Kodi pali kusiyana kotani pakati pa turbo ndi kompresa?

Zamkatimu

Ngati mukufuna kuwonjezera mphamvu ya injini yagalimoto yanu, ndiye kuti mwina mukuganiza ngati kuli koyenera kubetcherana pa kompresa kapena turbo.

Titha kukhala okondwa kwambiri ngati tingakupatseni yankho losavuta komanso lomveka bwino mwa njira ziwirizi zomwe mungasankhe, koma chowonadi ndichakuti kulibe, ndipo kutsutsana pankhaniyi kwakhala kukuchitika kwazaka zambiri ndipo ndikofunikira kwambiri osati mdziko lathu lokha komanso padziko lonse lapansi.

TURBO NDIPONSE

Chifukwa chake, sititenga nawo mbali pazokangana, koma tidzayesa kuwonetsa machitidwe anu onse mosakondera, ndipo tisiyira chisankho kuti ndi ndani amene angakutsutseni.

Tiyeni tiyambe ndi kufanana
Onse turbocharger ndi compressors amatchedwa mokakamizidwa kulowetsa machitidwe. Amatchulidwa chifukwa makina onsewa adapangidwa kuti azikonza magwiridwe antchito a injini pokakamiza chipinda choyaka ndi mpweya.

Machitidwe onsewa amapondereza mpweya wolowa mu injini. Chifukwa chake, mpweya wambiri umakokedwa mchipinda choyaka injini, chomwe chimapangitsa kuti mphamvu yama injini iwonjezeke.

Kodi pali kusiyana kotani pakati pa turbocharger ndi kompresa?


Ngakhale amakhala ndi cholinga chofananira, kompresa ndi turbocharger zimasiyana pamapangidwe, kapangidwe ndi kagwiritsidwe kake.

Tiyeni tiwone chomwe kompresa ndi chiyani komanso zabwino zake ndi zovuta zake
Kunena mwachidule, kompresa ndi mtundu wa makina osavuta omwe amapondereza mpweya womwe umalowa m'chipinda choyaka moto cha injini yamagalimoto. Chojambuliracho chimayendetsedwa ndi injini yokha ndipo mphamvu imafalikira ndi lamba wopikisana wophatikizidwa ndi crankshaft.

Mphamvu zomwe zimapangidwa ndimayendedwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi kompresa kupondaponda mpweya ndikupereka mpweya wopanikizika ku injini. Izi zimagwiritsidwa ntchito mobwerezabwereza.

Ma compressor omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito kuonjezera mphamvu zamagetsi agawika m'magulu atatu akulu:

  • chimakuma
  • makina
  • wononga
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Sititenga chidwi ndi mitundu ya ma compressor, tingozindikira kuti mtundu wa makina a compressor atha kugwiritsidwa ntchito kudziwa zofunikira pakukakamizidwa ndi malo omwe alipo.

Zopindulitsa za Compressor

  • Jekeseni woyenera wa mpweya womwe umakulitsa mphamvu ndi 10 mpaka 30%
  • Makina odalirika kwambiri komanso olimba omwe nthawi zambiri amapitilira makina a makina
  • Izi sizimakhudza magwiridwe antchito a injini mwanjira iliyonse, popeza kompresa ndi chida chodziyimira kwathunthu, ngakhale ili pafupi nayo.
  • Pakugwira kwake, kutentha kogwira ntchito sikukulira kwambiri
  • Sagwiritsa ntchito mafuta ochulukirapo ndipo safuna kupitilizidwa pafupipafupi
  • Amafuna kukonza pang'ono
  • Itha kukhazikitsidwa kunyumba ndimakanika amateur.
  • Palibe chomwe chimatchedwa "lag" kapena "dzenje" pano. Izi zikutanthauza kuti mphamvu imatha kukulitsidwa nthawi yomweyo (popanda kuchedwa) pomwe kompresa imayendetsedwa ndi crankshaft ya injini.
  • Imagwira bwino ntchito ngakhale pothamanga kwambiri

Compressor zoyipa

Kusachita bwino. Popeza kompresa imayendetsedwa ndi lamba kuchokera ku crankshaft ya injini, momwe imagwirira ntchito imagwirizana ndi liwiro


Kodi turbo ndi chiyani ndipo zabwino zake ndi zotani?


Turbocharger, monga tidawonera koyambirira, imagwiranso ntchito yofanana ndi kompresa. Komabe, mosiyana ndi kompresa, turbocharger ndi gawo lovuta kwambiri lomwe limakhala ndi chopangira mafuta ndi kompresa. Kusiyananso kwina pakati pamakina awiri okakamizika ndikuti pomwe kompresa imapeza mphamvu yake kuchokera ku injini, turbocharger imapeza mphamvu yake kuchokera kumweya wotulutsa utsi.

Kugwiritsa ntchito chopangira mphamvu ndikosavuta: pomwe injini ikuyenda, monga tanenera kale, mpweya umatulutsidwa, womwe, m'malo momasulidwa molunjika mumlengalenga, umadutsa njira yapadera ndikukhazikitsa chopangira mphamvu. Kenako, imapanikiza mpweya ndi kuipatsira m'chipinda choyaka injini kuti ichulukitse mphamvu.

Ubwino wa turbo

  • Kuchita bwino, komwe kumatha kukhala kangapo kuposa kompresa
  • Ntchito utsi mphamvu

Kuipa turbo

  • Imagwira bwino kokha pamathamanga akulu
  • Pali chomwe chimatchedwa "turbo lag" kapena kuchedwa pakati pakakanikiza cholembera cha accelerator ndi nthawi yomwe mphamvu ya injini imakulitsidwa.
  • Imakhala ndi moyo waufupi (mwabwino, mosamala, imatha kuyenda mpaka 200 km.)
  • Chifukwa imagwiritsa ntchito mafuta a injini kuti ichepetse kutentha, mafuta amasintha 30-40% kuposa injini ya kompresa.
  • Kugwiritsa ntchito mafuta kwambiri komwe kumafunikira pafupipafupi
  • Kukonza ndi kukonza kwake kumakhala okwera mtengo kwambiri
  • Kuti muyikidwe, ndikofunikira kuyendera malo othandizira, popeza kuyika kwake kumakhala kovuta kwambiri ndipo ndizovuta kuzichita m'galimoto yanyumba yamakanika wopanda ntchito.
  • Kuti tipeze lingaliro lomveka bwino la kusiyana pakati pa compressor ndi turbo, tiyeni tiyerekeza mwachangu pakati pa awiriwa.
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Turbo vs kompresa


Njira yoyendetsa
Kompresa imayendetsedwa ndi crankshaft ya injini yamagalimoto, pomwe turbocharger imayendetsedwa ndi mphamvu yopangidwa kuchokera kumweya wotulutsa.

Kuchedwa kuyendetsa
Palibe kuchedwa ndi kompresa. Mphamvu zake ndizofanana molingana ndi mphamvu ya injini. Mu turbo, pali kuchedwa kapena kotchedwa "turbo kuchedwa". Popeza chopangira mphamvu chimayendetsedwa ndi mpweya wotulutsa utsi, kuzungulira kwathunthu kumafunika usanayambe kubayira mpweya.

Kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zama injini
Kompresa wonyeketsa mpaka 30% ya injini mphamvu. Kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu kwa Turbo ndi zero kapena kochepa.

Mnost
Turbine imadalira liwiro lagalimoto, pomwe kompresa ili ndi mphamvu yokhazikika ndipo siyodziyimira pawokha pagalimoto.

Kugwiritsa ntchito mafuta
Kuthamanga kwa kompresa kumawonjezera mafuta poyendetsa turbocharger kumachepetsa.

Kugwiritsa ntchito mafuta
Turbocharger imafuna mafuta ochuluka kuti achepetse kutentha kwa opaleshoni (lita imodzi pa 100 km) iliyonse. Kompresa Sakusowa mafuta chifukwa si kupanga kutentha opaleshoni.

Kuchita bwino
Kompresa ndi sizigwira bwino monga pamafunika mphamvu zina. Turbocharger ndiyothandiza kwambiri chifukwa imatulutsa mphamvu kuchokera kumweya wotulutsa utsi.

Makina
Ma compressor ndioyenera ma injini okhala ndi kuchepa pang'ono, pomwe ma turbine ali oyenera kwambiri injini zamagalimoto zosunthika zazikulu.

Utumiki
Turbo imafuna kukonza pafupipafupi komanso kokwera mtengo, pomwe ma compressor satero.

mtengo
Mtengo wa kompresa umadalira mtundu wake, pomwe mtengo wa turbo umadalira kwambiri injini.

kolowera
Ma compressor ndi zida zosavuta ndipo amatha kuyika garaja yanyumba, pomwe kuyika turbocharger sikufuna nthawi yochulukirapo, komanso chidziwitso chapadera. Chifukwa chake, kukhazikitsa kwa turbo kuyenera kuchitidwa ndi malo ogwira ntchito ovomerezeka.

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Kodi pali kusiyana kotani pakati pa turbo ndi kompresa?

Kodi turbo kapena compressor ndiye chisankho chabwino kwambiri?


Monga tawonera poyamba, palibe amene angakuuzeni yankho lolondola la funso ili. Mutha kuwona kuti zida zonsezi zili ndi zabwino komanso zoyipa zonse. Chifukwa chake, posankha dongosolo lokakamizidwa, muyenera kutsogozedwa makamaka ndi zomwe mukufuna kukwaniritsa mukakhazikitsa.

Mwachitsanzo, ma compressor amasankhidwa ndi madalaivala ambiri omwe safuna kuwonjezera kwambiri mphamvu zama injini. Ngati simukuyang'ana izi, koma mukungofuna kuwonjezera kuthekera kwa pafupifupi 10%, ngati mukuyang'ana chida chomwe sichifuna kukonza zambiri komanso chosavuta kukhazikitsa, ndiye kuti kukhazikitsa kompresa kungakhale chisankho chabwino kwambiri kwa inu. Ma compressor ndi otchipa kusamalira ndi kusamalira, koma ngati mungakwaniritse mtundu wa chipangizochi, muyenera kukonzekera kuchuluka kwamafuta omwe akuyembekezerani.

Komabe, ngati mumakonda kuthamanga kwambiri komanso kuthamanga ndipo mukufuna njira yowonjezera mphamvu ya injini yanu mpaka 30-40%, ndiye chopangira mphamvu ndicho gawo lanu lamphamvu komanso lothandiza kwambiri. Poterepa, komabe, muyenera kukhala okonzekera kuti mupeze ma turbocharger diagnostics, mugwiritse ntchito ndalama zambiri pakukonza mtengo, ndikuwonjezera mafuta pafupipafupi.

Mafunso ndi Mayankho:

Ndi chiyani chomwe chimagwira bwino ntchito kuposa kompresa kapena turbine? Makina opangira magetsi amawonjezera mphamvu pagalimoto, koma imakhala ndi kuchedwa kwina: imagwira ntchito pa liwiro linalake. Compressor ili ndi galimoto yodziyimira payokha, chifukwa chake imayamba kugwira ntchito itangoyamba mota.

Kodi pali kusiyana kotani pakati pa blower ndi compressor? Supercharger, kapena turbine, imayendetsedwa ndi mphamvu ya mpweya wotuluka (iwo amapota chopondera). Compressor ili ndi drive yokhazikika yolumikizidwa ndi crankshaft.

Kodi turbine imawonjezera mphamvu zotani? Zimatengera mawonekedwe a turbine design. Mwachitsanzo, mu magalimoto a Formula 1, turbine imawonjezera mphamvu ya injini mpaka 300 hp.

NKHANI ZOFANANA
Waukulu » nkhani » Chipangizo chagalimoto » Kodi pali kusiyana kotani pakati pa turbo ndi kompresa?

Ndemanga za 3

  1. Kodi "chopangira mphamvu" si mawu olakwika oti "turbo"?
    M'malingaliro mwanga, chopangira mphamvu ndi chosiyana ndi turbo. Turbine idagwiritsidwa ntchito mu 500 Indy 1967 ndipo pafupifupi idapambana, koma imeneyo inali chopangira, osati turbo. Kukoma mtima, Rolando Monello, Bern, Switzerland

  2. Kufotokozera kosangalatsa, zikomo

  3. Turbo yoyamba imagwira ntchito pang'onopang'ono, imadaliranso kuthamanga komanso kuthamanga.
    2nd turbo sigwiritsanso ntchito 1l pamakilomita 100 aliwonse zitha kukhala zopanda nzeru. inde amagwiritsa ntchito zambiri koma izi sizolondola.
    3.Ndili ndi zaka 16 ndipo ndilibe satifiketi yakugulitsa koma ndimatha kukhazikitsa turbo. zimadalira momwe galimoto yanu ikayikitsire turbo. inde ndizovuta kukhazikitsa turbo pa 2010 Volvo v70 koma ngati tikulankhula za 1980 Volvo 740 ndizosavuta.
    4. mumalankhula kwambiri za liwiro pomwe zilibe chochita pamene onse ali othamanga osati othamanga.

    Nkhaniyi ili ndi mipata yambiri ndipo siyikamba mokwanira za momwe galimoto iliyonse ilili. zikuwonekeratu kuti simukudziwa kwenikweni pamutuwu. zomwe mumatha ndikutumiza uthenga wolakwika kwa anthu omwe sakudziwa bwino. seka kwambiri za mutuwo musanalembe nkhani yonse.

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