Sensorararren hanyar firikwensin hanya da mai tallata kai - menene shi da yadda yake aiki
 

Abubuwa

Tare da bayyanar injunan allura, an ƙara adadin na'urori masu auna sigina don haɓaka ƙarfi da aikin muhalli. A cikin labarin, zamu tabo wani sanannen sananniyar hanyar hanya kuma zamuyi magana akan mai shanyewa - menene menene kuma me yasa ake bukatarsu. 

Sensorararren hanyar firikwensin hanya da mai tallata kai - menene shi da yadda yake aiki

Menene DND?

Hanyar firikwensin hanya karamar hanya ce wacce take kashe tsarin binciken inji na dan lokaci dan haka Injin Bincike baya nunawa koyaushe akan na'urar aiki yayin ɓarna. Firikwensin yana da aikin kariya. A kan injuna da keɓaɓɓiyar muhalli ta Euro-3 da sama, ya kamata tsarin jirgi ya amsa nan da nan lokacin da ba shi da kyau, saboda wannan ya wuce matsayin ƙimar fitar da iskar gas. A matsakaici, har zuwa kuskuren kuskure 100 na faruwa a cikin zagayowar aiki 4, don haka masana'antar kera motoci ta zamani ta daɗe da damuwa game da gabatar da bincike mai mahimmanci akan jirgi.

Gabaɗaya, ana buƙatar maɓallin firikwensin hanya don ganowa da gano rawar jiki mai ƙarfi wanda kai tsaye ya shafi aikin injiniya.

 
Sensorararren hanyar firikwensin hanya da mai tallata kai - menene shi da yadda yake aiki

Menene mai talla?

Bayan gabatarwar ƙa'idodi masu guba na EURO-1, buƙatu ya taso don matsakaicin iko da hayaƙin iskar gas da ke sharar iska zuwa cikin sararin samaniya, da kuma kula da ƙarancin mai. Tsarin tallatawa baya ba da damar tururin mai ya shiga sararin samaniya, don haka ya ragewa direban da fasinjojin kamshin mai, hakan ke kara kawancen muhalli da ka'idojin kare wuta.

A cikin tallan da kanta akwai carbon mai aiki wanda ke sha duk abubuwan cutarwa lokacin da injin baya aiki. Ana kiran tsarin EVAP kuma yana aiki kamar haka:

  • a ƙarshen aikin injiniya, tururi ya bayyana a cikin tankin mai, wanda ya tashi zuwa wuyan mai mai kuma ya fita waje, yana haifar da matsi mai haɗari a cikin tankin;
  • an ba da mai raba kusa da wuya, wanda ke raba ruwa daga tururin, wanda ke bi ta cikin bututu na musamman ya dawo cikin tanki ta hanyar man fetur;
  • ragowar kumburin da mai raba wutar bai jurewa da shigar da mai talla ba, kuma bayan fara injin ta hanyar bawul din iska, tururin gas din ya shiga wurin da ake amfani da shi, sannan kuma a cikin injunan injin din.
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Yaya aikin binciken misfire ke aiki?

Duk wani injin Injin yana sanye dashi da tsarin bincikar kansa don mummunan aiki. An sanya firikwensin matsayin crankshaft kusa da matattarar matattarar ababen hawa, wanda yake abu ne na lantarki wanda yake karanta saurin da kwanciyar hankali na jujjuyawar juzu'i, kuma yake samarda kwaya zuwa bangaren sarrafa injin. 

 

Idan firikwensin ya gano juyawa mara kyau, ana yin binciken misfire nan da nan, bayan haka kuma "kuskuren Injin" na iya bayyana akan allon kayan aiki, kuma idan aka haɗa na'urar bincike, tarihin misfire zai bayyana a cikin rahoton.

Sensorararren hanyar firikwensin hanya da mai tallata kai - menene shi da yadda yake aiki

Ta yaya m haska hanya aiki?

Ana sanya firikwensin, gwargwadon fasalin fasalin motar, akan memban gefen gaba, ana iya samunsa a kan firam ko abin dakatarwa. Ayyukanta ya dogara da ƙa'idar pezoelectric element - ana haifar da motsin lantarki yayin ɓarna. A hanyar, ƙa'idar aiki tana kama da firikwensin ƙwanƙwasawa. 

Idan nakasawar nau'in bizioelectric ya wuce matakin da aka halatta, to a fitowar siginar sigina na sigina game da motsi akan farfajiyar hanya mara daidaituwa. 

Sensorararren hanyar firikwensin hanya da mai tallata kai - menene shi da yadda yake aiki

Me yasa nake buƙatar maɓallin firikwensin hanya?

Lokacin tuki a kan wata hanya mara daidaituwa, wani yanayi na iya faruwa wanda dabaran ya ɗan faɗi ƙasa, wanda a halin yanzu ke haifar da canji a cikin juyawar crankshaft. Godiya ga babban firikwensin firikwensin juyawa, mafi saurin kaucewa nan take aka gano shi azaman kuskuren kuskure.

Saboda kasancewar DND, an dakatar da sa ido game da kuskuren na ɗan lokaci, kuma akan ƙarin motocin zamani, ana kunna wutar zuwa ga jinkiri, don ƙimar ƙwanƙwasa mafi inganci. 

Yaushe kuma me yasa mummunan yanayin firikwensin hanya ya bayyana akan motoci?

Da zarar masu kera motoci suka fara tunani da gaske game da muhalli, an gabatar da mizanin Euro. A cikin 1995, an karɓi ƙa'idar Euro-2, wanda ya wajabta ba motar da mai haɓaka, bi da bi, da na'urori masu auna firikwensin don gano iskar oxygen a cikin iskar gas. A wannan lokacin, duk motocin an sanye su da na'urori masu auna firikwensin hanya.

 

Hankalin da ke bayan aiwatar da DND abu ne mai sauki: mai da ba a ƙone shi da sauri yana lalata mai canza igiyar yumbu. Dangane da haka, gyaran misfire yana ba ka damar dakatar da samar da mai a cikin silinda inda cakudar ba ta kunna ba, wanda ke ba ka damar ceton mai samar da kayan daga cutarwa.

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Idan an rubuta kuskuren kuskure, a cikin silinda daban-daban, Injin Bincike zai sanar da kai game da wannan - yana da ma'ana a yi binciken injiniya na injiniya.

Idan kuskuren yana da alaƙa da maɓallin firikwensin hanya, hasken gargaɗi ba zai kunna ba.

ƙarshe

Don haka, mummunan yanayin firikwensin hanya da mai tallata abubuwa abubuwa ne masu mahimmanci a cikin hadadden tsarin injin ƙone ciki. Aikin firikwensin hanya yana ba ka damar kauce wa karatun ƙarya a kan mummunan aiki, kazalika da fitar da ƙananan abubuwa masu illa a cikin sararin samaniya, sannan kuma, mai tallatawa ba wai kawai ya damu da muhalli ba ne, har ma da lafiyar direba da fasinjoji. 

LABARUN MAGANA
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