Masterarshen Faransanci na ƙarshe. Gwajin gwaji Citroen XM V6
 

Wannan Citroen ya fi kowane Mercedes sanyi kuma BMW... Ya kusan halakar da masu fafatawa, amma a ƙarshe ya fada cikin ƙarfin kansa.

Ya kasance tawaye ne! Fiye da shekaru goma sun wuce tun fatarar Citroen ya zo karkashin ikon masu hankali daga Peugeot. Fiye da shekaru goma na haɓaka keɓancewa, rashin daidaituwa da ƙoshin lafiya (wani lokacin ba) mahaukacin mota ba. Babban Citro na gaba bai kamata a haife shi ba: allahntaka DS kuma avant-garde CX na da kasada an bar shi ba tare da magaji ba. Amma injiniyoyin sun ɗauki ci gaban a ɓoye daga gudanarwa, kuma lokacin da komai ya bayyana, ya yi latti tsayawa.

Wannan shine yadda aka haifi XM. 'Yan Italiyan daga gidan wajan Bertone sun zana jikin da ke da fasali kamar yadda ake amfani da shi a sararin samaniya - kuma mutum na iya cewa a cikin 1989 wannan ra'ayin ba shi da wata ma'ana, saboda mafi kyawun yanayin sararin samaniya ya zo ne a karshen shekarun saba'in. Amma menene bambancin da yake samu idan dagawar har yanzu yana da hangen nesa game da asalin marassa fahimta? Kuma haka ne, kawai ya kasance mai tayar da hankali: Mazauna garin Citroen a tarihi sun sami mummunan rashin lafiyar sedans, kuma babu "an karɓa" kuma "don haka ya zama dole" ba zai iya shawo kansu ba.

Kodayake a wata ma'anar har yanzu ya kasance sedan: akwati ya rabu da sashin fasinja ta ƙarin, na sha uku (!) Gilashin da aka sanya, wanda aka tsara don kare fasinjoji daga, a ce, iska mai sanyi daga titi. Bugu da ƙari, fasinjojin da ke cikin Citroen XM sun yi tafiya sanannen - ciki har da shugabannin Faransa François Mitterrand da Jacques Chirac. Saboda haka, an cika cikin ciki cikakke.

 

Kujerun baya masu dumu dumu, abubuwan hawa na lantarki ga komai da komai, gami da madubai, sarrafa yanayi sau da ƙafa - yanzu wannan ba abin mamaki bane, amma a cikin 1989 Citroen ya ƙera ƙirar samfuranta da kusan duk abin da ke akwai. Ta yaya kuke son daidaitawar lantarki na mahimmin abin ɗamara? Babu irin wannan shawarar a masana'antar kera motoci ta duniya kafin ko bayanta! Motar da muka gwada tuni an sake dawo da ita, kuma cikinta sam sam baya tsoro kamar na waje. Idan ba m. Amma kyawawan fata da buɗaɗɗen itace - babu varnish! - suna da kyan gani ba tare da ƙari ba kuma suna ba da ma'anar ingancin rayuwa. Wanne XM ke goyan baya kuma a kan tafi.

Masterarshen Faransanci na ƙarshe. Gwajin gwaji Citroen XM V6

Underarkashin kaho, injin da ya fi kyau - mai lita uku-uku tare da doki 6, wanda tushensa ya koma tsakiyar shekarun saba'in, ya cika, kara-girma. Gabaɗaya, injunan na ɗaya daga cikin raunin raunin Citroen XM idan aka kwatanta da "Jamusawa" waɗanda suka girma cikin tsokoki, amma wannan fasalin na sama yana tuki da kyau. Tabbatar da hankali, fasfo 200 dakika zuwa ɗari, aikin daidai na "makanikai" mai saurin biyar (ee, ee!), Kuma mafi mahimmanci - tanadi mai ƙarfi ko da bayan kilomita 8,6 a awa ɗaya, wanda ke juyar da ɗagawa, idan ba cikin hadari na autobahns, sa'annan a cikin babban mai kyauta mai rangadi tabbas.

Bayan duk wannan, amincewar da wannan Citroen ke bayarwa cikin hanzari ba za a kira shi wani abu ban da sihiri ba - kuma ingancin kwalta a ƙarƙashin ƙafafun ba shi da wata ma'ana. Sirrin ya ta'allaka ne akan dakatar da mallakar hydropneumatic: ya bayyana a tsakiyar shekaru hamsin akan samfurin DS, amma tun daga wannan lokacin ba wanda ya sami ikon sake haifuwa, kuma kamfanin Rolls-Royce a ƙarshe, ta nuna hannunta kuma kawai ta sayi lasisi daga Citroen. Kuma a nan tsarin ya riga ya daidaita - tare da na'urori masu auna sigina waɗanda ke karanta sigogin motsi da kwakwalwar lantarki wacce ke daidaita taurin kai tsaye. A 1989!

 
Masterarshen Faransanci na ƙarshe. Gwajin gwaji Citroen XM V6

Abu ne mawuyaci don magana game da santsi na tafiyar, maimakon haka, kuna buƙatar fito da kalmar "sassaucin jirgin". Da alama XM kusan kusan levitates, da ƙyar ya taɓa ƙasa: babu rawar jiki ba kawai a kan kujerun ba, har ma a kan sitiyari - wanda a nan ma ba kamar sauran mutane ba ne. Ana kiran wannan tsarin Diravi kuma yana daga cikin kewayen mahadi, wanda ya hada da dakatarwa da birki. A zahiri, babu haɗi kai tsaye tare da ƙafafun: kawai kuna ba da umarni ne ga hydraulics, kuma tuni yana hulɗa tare da tara. Saboda haka - rashin cikakken busawa mara dadi ... amma, da kuma ra'ayoyin gargajiya.

Da alama wannan yakamata ya tsoma baki sosai, amma a'a: sitiyarin XM yana da kaifi sosai, motar tana ba da amsa gare shi cikin sauri da rikon sakainar kashi - kuma a lokaci guda ba ta firgita ko kaɗan! Tare da saurin gudu, ana zub da "sitiyari mara nauyi" (a zahiri, hydraulics) tare da kokarin baya, kuma a juya sai ya juya cewa abun cikin bayanan a ma'anarsa ta al'ada, gaba ɗaya, ba a buƙata don amincewa da fahimtar duk abin da ke faruwa zuwa inji. Sihiri yadda yake!

Citroen XM gaba ɗaya yana tuƙi don haka ba kamar ƙananan motoci ba cewa yana da wahala a kawar da tunanin cewa an ƙirƙira shi a wani wuri. Kamar dai a cikin kwanakin DS, Faransanci yayi yarjejeniya da shaidan, kuma daga wani wuri daga wani girman, tarin zane-zane kawai ya faɗo akan su. Hannun asali ya zama kamar 30 da 40 shekaru daga baya, injunan kan hydropneumatics asali sun banbanta da masu fafatawa - kuma sun wuce su ta hanyoyi da yawa.

To me ya faru? Me yasa XM bai cinye kishiyoyi cikin foda a cikin shekarun ba? Ka sani, har ma ya fara. Dagawa nan da nan ya karɓi taken motar shekara, kuma tallace-tallace a cikin 1990 ya wuce kofi dubu 100 - wanda ya dace da BMW E34 da Mercedes-Benz W124! Amma a wannan lokacin ne matsaloli masu yawa game da lantarki da lantarki suka bayyana, kuma martabar Citroen ta faɗi cikin rami. XM za a ci gaba da samar da shi har zuwa 2000, amma yawan adadin zai zama motoci dubu 300 ne kawai, kuma magajinsa na akida - mai ban mamaki C6 - zai jinkirta fararsa har zuwa tsakiyar 5s ... kuma ba zai da wani amfani ba kowa. Dakatarwar hydropneumatic zai ci gaba akan CXNUMX har tsawon shekaru goma, amma Citroen daga ƙarshe zai bar shi. Yayi tsada sosai, in ji su.

Sakamakon bakin ciki? Da wuya a yi jayayya. Bugu da ƙari, de da yawancin "X-em" sun wanzu har zuwa yau, musamman ma a cikin manyan sifofin - yana da tsada, wahala da tsada don kula da duk waɗannan kayan aikin na zamani. Amma yana da kyau a faɗi cewa a cikin 'yan shekaru kaɗan wannan Citroen zai zama abu mai ban sha'awa kuma mai mahimmanci, kuma babban abin girmamawa ne don saba da labarin da ke zuwa yanzu. Kuma kallon gaba shine salon Citroen sosai, dama?

 

 

 
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