The chipangizo ndi mfundo ntchito ya sensa kugogoda

Zamkatimu

Galimoto yamakono ili ndi zida zambiri zamagetsi, mothandizidwa ndi omwe amayang'anira magwiridwe antchito amachitidwe osiyanasiyana agalimoto. Chida chimodzi chofunikira chomwe chimakupatsani mwayi wodziwa nthawi yomwe injini ikuyamba kuvutika ndikugogoda ndichofanana nayo.

Ganizirani cholinga chake, momwe amagwirira ntchito, chida chake komanso momwe angadziwire zovuta zake. Koma choyamba, tiyeni tiwone momwe kuphulika kumayendera mu mota - ndi chiyani komanso chifukwa chiyani zimachitika.

Kodi kuphulika ndi zotani?

Detonation ndi pomwe gawo limodzi la mpweya / mafuta osakaniza kutali ndi ma plug a spark plug amadziyatsa okha. Chifukwa cha ichi, lawi limafalikira mofanana mchipinda chonse ndipo pisitoniyo imakankhidwa mwamphamvu. Nthawi zambiri izi zimatha kudziwika ndi kugogoda kwachitsulo. Oyendetsa magalimoto ambiri pankhaniyi akuti "kugogoda zala."

Mumikhalidwe yabwinobwino, chisakanizo cha mpweya ndi mafuta zomwe zimapanikizika mu silinda, ikayamba kuthetheka, imayamba kuyaka mofanana. Kuyaka pankhaniyi kumachitika pa liwiro la 30m / sec. Zotsatira zakuphulika ndizosalamulirika komanso zachisokonezo. Nthawi yomweyo, MTC imayaka mofulumira kwambiri. Nthawi zina, mtengo uwu ukhoza kufikira 2 zikwi m / s.

The chipangizo ndi mfundo ntchito ya sensa kugogoda
1) Kuthetheka pulagi; 2) chipinda choyaka; A) Kutentha kwamtundu wamafuta; C) Kutentha kwamphamvu kwa mafuta.

Katundu wochuluka chonchi amakhudza kwambiri gawo la magawo ambiri a crank (werengani za chipangizochi payokha), pamagetsi, hydrocompensator aliyense wa iwo, ndi zina. Kukonzanso injini mu mitundu ina kumatha kutenga theka la galimoto yofananira.

Detonation ikhoza kulepheretsa mphamvu yamagetsi patadutsa makilomita 6, komanso ngakhale m'mbuyomo mgalimoto zina. Kulephera kumeneku kumadalira:

  • Mtundu wamafuta. Nthawi zambiri, izi zimachitika mu injini zamafuta mukamagwiritsa ntchito mafuta osayenera. Ngati kuchuluka kwa mafuta a octane sikukwaniritsa zofunikira (nthawi zambiri oyendetsa magalimoto osadziwa amagula mafuta otsika mtengo, omwe ali ndi RON poyerekeza ndi omwe amafunikira) otchulidwa ndi wopanga ICE, ndiye kuti mwayi wophulika ndiwokwera. Chiwerengero cha octane wamafuta amafotokozedwa mwatsatanetsatane. kubwereza kwina... Koma mwachidule, kukwera kwamtengo umenewu, kumachepetsa mwayi wazomwe zikuchitika.
  • Zida zamagetsi zamagetsi. Pofuna kukonza makina oyaka mkati, mainjiniya akusintha masanjidwe amitundu yosiyanasiyana ya injini. Pakapangidwe kazatsopano, kuchuluka kwa psinjika kumatha kusintha (amafotokozedwa apa), geometry ya chipinda choyaka moto, komwe kuli mapulagi, masamu a pisitoni korona ndi magawo ena.
  • Mkhalidwe wamagalimoto (mwachitsanzo, ma kaboni omwe amapangira zida zamagalimoto a silinda-pisitoni, ovala mphete kapena kukhathamira kwanthawi yayitali) ndi momwe amagwirira ntchito.
  • Mayiko kuthetheka mapulagi(momwe mungadziwire kusokonekera kwawo, werengani apa).

Chifukwa chiyani mukusowa chojambulira?

Monga mukuwonera, zomwe zimachitika chifukwa cha kuphulika kwa mota m'galimoto ndizokulirapo komanso zowopsa kuti mota unganyalanyazidwe. Kuti muwone ngati kuphulika kwaching'ono kumachitika mu silinda kapena ayi, injini yamakonoyi imakhala ndi sensa yoyenera yomwe imagwirana ndi kuphulika kotere komanso kusokonekera kwa makina oyaka amkati (iyi ndi maikolofoni opangidwa mwanjira imodzi omwe amasinthira kugwedezeka kwakuthupi kukhala mphamvu zamagetsi ). Popeza zamagetsi zimakonza bwino magetsi, makina oyendetsa jakisoni okha ndi omwe amakhala ndi chojambulira.

The chipangizo ndi mfundo ntchito ya sensa kugogoda

Pamene kuphulika kumachitika mu injini, kulumpha katundu kumapangidwa osati pa KShM yokha, koma pamakoma amiyala ndi ma valve. Pofuna kupewa magawowa kuti alephereke, m'pofunika kusintha kuyaka kwabwino kwa mafuta osakanikirana ndi mpweya. Kuti mukwaniritse izi, ndikofunikira kukwaniritsa zosachepera ziwiri: sankhani mafuta oyenera ndikuyika nthawi yoyatsira. Ngati zinthu ziwirizi zakwaniritsidwa, ndiye kuti mphamvu yamagetsi yamagetsi ndi magwiridwe ake idzafika pachimake.

Vuto ndiloti pamitundu yosiyanasiyana yamagalimoto, pamafunika kusintha kusintha kwake. Izi zimatheka chifukwa chakupezeka kwa masensa amagetsi, kuphatikiza kuphulika. Talingalirani za chida chake.

Kugogoda kachipangizo chipangizo

Masiku ano magalimoto apambuyo, pali masensa osiyanasiyana opezera kugogoda kwa injini. Chojambulira chachikale chimakhala ndi:

  • Nyumba yomwe imamangiriridwa kunja kwa silinda. Pamapangidwe apamwamba, sensa imawoneka ngati kabokosi kakang'ono chete (malaya amphira okhala ndi khola lachitsulo). Mitundu ina yamasensa imapangidwa ngati bolt, momwe mkati mwake mumakhala zinthu zonse zanzeru za chipangizocho.
  • Lumikizanani ndi makina ochapira omwe ali mkati mwa nyumbayo.
  • Piezoelectric sensing element.
  • Cholumikizira magetsi.
  • Inertial mankhwala.
  • Akasupe a Belleville.
The chipangizo ndi mfundo ntchito ya sensa kugogoda
1. Lumikizanani ndi ochapira; 2. Inertial misa; 3. Nyumba; 4. Kasupe wa Belleville; 5. Bolt yolumikizira; 6. Chida chodziwika cha Piezoceramic; 7. Cholumikizira zamagetsi; 8. Kutchinga kwa zonenepa; 9. Jekete lozizira lokhala ndi zoletsa kuwuma.

Chojambulira chomwecho mu injini ya 4-silinda nthawi zambiri chimayikidwa pakati pa 2 ndi 3 masilindala. Poterepa, kuyang'ana momwe makina akugwirira ntchito ndiwothandiza kwambiri. Chifukwa cha ichi, kuyendetsa kwa chipangizocho sikungafanane chifukwa cha kusowa kwa mphika umodzi, koma momwe zingathere muzitsulo zonse. M'magetsi okhala ndi mapangidwe ena, mwachitsanzo, mtundu wofanana ndi V, chipangizocho chidzakhala pamalo omwe amatha kuzindikira kuphulika kwa zida.

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  Kuchotsa chozizira. Kusintha liti

Kodi sensa yogogoda imagwira ntchito bwanji?

Ntchito ya sensa yogogoda imachepetsedwa mpaka pomwe gawo loyang'anira lingasinthire UOZ, ndikupatsa kuyaka kolamulidwa kwa VTS. Pomwe kuphulika kumachitika mgalimoto, kumanjenjemera kwamphamvu kumapangidwamo. Chojambuliracho chimazindikira kukwera kwamphamvu chifukwa cha kuyatsa kosalamulirika ndikuwasintha kukhala magetsi amagetsi. Komanso, zizindikirozi zimatumizidwa ku ECU.

Kutengera chidziwitso chomwe chimachokera ku masensa ena, ma algorithms osiyanasiyana amathandizidwa mu microprocessor. Zamagetsi zimasinthira magwiridwe antchito a omwe ali gawo lamafuta ndi utsi, kuyatsa kwa galimoto, ndipo mu ma injini ena amasintha gawo kuti lisunthe (kufotokoza kwa magwiridwe antchito amagetsi osinthira apa). Chifukwa cha izi, kuyatsa kwamayendedwe a VTS kumasintha, ndipo magwiridwe antchito a mota amasintha malinga ndi momwe zinthu zasinthira.

The chipangizo ndi mfundo ntchito ya sensa kugogoda

Chifukwa chake, sensa yomwe idayikidwa pamiyeso yamphamvu imagwira ntchito molingana ndi mfundo zotsatirazi. Kutentha kosalamulirika kwa VTS kumachitika mu silinda, chinthu chozindikira ma piezoelectric chimakhudzidwa ndikunjenjemera ndikupanga mphamvu. Kukula kwakanthawi kwamphamvu mu mota ndikowonjezera chizindikirochi.

Chojambulira chikugwirizana ndi gawo loyang'anira pogwiritsa ntchito mawaya. ECU yakhazikitsidwa pamtundu wina wamagetsi. Chizindikirocho chikadutsa mtengo wopangidwira, microprocessor imatumiza chizindikiritso pamakina oyatsira kuti asinthe SPL. Pachifukwa ichi, kuwongolera kumapangidwa kuti muchepetse ngodya.

Monga mukuwonera, ntchito ya sensa ndikutembenuza kunjenjemera kukhala mphamvu yamagetsi. Kuphatikiza pa kuti gawo lolamulira limathandizira ma algorithms pakusintha nthawi yoyatsira, zamagetsi zimakonzanso kapangidwe ka kaphatikizidwe ka mafuta ndi mpweya. Mwini oscillation atangodutsa mtengo wololedwa, kukonzanso zamagetsi kumayambika.

The chipangizo ndi mfundo ntchito ya sensa kugogoda

Kuphatikiza pa kuteteza motsutsana ndi kukwera kwa katundu, sensa imathandizira kuyang'anira kuti ikwaniritse chida chamagetsi choyaka moto kwambiri cha BTC. Chizindikiro ichi chidzakhudza mphamvu ya injini, mafuta, dongosolo la utsi, makamaka chothandizira (chifukwa chake chikufunika m'galimoto, akufotokozedwa payokha).

Zomwe zimatsimikizira kuwonekera kwa chipolowe

Chifukwa chake, kuphulika kumatha kuwonekera chifukwa cha zosayenera za eni galimoto, pazifukwa zachilengedwe zomwe sizimadalira munthu. Poyamba, dalaivala akhoza kuthira mafuta osayenera mu thankiyo molakwika (pazomwe mungachite pankhaniyi, werengani apa), nkoyipa kuwunika momwe injini ikuyendera (mwachitsanzo, kuwonjezera dala nthawi yokonza injini).

Chifukwa chachiwiri cha kupezeka kwa kuyaka kwamafuta kosalamulirika ndi njira yachilengedwe ya injini. Ikafika pamawombedwe apamwamba, kuyatsa kumayamba kuwombera mochedwa kuposa kuti pisitoniyo ifike pachimake pa silinda. Pachifukwa ichi, munjira zosiyanasiyana zogwiritsira ntchito chipangizocho, kuyatsa koyambirira kapena pambuyo pake kumafunikira.

The chipangizo ndi mfundo ntchito ya sensa kugogoda

Osasokoneza kuphulika kwa silinda ndi kugwedezeka kwa injini. Ngakhale alipo kusanjanitsa zinthu mu crankshaft, ICE imapangitsabe kugwedezeka kwina. Pachifukwa ichi, kuti sensa isalembetse kugwedezeka uku ngati kuphulika, imapangidwa kuti izitha kuyambitsa pakamveka phokoso linalake kapena kunjenjemera. Nthawi zambiri, phokoso lomwe sensor imayamba kuwonetsa lili pakati pa 30 ndi 75 Hz.

Chifukwa chake, ngati dalaivala akutchera khutu ku gawo lamagetsi (amawatumikira panthawi), sawachulukitsa ndikudzaza mafuta oyenera, izi sizitanthauza kuti kuphulika sikudzachitikanso. Pachifukwa ichi, siginecha yoyenera pa dashboard sikuyenera kunyalanyazidwa.

Mitundu yama sensa

Zosintha zonse zamasensa amtundu wagawika m'magulu awiri:

  1. Broadband. Izi ndizomwe zasinthidwa kwambiri pazida. Adzagwira ntchito molingana ndi mfundo yomwe yatchulidwa kale. Nthawi zambiri amapangidwa ngati mphira wozungulira wokhala ndi bowo pakati. Kudzera gawo ili, sensa idalumikizidwa mpaka pamiyala yamphamvu ndi bolt.The chipangizo ndi mfundo ntchito ya sensa kugogoda
  2. Wotsutsa. Kusinthaku ndikofanana ndi kapangidwe kazipangizo zamagetsi. Nthawi zambiri amapangidwa ngati mawonekedwe amtundu wolumikizidwa ndi nkhope zokhala ndi wrench. Mosiyana ndi kusinthidwa kwam'mbuyomu, komwe kumazindikira kugwedezeka, masensa amtundu wamtundu amatenga pafupipafupi zazing'onozing'ono. Zipangizozi zimapangidwira mitundu yamagalimoto, popeza kuchuluka kwa ma microexplosions ndi mphamvu zawo zimadalira kukula kwa zonenepa ndi ma pistoni.The chipangizo ndi mfundo ntchito ya sensa kugogoda

Zizindikiro ndi Zoyambitsa Kulephera Kwama Sensor

DD yolakwika imatha kudziwika ndi izi:

  1. Pogwira ntchito bwino, injini iyenera kuyendetsa bwino popanda kutumphuka. Nthawi zambiri kumveka kumveka ndikumveka kwachitsulo kwinaku injini ikuyenda. Komabe, chizindikirochi sichikhala chachindunji, ndipo katswiri amatha kudziwa vuto lofananira ndi phokoso. Chifukwa chake, ngati injini iyamba kugwedezeka kapena ikugwira ntchito, ndiye kuti ndi koyenera kuyang'ana kachipangizo kokagogoda.
  2. Chizindikiro chotsatira chosazungulira cha sensa yolakwika ndikuchepa kwamphamvu zamagetsi - kuyankha koyipa kwa gasi, kuthamanga kwachilendo (mwachitsanzo, kukwera kwambiri). Izi zitha kuchitika chifukwa chakuti sensa imatumiza zolakwika ku gawo loyang'anira, kotero ECU imasintha nthawi yoyatsira, kuwononga magwiridwe antchito a injini. Kulephera koteroko sikungalole kuti ziziyenda bwino molondola.
  3. Nthawi zina, chifukwa cha kuwonongeka kwa DD, zamagetsi sizingakhazikitse UOZ mokwanira. Ngati injini idakhala ndi nthawi yozizira, mwachitsanzo, poyimika usiku, zimakhala zovuta kuyamba kuzizira. Izi zikhoza kuwonedwa osati m'nyengo yozizira yokha, komanso m'nyengo yotentha.
  4. Pali mafuta omwe akuwonjezeka ndipo nthawi yomweyo magalimoto onse akugwira ntchito moyenera, ndipo woyendetsa akupitilizabe kugwiritsa ntchito njira yoyendetsa (ngakhale ndi zida zogwiritsira ntchito, kalembedwe kankhanza nthawi zonse kamaphatikizidwa ndi kuwonjezeka kwa mafuta).
  5. Kuunika kwa injini yoyang'ana pa dashboard kudabwera. Poterepa, zamagetsi zimazindikira kusapezeka kwa siginecha kuchokera ku DD ndikupereka cholakwika. Izi zimachitikanso pakuwerenga kwa sensa sikwachilengedwe.
Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Chipangizo ndi mitundu ya nyali zamagalimoto

Ndikoyenera kudziwa kuti palibe chimodzi mwazizindikiro zomwe zili ndi chitsimikizo cha 100% cha kulephera kwa sensa. Amatha kukhala umboni wazovuta zina zamagalimoto. Amatha kuzindikirika molondola pakudziwitsa. Pagalimoto zina, njira yodzidziwitsa nokha imatha kuyatsidwa. Mutha kuwerenga momwe mungachitire izi. apa.

The chipangizo ndi mfundo ntchito ya sensa kugogoda

Ngati tikulankhula pazomwe zimayambitsa zovuta zamagetsi, zotsatirazi zitha kusiyanitsidwa:

  • Kulumikizana kwakuthupi kwa sensa ndi cholembera champhamvu kumathyoledwa. Zochitika zikuwonetsa kuti ichi ndiye chifukwa chofala kwambiri. Izi zimachitika nthawi zambiri chifukwa chophwanya makokedwe am'mwamba a bar kapena kukonza bawuti. Popeza galimotoyo imanjenjemerabe panthawi yogwira ntchito, komanso chifukwa cha ntchito yolakwika, mpandoyo ukhoza kuipitsidwa ndi mafuta, izi zimapangitsa kuti kukonzanso kwa chipangizocho kufooke. Makokedwe akachepetsa, kuchepa kuchokera ku ma microexplosions kumalandiridwa bwino kwambiri pa sensa, ndipo popita nthawi imasiya kuyankha kwa iwo ndikupanga mphamvu zamagetsi, kutanthauzira kuphulika ngati kugwedera kwachilengedwe. Pofuna kuthana ndi vuto lotere, muyenera kutsegula zomangira, kuchotsa kuipitsidwa kwa mafuta (ngati alipo) ndikungomangiriza cholowacho. Kumalo ena osungira anthu zachinyengo, mmalo mongonena zoona za vutoli, amisili amauza eni galimoto za sensa. Makasitomala osasamala amatha kuwononga ndalama pa sensa yatsopano, ndipo katswiriyo amangolimbitsa phirilo.
  • Kuphwanya umphumphu wa waya. Gululi limaphatikizapo zolakwika zingapo zosiyanasiyana. Mwachitsanzo, chifukwa chakusanjikiza kolakwika kapena kolakwika kwa mzere wamagetsi, zingwe zama waya zimatha kuduka pakapita nthawi kapena zosanjikiza zimawonongeka. Izi zitha kuchititsa kuti pakhale dera lalifupi kapena lotseguka. Nthawi zambiri zimakhala zotheka kupeza kuwonongeka kwa zingwe poyang'ana pakuwona. Ngati ndi kotheka, mukungofunika kusintha chip ndi mawaya kapena kulumikizana ndi ma DD ndi ECU pogwiritsa ntchito mawaya ena.
  • Wosweka sensa. Pakokha, chinthu ichi chili ndi chida chosavuta chomwe sichingasweke. Koma ikawonongeka, yomwe imachitika mosowa kwambiri, ndiye kuti imalowedwa m'malo, chifukwa siyingakonzedwe.
  • Zolakwa mu gawo lowongolera. M'malo mwake, uku sikukuwonongeka kwa sensa, koma nthawi zina, chifukwa cha zolephera, microprocessor imagwira molakwika deta kuchokera ku chipangizocho. Kuti mudziwe vuto ili, muyenera kuchita matenda apakompyuta... Ndi nambala yolakwika, zidzakhala zotheka kudziwa zomwe zimasokoneza kagwiridwe kake koyenera.

Kodi zovuta zogogoda zimakhudza chiyani?

Popeza DD imakhudza kutsimikiza kwa UOZ ndikupanga mafuta osakanikirana ndi mpweya, kuwonongeka kwake kumakhudza mphamvu zamagalimoto ndi mafuta. Kuphatikiza apo, chifukwa chakuti BTC ikuwotcha molakwika, utsi umakhala ndi mafuta ambiri osapsa. Pachifukwa ichi, ipsereza mundawo, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti zinthu zake ziwonongeke, mwachitsanzo, chothandizira.

Ngati mutenga injini yakale, yomwe imagwiritsa ntchito carburetor ndi njira yolumikizirana, ndiye kuti mukhazikitse UOZ yabwino, ndikwanira kutembenuzira chivundikirocho (chifukwa cha izi, pali notches zingapo, zomwe mutha kudziwa poyatsira yakhazikitsidwa). Popeza injini ya jakisoni ili ndi zida zamagetsi, komanso magawikidwe amagetsi amachitidwa ndi zikwangwani kuchokera pama sensa ofanana ndi malamulo ochokera ku microprocessor, kukhalapo kwa chojambulira pagalimoto yotere ndikofunikira.

The chipangizo ndi mfundo ntchito ya sensa kugogoda

Kupanda kutero, kodi gulu loyang'anira lidzatha bwanji kudziwa nthawi yanji kuti ipangitse chidwi pakupanga katsitsi mu silinda inayake? Komanso, sangathe kusintha magwiridwe antchito poyatsira momwe angafunire. Opanga magalimoto awoneratu vuto lofananalo, chifukwa chake amakonzekeretsa gawo loyang'anira poyatsira mochedwa pasadakhale. Pachifukwa ichi, ngakhale siginecha ya sensa sikulandiridwa, injini yoyaka mkati imagwira ntchito, koma m'njira imodzi yokha.

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  Malamba ampando wamagalimoto: chitetezo chatsimikizika kwazaka zambiri

Izi zidzakhudza kwambiri kagwiritsidwe ntchito ka mafuta ndi kayendedwe ka magalimoto. Lachiwiri limakhudza makamaka zochitika zomwe zikufunika kuwonjezera katundu pagalimoto. M'malo moyendetsa liwiro mukakakamiza zolimba za gasi, injini yoyaka yamkati "izitsamwitsa". Woyendetsa amatenga nthawi yochulukirapo kuti afike pa liwiro linalake.

Kodi chimachitika ndi chiyani mukazimitsa sensa yonse?

Ena ziziyenda amaganiza kuti kupewa kuphulika mu injini, ndi okwanira kugwiritsa ntchito mafuta apamwamba ndi m'nthawi yake kuchita yokonza galimoto. Pachifukwa ichi, zikuwoneka kuti munthawi zonse palibe chifukwa chofulumira chodziwitsira.

The chipangizo ndi mfundo ntchito ya sensa kugogoda

M'malo mwake, sizili choncho, chifukwa mwachisawawa, pakalibe chizindikiro chofananira, zamagetsi zimangoyambitsa moto womwe umachedwa. Kulemetsa DD sikungazimitse injini nthawi yomweyo ndipo mutha kupitiliza kuyendetsa galimoto kwakanthawi. Koma sizikulimbikitsidwa kuchita izi mosalekeza, osati kokha chifukwa cha kuchuluka kwa mowa, komanso chifukwa cha zotsatirazi:

  1. Ikhoza kuboola mutu wamiyala (momwe mungasinthire molondola, ikufotokozedwa apa);
  2. Zigawo za silinda-piston zitha msanga;
  3. Mutu wamphamvu ungasweke (werengani za izi payokha);
  4. Zitha kuwotcha mavavu;
  5. Mmodzi kapena angapo akhoza kupunduka. ndodo zolumikiza.

Sizinthu zonsezi zomwe zidzachitike nthawi zonse. Izi zonse zimadalira magawo amgalimoto ndi kuchuluka kwa kuphulika. Pakhoza kukhala zifukwa zingapo zosavomerezeka zoterezi, ndipo chimodzi mwazomwezi ndikuti oyang'anira sangayese kusokoneza dongosolo loyatsira.

Momwe mungadziwire kusokonekera kwa sensa yogogoda

Ngati pali kukayikira kwa cholakwika cholumikizira sensa, ndiye kuti chitha kufufuzidwa, ngakhale osachotsa. Nayi njira yosavuta ya njirayi:

  • Timayambitsa injini ndikuyiyika pamlingo wa zikwi ziwiri;
  • Pogwiritsa ntchito chinthu chaching'ono, timayerekezera kuphulika kwa mabatani - osagunda kangapo pafupi ndi sensa yokha pamiyala yamphamvu. Sikoyenera kuchita khama pakadali pano, chifukwa chitsulo chosungunuka chimatha kusokonekera, popeza makoma ake adakhudzidwa kale pakugwiritsa ntchito injini yoyaka yamkati;
  • Ndi sensa yogwira ntchito, zosinthazo zichepa;
  • Ngati DD ili yolakwika, ndiye kuti rpm sidzasintha. Poterepa, kutsimikizika kowonjezera pogwiritsa ntchito njira ina ndikofunikira.

Kuzindikira kwabwino kwamagalimoto - pogwiritsa ntchito oscilloscope (mutha kuwerenga zambiri za mitundu yake apa). Pambuyo pofufuza, chithunzicho chikuwonetsa molondola ngati DD ikugwira ntchito kapena ayi. Koma kuti muyese magwiridwe antchito a sensa kunyumba, mutha kugwiritsa ntchito multimeter. Iyenera kukhazikitsidwa motsutsana ndi mitundu yonse yamagetsi yamagetsi. Ngati zingwe za chipangizocho zilibe vuto, ndiye kuti timayeza kukana.

The chipangizo ndi mfundo ntchito ya sensa kugogoda

Mu sensa yogwira ntchito, chizindikirochi chizikhala mkati mwa 500 kΩ (pamitundu ya VAZ, pulogalamuyi imakhala yopanda malire). Ngati palibe vuto, ndipo chithunzi cha mota chikupitilirabe kuwoneka bwino, ndiye kuti vuto silikhoza kukhala mu sensa yokha, koma mu mota kapena pa gearbox. Pali kuthekera kwakukulu kuti kusakhazikika kwa magwiridwe antchito kumadziwika ndi DD ngati chiphokoso.

Komanso, kuti mudziwe ngati muli ndi vuto logogoda, mutha kugwiritsa ntchito sikani yamagetsi yolumikizana ndi cholumikizira chagalimoto. Chitsanzo cha zida zotere ndi Scan Tool Pro. Chipangizochi chimalumikizidwa ndi foni yam'manja kapena kompyuta kudzera pa Bluetooth kapena Wi-Fi. Kuphatikiza pakupeza zolakwika mu sensa yokha, sikani iyi ithandizira kuzindikira zolakwika zoyang'anira ndikuzikonzanso.

Izi ndi zolakwika zomwe zida zowongolera, monga zovuta za DD, zimakhudzana ndi kuwonongeka kwina:

Khodi yolakwika:Kusintha:Choyambitsa ndi yankho:
Р0325Tsegulani dera lamagetsiMuyenera kuyang'ana kukhulupirika kwa zingwe. Kuyang'ana pakuwona sikokwanira nthawi zonse. Zingwe za waya zimatha kusweka, koma zimangokhala zokhazokha ndipo nthawi zina zimakhala zazifupi / zotseguka. Nthawi zambiri, vutoli limachitika ndimalumikizidwe okhudzana. Nthawi zambiri, chizindikirocho chimatha kuwonetsa kuterera. nthawi yamba mano angapo.
Р0326,0327Chizindikiro chotsika kuchokera ku sensaKulakwitsa kotereku kumatha kuwonetsa olumikizidwa ndi okosijeni, momwe chizindikiritso kuchokera ku DD kupita ku ECU sichilandiridwa bwino. Muyeneranso kuyang'ana nthawi yolimbitsira yolimba (ndizotheka kuti makokedwe omangika ndi otayirira).
Р0328Mkulu kachipangizo mbenderaVuto lofananalo limatha kuchitika ngati mawaya amagetsi ali pafupi kwambiri ndi waya yolumikizira. Mzere wophulikayo ukadutsa, kuwonjezeka kwamagetsi kumatha kuchitika pakulumikiza kwa sensa, komwe olamulirawo adzawona ngati kuphulika kapena kulephera kwa DD. Kulakwitsa komweku kumatha kuchitika ngati lamba wa nthawi sanasokonezeke mokwanira ndikutsitsa mano angapo. Momwe mungalimbanitsire bwino magiya oyendetsa nthawi amafotokozedwa apa.

Mavuto ambiri amagogoda amafanana kwambiri ndi zizindikilo zoyatsira mochedwa. Cholinga chake ndikuti, monga tawonera kale, pakalibe chizindikiro, ECU imangosinthira modzidzimutsa ndikuwalamula kuti poyatsira ayambitse pang'ono.

Kuphatikiza apo, tikupangira kuwonera kanema wamfupi wamomwe mungasankhire kachipangizo chatsopano ndikuganizira:

Knock sensor: zizindikiro zosagwira, momwe mungayang'anire kuti ndi chiyani

Mafunso ndi Mayankho:

Kodi sensor yogogoda imagwiritsidwa ntchito chiyani? Sensa iyi imazindikira kuphulika mu gawo lamagetsi (makamaka amawonetsedwa mu injini zamafuta okhala ndi mafuta otsika a octane). Imayikidwa pa cylinder block.

Kodi mungadziwe bwanji chojambulira? Bwino kugwiritsa ntchito multimeter (DC mode - voteji nthawi zonse - osiyanasiyana zosakwana 200 mV). Chophimbacho chimakankhidwa mu mphete ndipo mosavuta kukanikizidwa pa makoma. Mphamvu yamagetsi iyenera kukhala pakati pa 20-30 mV.

Kodi sensor yogogoda ndi chiyani? Uwu ndi mtundu wa zothandizira kumva zomwe zimakulolani kumvetsera momwe galimoto imagwirira ntchito. Imagwira mafunde omveka (pamene kusakaniza sikuyatsa mofanana, koma kumaphulika), ndipo imawayankha.

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