Iyo huru-ina-humburumbira injini munyika
 

Zviri mukati

Vhura hood yemota uye pane mukana we90% wekurovera neine-humburumbira injini. Dhizaini yacho yakapusa uye isingadhuri kugadzira, compact, uye inopa maficha akakwana kune akawanda mota.

Nekudaro, ndapota cherekedza: mazhinji eaya injini ane huwandu hwekushanda hwe 1,5-2 litita, i.e. huwandu hwesilinda imwe neimwe haupfuure 0,5 litita. Kazhinji kacho injini yechina-humburumbira inoenda kwakakura. Uye kunyangwe zvakadaro, huwandu hwacho hwakangokwirira zvishoma: 2,3-2,5 litita. Muenzaniso chaiwo ndeye mhuri yeFord-Mazda Duratec, umo injini yechinyakare ine kutama kwemamita maviri nehafu (yakawanikwa paFord Mondeo neMazda CX-2,5). Kana, taura, iyo 7-litre, iyo yakagadzirirwa neKia Sportage kana Hyundai Santa Fe crossovers.

Nei vagadziri vasiri kusundira iwo mutoro webasa kunyangwe? Pane zvipingamupinyi zvakawanda. Chekutanga, nekuda kwekuzungunuka: mune 4-humburumbira injini, emagetsi masimba emutsara wechipiri haana kuenzana, uye kuwedzera kwehoriyamu kunoshamisa kunowedzera mwero wekudengenyeka (uye izvi zvinotungamira pakuderera kwete chete mukunyaradza, asiwo mu kuvimbika). Mhinduro yacho inogoneka, asi kwete nyore - kazhinji iine yakaoma shaft balancing system.

 

Kune zvakare zvakakomba dhizaini dhizaini - kuwedzera kukuru kwepiston sitiroko kunokanganiswa nekuwedzera kweiyo inertial mitoro, uye kana iyo humburumbira dhayamita ikawedzera zvakanyanya, yakajairwa kupisa mwoto inova yakaoma uye njodzi yekugogodza inowedzera. Uye zvakare, matambudziko anomuka nekumisikidza pachayo - semuenzaniso, nekuda kwekukwirira kwekavha yekutanga.

Asi iyo nhoroondo yeindasitiri yemotokari ine runyorwa rurefu rwezvakasiyana. Kusarudzwa kweMotokari nemaune hakuna kusanganisira injini dzedhiziri - kunyanya dzemotokari dzinorema, pakati padzo iro vhoriyamu iri kusvika ku8,5 litita. Mota dzakadai dzinononoka, saka kukura kweiyo inertial mitoro haina kunyanya kutyisa kwavari - pakupedzisira, ivo vanofambidzana nekumhanya kweiyo quadratic kutsamira. Uye zvakare, iyo yekutsva maitiro muinjini yedhiziri zvakasiyana zvachose.

Saizvozvowo, kuyedza kwakasiyana siyana kwekutanga kwezana ramakore rechi20 hakuna kuverengerwa - semuenzaniso, iyo Daimler-Benz ina-humburumbira 21,5-litre peturu injini. Ipapo kugadzirwa kweinjini kuchiri mudiki, uye mainjiniya haazive nezve akawanda mhedzisiro anoitika mukati mayo. Nechikonzero ichi, iyo gallery pazasi inoratidza chete mana-humburumbira hofori akazvarwa mumakore makumi matanhatu apfuura.

 

Toyota 3RZ-FE - 2693 cc

Injini yakagadzirwa mukunopera kwema80 yakanangana neHiAce van, Prado SUVs neHilux mapikicha. Zvinodikanwa zveinjini dzakadai zvakajeka: kune off-road kudhiraivha kana nemutoro unorema, iwe unoda torque yakanaka pazasi rpm uye yakakwira elasticity (kunyangwe ichikanganisa simba rakanyanya). Kunyanya yakaderera mutengo, iyo inonyanya kukosha kumatengesi emotokari.

Zvimwe pamusoro wenyaya:
  Maitiro ekuchaja zvakanaka mota yako bhatiri

Injini 2,7-litre ndiyo yechinyakare muRZ dzakateedzana peturu ina. Kubva pakutanga chaipo, zvakagadzirwa netarisiro yekuwedzera vhoriyamu, kuitira kuti dombo rakasimba resimbi rakaunganidzwa zvakanyanya: chinhambwe pakati pemasirinda chakaita se102,5 millimeter. Kuti uwedzere vhoriyamu kusvika ku2,7 litres, iyo bore uye kurohwa kwepiston kune 95 mamirimita. Kusiyana neiyo diki RZ dzakateedzana mota, ino yakagadzirirwa nemabhegi emabhalasi kudzikisira kudedera.

Iyo huru-ina-humburumbira injini munyika

Kwenguva yayo, injini ine dhizaini yemazuvano, asi isina exoticism: iyo cast-iron block yakafukidzwa nemusoro we16-vharuvhu, ine cheni yenguva, isina hydraulic lifters. Simba rinongoita 152 bhiza, asi yakanyanya torque ye240 Nm inowanikwa pa4000 rpm.

Muna 2004, yakakwidziridzwa vhezheni yeinjini ine 2TR-FE index, iyo yakagamuchira itsva silinda musoro ine ma hydraulic anosimudza uye switch yekumwa (uye kubva muna 2015 zvichienda mberi). Simba rayo rakawedzerwa zvinofananidzwa kusvika 163 bhiza, asi iyo yepamusoro torque ye245 Nm ikozvino yave kuwanikwa pa3800 rpm.

Iyo huru-ina-humburumbira injini munyika

GM L3B - 2727 cc

Hezvino izvo zvinoita kudzikisira muAmerica zvinotaridzika kunge: Senge imwe nzira kune yakasikwa inoshuvira 8-humburumbira injini, General Motors iri kugadzira hombe turbocharged ina-humburumbira injini ine anopfuura 2,7 litita.

Kubvira pakutanga chaipo, injini yakagadzirirwa matraki ehukuru hwese. Kune mamwe ma torque pazasi revs, inoitwa ine refu kwazvo sitiroko: iyo bore iri 92,25 millimeter uye iyo pisitoni sitiroko ndeye 102 millimeter.

 
Iyo huru-ina-humburumbira injini munyika

Panguva imwecheteyo, injini yakagadzirirwa maererano nemhando dzazvino uno: yakananga mafuta jekiseni (ine lateral majekiseni), danho switch, silinda yekudzima system pane zvishoma mutoro, uye pombi yemagetsi yeiyo inotonhora system inoshandiswa. Iyo cylinder block uye musoro zvakagadzirwa nealuminium alloy, uye iyo yakawanda yekuwandisa inosanganisirwa mumusoro, iyo BorgWarner turbocharger ine maviri-chiteshi uye iine isina kujairika ichitenderera geometry.

Simba reiyi turbo injini inosvika 314 horsepower, uye torque iri 473 Nm pa1500 rpm chete. Iyo yakaiswa pane yekutanga vhezheni yekapu hombe Chevrolet Silverado (hama yeChevrolet Tahoe SUV), asi kubva gore rinouya ichaiswa pasi pehood ... pane compact kumashure-vhiri dhiraivha sedan Cadillac CT4 - kana zvirinani pane yaro "honed" vhezheni yeCT4-V. Yayo, simba rinowedzerwa kusvika 325 simba rebhiza uye torque yakakura kusvika ku515 Nm.

Iyo huru-ina-humburumbira injini munyika

GM LLV

Pakati pekupera kwezana ramakore, General Motors akatanga mhuri yese yeAtlas injini dzakabatana dzepakati pevashambadzi, maSUV uye mapikicha. Ose ane misoro yemazuva mana-vharuvhu, imwechete pisitoni sitiroko (102 mamirimita), maviri madhiri dhayamita (93 kana 95,5 mamilimita) uye imwe nhamba yemasilinda (mana, mashanu kana matanhatu).

Zvimwe pamusoro wenyaya:
  Ko magamba emufirimu "Street Racers" akakwira chii
Iyo huru-ina-humburumbira injini munyika

Iwo mana-humburumbira ane maLK5 neLLV indexes, kufambisa kwavo kuri 2,8 uye 2,9 litita, uye simba iri 175 uye 185 bhiza. Semota dzekutora, vane hunhu "hune simba" - iyo torque yepamusoro (251 ne258 Nm) inowanikwa pa2800 rpm. Vanogona kutenderera kusvika 6300 rpm. Iwo mana-humburumbira injini dzaive dzakaiswa muchizvarwa chekutanga chepakati-saizi Chevrolet Colorado uye GMC Canyon mapikicha, uye kugadzirwa kwavo kwakamiswa pamwe nekugadzirwa kwemhando mbiri (chizvarwa chekutanga chiri mubvunzo) muna 4.

Iyo huru-ina-humburumbira injini munyika

Porsche M44 / 41, M44 / 43 uye M44 / 60 - 2990cc cm

Mazhinji enjini mune iyi sarudzo zvikamu zvakapusa zvakagadzirirwa mapikicha, maveni, kana maSUV. Asi iyi imwe nyaya yakasiyana: iyi injini yakagadzirirwa Porsche 944 yemitambo mota.

Coupe isingadhuri ine injini yekumusoro yePorsche 924 injini kubva kuma1970s yaigara ichishoropodzwa nekuda kweinjini yayo ye2-litre ina-humburumbira Audi injini. Ndokusaka, mushure mekuvandudza zvakanyanya mota yemitambo, vagadziri vePorsche vari kuigadzira neinjini yakanyatsosiyana. Ichokwadi, kukamurwa kwakakosha ukuru hwenzvimbo yeinjini, iyo kubva pakutanga chaipo yakagadzirirwa kuiswa kwe "ina".

Iyo huru-ina-humburumbira injini munyika

Iyo Porsche 944, yakaburitswa muna 1983, ine hafu chaiyo yealuminium V8 kubva paPorsche coupe hombe 928. Injini inokonzeresa 2,5-litre ine sitiroko pfupi uye hombe yemamirimita zana: iine masilinda mana, izvi zvinopa zvakanyanya saka zvakafanira kushandisa Mitsubishi patent system ine mapaundi ekuenzanisa. Asi injini inoshanduka kuva inofambika zvakanyanya - mota inotanga kusimuka isina matambudziko mune yechipiri giya.

Ipapo vhoriyamu yeinjini yakatanga kuwedzerwa kusvika 2,7 litita, nekuda kweiyo humburumbira dhayamita yakawedzera kusvika pamamirimita 104. Ipapo iro pisitoni sitiroko yakawedzerwa kusvika pamamirimita 87,8, ichigamuchira huwandu hwemamita matatu pakuburitsa - imwe yeakakura "mana" munhoroondo yeindasitiri yemotokari! Uye zvakare, kune ese ari maviri mamiriro emuchadenga uye turbocharged shanduro.

Iyo huru-ina-humburumbira injini munyika

Dzakaburitswa akati wandei matatu-litre injini: iyo Porsche 944 S2 inogadzira 208 simba rebhiza, uye Porsche 968 yatove mazana mana emabhiza. Ese matatu-litre zvakasikwa zvinoshuvira injini dzakashongedzerwa ne 240-vharuvhu humburumbira musoro.

Iyo yakasimba kwazvo vhezheni yeakateedzana i8-vharuvhu turbo injini inokura 309 bhiza. Nekudaro, iwe haumbofa wakamboiona ichirarama, nekuti inongogadzirirwa chete nePorsche 968 Carrera S, ayo gumi nemana mayuniti akagadzirwa. Iyo yekumhanyisa vhezheni yeTurbo RS, inogadzirwa mumakopi matatu chete, yakawedzera injini iyi kusvika mazana matatu emabhiza emagetsi. Nenzira, 14-vharuvhu turbo injini yakagadzirwa, asi chete semuenzaniso.

Zvimwe pamusoro wenyaya:
  Iko kufamba kwechikepe kune njodzi mumvura here?
Iyo huru-ina-humburumbira injini munyika

Pontiac

Sezvauri kuona, vhoriyamu yemarita matatu yeine-humburumbira injini hausi iwo muganho! Mucherechedzo uyu wakayambuka neinjiniya yePontiac Trophy 4 ya1961 nekuchinja kwemalita 3,2.

Iyi injini yaive imwe yemichero yebasa raJohn DeLorean, uyo mumakore iwayo akatungamira chikamu chePontiac cheGeneral Motors. Iyo nyowani compact Pontiac Tempest modhi (compact nemaAmerican zviyero - 4,8 m kureba) inoda yakachipa base injini, asi kambani haina mari yekuigadzira.

Pakukumbira kwaDeLorean, injini yakagadzirwa kubva pasi kumusoro neanozivikanwa mujaho wemakanika Henry "Smokey" Akasiyana. Iyo chaiyo inodimbura muhafu ye6,4-litre Big Eight kubva kumhuri yeTrophy V8.

Iyo huru-ina-humburumbira injini munyika

Injini inoguma inorema kwazvo (240 kg), asi yakachipa kwazvo kugadzira - mushure mezvose, ine zvese zvakaita seV8. Ose injini ane akafanana akabereka uye sitiroko, uye huwandu hwezvikamu zana nemakumi maviri. Izvo zvinogadzirwawo munzvimbo imwechete, zvichikonzera kukosha kwakakosha kwemari.

Injini ina-humburumbira inokura kubva pa110 kusvika 166 emabhiza zvichienderana neshanduro yecarburetor. Injini yakavharwa muna 1964, zvakafanana nekuvandudzwa kwechizvarwa chechipiri Tempest.

Iyo huru-ina-humburumbira injini munyika

IHC Comanche - 3212 cc cm

Saizvozvowo, iyo V8 mukutanga kwema1960 yakava mota yeComanche yechina-humburumbira injini yeInternational Harvester Scout SUV. Zvino ichi hachizi chakanganwika zvachose, asi chakazoburitsa michina yekurima, marori, mapikicha, uye muna 1961 yakaburitsa diki yemugwagwa Scout.

Chine-humburumbira Comanche akateedzana akagadzirirwa enjini injini. International Harvester ikambani diki ine zviwanikwa zvishoma, saka injini nyowani yakagadzirirwa sehupfumi sezvinobvira: ivo vagadziri vakatema mashanu-litre imwe yakagadzirirwa kuiswa panzvimbo (semuenzaniso, kutyaira jenareta), vagadziri vakaidambura nepakati .

Iyo huru-ina-humburumbira injini munyika

Pakazosvika 1968, kambani iyi yaivaka hofori nenzira imwecheteyo: iyo 3,2-litre ina-humburumbira injini yakawanikwa mushure mekucheka hafu ye6,2-litre V8 yakagadzirirwa michina inorema. Iyo injini nyowani yakagadzira chete 111 bhiza, uye pakupera kwema70s, nekuda kwekusimbisa zvinodikanwa zvehuturu, simba rayo rakadonhera ku93 bhiza.

Nguva refu zvisati zvaitika, zvisinei, mugove waro muchirongwa chekugadzira wakakoromoka apo injini dzine simba uye dzakatsetseka dzeV8 dzakatanga kuiswa paScout SUV. Nekudaro, izvo hazvina basa zvakare - mushure mezvose, iyi injini inoramba iri munhoroondo seyakakura-mana-humburumbira akamboiswa mumota!

Iyo huru-ina-humburumbira injini munyika
ZVIMWE NYAYA
kuru » Articles » Iyo huru-ina-humburumbira injini munyika

2 comments

  1. Chinyorwa chikuru. Ndanga ndichitsvaga chinyorwa pahukuru hwakakura hwemakona mana kwenguva refu.

  2. Mitsubishi 4M41 3.2

Voeg