Kuyendetsa magudumu: chovala choluka kapena chikopa

Zamkatimu

Kukonzekera kwamagalimoto kumakupatsani mwayi wosintha zida zonse zagalimoto kuti galimotoyo ikhale yosiyana ndi anzawo aku fakitaleyo. Kuphatikiza apo, oyendetsa galimoto amasintha zina ndi zina kapena amasintha mawonekedwe agalimoto. Kusintha kumodzi kumapangitsa galimotoyi kuthamanga, pomwe inayo imapangitsa kuti ikhale yosavuta komanso yowoneka bwino.

Posachedwapa tinaganiza zokhazikitsa chiwongolero chamasewera. Pali osiyana review... Tsopano tiyeni tiwone zina mwanjira zomwe bajeti angakonzere mkati - chikuto chowongolera. Momwe mungadzipangire nokha komanso zomwe mungasankhe pankhaniyi?

Tiyeni tiwone bwino - chivundikiro ndi chiyani ndipo ndichifukwa chiyani chikufunika

Ntchito yayikulu yoyendetsa magudumu ndi kupanga izi zamkati kukhala zoyambirira. Kuphatikiza pa ntchito yokongoletsa, kusinthaku kulinso ndi gawo lothandiza. Chowonadi ndi chakuti mitundu ina ya malo ndiyosalala kwambiri, ndipo chikanjochi chikakokedwa, dalaivala amafunika kuyesetsa mwamphamvu kutembenuza mawilo. Kugwiritsa ntchito chinthu china kudzakuthandizani kuti mukhale kosavuta kugwirizira ma handlebars.

Kuyendetsa magudumu: chovala choluka kapena chikopa

Chifukwa china chothandizirako ndikubisa momwe galimoto ilili. Galimoto ikagulidwa kumsika wachiwiri, kuwongolera chiwongolero ndichinthu choyamba chomwe chikuwonetsa zaka zake. Komanso, ngati atagwiritsa ntchito zinthu zakuda, makulidwe a chiwongolero amatha kusintha kwambiri.

Chinthu china chothandiza chomwe chimapangitsa oyendetsa magalimoto ena kuganizira za kuwongolera magudumu ndi chitetezo chagalimoto. Pogwiritsa ntchito chinthu chapadera cha polyurethane, kuluka kumakhala kosalala. Pakachitika ngozi, zoyendetsa pagalimoto zimayamwa.

Ndipo chinthu chomaliza: kwa driver paulendo, chitonthozo sichofunikira kwenikweni kwa omwe akukwera. Chiongolero chikakhala chosangalatsa kukhudza, woyendetsa amasangalala kuyendetsa. Ngati zinthuzo ndizabwino kwambiri, ndiye kuti manja azigwira gudumu molimbika kuposa kugwiritsa ntchito analogue yotsika mtengo.

Kuchotsa chiwongolero. Kodi ndiyenera kuwombera?

Mwachidule, mutha kugwira ntchito yonse osachotsa chiwongolero. Komabe, kuti mugwire bwino ntchito, muyenera kumangocheza. Cholinga chake ndikuti kukoka kumafuna msoko womaliza, womwe ma aesthetics amaikidwa bwino mkati mwa gudumu. Izi zitha kuchitika bwino pokhapokha chiwongolero chikachotsedwa.

Kuyendetsa magudumu: chovala choluka kapena chikopa

Nazi zinthu zomwe ziyenera kuganiziridwa kuti izi zitheke popanda kuwononga galimoto:

  1. Pamaso kuchotsa gudumu, m'pofunika kuti de-mphamvu pa bolodi dongosolo makina. Izi ndizofunikira ngati galimoto ili ndi ma airbags. Mukachotsa chomalizacho kuchokera pa batri, muyenera kudikirira pafupifupi mphindi 5, kenako ndikutsitsa.
  2. Timasunthira kuyimitsidwa kwa chikuto chowongolera (awa ndi ma bolt awiri omwe ali kumbuyo). Zikhala zosavuta kuchita izi ngati zitazungulira madigiri 90 mbali.
  3. Timabwezeretsa chiwongolero momwe chidalili. Chotsani kulumikizana ndi airbag.
  4. Tamasula mtedza wapakati. Musanachotse gudumu, muyenera kuyika malo oyikiranso.
  5. A pang'ono malangizo kukuthandizani kusunga mano. Osachotsa kwathunthu mtedza wapakati. Iyenera kungofooketsedwa.
  6. Kumbali yakumbuyo, nthawi yomweyo mugunditse chiwongolero ndi manja athu kuti ichoke pamalowo. Mitundu ina yamagalimoto imafuna kukoka njirayi.
  7. Kuti apange gudumu pamalo amodzi pomwe ulusi ukusokedwa, umatha kukhazikika pambali (zing'onozing'ono zokha zamatabwa ziyenera kuikidwa pakati pamalonda ndi milomo yazitsulo yachitsulo).

Njira zolimbitsa chiwongolero

Pali njira ziwiri zokha zolimbitsa chiwongolero:

  • Tsankho. Njirayi imaphatikizapo kuphimba magawo ena a chiwongolero.
  • Malizitsani. Izi zimawonedwa kuti ndizowononga nthawi yambiri, chifukwa mawonekedwe a gudumu amatha kukhala ndi mawonekedwe angapo oti agwire bwino. Zimatengera luso kuti muzizungulira bwino zinthu zonsezi. Mufunikiranso zinthu zomwe zingakumbukire zosayenerera zonse za malonda.
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Kuyendetsa magudumu: chovala choluka kapena chikopa

Pazokakamira pang'ono, mutha kugula zida zoyendetsera magalimoto m'sitolo yamagalimoto. Ngati mukufuna kukhala opanga, ndiye kuti muyenera kupanga template musanadule zolowetsamo zikopa.

Njira yachangu kwambiri ndikugwiritsa ntchito ulusi wopangidwa kale. Mukusintha koteroko, mabowo olumikiza adapangidwa kale. Ngati mukukayikira kudalirika kwa ulusi womwe waperekedwa, mutha kugwiritsanso ntchito chingwe chowedza. Chofunikira kwambiri posankha kabokosi ndikuti muyese kukula kwa chiwongolero choyamba.

Kupalasa chikopa

Kusankha uku kumawoneka bwino kwambiri. Komabe, zotsatira zake zabwino kwambiri ndizotheka ngati ntchitoyo yachitidwa ndi katswiri. Njira yachangu kwambiri yothanirana ndi izi ndi mu studio yomwe imapereka izi. Komabe, mtengo wamakono otere udzakhala wokwera kwambiri kuposa ngati woyendetsa galimoto adachita yekha.

Kuyendetsa magudumu: chovala choluka kapena chikopa

Ubwino wa kuwongolera gudumu ndi chikopa:

Ubwino wake ndi izi:

  • Choyamba, khungu limawoneka labwino. Ngati mkati mwake muli chikopa, ndiye kuti chiwongolero chokhala ndi chofanana chimagwirizana ndi mawonekedwe amgalimoto onse.
  • Nkhaniyi imatambasula bwino. Izi zimalola kuti chikopa chikhale chogwiritsidwa ntchito pamakola osagwirizana.
  • Mutha kusankha mtundu kapena mthunzi wazinthuzo.
  • Ndi chisamaliro choyenera, khungu lachikopa limatha nthawi yayitali.

Zoyipa zamagetsi zowongolera:

Kuti palibe amene angaganize kuti kumata kwa zikopa ndi njira yabwino yopangira chiwongolero, timazindikira zovuta za njirayi:

  • Mtengo wake umakhala wokwera kwambiri kuposa zouma zama wheel wheel. Popeza ntchitoyi iyenera kuchitidwa ndi katswiri, pafupifupi ndalama zomwezo zidzafunika zomwe zinagulidwa pogula zinthuzo. Nthawi zambiri, zimakhala zotsika mtengo kupita kumalo ogulitsa magalimoto ndikukagula chiwongolero chatsopano.
  • Khungu "silipuma" bwino, motero pamwamba pake pamakhala chinyezi. Chotambala chikachotsedwa, chiongolero sichingayende popanda chivundikiro chowonjezera.
Kuyendetsa magudumu: chovala choluka kapena chikopa

Kuwongolera chiwongolero

Chivundikiro chowongolera chimawerengedwa kuti ndi bajeti yofananira ndi njira zomwe zidachitika kale. Ichi ndi chivundikiro chokonzekera, chomwe chimapangidwa kwamitundu ingapo yamagudumu. Choyikiracho chiziphatikizanso kulumikizana, komwe msoko wapakati umapangidwira. Anthu ambiri amakonda zinthu zotere, chifukwa amapangidwa kuchokera kuzinthu zotsika mtengo, komanso amakhala ndi mitundu yambiri.

Ngakhalenso akatswiri sangakwanitse kukhazikitsa chikuto chowongolera. Pachifukwa ichi, sikofunikira kuchotsa gudumu lokha. Komabe, ntchitoyi ikuyenera kuchitidwa moyenera. Kupanda kutero, cholakwacho chimakhala chowonekera kwambiri kwa woyendetsa nthawi iliyonse, zomwe zimakwiyitsa kwambiri. Ngakhale, pali oyendetsa galimoto omwe samasamala zazing'onozi.

Ubwino wa chikuto chowongolera

Kuyendetsa magudumu: chovala choluka kapena chikopa

Ubwino wamtundu wamakonzedwe amkati mwagalimoto ndi monga:

  • Mtengo wololera;
  • Fast msonkhano / disassembly;
  • Mutha kuyiyika nokha;
  • Palibe chifukwa chowonjezera ntchito yochotsera chiwongolero ndikulepheretsa chikwama cha mpweya.

Zoyipa za chivundikiro

  • Nthawi zambiri zitsanzo zotere ndizapadziko lonse lapansi, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti nthawi zambiri sizingaganizire mawonekedwe amtundu woyendetsa.
  • Ngati mukufuna kubisa cholakwika cha ma spokes ndi kuluka koyenera, izi sizigwira ntchito, chifukwa zida zoterezi zilibe zopangira ma spokes. Kwenikweni, amangophimba mkombero.
  • Pankhani yampangidwe wampangidwe wovuta, ulusi wapadziko lonse sudzawoneka wokongola monga momwe amafunira poyamba.
  • Ngakhale pali ma pallet osiyanasiyana, malo ogulitsira mwina sangakhale ndi zokutira zamtundu zomwe zikufunika.
  • Ngakhale kulibe kuyika akatswiri, ntchito yomwe yachitika koyamba idzawonekera pomwepo.
  • Chifukwa cha kusakhazikika, kachetechete katsika msanga, komwe driver amakumana ndi zovuta zambiri. Koma ngakhale zinthu zatsopano zimawononga chisangalalo choyendetsa moonekera. Pakangopita kanthawi kochepa, ulusi umapindika, ndichifukwa chake umayenera kuwongoleredwa nthawi zonse, ndipo poyenda umatha kukhala wowopsa.
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Chisamaliro

Ngati zinthu zopangidwazo zikuwonongeka msanga, mosasamala kanthu za chisamaliro chake, ndiye kuti zinthu ndizosiyana ndi analogue yachikopa. Zowonjezera zake zitha kupitilizidwa ngati mutagwiritsa ntchito njira yosavuta yosungira zinthu zachilengedwe. Werengani zambiri zakusamalira zinthu zachikopa mkatikati mwagalimoto. m'nkhani yapadera.

Kuyendetsa magudumu: chovala choluka kapena chikopa

Mosiyana ndi mipando, chiongolero chachikopa chimayamba kudetsa mwachangu, chifukwa chimagwirana ndi manja a anthu nthawi zonse. Phulusa, thukuta, dothi - zonsezi zimathandizira kutsekera kwa zibowo za chikopa. Pambuyo pake, sikungowoneka kokha kwa gudumu. Kuwonongeka kotereku sikosangalatsa kukhudza, chifukwa musachedwe kuchotsa.

Poterepa, mutha kugwiritsa ntchito zotsukira zikopa zilizonse. Njira yotsika mtengo kwambiri ndiyo kuchepetsa shampu yamagalimoto m'madzi ofunda. Kwa nthawi yomwe galimoto idzaimikidwa kapena m'galimoto, chiwongolero chiyenera kuthandizidwa ndi wothandizila wina yemwe amasungunula khungu komanso amaletsa fumbi kuti lisakwere pores.

Kodi kuli kotani kukoka chiwongolero

Kuti muchite ntchito yolimbitsa chikopa bwino, mulimonsemo, chiwongolero chiyenera kuchotsedwa. Izi zidzakupangitsani kukhala kosavuta kupanga msoko wamkati wokongola. Palibe zofunika zapadera pakusankha malo omwe njirayi ichitikire. Chinthu chachikulu ndikuti imayatsa bwino, ndipo khungu silimasukanso kuzizira.

Kuyendetsa magudumu: chovala choluka kapena chikopa

Ena oyendetsa galimoto amachepetsa chiwongolero mgalimoto. Ngati ntchitoyo yachitika ndi wosakhala waluso, ndiye kuti izi zimawononga ndalama. Ndi bwino pankhaniyi kulumikizana ndi malo ogulitsa magalimoto.

Dzipangitseni nokha kuyendetsa matayala

Chifukwa chake, ngati lingaliro lapangidwa kuti amalize chodulira chogwiritsira ntchito, nazi malangizo othandiza. Choyamba, muyenera kusankha momwe khungu limapangidwira. Njira yoyamba ndiyosavuta. Chotengera chopitilira chikutengedwa, chojambula chimapangidwa, chomwe chimayikidwa pamphepete (ndipo, ngati zingafunike, pa singano).

Njira yachiwiri ndikugwiritsa ntchito zophatikizika ndizoyika zingapo. Njirayi ndiyabwino kwambiri kwa akatswiri, motero ndibwino kuyitanitsa kuchokera ku studio. Tiyeni tikhale pa njira yoyamba. Ngakhale ndizosavuta kumaliza, ili ndi ma nuances angapo ofunika kuwalingalira.

Sankhani zofunikira

Chinthu choyamba ndicho kusankha pazinthu zodula. Khungu ndilobwino kwa izi. Ena amagwiritsa ntchito njira ina ya Alcantara, koma ndiyokwera mtengo kwambiri ndipo imafunikira luso.

Kuyendetsa magudumu: chovala choluka kapena chikopa

Nayi malamulo ofunikira kutsatira posankha kudula khungu:

  • Amafuna zinthu zachilengedwe, osati leatherette. Chikopa chimakhala cholimba, ndipo pamwamba pake chimakhala cholimba. Sifunika kuti isinthidwe pafupipafupi, ndipo imamva bwino mukamakhudza.
  • Zinthu zowoneka bwino (ngakhale ndizodalirika) ndizovuta kugwira nawo ntchito. Zikopa zotere ndizovuta kupyoza ndipo sizikukwanira pamwamba pake moyenera. Ndi analogi yopyapyala, zonse ndizosiyana - zimatambalala bwino, koma zimatha msanga. Pachifukwa ichi, ndikofunikira kuyang'ana pazosankha zapakati. Makulidwe abwino kwambiri ndi ma millimeter 1,3.
  • Khungu liyenera kukonzekera bwino. Kupanda kutero, zidzakhala zovuta komanso osatambasulanso. Kuti zinthuzo zizitsatira bwino magudumu, ziyenera kukhala zotanuka.
  • Ndikosavuta kugwira ntchito ndi zinthu zopangidwa ndi perforated. Zimapangitsanso chitonthozo pamene mukuyendetsa. Komabe, analogi yopanda zonunkhira itenga nthawi yayitali.

Zida ndi zipangizo

Kuphatikiza pazinthu zazikuluzikulu, mufunikiranso zofunikira monga ulusi wa nayiloni, tepi yobisa, makatoni osakanikirana, komanso filimu yolumikizana.

Kuyendetsa magudumu: chovala choluka kapena chikopa

Pazida, muyenera:

  • Singano yolimba ya gypsy. Makulidwe ake ayenera kusankhidwa molingana ndi makulidwe a ulusiwo;
  • Thimbles;
  • Chikhomo, pensulo kapena cholembera. Chachikulu ndikuti zilembo zimatha kuchotsedwa pambuyo pake;
  • Ntchito yomanga mpeni.
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Chitsanzo

Gawo loyamba pakukongoletsa chiwongolero ndikupanga dongosolo loyenera. Tiyeni tiwone momwe tingachitire izi ngati titha kuchotsa chiongolero mzati:

  1. Timasokoneza chiwongolero munthawi yomwe tafotokozayi. Ndi kovuta kuti pakhale malangizo enieni, chifukwa kulumikiza kwa lamuloli ndikosiyana ndi mitundu yambiri yamagalimoto. Pachifukwa ichi, ndibwino kuti muzisewera mosamala ndikuyang'ana malangizo ogwiritsira ntchito makina;
  2. Chotsani khungu lakale (ngati lilipo). Kuti muchite izi, ndikwanira kuyenda mosamala pamphepete ndi mpeni;
  3. Pogwiritsa ntchito filimu yolumikizira, timakulunga mkombero wonse. Ichi ndiye maziko a pulojekitiyi. Wowonjezerawo ndi wosanjikiza, bwino;
  4. Kukutira tepi ya masking pafilimu yodyerako. Pamapeto pake, jambulani pomwe pali msoko wapakati. Momwemonso, mutha kuyika zolemba pazolowera zikopa zamtundu wina, zomwe zimasokedwa kansalu kamodzi ndi gawo lalikulu;
  5. Timadula bwino molingana ndi zolemba. Pachifukwa ichi, mpeni uyenera kukhala wakuthwa momwe ungathere;
  6. Timayika mawonekedwe omalizidwa pansi pa katundu kuti agwirizane. Izi nthawi zambiri zimatenga pafupifupi maola 8;
  7. Tsopano makatoni akuda amabwera moyenera. Timayika zopanda pake papepala, ndikujambula mozungulira ndi pensulo kapena cholembera. Komabe, sitepe iyi ndiyotheka. Ngati mutagwira ntchito mosamala, ndiye kuti tepi ya scotch idzakhala yokwanira;
  8. Chitsanzocho chimagwiritsidwa ntchito pachidutswa chachikopa. Ngati ndi chinthu cholimba, ndiye kuti cholembedwacho chidzakhala cholimba, koma nthawi zambiri mapangidwe amalingaliro amapangidwira poyambira. Nthawi zambiri pamakhala zinayi: ziwiri pamlingo wa 10/14, ndipo zina ziwiri pamlingo wa 8/16, ngati tingagawanitse nthambizo mu kuyimba kwa ola limodzi. Ndikofunika kuwerengera izi kuti musasokere zigawo zosayenera. Ndiyeneranso kuganizira kuti ndi bwino kusoka tsatanetsatane kuti msokowo ukhale kumbuyo kwa chivundikirocho. Pachifukwa ichi, malire ochepa ayenera kupangidwa, omwe amayenera kulembedwa ndi pensulo. Kupanda kutero, malonda amakhala akulu, koma nthawi zambiri amakhala ocheperako chifukwa cha msoko wowonjezera.
Kuyendetsa magudumu: chovala choluka kapena chikopa

Pakadali pano, mtunduwo ndi wokonzeka. Tsopano tiyeni tiyambe kupanga chivundikirocho.

Njira zokutira

Kuti mudziwe bwino, muyenera maluso osokera. Ndibwino kuti musayambe ntchitoyi popanda iwo. Kupanda kutero, pali kuthekera kwakukulu kowononga zomwe zagulidwa.

Choyamba, mbali yakutsogolo ya chithunzicho, timapanga zofananira mozungulira pomwe ulusiwo udutsa. Ziyenera kuchitika patali pafupifupi mamilimita awiri kuchokera m'mphepete mwake. Mukayamba kusokera pafupi, zidutswazo zidzang'ambika, zomwe zimawononga zotsatira zomaliza mukakoka.

Kuyendetsa magudumu: chovala choluka kapena chikopa

Kenako, timasunga mosamala zonse pamodzi. Musaope kuti creaseyo ikhoza kukhala yokulirapo pang'ono. Izi zidzalola kuti chivundikirocho chikokedwe zolimba, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti ulusiwo ukwane bwino m'mphepete mwake.

Pambuyo pake, ndondomekoyi ikuchitika motere:

  • Timavala mphete yachikopa yomalizidwa pamphepete;
  • Timagawira zinthuzo mosamala pamwamba pa chiwongolero, kuti mapangidwe asadzapangidwe mtsogolo. Ma cutout adalumikizidwa kuti agwirizane ndi mawonekedwe a chiwongolero;
  • Pofuna kuteteza chivundikirocho kuti chisatembenuke panthawi yosoka, epoxy kapena guluu akhoza kugwiritsidwa ntchito m'mphepete mwake. Pambuyo pake, nkhaniyo idzauma, koma ikakhala kuti siyuma, khola limatha kusamutsidwa ngati kuli kofunikira;
  • Timasoka m'mphepete mwa mitundu yamtundu, yomwe ikufotokozedwa muvidiyo ili pansipa. Zowona, zipsera zomwe tidapanga pasadakhale ndizothandiza;
  • Mukamalowa m'mbali, kokerani chikopa mosamala kuti ulusi usasweke;
  • Musaope kuti zingwe zazing'ono zimapangidwa panthawi yotambasula. Zinthuzo "zikafooka", zovuta izi zidzakonzedwa.

Umu ndi momwe mungapangire msoko wokongola pokongoletsa chiwongolero:

Dzipangitseni nokha kuyendetsa matayala. Kuphunzira kusoka macrame ndi masewera. Maphunziro a Master.

Chifukwa chake, ngati galimoto ili ndi chiongolero chokha, chomwe ndi chovuta kwambiri kupeza, ndiye kuti mutha kugwiritsa ntchito njira yotsika mtengo - kumangiriza chiwongolero ndi chikopa. Nthawi zina, mutha kugwiritsa ntchito njira yosankhira bajeti - chivundikiro cha onse kapena kukhazikitsa chiwongolero chosiyana.

Pomaliza, penyani kanema waufupi wamomwe mungakwaniritsire chiongolero ndi choluka chopangidwa kale:

Zolakwitsa 5 posintha chikuto. ... Momwe mungalukire chiwongolero. Chinese kuluka pa chiwongolero
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