Gwajin gwajin Volkswagen e-Golf da Golf GTE
 

Wani abokin aiki yana tuki cikin sauri a kan babbar hanyar Mallorca, 'yan sanda suka kama shi kuma nan da nan aka tura shi Rasha. Kuma wanene ya ce motocin lantarki da matasan yara suna da ban sha'awa?

"Abokin aikinku ba shi da sa'a," ɗayan masu shirya taron ya jefa hannayensa. "Ba zai samu damar zuwa Spain nan ba da jimawa." Sannan kuma ya ci gaba da zana cancantar sabunta Volkswagen Golf GTI da aka yi ta Ayyuka. Koyaya, da farko, dole ne mu tuƙa mota da ɗan gajeren gajeren gajere, amma ƙimar tsammanin shima ya yi kyau, saboda Golf GTE ɗin da yake kusan GTI ne, kawai ya fi rikitarwa da tattalin arziki. Ina matukar son yin tunanin cewa labarin dan jaridar da aka kora labarin tatsuniya ce kawai don sanyaya zuciyar masu gwajin a kalla kadan. Rana mai dumi, hanyoyin layin Spanish Mallorca da yawan motoci masu sauri ba yanayi bane na tuki mai bin doka.

Mutanen Spain din da kansu, kamar yadda ya juya, da kyar suke kallon takurawar - a kan manyan hanyoyin da suke cizawa a cikin bumper na baya idan ka tuki kadan a hankali fiye da yadda ake karɓa gaba ɗaya "+20 km / h", kuma a kan layukan gida babu shakka suna yanke juya tare da samun damar zuwa layin da ke zuwa da sauri tare da feda a cikin ƙasan wajen ƙauyukan. Don haka muna da ƙaramar motar VW Touran wacce ke rataye a cikin madubi na baya, kodayake ba ma tuki a hankali ko dai.

An yarda da ƙalubalen - mun bar Spaniard din a gaba, wanda a bayyane ya san hanyoyin gida fiye da yadda muke yi, kuma ya zauna a kan jelarsa. Diesel, kuna hukunta shi da sunan suna, Touran yana tafiya da sauri ba tare da wani birgima ba, yana nuna mana a fili duk fa'idodin tsarin MQB na kamfanoni. Amma katakonmu bai fi muni ba, don haka ba mu kasance a baya ba, mun yi hasara kaɗan a cikin rufaffiyar rufin da ba a sani ba kuma a sauƙaƙe mun isa monocab a kan layuka madaidaiciya. Golf GTE, duk da kasancewarsa quintals uku da suka fi nauyin mota nauyi, daidai yake da haske, fahimta da kuma amsawa.

 

A irin wannan yanayin yanayin, matasan suna da kyau ƙwarai da gaske, kuma, mafi mahimmanci, baya sanya kuyi tunanin yadda masana'antar wutar ke aiki yanzu. Sai dai idan sautin injin turbo baya motsa jini sosai - a waje ba a jin sautinsa kwata-kwata, kuma a cikin sautin racing na ragi ana amfani da shi ta hanyar sauti, amma ɗan ƙaramin murfin motar lantarki yana tunatar da cewa motar tana har yanzu tare da asiri. A kowane hali, idan dai akwai wani nau'in ajiyar a batura. Duo na injina suna waka a tare, kuma babu buƙatar yin tunani game da wanene daga cikinsu ke taimakawa wane, kuma a cikin abin da kayan aikin DSG ke aiki.

Gwajin gwajin Volkswagen e-Golf da Golf GTE

Maballin GTE ya sa simposer ɗin ya zama ƙarami ma'ana kuma ya saukar da akwatin, amma da gaske ya canza kaɗan. Babban mahimmancin matasan shine cewa motar lantarki tana cirewa inda mai ya sami rauni da akasin hakan. Gabaɗaya, akwai jin motsi mai ƙarfi a cikin cikakken kewayon kewayon.

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Dan Spain din ba zai iya ja da baya ba, ya rage gudu zuwa saurin da aka bashi dama kuma cikin biyayya ya bi hanyar akan kasuwancin dangin sa. Golf GTE ya huce daidai da sauri ta hanyar kawar da injin mai. Ya zama cewa zaku iya tuki har zuwa 130 km / h akan karfin lantarki, amma kawai idan kun kunna yanayin E da hannu. Cajin ya isa kimanin kilomita 30 na gudu, sannan lantarki za ta dawo da injin ƙonewa na cikin lamarin. A cikin daidaitaccen yanayi, motar yanzu kuma tana jujjuya motocin, kuma tana yin ta yadda yakamata - sosai ta yadda za a iya ƙayyade aikin injin mai ta hanyar ƙara ƙaruwa a hayaniyar bayan fage. Enginearfin injiniya da batirin da ke jan wuta a halin yanzu a nan suna aiki cikin dunƙule ɗaya, kuma ƙarfin lantarki yana ƙaruwa gwargwadon saurin da maƙasudin karkatar da kibiyoyin akan nunin kayan aiki. Ana jin ƙarancin haihuwa ne kawai a cikin birki - lokacin da ka danna feda, GTE ya taka birki na farko ta hanyar murmurewa, sannan kawai zai haɗu da wutar lantarki. Kun saba da shi da sauri.

 

Golf GTE da aka sabunta bai zama mai yawan jan hankali ba, saboda tashar wutar sa bata canza ba. Sabuwar injin turbo lita 1,5 ta tafi ne kawai ga Golf na yau da kullun, da kuma mai saurin DSG bakwai - zuwa duk sauran juzu'in, ban da na matasan. Hakanan ya kawo nuni dashboard na yanayi mai yawa da kuma tsarin watsa labaru mai cikakken cikakken taɓawa tare da ci gaba mai nisa. Abinda yafi dacewa shine cewa mai jagorar yanzu ya ba da alamu game da yanayin tuki, yana mai da hankali kan geodata, misali, hawa, sauka ko juyowa. A matasan na iya canzawa ta atomatik zuwa yanayin lantarki a cikin gari ko amfani da farfadowa sosai a kan zuriya. Duk yana aiki ba tare da izini ba - motar tana yin komai daidai yadda direba mai alhakin zai yi da kansa.

Gwajin gwajin Volkswagen e-Golf da Golf GTE

Akwai ma changesan canje-canje kaɗan na waje: abubuwan da ke bayan gani diode ne kawai, kamar na gaba. Duk wasu gyare-gyare na dangi a yanzu suna da fitilun LED maimakon na xenon. Wannan, ta hanyar, ba kawai ya ci gaba da fasaha ba, amma har ma ya fi tattalin arziki. Tare da sabbin kimiyyan gani da hasken wuta, duk masannin Golf iri daya ne. Ban da e-Golf mai ɗanɗano da walƙiya mai ɗan ƙarami da kwasfa shida na fitilun LED, duk sauran sifofin sun bambanta dalla-dalla. Yi bayanin kula: GTI yana da jan ɗamara a kan murfin, wanda yanzu ya ci gaba zuwa cikin hasken fitila. GTE yana da iri ɗaya, amma a shuɗi. An yanke radiator na Erka tare da tsiri na chrome, kuma an juya ƙananan trapezium na shan iska.

Kwallan Golf na lantarki zalla da wannan yanayin yana kama da mafi rashin laifi, kuma ta kowane fanni hakan ne. Bayan GTE mai rarrafe, kwanciyar hankali ne kanta, kuma akan waƙar har ma yana da rauni, kodayake a cikin zirga-zirgar gari tabbas ya fi dacewa da kowane nau'in mai da dizal. Amma shi ne ya sami mafi mahimmancin sauye-sauye. Na farko, akwai naúrar wutar lantarki ta 136 ta zamani. maimakon na baya 115 horsepower. Jin jiyoyi sun ɗan canza kaɗan, amma a cikin lambobi ya zama mafi kyau: motar lantarki yanzu tana samun "ɗari" a cikin ƙasa da sakan goma. Yana da kyau, amma mafi mahimmanci shine baturi mai iko: 35,8 akan 24,2 kWh da kyakkyawan nisan kilomita 300 akan caji guda bisa ga tsarin gwajin NEDC na Turai.

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Gwajin gwajin Volkswagen e-Golf da Golf GTE

Tabbas, ayyana kilomita 300 mafarki ne na bututu. Ko da sanarwar manema labaru na kamfanoni a cikin layin bayanai dalla-dalla, ban da wanda aka kirga, shima yana ba da "sakamako mai amfani" na kilomita 200, wanda tuni yake kama da gaskiya. Idan mota mai cikakken caji tayi alƙawarin daidaita kilomita 294 akan dashboard, wannan yana nufin farkon kilomita 4 na farko da zaku rasa yayin tuki a filin ajiye motoci, wani ɗari - a cikin mintuna goma masu zuwa na yadda kuka saba, sannan komai zai dogara ne. akan yanayin mutum. Gaskiyar ita ce, bayan hanyar gwajin da ta yi tafiyar kilomita 90, wanda muka tuka nesa da yanayin tsira, motar lantarki ta yi alkawarin kusan daidai wannan, don haka kilomita 200 da aka yi alkawarin ya zama kamar gaske. Na tuna cewa kafin zamanintar da e-Golf a cikin yanayin zirga-zirgar Moscow, da ƙyar aka bar shi ya tuka ɗari.

A ciki, e-Golf shima ya fi GTE nutsuwa. Yana da na yau da kullun, ba kujerun wasanni ba, da kuma sanannen ciki tare da lafazin shuɗi. Hotunan da ke kan dashboard ɗin suna da ɗan rikitarwa, amma duk game da yanayin ƙasa ne - kaɗan kaɗan, nan da nan suke tsoratar da direba da mahaukacin rawar kibiyoyi. Daga cikin sababbi akwai mai nunin ikon da ke akwai, wanda koyaushe ke nuna matsakaici a cikin yanayin tuki na yau da kullun, amma da sauri ya rasa ƙarfinsa idan ka hanzarta na dogon lokaci a yanayin "gas zuwa bene". Wannan kariya ce daga zafin wutar batirin, yanzu kwayayen sunada yawa kuma har yanzu basu da sanyaya dole. Suna murmurewa da sauri, a zahiri cikin secondsan daƙiƙu na tuki ba tare da cikakken motsi ba. Kuma ga waɗanda ke da ƙarancin gurgul ɗin injin ƙonewa na ciki, akwai yanayin e-Sound da maƙerin simpi ɗin maɓallin sauti ɗaya. Ba zabinmu bane: zama a cikin motar lantarki, yafi jin daɗin sauraren burar futur ta gaba mai amfani da wutar lantarki.

Golf GTI mai zafi ita ce cikakkiyar kishiyar samfurin da motar lantarki. Anan ne ake so a juya injin, idan don karewar shaye shaye ne, wanda hakan zai iya sanya yanayin saurin nutsuwa da mahaukacin "riko". Injin da aka sabunta ya haɓaka 230 hp. maimakon 220 hp, kuma a cikin Sigar Ayyukan - kamar yadda 245 kewayo. Duk abin ya zo ne a gaban ƙafafun gaba, amma ba a ce GTI ba ta da ƙaran motsi. A saman saman busassun, hatchback ya kasance mai dawwama sosai, kawai lokaci-lokaci yana juya ƙafafun yayin saurin sauyawa daga kayan farko zuwa na biyu, kuma makullin banbancin lantarki, wanda shima fasalin fasalin Ayyuka ne, yana taimakawa sosai a kusurwa. Kazalika da birki mai karfi. GTI da aka yiwa kwaskwarima wani ƙyanƙyashe ne tare da halin da yake daɗin tuki saboda kawai don tafiyar.

 
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Gwajin gwajin Volkswagen e-Golf da Golf GTE

Da alama ba za ku iya tunanin wata motar da za a yi amfani da ita ba, amma kuma akwai tsananin Golf R a cikin kewayon. Ba a ba da izinin a kan hanyoyin jama'a ba, saboda 310 hp. kuma ana iya kawo motar-dabbare guda hudu tare da daidaitattun daidaito a hannun 'yan sanda da cikin rami mai zurfin hanya. Karamin tseren kilomita uku na Circuit Mallorca yana da kamanceceniya da Myachkovo kusa da Moscow, amma yana da bambance-bambance na tsawa da kuma yawan jan hankali. Amma Golf R yana hawa tare da shi ta jirgin kasa - akwai ci gaba gaba daya na gogewa, kuma gajerun sassan tsakanin tsaka-tsakin suna hana shi faruwa, kuma kawai fitina ce bayyananniya cewa yana yiwuwa ya rikita motar zuwa zamiya.

A cikin matsayi na gidan karin-Golf, Erka ya kasance a matakin mafi girma, amma, a gaskiya, yana da kyau sosai, ba a cika aiki ba, kuma kusan ya bar direba bashi da damar bayyana kansa da kansa. A wannan ma'anar, GTI ya fi sauƙi, amma ga waɗanda suke so ba kawai tuƙi ba, amma don fahimtar motar, yin gwaji da hanyoyin tuki, GTE ya fi dacewa. Wataƙila shi ne, kuma ba a tsabtace shi sosai ba kuma "kore" e-Golf na iya taimaka wa mutum ya hau kan layin dogo mai laushi, saboda yana da sauri da kuma tattalin arziki a lokaci guda. Kodayake ainihin kilomita 200 na gudu na motar lantarki da hanzari zuwa "ɗaruruwan" a ƙasa da sakan 10 - wannan ma ya fi tsanani.

Nau'in Jikin
KamawaKamawaKamawa
Girman (tsawon / nisa / tsawo), mm
4270 / 1799 / 14824276 / 1799 / 14844268 / 1790 / 1482
Gindin mashin, mm
263026302630
Tsaya mai nauyi, kg
161516151387
nau'in injin
Motar lantarkiFetur, R4 + wutar lantarkiMan fetur, R4
Volumearar aiki, mita mai siffar sukari cm
-13951984
Powerarfi, hp daga. a rpm (injin ƙonewa na ciki + motar lantarki)
136 a 3000-12000204 (150 + 102)245 a 4700-6200
Max. karfin juyi, Nm a rpm
290 a 0-3000350370 a 1600-4300
Watsawa, tuƙi
Gaba6th st. DSG, na gaba6th st. DSG, na gaba
Matsakaicin sauri, km / h
150222250
Hanzarta zuwa 100 km / h, s
9,67,66,2
Amfani da mai, l (gari / babbar hanya / gauraye)
-1,8 (tsefe)8,7 / 5,4 / 6,6
Tanadin wutar lantarki, km
30050-
Volumearar gangar jikin, l
341 - 1231272 - 1162380 - 1270
Farashin daga, $.
ndnd
nd
 

 

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