri omwe amadziwa zomwe ayenera kuyang'ana. Kupanda kutero, ndibwino kugwiritsa ntchito malo ogulitsa.

Mitundu yabwino kwambiri ingapezeke mwa zinthu za opanga awa:

  • Chenjezo;
  • Ramsey;
  • Chikhomo cha Mile;
  • SuperWinch.

Wotsiriza ndi wopanga Chingerezi, ena onse ndi makampani aku US.

Momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito winch

Nayi malangizo ang'onoang'ono kwa iwo omwe amagwiritsa ntchito njirayi koyamba.

1) Kuyika winch

Choyamba muyenera kusamalira chitetezo chanu. Makamaka ngati chingwe chachitsulo chimamenyedwa pagubu. Ndibwino kuti musagwiritse ntchito magolovesi amtundu wotsika mtengo pankhaniyi. Sakhala othinana kwambiri, ndipo sadzatha kuteteza kuvulala, popeza mawaya a chingwe ndi ochepa. Ndi bwino kugula magolovesi akuluakulu.

Chotsatira, muyenera kupeza fulcrum yomwe ingakhale ngati nangula. Amatha kukhala thanthwe lalikulu, galimoto ina, mtengo, kapena mtengo womwe umayendetsedwa pansi pamtunda.

Timamasula chingwe. Pachifukwa ichi, ma winches ambiri amakhala ndi cholembera chapadera chomwe chimateteza ratchet. Ngati kukoka kumayendetsedwa kudzera pa remote control, iyenera kulumikizidwa. Chingwecho chiyenera kumangiriridwa pansi pa nangula - izi sizingatheke kuthyola thunthu la mtengo wawung'ono kapena kutambasula mtengo.

Ziweto zamagalimoto: mitundu, zolinga, zosankha

Nthawi zambiri amakhala ndi chingwe, winch ili ndi D-loop kapena ndowe yokhala ndi loko, ngati chingwe chabwinobwino. Timalunga nangula ndi chingwe ndikuyika chingwe kumbali ya chingwe chomwe chimachokera pamakinawo. Timakonza dramu ya winch kuti ipititse chingwe. Timalitsa chingwe.

2) Kutulutsa galimoto

Musanapitilize kuchita zachinyengo, muyenera kuwonetsetsa kuti palibe amene adzapwetekeke pakadula chingwe. Ndikofunika kuti owonerera onse ndi okwera ndege asamukire patali. Nthawi zambiri, dalaivala amafunika kukhala kumbuyo kwa gudumu ndikuyatsa winch.

Ziweto zamagalimoto: mitundu, zolinga, zosankha

Amakweza galimoto pang'onopang'ono. Makina akangofika pamtunda wosakhazikika ndipo amatha kupitiriza kuyenda okha, zimitsani winch. Ndibwino kupitiliza kukoka mpaka galimoto itadutsa pamtunda wolimba.

3) Kusokoneza winch

Kapangidwe kake kamasinthidwa motsatizana. Choyamba, kumasula ng'oma kuti amasule mavuto mu chingwe. Kenako, tulutsani chosungira (D-loop kapena ndowe). Timayendetsa chingwe kuzungulira drum ndikuzimitsa chowongolera. Mtundu pang'ono. Chingwe chachitsulo chimayenera kuvulazidwa kotero kuti kutembenuka kugona moyandikana. Ponena za analog ya nayiloni, njirayi imangofunika kukongola kokha.

Kuphatikiza apo, timapereka kanema wamfupi wonena za kapangidwe ka zingwe ndi momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito chipangizocho pokoka galimoto mumatope kapena kuthana ndi kukwera kovuta:

Momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito winch yamagetsi yamagalimoto.

Mafunso ndi Mayankho:

Kodi ma winchi amayendetsa bwanji? Pali mitundu iwiri ya ma drive omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito pamapangidwe amakono a winchi. Chingwecho chimakanikizidwa pogwiritsa ntchito gearbox yamanja kapena mota yamagetsi.

Kodi ma winchi amagwiritsidwa ntchito chiyani? Iyi ndi njira yomwe imakulolani kuti musunthire katundu munjira yoyima kapena yopingasa. Galimotoyo nthawi zambiri imagwiritsidwa ntchito pokoka matope.

Kodi mphamvu yokweza winchi ndi yotani? Zimatengera mtundu wa gearbox, galimoto ndi mphamvu zamagalimoto. Kunyamula mphamvu kumachokera ku 250 kg mpaka matani 3 ndikukweza kutalika mpaka 60 metres.

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