Kuyendetsa galimoto VW Multivan, Mercedes V 300d ndi Opel Zafira: ntchito yaitali

Kuyendetsa galimoto VW Multivan, Mercedes V 300d ndi Opel Zafira: ntchito yaitali

Ma sauna atatu okwera okwera banja lalikulu komanso kampani yayikulu

Zikuwoneka kuti ndikofunikira kuti ogwira ntchito ku VW agogomeze malingaliro awo. Chifukwa chake, zitasintha zamakono, bus ya VW idatchedwa T6.1. Kodi kusintha kwakapangidwe kakang'ono ndikokwanira kulimbana ndi yatsopano? Moyo wa Opel Zafira ndi Mercedes V-Class Umatsitsimutsidwa Mumayeso Amphamvu Oyerekeza Ma Dizilo? Tiyenerabe kudziwa - chifukwa chake tiyeni titenge katundu ndi kunyamuka.

O, zingakhale zosangalatsa bwanji ngati, patadutsa zaka zambiri, titha kukudabwitsani ndi kena kake. Tiyeni tiyese kufunsa funso, monga mumasewera a TV: ndani ali ndi mphamvu kwambiri - Federal Chancellor, voodoo ngati chipembedzo chovomerezeka cha Tahiti, kapena VW Multivan wapano? Inde, mpikisano wopikisana pakati pa Voodoo ndi Multivan, ndipo koyambirira kwa Gerhard Schroeder adakhala ndi zaka zina ziwiri ngati chancellor. Chifukwa ngakhale mtundu wosinthidwa wotchedwa T6.1 umachokera pa 5 T2003. Kutalika kwa tsinde kumeneku kumatha kuwonedwa poti T5 anali m'nthawi ya "kamba" yemwe adachoka pamizere ku Mexico mpaka 2003 Mu Ogasiti 2020, T5 / 6 / 6.1 idapitilira T1 (1950-1967) ndipo ndi nthawi yopanga ya miyezi 208 idzakhala basi yopangidwa kwambiri ndi VW yopanda wolowa m'malo Bwanji wopanda wolowa m'malo? - Chifukwa pomwe T3 idawonekera, T2 idasamukira ku Brazil ndipo idapangidwa kumeneko mpaka 2013).

Zikuwoneka kuti Multivan yatha kumbuyo kwambiri kuposa tsogolo lake. Kapena wafika pokhwima pamalire ndi ungwiro pazaka zambiri? Timalongosola izi poyesa mayeso ndi omenyera ake ocheperako komanso owopsa, wamkulu Zafira Life van ndi V-Class yomwe yangosinthidwa kumene. Mitundu yonse itatu ili ndi ma dizilo amphamvu komanso zotengera zodziwikiratu.

V-Class - "Adenauer" ma vani

Zowona, m'masiku a VW T1 dzina "Mercedes 300" lidamveka kwambiri - chancellor amayendetsa galimoto yotere, chifukwa chake amatchedwa "Adenauer" lero. Koma ngakhale lero 300 ili ndi mawonekedwe osangalatsa - makamaka zikafika pa V 300 d. M'buku lalitali, limakulitsa kufika 5,14 m - 20 cm kuposa mitundu iwiriyo. Zomwe izi sizimapereka mwayi wofunikira potengera malo amkati ndikuti mu V-Class injini imayikidwa kutalika, chifukwa choyendetsa chokha ndi OM 654 yatsopano yokhala ndi mphamvu zitatu. Masiku 300, dizilo akufotokozera 239 HP. ndi 530 Nm - mothandizidwa ndi njira ya Common Rail jekeseni yogwira mopanikizika kwa 2500 bar. Kuphatikiza apo, Mercedes tsopano akuphatikiza injiniyo ndi liwiro la naini zokha. Kupanda kutero, kutukuka kwa mtunduwo sikunabweretse kusintha kwakukulu - ichi mwina ndichifukwa chake mtundu watsopano "hyacinth wofiira" umaperekedwa munyuzipepala ngati "mawu mwamphamvu mwamphamvu".

Koma Komano, mpaka pano mu V-class, zambiri zakhala zabwino. Mtunduwu siwofupikitsa masentimita asanu ndi awiri kuposa Multivan, koma kwambiri ngati galimoto yonyamula. Mkati mwake, imakongoletsedwa ndi kukongola kwa chipinda chochezera chapamwamba chokhala ndi mipando inayi yapadera ngati mipando yakumbuyo kwakutali. Chifukwa cha makatani amlengalenga omwe ali patsogolo pa mawindo, kusunthika kwawo kwakutali kumatheka kokha pang'ono, koma ndi kuyesetsa kwina mipando imatha kuphatikizidwanso kapena kuchotsedwa. Komabe, ngakhale pali zotchinga zosinthika, sizili bwino momwe zimawonekera.

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Malo apakati olekanitsa nsapato yayikulu kwambiri (1030 L) akadatha kupezeka, ndipo zenera lotsegulira lokha limatsalira. Armada ya othandizira yakhala ikumenyanso nkhondo pang'ono, koma monga infotainment system, idakonzedwabe malinga ndi makono, omwe tsopano ndi achikale. Mwanjira yabwino, kukhwima kwa zaka kumawonekera pamtengo wapamwamba komanso wolimba wazida ndi ntchito.

Ndipo kotero - onse amagwirizana. Kutsetsereka zitseko basi, kutembenukira ndi poyatsira chinsinsi. Inde, dizilo ili ndi liwu laphokoso, koma koposa zonse mphamvu zake zosasunthika, zoyendetsedwa ndimotumiza zokhazokha kudzera pakusunthika kwenikweni kwa zida. Maulendo ataliatali okhala ndi katundu wambiri ndizofunikira zenizeni za V 300 d - apa zimawala kwambiri ngakhale phokoso lakumbuyo limawonekera. Chifukwa cha mawonekedwe ochezeka, chassis imayankha bwino pakusagwirizana ndipo pamafunde olimba kwambiri pa phula amayamba kugogoda pa katundu wambiri kumbuyo kwazitsulo.

Ngakhale ikuwonetsa kuyenda kwakuthupi mozungulira ngodya, galimoto yayikulu imathanso kuyenda maulendo amisewu yachiwiri. Chifukwa cha chiwongolero chotsatira bwino chomwe chili ndi mayankho abwino, chitha kuyendetsedwa ndi cholinga chenicheni m'misewu yopapatiza. Ndi pokhapo itayimitsidwa, monga omwe akupikisana nawo, pomwe galimoto imaperewera pamlingo womwe ukuyembekezeka pamtunduwu komanso gulu lamitengo. Ndipo atalankhula za mitengo - poganizira momwe zinthu zilili, mtengo wa Mercedes ndiwotsikirako VW, koma ndi wokwera kwambiri kuposa mtengo wa Opel kotero kuti sikofunikira kutchula mtengo wokwera pang'ono (9,0 l / 100 km) wa 300 in.

Moyo wa Zafira: Kukula monga Chidziwitso

Ndipo VW van ndi yokwera mtengo bwanji kuposa woimira Opel pamayeso ofanizirawa? Takupangirani nkhaniyi. Ngati muli ndi ana asanu, ndalamazo zimafanana ndi chithandizo cha ana (ku Germany, inde) kwa miyezi 20, kapena kuposa ma euro 21. Kuphatikiza apo, Zafir ali ndi chipinda chabwino cha ana. Pambuyo pazaka 000 ndi mibadwo itatu, mtunduwo udadzikonzanso, koma osadzipereka kwathunthu. Mulimonsemo, monga Toyota Proace, idakhazikitsidwa kale ndi Peugeot Traveler ndi Citroën Spacetourer kuchokera ku PSA motero, potengera udindo ndi mtengo, ndiyotsika kwambiri kuposa Multivan ndi V-Class.

Mkati mwake mulibe kukongola kwakudziko, koma m'malo mwake, Life imapereka zidziwitso zingapo: zenera lakumbuyo limatseguka padera, ndipo zitseko zotseguka zimayendetsedwa ndi magetsi ndikutsitsa phazi lomwe lili pansi. Mipando yamunthu payekha ndi mpando wakumbuyo wamba umatsetsereka mosavuta panjanji mpaka pokhoma ndipo amatha kuchotsedwa mosavuta. Palinso tebulo la mzere wachiwiri, wosakhazikika pang'ono, womwe ngakhale ana aku sekondale adzagwa mchikondi - chimodzimodzi ndi denga lazitali lagalasi.

Ngakhale siyowoneka yoyamba, imagwira bwino ntchito tsiku ndi tsiku. Ndipo mwano wina - ndikhulupirireni, munthu wodziwa zavutoli (wolemba amalandira mayuro 853 pa mwana aliyense - Mkonzi.) - mgalimoto yabanja lalikulu siyabwino. Zipangizo zothandizira oyendetsa galimoto zimagwira ntchito monga momwe amafunira, koma osati nthawi zonse popanda mavuto. Ngakhale kungoti Zafira ndi yopepuka 317 kg kuposa V 300 d, 177 ndiyamphamvu ndi 400 Nm ya injini yotetezedwa bwino, yamafuta (8,5 l / 100 km) ndiyokwanira. Komabe, chifukwa chimodzi cha izi ndikuti kusalala, kolunjika basi ndipo, koposa zonse, kuyimitsidwa kumakonda njira yoyendetsa bwino.

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Chifukwa kutembenuka sikuli udindo wa Zafira. Ikudutsa pakati pawo, imayenda molunjika bwino ndipo osayankha chilichonse mosadabwitsa. Kugwedezeka kwamphamvu kwamthupi kumachepetsa kutonthoza ndikupangitsa okwera ndege kudandaula kuti sanathenso kulimbana ndi nyanja. Kuyimitsidwa koyimitsidwa ndichinthu chachilendo, ndipo zikafika pachitetezo cham'misewu, ndemanga, monganso ena, zimangokhudza mabuleki osazindikira.

Multivan T6.1: ikani mfundo

Mwinanso mu June 2018, nthumwi za VW ndi Mercedes adakumana pamwambo wapadera. G-Class yosakhalitsa kenako idatha ntchito yake yazaka 39 ndipo Multivan adatenga udindo ngati wamkulu pagalimoto zaku Germany. T16 ikuwonetsanso kuti maziko opangidwa zaka zopitilira 6.1 ali ndi maubwino ake potengera malo amkati. Popeza Multivan inali idakali T5 panthawi yolemetsa, sikuyenera kutsatira malamulo atsopano otetezera oyenda pansi. Akatswiri-opanga akunena zinthu zosiyanasiyana, koma kuti azitsatira zofunikira kwambiri, akuyenera kukulitsa malo ophulika omwe ali kutsogolo, omwe adzachotsedwa m'chipinda cha okwera, masentimita 10-20.

Chifukwa chake, pomwe Zafira imapereka malo okwera pang'ono, Multivan imatha kunyamula katundu wambiri. Kuphatikiza apo, imakonzedwa mokongola - wokhala ndi sofa yayikulu, yolimba komanso yabwino kwambiri pamzere wachitatu ndikukhala ndi mipando yosiyana pakati. Mipando yonse kumbuyo imatha kusunthidwa ndikuchotsedwa palimodzi. Koma ngakhale mutachita izi mwachisangalalo chachikulu, muyenera kuvomereza kuti, kuyerekezera ndi izi, kukwera kabati yakale yakakhitchini kukwera masitepe obwerera kumbuyo kupita ku chipinda chachitatu cha nyumba yakale kungakhale mpumulo weniweni.

Zamakono za Multivan

Chifukwa chake mtundu wosinthawo sunasinthe chilichonse pankhaniyi; kusinthasintha kofunikira kwamapangidwe amkati kumasungidwa. Chowonekera chake - kuyambira Multivan yoyamba, T3 mu 1985 - mwachizolowezi ndikusintha kumbuyo kukhala chipinda chogona, koma chimango chotere sichimagwiritsidwa ntchito potembenuka kwamkati. Komabe, lakutsogolo ndi latsopano.

Apa, ngati kasitomala akufuna, zida zitha kuwonetsedwa ndi manambala, kuwonjezera, pali pulogalamu yatsopano ya infotainment yokhala ndi zowonera komanso zolumikizana kwambiri. Pazochitika zonsezi, kuwongolera magwiridwe antchito sikunapindulitse kwenikweni - komanso mawonekedwe a zabwino kuchokera pa dashboard yosinthidwa, yomwe ndi mashelufu ake otseguka, idatulutsa mipweya yopumira ndi pulasitiki yolimba imawoneka mopepuka.

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Koma kulibe galimoto ina yomwe imatha kukhala mokweza ngati mipando yayitali, yabwino ya Multivan pamaulendo ataliatali. Monga V-Class, pakadali pano imangopezeka ndi injini imodzi. Mu mtundu wamphamvu kwambiri wokhala ndi ma turbocharger awiri, injini ya dizilo ya ma lita awiri imayamba 199 hp. ndi 450 Nm, yodziwika ndi mtima wolimba komanso mwamwano, koma nthawi yomweyo kumwa kwambiri kwa 9,4 l / 100 km. Ndi thupi lalikulu komanso lolemera, mafuta amakhala okwera kwambiri akamayendetsa pamisewu yayikulu - vuto lomwe palibe amene adakumana nalo m'masiku a dizilo woyamba wa basi ya VW - 50 hp unit yachilengedwe. mu T3.

Kwa mibadwo yonse, a Bully adasungabe kayendedwe kawo koyendetsa komanso kuyenda. Nthawi zonse amakhala wokonda kutonthoza kuposa kuwongolera bwino. Tsopano, pokhala ndi ma dampers osinthika ndi chiwongolero chamagetsi, Multivan ikufuna kuphatikiza ziwirizi. Chikuchitika ndi chiani? Kuyimitsidwa kukupitilizabe kuchitapo kanthu komanso ndikotheka kuyamwa ngakhale zovuta zazikulu, kungotumiza zochepa zochepa, zovuta kuchokera kumbuyo chakumbuyo mozungulira kwambiri.

Kusiyanitsa kwakukulu ndikosiyana - ngakhale pali mafotokozedwe ochulukirapo amomwe T6.1 amasinthira mayendedwe. Koma imakoka chitsulo chakutsogolo movutikira ikayang'ana kumeneku, imayenda mosalowerera ndale, yopanda kugwedezeka thupi, chitetezo chambiri komanso mwachangu chifukwa makina oyendetsa atsopanowa amafotokoza molondola. Nthawi yomweyo, zofunikira za makina amakono othandizira ma driver monga Lane Keeping Assist, Active Parking Assist ndi Trailer assist ndizofunikira.

Zowonjezera kwa wothandizira ndi chimodzi mwazinthu zazikulu kwambiri pakukula kwa Multivan T6.1 yatsopano. Zikhala nthawi yayitali bwanji T7 ina ikawonekera pamndandanda chaka chamawa? Mpaka nthawi zina, monga akunenera.

Pomaliza

1. Mercedes (mfundo 400)Zikuwonekeratu kuti injini yamphamvu ndichinthu chofunikira, koma chofunikira kwambiri ndikuthandizira kwathunthu kwa othandizira komanso kukongola kolimba kwamkati mosinthasintha. Kuphatikiza apo, V imagwira pang'ono - pamtengo wokwera.

2.VW (mfundo 391)Mtengo wapamwamba? Mwanjira zambiri, izi ndizofanana ndi Multivan, yomwe, monga nthawi zonse, ndiyabwino, koma sinakhale yabwinoko. Othandizira, kusinthasintha, otonthoza - apamwamba. Wotumbululuka - mtundu wa zida.

3. Opel (mfundo 378)Popeza ndiotsika mtengo kwambiri, kusamalira mosavomerezeka sikuyenera kuvutitsa aliyense. Wotakasuka kwambiri, wokhala ndi zida zambiri, woyendetsa magalimoto mosangalatsa - koma ulemu ndi kutamandidwa sikungokhala kwa anthu wamba.

Zolemba: Sebastian Renz

Chithunzi: Ahim Hartmann

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