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Zamkatimu

Lamba woyendetsa womwe umagwiritsidwa ntchito mgalimoto imayendetsa mayunitsi othandizira a injini yoyaka yamkati. Chifukwa cha kuzungulira kwa crankshaft, imatumiza makokedwe, kuwonetsetsa kuti cholumikizacho chikugwira ntchito. Lamba woyendetsa ali gwero lake, zotalika mosiyanasiyana, nambala yosiyana ya mitsinje ndi mano. 

Yendetsani lamba ntchito

Kusintha lamba woyendetsa: nthawi yowunika ndi momwe mungasinthire

Lamba woyendetsa ndi wofunikira kuti utumize makokedwe kuchokera pa crankshaft, momwe magulu othandizira amathandizira. Kutumiza kwa makokedwe kumachitika chifukwa cha kukangana (poly V-lamba) kapena chinkhoswe (lamba wamoto). Kuchokera pagalimoto yoyendetsa lamba, ntchito ya jenereta idayambitsidwa, popanda zomwe sizingatheke kulipiritsa batri ndikukhalabe ndi voliyumu yanthawi zonse yapa bolodi. Makina oyendetsa mpweya komanso mpope wamagetsi amayendetsedwanso ndi lamba woyendetsa. Nthawi zina, mpope wamadzi umayendetsedwanso ndi lamba wamano (1.8 TSI VAG engine).

Moyo wautumiki wa malamba oyendetsa

Kusintha lamba woyendetsa: nthawi yowunika ndi momwe mungasinthire

Chifukwa cha kapangidwe kake (kusinthasintha komanso kusinthasintha), nthawi yayitali lamba ndi maola 25 kapena ma kilomita 000. Mwakuchita, moyo wamalamba umatha kusiyanasiyana mbali imodzi kapena ina, kutengera izi:

  • khalidwe lamba;
  • chiwerengero cha mayunitsi lotengeka ndi lamba umodzi;
  • kuvala kwa crankshaft pulley ndi mayunitsi ena;
  • lamba unsembe njira ndi mavuto zolondola.

Kuwunika pafupipafupi kwa malamba oyendetsa

Kufufuza kwakanthawi kwamakanda kumayenera kuchitika nyengo iliyonse. Kuzindikira kwamatenda kumachitika ndi injini. Mulingo wamavuto amayang'aniridwa ndikudina chala, pomwe kupatuka sikuyenera kukhala wopitilira masentimita 2. Kuwunika kowonekera kumawululira kupezeka kapena kupezeka kwa ming'alu. Powonongeka pang'ono, lamba ayenera kusinthidwa, apo ayi akhoza kuthyola nthawi iliyonse. 

Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Yakuda, imvi, yoyera: magalimoto ochuluka bwanji amatentha padzuwa

Komanso, lamba amayang'anitsitsa pawokha:

  • mtengo wokwanira wa batri;
  • chiongolero (pamaso pa chiwongolero champhamvu) chidayamba kuzungulira mozungulira, makamaka nyengo yozizira;
  • chowongolera mpweya chimazizira;
  • Pogwira ntchito zamagulu othandizira, kumveka kulira, ndipo madzi akafika pa lamba, amatembenukira.

Nthawi komanso momwe mungasinthire lamba woyendetsa

Kusintha lamba woyendetsa: nthawi yowunika ndi momwe mungasinthire

Lamba woyendetsa akuyenera kusinthidwa m'malo molingana ndi malamulo omwe wopanga amapanga, kapena ngati zinthu zomwe zili pamwambazi zilipo. Zida zochepa za lamba ndi ma 50000 km, kuvala pa mileage yotsika kumawonetsa kubwezera m'modzi mwa ma drive oyendetsa kapena lamba wabwino.

Kutengera kusintha kwa injini ndi kapangidwe kazida zowonjezera, sinthani lamba nokha. Kusiyanitsa kuli pamtundu wamavuto:

  • mavuto a bolt
  • mavuto wodzigudubuza.

Komanso mayunitsi amatha kuyendetsedwa ndi lamba umodzi, kapena payekhapayekha, mwachitsanzo: Galimoto ya Hyundai Tucson 2.0 ili ndi chowongolera mpweya komanso pampu yoyendetsa magetsi, iliyonse yomwe ili ndi lamba wake. Lamba woyendetsa pampu wamagetsi amachotsedwa pa pulley ya jenereta, komanso chowongolera mpweya kuchokera pachipikacho. Lamba lokonza mpweya limakhazikika ndi chowongolera, ndipo jenereta ndi pampu yoyendetsa magetsi imapanikizika ndi bolt.

Njira yobwezeretsera malamba oyendetsa pogwiritsa ntchito chitsanzo cha Hyundai Tucson:

  • injini iyenera kuzimitsidwa, chosankhira ma gearbox chiyenera kukhala mu "P" mode kapena mu 5th gear ndikunyamula dzanja;
  • gudumu lakumanja lakumaso liyenera kuchotsedwa kuti lifike pa crankshaft pulley;
  • kuti mupeze pulley ya KV, chotsani nsapato zapulasitiki zoteteza malamba ku dothi;
  • Pansi pa hood, lamba wama pampu owongolera mphamvu ndiye woyamba kupeza, chifukwa cha izi muyenera kumasula chomangira ndikubweretsa mpope pafupi ndi injini;
  • lamba wosinthira amachotsedwa ndikumasula zomangirazo, mofanana ndi pampu yoyendetsa magetsi;
  • chomaliza chotsitsa lamba pa choletsa mpweya, apa vutoli limapangidwa ndi chozungulira, chomwe chimamangirizidwa pambali, kutengera kulimba kwa bolt, kulimba kwa lamba kumasinthidwa; Ndikokwanira kuti mutsegule chidacho ndi lamba ndikufooka;
  • Kuyika malamba atsopano kumachitika mosiyana, ikani nsapato kumbuyo mutayang'ana momwe malamba akugwirira ntchito.
Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Kulumikiza ndi kulowetsa chingwe chachitsulo

Samalani kwambiri za mtundu wazogulitsazo, yesani kugula zida zoyambirira, kuti mupewe chiopsezo chovala msanga.

Momwe mungayambitsire, kumangitsa kapena kumasula lamba woyendetsa

Kusintha lamba woyendetsa: nthawi yowunika ndi momwe mungasinthire

Pogwiritsa ntchito chitsanzo chomwecho:

  • lamba wofewetsa amapanikizika ndi makina odzigwiritsira ntchito pogwiritsa ntchito bawuti yomwe imasunthira chozungulira; kuti kumangitsa bawuti, kutembenukira mobwerera, kumasula izo counterclocklock (kupatuka kwa lamba watsopano ndi zosaposa 1 cm);
  • lamba wa alternator umamangirizidwa ndi cholembera chapadera, utachimangiriza, chosinthacho chimabwerera mmbuyo, ndikupangitsa mavuto, mbali ina lamba wafooka
  • kuti mumangitse kapena kumasula lamba woyendetsa mphamvu, muyenera kumasula bwalo lokonzekera msonkhano, sankhani zovuta zomwe mukufuna ndikumangirira, ngati kulibe mavuto okwanira, gwiritsani ntchito poyambira ndikupumula pakati pa injini ndi pampu, kukankhira pampu kutsogolo kutsogolo kwa galimoto.

Chifukwa chiyani lamba adaimba mluzu

Kusintha lamba woyendetsa: nthawi yowunika ndi momwe mungasinthire

 Kulira kwa belu kumachitika pazifukwa izi:

  • Mukamayendetsa, madzi adafika pamalamba, kutembenukira poyerekeza ndi pulley;
  • Kulephera kwa mayendedwe a jenereta kapena mpope wamagetsi, kuwonjezera katundu pa lamba;
  • kusamvana kokwanira kapena mosinthanitsa;
  • mankhwala osauka.

Ngati malamba ali bwino, koma pamakhala kulira nthawi ndi nthawi, tikulimbikitsidwa kugula chopopera chomwe chimalimbitsa lamba, kutalikitsa moyo wake.

Mafunso ndi Mayankho:

Ndiyenera kusintha liti lamba wagalimoto? Izi zikhoza kutsimikiziridwa ndi chikhalidwe chakunja cha lamba. Chinthu chong'ambika chimakhala ndi ming'alu yaing'ono ingapo ndipo nthawi zina chikhoza kukhala chophwanyika.

Kodi kusintha lamba woyendetsa galimoto? Dzimbiri ndi ming'alu zawoneka, kubereka kwatha (kumayimba mluzu panthawi yogwira ntchito), nthawi ya valve yasuntha (lamba wafooka kwambiri).

Kodi ndikufunika kusintha lamba woyendetsa? Moyenera. Izi zimapereka kulumikizana pakati pa crankshaft ndi makina ogawa gasi ndi jenereta. Lambayo akathyoka, galimotoyo sichitha ndipo nthawi zina ma valve amapindika.

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