Kuyendetsa galimoto Toyota Corolla: nkhani ikupitirira

Kuyendetsa galimoto Toyota Corolla: nkhani ikupitirira

Chiyeso chathu choyamba ndi mtundu watsopano wa bestseller

Kaya munthu ali m'gulu la mafani a Toyota Corolla kapena mosemphanitsa, palibe kukayika kuti mtunduwu ndikofunikira pamakampani apadziko lonse lapansi. Chifukwa ndiye mtundu wogulitsa kwambiri m'mbiri. Ngakhale mbadwo wachisanu ndi chiwiri wa Corolla usanafike pamsika, ma unit opitilira 45 miliyoni am'mbuyomu adagulitsidwa. Chowonadi ndichakuti mtundu uliwonse wamakina ophatikizika aku Japan ndi chinthu china chosiyana, chifukwa chake ngati tifunikira kuyang'anitsitsa funso loti ndi galimoto iti yomwe imagulitsidwa kwambiri m'mbiri yonse, mphothoyo imatha kupatsidwa "kamba . " "Pafupifupi VW, chifukwa kwazaka zambiri zopangidwa, sinasinthe kwenikweni kaya kapangidwe kapena ukadaulo. Pazochitika zonsezi, Corolla apitilira wopikisana naye wachitatu wa VW Golf. Corolla yabwereranso mwanjira yatsopano - mtundu wophatikizika womwe wakwanitsa kukopa anthu padziko lonse lapansi pafupifupi mofanana kumayiko onse kwazaka zopitilira theka, atakonzeka kuchita zatsopano.

Maonekedwe osiyana kwambiri

Mtundu watsopanowu watengera zomwe zimatchedwa Toyota Global Architecture Platform, kapena TNGA mwachidule, zomwe timadziwa kale kuchokera ku C-HR yaying'ono ya SUV komanso mtundu waposachedwa wa mpainiya wosakanizidwa wa Prius. Ogula amatha kusankha pakati pamitundu itatu yayikulu yamthupi - hatchback yolimba, sedan yoyambirira komanso malo ogwirira ntchito. Kukumana kwathu koyamba ndi mtunduwo kunali sedan yopambana kwambiri komanso Prius-yobwereka 122 yamphamvu yamahatchi. Posachedwa tiyesera kugawana nanu malingaliro athu pazosintha zina zamtundu.

Chinthu choyamba chomwe sichingadziwike mu mtundu watsopanowu ndi malo akutsogolo. Tili pafupi kukhala olimba mtima chifukwa chazomwe takhala tikugwiritsa ntchito polakwika ndi Corolla. Kumbali ya galasi yopapatiza kwambiri ya radiator yokhala ndi chrome yozungulira pali ma nyali omwe ali ndi mdima wokhala ndi chithunzi chakuthwa, ndipo bampala wakutsogolo umawunikidwa ndi zenera lalikulu. Zinthu zowonekera kutsogolo kwa bampala wakumbuyo, wokumbutsa za boomerang, zimawonetsedwa ndi chrome element, ndipo mtundu wosiyana pang'ono ukhoza kupezeka kumbuyo kwa galimoto. Silhouette wokhala ndi kutsetsereka kwakumaso ndi chakumaso chakutsogolo, chosongoka kumbuyo, komanso chitsulo chocheperako chrome, mwanjira inayake imadzutsa mayanjano ndi ma sedan a Toyota omwe amafunidwa pamsika waku America, womwe ndi chinthu chosiyanitsa kwambiri ndi omwe akupikisana nawo ku Old Continent.

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Mulingo wapamwamba wa zida zikuphatikiza kuphatikiza kosangalatsa kwa pulasitiki wofewa, lacquer wa piano ndi chikopa. Mipando yosinthika pamanja imapereka chithandizo chabwino cha lateral ndi lumbar. Malo amkati pamlingo wodziwika bwino. Voliyumu ya boot ya malita 361 siyabwino kwambiri, koma izi mwina ndi zotsatira zakumanga batiri pansi.

Popeza Toyota idapanga lingaliro kuti isapereke injini za dizilo m'mizere yambiri, kuphatikiza Corolla, cholinga chake chimakhala pa hybrids. Kuphatikiza pa makina odziwika bwino omwe ali ndi injini ya 1,8 litre komanso kutulutsa kokwanira kwa 122 hp. Mtunduwu umapezekanso ndi injini yatsopano ya malita 180 ya hp. dongosolo mphamvu. Mwina chifukwa cha ziyembekezo za ogula sedan osasamala, pakadali pano amaperekedwa kokha ndi mtundu wosakanizidwa wosakanizidwa kapena ndi injini yoyaka mkati ya lita imodzi (1,6-litre turbocharged mumitundu ina yamthupi), ndipo chosakanizidwa champhamvu kwambiri chimakhalabe chofunikira kwambiri kwa hatchback ndi station wagon.

M'mawu amtundu wa Toyota, dzina loti CVT likadalipo, ngakhale (kale kale la ma hybrids a Toyota) kuyendetsa komwe kumayendetsa magudumu awiri amagetsi ndi zida zamagetsi sikukhudzana ndi kufalitsa kosiyanasiyana. Kugwiritsa ntchito kwake ndikuti kufalitsa kumapereka kuyendera kwa mafuta osadutsa magawo angapo, monga momwe zimakhalira, zotengera zodziwikiratu zokha ndi ma gearbox a DSG.

Mphamvu zakuthandizira kwa "mphamvu" ndi "mphira" m'makina atsopano zimachepetsedwa, koma osati zochepa, pamtundu wa 1.8. M'madera akumatauni, a Corolla amadzimva kuti ali kunyumba ndipo amapezerapo mwayi pa mphamvu zake zosakanikirana, kuyendetsa mwakachetechete, ndalama zambiri komanso nthawi zambiri. Komabe, pa njanji, monga kale, mphamvu zikuwoneka ngati zosafunikira kwenikweni, ndipo pokweza, injini nthawi zambiri imafulumira mpaka 4500-5000 rpm, zomwe zimabweretsa kuwonongeka kwakukulu pamiyambo. Njira yopitilira kapena kufunikira kwina kothamangitsanso mwachangu siyosiyana kwambiri. Zikatero, kumwa, komwe kuphatikizika koyesaku kunali malita 5,8 pamakilomita zana, ndipo mzindawu udatsika mosavuta pansi pa magawo asanu, kumakulirakulira ndikufika pamitengo yoposa 7 l / 100 km. Mbali inayi, ndikofunikanso kutchulanso kuti kusintha pakati pamitundu yosiyanasiyana yoyendetsa mabuleki, kubwereranso kuchipatala, magetsi osakanikirana kapena oyera ndi ogwirizana komanso osawoneka konse.

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Khalidwe lamphamvu kwambiri pamisewu

Kugwira Corolla kwatsopano pamakona ndi umboni wokwanira wamakhalidwe amthupi wokhala ndi mphamvu zowonjezera 60% - galimoto imawalandira ndi kufunitsitsa komanso chidaliro kuposa kale. Kuyimitsidwa ndi chingwe cha MacPherson kutsogolo ndi kulumikizana kwakumbuyo kumbuyo, ndipo ma dampers osinthika amapezekanso ngati njira, pomwe Corolla imayamba kuwonetsa mawonekedwe osafanana ndi mtundu wa Toyota. China chomwe chimapangitsa kuyendetsa galimoto kukhutiritsa ndikuti mainjiniya a Toyota atha kuthana ndi zosakhazikika, nthawi zina kusakhazikika kwa mabuleki kumamvera awo osakanizidwa - ndi Corolla yatsopano, kusintha pakati pamagetsi ndi ma braking oyenera kulibe. osawoneka, chifukwa chake mumkhalidwe uliwonse mumakhala otetezeka.

Ponena za mitengo, Toyota inali yololera: mitengo yama sedan osakanikirana kuyambira 46 mpaka 500 leva, kutengera kusintha, kwa hatchback yokhala ndi malitala awiri atsopano - kuyambira 55 mpaka 500 leva, komanso ngolo yotsika mtengo kwambiri 57. Mtundu wosakanizidwa wokhala ndi denga lowonekera umagulitsidwa pafupifupi ma leva 000. Corolla yotsika mtengo kwambiri ndi hatchback yokhala ndi injini ya 60-litre turbo kuyambira pa BGN 000. Kapena sedani yokhala ndi injini ya 2.0-lita yachilengedwe yomwe imafunanso chimodzimodzi.

Zolemba: Bozhan Boshnakov

Zithunzi: Toyota

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