Yadda ake sauya maye gurbin CV yadda yakamata a cikin mota
 

Abubuwa

A yayin aikin motar, duk kayan motsi da na roba sun kasa a kan lokaci. Wannan ya faru ne saboda kasancewar kowane bangare yana da nasa albarkatun, kuma yanayin aiki da muhalli suna yin nasu gyaran. 

CV haɗin gwiwa - haɗin hanzarin saurin gudu, abu ne mai haɗin gwiwa don watsa juzu'i daga watsawa zuwa ƙafafun. Yana ba da karfin juzu'i a kusurwar juyawa har zuwa 70 °. Motar tana amfani da haɗin CV na ciki (wanda aka haɗa da gearbox ko axle gearbox) da na waje (daga gefen ƙafafun). Mutanen suna kiran haɗin CV "gurnati" don kama mai kama da haka. 

Yadda ake sauya maye gurbin CV yadda yakamata a cikin mota

Hanyoyi don bincika haɗin CV na ciki

Hadin CV na ciki ya kasa sau da yawa fiye da na waje, amma ganewar sa yana da ɗan rikitarwa. Tabbatarwar ƙwanƙwan ciki yana da ƙarancin motsi da fasalin ƙira - ɗauke mai nasara. 

 

Nan da nan kafin bincike, zamu gano musabbabin rashin aiki na haɗin haɗin kai na ciki.

Dalilin rashin aiki:

  • rashin ingancin ingancin samfurin, da kuma filastik ko roba taya, rashin shafawa a ciki;
  • shigar kura, datti, ruwa a cikin cikin cv din na CV, sakamakon haka, wanke kitse, kuma aikin hinge “bushe” zai kai ga lalacewarsa ba da jimawa ba;
  • aiki na abin hawa da ke kan hanya, tuki mai tayar da hankali tare da zamewa akai-akai, wanda ke haifar da karkatar da tuki da rashin aiki na haɗin CV na waje musamman;
  • rashin dacewar sabunta maiko da man shafawa, kazalika da ƙarancin sabis ɗin sashin.

Yadda zaka bincika haɗin CV na ciki don iyawar kanka da kanka:

 
  • yayin hanzari, ana jin karamin motsi - wannan yana nuna sanya tabaran tabarau, a matsayinka na doka, ratar da ke tsakanin maƙogwaro da tabarau yana ƙaruwa, kuma tare da saurin hanzari kuna jin motsuwa mai kyau da kyau, yayin da bai kamata a ja motar gefe ba;
  • haruffan haruffa yayin tuki a kan ƙasa mai haɗari - lokacin da dabaran ya faɗi cikin rami ta yadda dabaran zai gangara ƙasa da jiki, an ƙirƙira kusurwa mafi kyau don ƙayyade matsalar haɗin CV na ciki.
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  Nau'ikan, na'ura da ƙa'idar aiki na hawa injin

Zai fi kyau a gudanar da cikakken bincike a kan dagawa, inda zaka sami damar shiga hagu da dama axle, don tantance yanayin waje na mahaɗan CV da mashinan. Ta juya kewayen zuwa gefe, da kuma karkatar da tuƙin sama da ƙasa da hannu, mai ƙirar zai ƙayyade matsayin abin da ya sa ƙyallen.

Yadda ake sauya maye gurbin CV yadda yakamata a cikin mota

Gyara ko sauyawa?

Bayan cikakkun bayanai game da abubuwan tafiyarwa, an yanke hukunci - shin ya isa ayi aiki da SHRUS, ko kuwa ana buƙatar maye gurbinsa. Na'urar SHRUS ba ta bari a gyara ta, tunda abubuwan hinge, yayin aiki, an goge su, gibin da ke tsakanin su ya karu, kuma bangon ciki na "gurnati" ya lalace. Af, dukkan nau'ikan maido da mai (waɗanda aka haɗa da ƙarfe na EP) suna taimakawa ne kawai a cikin aikin haɗin CV mai aiki don faɗaɗa albarkatunta.

Amma ga wadanda suka tsage. Idan a lokacin bincike an bayyana hawayen anthers, yayin da hinges suna da cikakken amfani, yana da ma'ana don maye gurbin taya tare da matsewa, da farko wanke cikin "gurnati" kuma cika da maiko. Ka tuna - ba za a iya gyara haɗin CV ba, ana iya masa aiki ko kuma a sauya shi gaba ɗaya.

Yadda ake sauya maye gurbin CV yadda yakamata a cikin mota

Nawa ne sabon kudin boot kuma wanne za'a zaba?

Kasuwar sassan motoci tana da wadatuwa a cikin yawan masana'antun, saboda haka farashin fara farawa, bisa al'ada, daga $ 1 kuma yana iya ƙarewa da lambobi marasa iyaka. Zaka iya zaɓar taya ta amfani da shirin zaɓi na ɓangarorin atomatik, sami ɓangaren da ya dace tare da lambar kasida, kuma sami taya ta wannan lambar. Wataƙila, za'a baku yawancin masana'antun, daga mafi arha zuwa ingantattun abubuwa na asali. Ka tuna cewa ana ba da kowane ɓangaren keɓaɓɓe don kowace mota, kodayake yayin zaɓin takalmin haɗin gwiwa na CV sau da yawa akwai musayar juna tsakanin nau'ikan daban-daban, misali Renault Traffic da Volkswagen Sharan. Idan kasuwa ba ta ba da zaɓuɓɓuka don wasu don motarku ba, za ku iya amfani da bayanin akan Intanet don zaɓi, ko siyan anthers na duniya, misali, daga Jikiu CD00001. Lokacin zabar wani anther, yana da mahimmanci a zaɓi mai mai nau'in LM 47 (gram 70-100 tafi na haɗin CV ɗaya) da kuma ɗimbin maɗaukakiyar inganci don tabbataccen kayan taya.

Yadda ake sauya maye gurbin CV yadda yakamata a cikin mota

Sauya takalmin waje na haɗin CV akan motoci

Don maye gurbin taya na haɗin CV na waje, ya zama dole a tuƙa motar akan rami, wucewa ko ɗagawa, saboda aikin ya zama mai sauƙi da sauƙi kamar yadda zai yiwu. Don yin irin wannan aiki, kuna buƙatar:

  • ƙaramin saiti na kwasfa tare da maƙallan raƙumi;
  • matsira da gantali;
  • matattara;
  • guduma. 
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  Babban kuskure 4 yayin maye gurbin toshewar walƙiya

Umurnin-mataki-mataki don maye gurbin taya:

 
  • tuka motar zuwa kan hanyar wucewa ko rami, kunna saurin kuma taka birki na hannu;
  • kafin shigar da jack, ya zama dole a cire cibiya da ƙuƙwalwar dabaran, amma kada a kwance su;
  • tada gefen da ake buƙata kuma cire dabaran;
  • idan kun canza haɗin CV akan motar motar-gaba, to ya zama dole a cire haɗin tuƙin daga durƙushin tuƙi, tunda a nan gaba dole ne mu juya mu janye rake zuwa wata kusurwa mai faɗi don lalatawa da aikin shigarwa;
  • to lallai ya zama dole a wargaza caliper din tare da sashi, domin wannan ta wani dogon mashi, hutawa a kan bulo, sai mu danna fiska, sannan sai mu kwance kusoshin guda biyu wadanda suke amintar da sashin zuwa gajerin kuma mu dauki abin a gefen gefe, tabbatar cewa khalifan bai rataye a kan bututun ba, in ba haka ba zai kai ga shi farkon sawa;
  • yanzu ya zama dole a cire haɗin ƙwallon daga lever, yawanci ana haɗa shi da maƙallan 2-3;
  • mun kwance goron cibiya kuma mu ja hankalinmu zuwa ga kanmu, juya gefen ciki zuwa gaba (ta hanyar motocin motar), cire sandar bakin dutsen daga matattarar;
  • tare da naushi ko lebur mai lankwasawa, kana buƙatar cire tsohuwar takalmin, to, ta hanyar ɗauka guduma a hankali a kan haɗin CV, cire shi daga sandar igiyar axle, bi da bi, cire tsohuwar taya;
  • dole ne a cire haɗin CV ɗin da aka cire sosai daga kayan sawa da hawaye. Don yin wannan, zaku iya amfani da “man dizal” da kuma feshi na nau'in “Carburetor cleaner” don cire tsohuwar maiko daga dukkan kogon kamar yadda ya yiwu;
  • pre-Brush aikin farfajiya na axle shaft da spline ɓangare na hub;
  • mun cika "gurnati" mai tsabta tare da man shafawa, da farko dai mun girka taya a kan kushin axle, bayan haɗin CV;
  • tare da sabbin matakarori mun gyara taya, ta yadda za mu kawar da shigar datti da ruwa mara kyau a cikin “gurnati”;
  • to ana yin aikin haɗin gwiwa a cikin tsari na baya.

Yi amfani da maganin WD-40 don sauƙin aiki, kuma shafa man shafawa na jan ƙarfe zuwa ƙwanƙolin waje na shagon axle da layin a cikin cibiya don hanawa da yada lalata.

🚀ari akan batun:
  Watsa mai
Yadda ake sauya maye gurbin CV yadda yakamata a cikin mota

Yadda ake maye gurbin gurnati da kyau

Don maye gurbin haɗin CV na waje, bi umarnin da ke sama don maye gurbin taya. Bambanci kawai shine cewa saitin tare da sabon "gurnati" yana da taya, matsi da maiko. 

Idan ya zama dole a maye gurbin haɗin CV na ciki, to, muna yin irin wannan aikin, amma ba tare da cire ƙyallen ƙofar ba. Bayan cire haɗin igiyar axle daga cibiya, dole ne a cire shi, kuma ya dogara da ƙirar injin, ana yin wannan ta hanyoyi biyu:

  • ta hanyar cirewa (an gyara ramuka na gurnetin ciki tare da zobe mai riƙewa);
  • kwance 10 kusoshi na ciki CV haɗin hawa flange daga gearbox.

Idan sandar bakin ka ta wargaje ta hanyar ciro ta, to sai ka sanya wani akwatin mai a karkashin gearbox a gaba, tunda nan take zai zube daga ramin da ke karkashin sandar axle.

Don maye gurbin haɗin CV na ciki, kuna buƙatar cire taya kuma sami zoben riƙewa wanda ke gyara tafiyar zuwa sandar axle. 

Yadda ake sauya maye gurbin CV yadda yakamata a cikin mota

Yadda ake yi ba tare da cire mashin daga inji ba

A cikin mawuyacin hali, akwai buƙatar gaggawa don maye gurbin anome na rumman. Abin farin ciki, saboda wannan, sun fito da mai cire iska mai haɗari na CV, wanda aka tsara shi bisa kasancewar tanti wanda ke tura antar zuwa girman da zai ba shi damar turawa ta cikin gurnati. Matsakaicin farashin irin wannan na'urar shine $ 130. 

Hanyar ba tare da rarraba tuki ba tana da raunin ta:

  • ba shi yiwuwa a tsarkake tsohuwar maiko a cika sabo;
  • babu wata hanyar da za a iya kimanta yanayin sashin layi na semiaxis;
  • ba kowane sabis na mota yake ganin ya zama dole a sami wannan na'urar ba.

Abin da za a yi idan taya ta karye a kan hanya?

Idan kun lura cewa haɗin haɗin CV ɗin ya ɓace a kan hanya, kuma sabis ɗin mota mafi kusa har yanzu yana da nisa, kuna iya ƙoƙarin adana shi ta hanyoyi masu sauƙi.

Ina ba da shawarar sosai cewa koyaushe kuna da plastican madauri da madauri tare da ku. Don kare SHRUS, kafin sabis ɗin farko, ana iya nade shi a hankali tare da talakawa polyethylene a cikin yadudduka da yawa, sannan a daidaita shi da amintattun abubuwa a haɗe. Gudun, a wannan yanayin, bai kamata ya wuce 50 km / h ba. Idan yanayi ya bushe kuma kuna tuki a kan kwalta, to zaku iya zuwa sabis mafi kusa ba tare da ƙetare saurin da ke sama ba. 

Don kauce wa irin waɗannan yanayi, bi dokoki biyu:

  • tantance motar ku a cikin lokaci;
  • sayi kyawawan kayan gyara da kayan gyara.
LABARUN MAGANA
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