Ta yaya kuma me yasa za'a canza shingen karfafawa
 

Abubuwa

Tsarin kwanciyar hankali na kai tsaye na motar zamani tana ba da daidaiton yanayin jikin motar yayin matsewa, taka birki ko hanzari. A stabilizer kanta sanda ne, wanda aka haɗe zuwa subframe a gefe ɗaya, kuma a ɗaya gefen zuwa ƙafafun ɗaga ƙafafun. Matsayi na MacPherson musamman yana buƙatar irin wannan dalla-dalla.

Rakitin yana ba da kyamarar motsi na ƙafafun abin hawa. Lokacin juyawa, wannan yanayin yana canzawa, wanda ya shafi facin haɗin motar tare da hanya - motar tana karkata, daga abin da matsa lamba ke ƙaruwa a ɗaya ɓangaren taya kuma yana raguwa akan ɗayan. Saboda ƙirar ƙirar McPherson, abin da kawai za ku iya yi don daidaita motarku a kan waƙa shine don rage jujjuya lokacin kusurwa.

Ta yaya kuma me yasa za'a canza shingen karfafawa

A saboda wannan dalili, ana amfani da sandunan rigakafin canje-canje daban-daban. Sashin yana aiki a hanya mai sauƙi. Lokacin da motar ta shiga juji, mai liba yana aiki kamar sandar torsion - akasin ƙarshen ƙarshen an karkatar da su ta hanyoyi daban-daban. Wannan yana haifar da karfi don magance karkatarwar jiki.

 

Abubuwan da ke tattare da dattako shine cewa bai kamata a gyara shi sosai ba - dole ne ƙarshensa ya motsa (in ba haka ba dakatarwar ba zata bambanta da bazara ba) Don kawar da ƙararrawa mara kyau ko ƙwanƙwasa sassan ƙarfe, an ƙara bishiyoyin roba zuwa ƙirar tsarin. Bayan lokaci, ana buƙatar maye gurbin waɗannan abubuwan.

Yaushe za a maye gurbin bishiyoyin tabbatar da gicciye?

Rashin aiki a cikin wannan kumburi ana gano shi yayin binciken yau da kullun. Yawancin lokaci, ana buƙatar canza abubuwa na roba kowane gudu dubu 30, yayin da suke lalacewa - suna fasa, karya ko nakasawa. Wararrun masu motoci suna ba da shawarar canza kayan nan da nan, maimakon kowane hannun riga daban, duk da cewa har ila yau suna iya dacewa da amfani a waje.

Ta yaya kuma me yasa za'a canza shingen karfafawa

Anan akwai wasu alamun da zasu nuna maye gurbin sassan tsakanin kulawa:

 
  • A kan lankwasawa, sitiyarin motar yana da ƙoshin baya (karanta game da wasu dalilai na koma baya a nan);
  • Lokacin juya sitiyarin, ana jin dugu;
  • Akan lankwasawa, jiki ya karkata fiye da da. Wannan galibi yana tare da raɗaɗi ko bugu;
  • Vibration da karin amo ana jin su a cikin dakatarwa;
  • Rashin zaman lafiyar abin hawa;
  • A kan madaidaitan sassan, motar ta ja zuwa gefe.

Idan akalla wasu alamu sun bayyana, dole ne a aika motar nan da nan don ganewar asali. Sau da yawa ana magance matsalar ta maye gurbin bishiyoyin. Idan tasirin bai gushe ba koda bayan wannan aikin, yana da daraja a mai da hankali ga sauran tsarin waɗanda matsalar rashin aikin nasu ke da alamomi iri ɗaya.

Sauya aikin gyaran daji na gaba

Hanya don yawancin motoci lokacin maye gurbin wannan ɓangaren kusan iri ɗaya ne. Bambanci kawai shine a cikin sifofin ƙira na dakatarwa da kwalliyar ƙirar. Ga hanya mataki-mataki:

  • Mota an ja ta, an ɗaga ta kan hawa ko an hau ta kan hanyar wucewa;
  • An cire ƙafafun gaba (idan sun tsoma baki tare da aikin);
  • Cire makullin hawa dattako;
  • An katse lefa daga tara;
  • Kusoshin takalmin gyaran kafa ba a kwance ba;
  • Inda aka sanya sabon bushing, ana cire datti;
  • Ana shafawa ɓangaren cikin bushing ɗin tare da manna silicone (zaɓi mafi arha shine amfani da sabulun ruwa ko abu mai wanka). Man shafawa ba kawai zai tsawanta rayuwar wani bangare ba ne, har ma zai hana saurin bayyanar matsalolin tare da rakiyar bushe-bushe;
  • An sanya sanda a cikin bushing;
  • An tattara motar a cikin tsari na baya.
Ta yaya kuma me yasa za'a canza shingen karfafawa

Game da batun gyaran na baya, aikin ya yi daidai, kuma a wasu motocin ma ya fi sauƙi saboda yanayin ƙirar dakatarwa. Ba bakon abu bane ga bushing na canzawa lokacin da ya fara shewa.

Queararrakin tsararren daji

Wani lokaci ana sanya ƙuguwa nan da nan bayan maye gurbin ɓangarorin da basu da lokacin lalacewa. Bari muyi la’akari da wadanne dalilai wannan na iya faruwa tare da sabbin abubuwa, kuma wacce mafita ce ga matsalar.

Abubuwan da ke haifar da hayaniya

Queunƙun abubuwa masu karfafa roba na iya bayyana ko dai a busasshen yanayi ko kuma cikin tsananin sanyi. Koyaya, irin wannan matsalar matsalar tana da dalilai na mutum, galibi ana alakanta shi da yanayin aikin abin hawa.

Matsaloli da ka iya yiwuwa sun hada da masu zuwa:

 
  • Bushasassun daji - kayan da aka yi su da su na da ƙarancin inganci, wanda ke haifar da hayaniyar yanayi lokacin da lodin ya auku;
  • A cikin sanyi, robar tana lausasa kuma ta rasa kwalliyarta;
  • Yawan tuki a cikin laka mai nauyi (ana yawan ganin matsalar a cikin SUVs da ke shawo kan filin fadama);
  • Tsarin fasalin abin hawa.
Ta yaya kuma me yasa za'a canza shingen karfafawa

Hanyoyin magance matsaloli

Akwai hanyoyi da yawa don warware matsalar. Idan yana da alaƙa da rashin ingancin bushing, to ko dai dole ne ku haƙura da shi har zuwa maye gurbin na gaba, ko maye gurbin ɓangaren da mafi kyawun analog.

Wasu masu suna shafa mai da man shafawa na musamman. Koyaya, a mafi yawan lokuta, wannan yana ƙara tsananta yanayin ne kawai, saboda yanayin mai mai yayi datti da sauri sosai, wanda ke haifar da saurin lalacewar abu.

Masana'antu galibi suna hana amfani da maiko saboda yana tsangwama da aikin hannun riga. Dole ne ya riƙe sandar da ƙarfi a cikin wurin zama don kada ya yi tawu, yana tabbatar da ƙarancin tsarin. Man shafawa yana sauƙaƙa don matsar da stabilizer a cikin bushing, daga abin da yake gungurawa a ciki, kuma lokacin da hatsin yashi ya bugu, ƙararrawar za ta fi ƙarfi.

Ta yaya kuma me yasa za'a canza shingen karfafawa

Aararraki a cikin sabon bushing na iya zama saboda gaskiyar cewa roba ba ta shafa cikin ɓangaren ƙarfe ba tukuna. Bayan makonni biyu, ya kamata tasirin ya ɓace. Idan wannan bai faru ba, dole ne a maye gurbin ɓangaren.

Don hana gunaguni daga bayyana a cikin sabon bushing, mai motar zai iya rufe wurin dattako da zane ko ƙarin layerar roba (alal misali, bututun keke). Akwai motocin polyurethane don wasu motocin. Sun fi karko kuma abin dogaro, kuma ba sa tan a cikin sanyi.

Bayanin matsalar ga takamaiman abin hawa

Rashin aiki a cikin wannan rukunin ya dogara da ƙirar fasalin dakatarwar motar. Anan akwai teburin manyan abubuwan da ke haifar da kururuwa daji da zaɓuɓɓuka don kawar da su a cikin wasu ƙirar mota:

Misalin mota:Dalilin matsalar:Magani zaɓi:
Renault MeganWani lokaci ana amfani da bushing da bai dace ba kamar yadda samfurin na iya samun daidaitaccen aiki ko dakatar da aiki mai nauyi. Suna amfani da daskararru daban-dabanLokacin sayen sashi, saka menene diamita a cikin lever. Lokacin girkawa, yi amfani da abu don sabuwa lokacin sakawa hannun riga baya lalacewa
Volkswagen PoloHaɗa tare da keɓancewar kayan bushing da yanayin aikiZa'a iya kawar da ƙwanƙwasa ta hanyar maye gurbinsa da samfurin polyurethane. Hakanan akwai bayani kan kasafin kudi - sanya wani bel na lokacin amfani tsakanin kurkukun da jikin motar saboda hakoransa su kasance a gefen bushing. Zai yiwu kuma a sanya bushing daga wata motar, misali, toyota Camry
Lada VestaSaboda canje-canje a cikin hawa dutsen, tafiyar dakatarwar ta karu idan aka kwatanta da samfuran masana'antar da ta gabata, wanda ke haifar da karin cranking na stabilizerMafita daya ita ce ta rage tafiyar dakatarwar (sanya motar kadan kadan). Har ila yau, masana'antun sun ba da shawarar yin amfani da maiko na musamman na silikon (ba za ku iya amfani da samfuran mai ba, yayin da suke lalata sassan roba). Wannan maiko bazai wanke ba kuma bazai tattara datti ba
Skoda RapidMasu irin waɗannan motocin tuni sun daidaita da amo na yanayi a cikin waɗannan bayanan. Kamar yadda yake tare da samfuran Polo, a lokuta da yawa ɗan ƙarami wani aboki ne na gimbal.Wasu, a matsayin madadin na asali na WAG bushings, suna amfani da sassa daga wasu samfuran, misali, daga Fabia. Sau da yawa yana taimakawa maye gurbin daidaitaccen bushing tare da wanda aka gyara, diamita wanda ƙananan milimita ɗaya ne ƙasa.

Yawancin masana'antun suna yin ɓangarori tare da anorr, don haka bishiyoyin ba sa rawar jiki. Kasancewar wadannan abubuwan suna bada kariya daga danshi da datti akan taron. Idan ana samun irin waɗannan gyare-gyare don takamaiman mota, zai fi kyau a yi amfani da su, har ma da la'akari da cewa za su kashe kuɗi fiye da takwarorinsu na yau da kullun.

Anan ga cikakken bidiyon yadda ake maye gurbin bishiyoyi akan motocin dangin VAZ:

Yadda za'a maye gurbin VAZ stabilizer bushings, maye gurbin nasihu.
LABARUN MAGANA
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