Mugoza (0)

Zamkatimu

Pafupifupi dalaivala aliyense adapeza zoseketsa pomwe, pamaloboti obiriwira, madzi mwadzidzidzi amayamba kutsanulira chitoliro cha utsi wagalimoto yakunja kutsogolo kwa galimotoyo. Zoterezi zidadzetsa chisangalalo chapadera kuchokera kwa mwini galimoto yakale. Monga, magalimoto atsopano nawonso amafowoka.

M'malo mwake, palibe galimoto yotetezedwa kumadzi omwe amalowa mu resonator. Tiyeni tiyesere kudziwa chifukwa chake izi zikuchitika. Ngati ndizowopsa, mumakonza bwanji vutoli?

Momwe madzi amalowerera mu fumbi

1sdgstbs (1)

Funso loyambirira lomwe liyenera kufotokozedwa ndikuti madzi amachokera mu chitoliro. Pali mayankho angapo pa izi. Ndipo onse adzakhala olondola. Nazi zifukwa zazikulu zopangira chinyezi mu utsi:

  • kuyaka kwa mafuta amadzimadzi;
  • kusiyana kwa kutentha;
  • magwero akunja.

Njira zachilengedwe

Njira yopangira chinyezi poyaka mafuta amafuta ndi gawo lachilengedwe la injini iliyonse yoyaka mkati. Chowonadi ndi chakuti madzi amaphatikizidwanso pakupanga mafuta, kapena mafuta a dizilo, pang'ono. Kupanda kutero, mafuta amafunika kuthiridwa mu thanki yamafuta ndi mulu, ngati malasha.

Pakati pa kuyaka, mafuta amasintha kapangidwe kake, koma pang'ono pang'ono amakhalabe ngati mawonekedwe amadzimadzi. Choncho, pamene injini ikuyenda, utsi wa galimoto umadzazidwa ndi gawo lina la chinyezi. Mwa zina, ili ndi nthawi yoti ichotsedwe m'dongosolo ngati nthunzi. Komabe, injini ikapuma, chilichonse chomwe chatsalira mu chitolirocho chimatsalira. Mpweya utakhazikika umapanga timadontho tomwe timadutsa m'mathanki.

Kugunda

Mugoza (0)

Kuyesa wamba kuchokera ku maphunziro oyamba a fizikiya. Chidebe chozizira chimachotsedwa mufiriji kupita nacho m'chipinda chofunda. Pampanda pake pamakhala timadontho tating'onoting'ono, mosasamala kanthu za zomwe zili. Ndipo mpaka chidebechi chifike mpaka kutentha kozungulira, madonthowo adzawonjezeka.

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Zoterezi zimatha kuchitika osati nthawi yachisanu yokha, komanso chilimwe. Mu fizikiya, pali lingaliro lina lomwe limafotokoza mawonekedwe amadzi mu chosakanizira. Iyi ndiye mame. Madonthowo amapanga pamwamba pomwe amalekanitsa mpweya wotentha ndi mpweya wozizira. Mu utsi dongosolo galimoto kutentha mpweya utsi kwa madigiri mazana angapo. Ndipo chitolirochi chimakhala chozizira kwambiri, chimapangitsa kuti pakhale kutulutsa mpweya wabwino wochulukirapo komanso kuzizira.

Magwero akunja

2ndi (1)

Madzi apampopi amatha kuyambitsidwa ndi nyengo yovuta. Ngakhale chifunga wamba chimathandizira izi. M'nyengo yozizira, kuyimika kosayenera pafupi ndi chisanu chofewa kungapangitsenso madzi kuti apange mkati mwa chitoliro chotulutsa.

Zomwe zimawopseza madzi osasunthika

Monga mukuwonera, mawonekedwe amadzi mu chitoliro cha utsi ndimachitidwe achilengedwe. Komabe, kuchuluka kwakukulu kumatha kuwononga galimoto. Vuto lofala kwambiri (makamaka pamitundu yakunyumba) ndi makutidwe ndi okosijeni opanda pake. Ngakhale chinthu chosapanga dzimbiri chapamwamba kwambiri chimavutika ndi madzi omwe akupezeka. Chowonadi ndi chakuti madzi omwe ali mu chitoliro siamadzi okha. Lili ndi zinthu zoopsa zamankhwala. Ndipo ena mwa iwo ndi gawo la asidi sulfuric.

3sfgbdyn (1)

Inde, chiwerengero chawo ndi chopepuka, koma pakapita nthawi, kulumikizana nthawi zonse ndi sing'anga woyipa kumayamba kuwononga makoma a resonator. Chifukwa cha mabowo omwe amapangidwa, galimotoyo imakhala ndi "mabasi okwera".

Vuto lachiwiri lomwe limayambitsidwa ndi madzi osakanikirana ndi ma plug. Ngakhale izi zimangokhala zochitika zanthawi, zimatha kusokoneza magwiridwe antchito a injini.

Kodi ndichifukwa chiyani woyendetsa galimoto amangobowoleza?

5dgnf (1)

Upangiri wamba ndikubowola dzenje mu resonator. Njirayi ndi yotchuka pakati pa oyendetsa magalimoto ambiri. Malinga ndi iwo, njirayi imapangitsa kuti chimbudzi chisaume mosaganizira nyengo. Kuti tichite zimenezi, ziziyenda nzeru kupanga dzenje ndi awiri a 2-3 millimeters. Ndizochepa kwambiri kotero kuti sizimakhudza phokoso la utsi.

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Kodi tinganene chiyani za njirayi? Kodi zimakhudza dongosolo lamafuta, ndipo kodi mungachite popanda izo?

Kodi njira ya agogoyo ndi yothandiza?

Chifukwa chake eni magalimoto agalimoto ena amamenya nkhondo ndi madzi. Komabe, kuwonongeka kulikonse kwazitsulo zotetezera kumabweretsa makutidwe ndi okosijeni asanakwane. Chifukwa chake, popita nthawi, kabowo kakang'ono kamadzasanduka dzenje lalikulu lomwe lidzafunika kujambulidwa.

Analogs anaika pa magalimoto yachilendo kwa nthawi yayitali mu nkhani iyi. Koma ngakhale chitsulo chapamwamba kwambiri chimawonongeka chifukwa cha zodetsa za acidic zomwe zimapezeka mumadzi omwe amapezeka m thanki. Pobowola bowo pazitsulo zapamwamba, dalaivala mwiniyo adzafupikitsa moyo wa makina otulutsa utsi.

Kodi mungachotse bwanji chinyezi kuchokera muntch?

Ngati madzi adumpha kuchokera pachipangizo choyambira poyambitsa injini, ichi ndichizindikiro chodziwikiratu kuti dziwe ladzaza ndi zotsalira zamafuta. Kodi mungachotse motani kuchokera mu chosakanizira?

4dfndn (1)

Choyambirira komanso chofunikira, ndikofunikira kuyendetsa galimotoyo m'njira yochepetsera mapangidwe amadzimadzi. Mwachitsanzo, injini iyenera kutenthedwa m'nyengo yozizira. Izi ziyenera kuchitika pang'onopang'ono. Izi zidzalola kuti dongosolo lonse lotulutsa mpweya lizitentha bwino. Galimotoyo imayenera kuthamanga kwa mphindi zosachepera makumi anayi. Chifukwa chake, akatswiri amalangiza kuti asaphatikizepo maulendo achidule m'nyengo yozizira.

Pakati paulendo wautali othamanga kwambiri, kuchokera kutentha kowonjezereka, madzi onse omwe ali mu utsi amasanduka nthunzi ndipo amachotsedwa pawokha. Izi zimatchedwa kuyanika kosalala. Iyi ndiye njira yothandiza kwambiri yochotsera madzimadzi pazotulutsa.

Kuphatikiza apo, timaperekanso kanema wokhudzana ndi condensate mu chosakhazikika:

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Mafunso wamba:

Chifukwa chiyani madzi akutuluka mu payipi yotulutsa utsi? Kapangidwe ka mafuta ndi dizilo mafuta mwina madzi (mafuta ndi mawonekedwe madzi). Mafuta akawotchedwa, madzi awa amasanduka nthunzi, ndipo munjira yozizira yozizira imakhazikika ndikukhalabe mumtondo. Madzi ochulukirachulukira akachuluka, amayamba kutsanulira chitolirocho akayamba kusuntha.

Kodi ndiyenera kubowola bowo mu chosakanizira? Ayi. Njirayi imachepetsa kwambiri moyo wogwira ntchito wosakhazikika. Chovala choteteza chiwonongeka, chitsulo chimakula msanga.

Momwe mungachotsere condensation kuchokera payipi yotulutsa? Njira yokhayo yochotsera madzi pachipilala ndikutenthetsa utsi kuti madzi asanduke nthunzi. Kuti muchite izi, muyenera kuyendetsa galimoto kuthamanga kwambiri kwa mphindi 40 kapena kupitilira kamodzi pamwezi.

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