Moyo wama batri agalimoto

Zamkatimu

Chidutswa chilichonse cha zida zamagalimoto chimakhala ndi moyo wake womwe, ndipo batri limakhala chimodzimodzi. Nthawi imeneyi idzakhala yosiyana kutengera zinthu zingapo komanso momwe batire limagwirira ntchito. Kuphatikiza apo, muyeso wamachitidwewu umadalira kwambiri mtundu wa batire lenilenilo.

Nthawi yayitali yamagalimoto yamagwiritsidwe payokha ndi zaka 3-5.

Mtundu uwu ndiwosankhika. Ndi malingaliro osamala komanso kutsatira malamulo onse ogwiritsira ntchito, chizindikirochi chitha kupitilizidwa mpaka zaka 6 - 7. Moyo wama batire wamagalimoto omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito mwalamulo (opatsidwa, mwachitsanzo, ku kampani yonyamula kapena taxi) amatsimikiziridwa molingana ndi GOST ndipo ndi miyezi 18 yokhala ndi mtunda wopitilira 60 km.

Moyo wama batri agalimoto
Tiyeni tiwone zinthu zazikulu zomwe zimakhudza moyo wa batri lagalimoto.

Kutentha kwakunja

Kugwiritsa ntchito batri kutsika kwambiri (<-30 C) kapena kutentha kwambiri (<+30 C) kumakhudza kwambiri moyo wa batri. Pachiyambi choyamba, batri limazizira ndipo kuyendetsa kwake kumachepa chifukwa chakuchulukirachulukira kwa electrolyte. Zotsatira zake, mphamvu ya batri imachepa. Kutentha kumachepa pansi pa + 15 C pamlingo uliwonse wotsatira, mphamvu ya batri imatsika ndi 1 Ampere-ola limodzi. Kachiwiri, kutentha kwakukulu kumapangitsa kuti madzi otentha ochokera ku electrolyte mu batri, omwe amatsitsa mulingo pansi pamlingo wofunikira.

Kugwira ntchito kwa makina opangira (jenereta)

Chotsatira chomwe chimachepetsa kwambiri moyo wa batri ndikumakhala nthawi yayitali (kumaliseche kwakukulu). Chimodzi mwazinthu zofunikira kuwonetsetsa kuti moyo wa batri watalika ndi njira yothandizira yokwanira, chinthu chachikulu chomwe ndi jenereta. Pansi pa momwe imagwirira ntchito, imapanga mphamvu zamagetsi zomwe zimafunikira ndi magetsi kuti zibwezeretsenso moyenera.

Kupanda kutero, izi zimapangitsa batiri kukhala lotayika kwamuyaya, lomwe limapangitsa kuti mapale azikhala osungunuka (kutulutsa sulphate yoyendetsa batire ikatuluka). Ngati batri imakhala yosungidwa nthawi zonse, sulifting imakulirakulira, zomwe pamapeto pake zimachepetsa mphamvu ya batriyo mpaka itatha.

Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Momwe mungasinthire mavuvu a cardan agalimoto?

Kukhazikika kwa wolandila woyang'anira

Chofunikiranso ndikuti mphamvu yolandirana yamagetsi, yomwe imateteza batire kuti isakule kwambiri. Kulephera kwake kumatha kubweretsa kutentha kwa zitini ndi kuwotcha kwa ma electrolyte, komwe kumatha kuyambitsa kanthawi kochepa ndikuwononga batri. Komanso, dera lalifupi limatha kuchitika pomwe ma putty a mbale amagwera m'kati mwa bokosi la batri, lomwe lingayambitsidwe, makamaka, chifukwa cha kugwedera (mwachitsanzo, poyendetsa msewu).

Kutayikira kwamakono

Chifukwa china chotsogolera batire kuti chikutulutsidwe mwachangu ndi kuchuluka kwazomwe zilipo pakadali pano. Izi zitha kuchitika ngati zida za ena sizinalumikizidwe molondola (mwachitsanzo, zokuzira mawu, ma alamu, ndi zina zambiri), komanso ngati zingwe zamagetsi zamagalimoto zatha kapena zadetsedwa kwambiri.

Moyo wama batri agalimoto

Chikhalidwe cha ulendowu

Mukamayenda maulendo ang'onoang'ono pagalimoto komanso maimidwe aatali pakati pawo, batireyo silingalandire chokwanira chokwanira pantchito yake. Kuyendetsa uku ndikofala kwambiri kwa anthu akumatauni kuposa oyendetsa magalimoto omwe amakhala kunja kwa mzindawo. Kuperewera kwa mphamvu yama batire kudzawonekera makamaka mukamayendetsa mozungulira mzinda m'nyengo yozizira.

Kuyamba kwapafupipafupi kumayendera limodzi ndikuphatikizira zida zowunikira komanso kugwiritsa ntchito magetsi, chifukwa chake mphamvu yamagalimoto ilibe nthawi yobwezeretsanso ndalama zonse paulendowu. Chifukwa chake, pansi pazomwe zikugwirazi, moyo wa batri umachepa kwambiri.

Kukonzekera kwa batri

Kutseka kwa batri ndi gawo lofunikira, lomwe limakhudzanso moyo wake wautumiki. Ngati batiri silinakhazikike bwino, ndiye kuti galimotoyo ikamayenda mozungulira, imatha kuwuluka mosavuta m'malo mwake, yomwe ili ndi kuwonongeka kwa zinthu zake. Palinso chiopsezo chofupikitsa malo omaliza motsutsana ndi mkati mwa thupi. Kugwedezeka kwamphamvu komanso kudodometsa kumapangitsanso kuti pulasitala ichotse pang'onopang'ono ndikuwononga vuto la batri.

Momwe mungakulitsire moyo wa batri yamagalimoto anu

Moyo wamagetsi umakulitsidwa ndikusamalira mosamala zida zomwe zikugwirizana. Kuti mukulitse kwambiri moyo wa batri, ndikofunikira kuti muzidziwike nthawi ndi nthawi ndikuchita zina zosavuta pansipa.

  • Poyambitsa injini m'nyengo yozizira, yatsani magetsi a masekondi 20-30. Izi zipangitsa kuti batri lizitentha msanga;
  • Ngati muli ndi galimoto yopatsira kutulutsa, pangani zovuta kuti muyambitse injiniyo mwa kukanikiza ngo zowalamulira;
  • Siyani galimoto ikuyenda mphindi 5 mpaka 10 kuti mubwezeretse bateri mukamaliza ulendo wanu. Poterepa, ndikofunikira kuti muzimitse zamagetsi;
  • Kuti muwonjeze moyo wa batri ndikuletsa kutulutsidwa kwake kamodzi pa theka la mwezi, yendetsani galimoto kwa mphindi zopitilira 40;
  • Yesetsani kupewa maulendo ndi batri lotulutsidwa kapena "lotsekedwa" pang'ono;
  • Musalole kuti batiri litulutse zoposa 60%. Pofufuza zolipiritsa nthawi ndi nthawi, mumaonetsetsa kuti batri ndi lodalirika ndipo potero mumakulitsa nthawi yothandizira;
  • Nthawi ndi nthawi yang'anani bokosi la batri ndikuyeretsa malo kuchokera ku oxide ndi dothi;
  • Ikani batiri kwathunthu kamodzi pamwezi. Mphamvu yabwino ndi pafupifupi ma volts a 12,7. Ikani batiri miyezi itatu iliyonse kapena kupitilira apo ndi chojambulira pakhoma. Batire lomwe limakhalabe ndi vuto nthawi zonse silingatengeke ndi njira ya sulfation;
  • Moyo wama batri agalimoto
  • Konzani mawonekedwe oyatsira ndi injini. Onetsetsani kuti injini imayamba nthawi zonse poyesa koyamba. Izi zichepetsa kuchepa kwa mphamvu ya batri, kukhathamiritsa makina opangira nawonso ndikuwonjezera moyo wa batri;
  • Pofuna kupewa kuwonongeka kwa batri, chepetsani kuthamanga kwa magawo owonongeka amsewu. Khazikitsani batri mosamala pamalo osungidwira;
  • Ngati galimoto yayimilira kwa nthawi yayitali, tikulimbikitsidwa kuti tichotse batiri mmenemo, kapena kuti tichotseretu galimotoyo.
Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  powonjezerera

Kuphatikiza pa njira zodzitetezerazi, yang'anani magawo a batri otsatirawa pafupipafupi momwe mungathere.

Momwe mungayang'anire batire yamagetsi

Mtengo wamagetsi pamagetsi a batri uyenera kuyang'aniridwa m'njira ziwiri: pabwalo lotseguka komanso panthawi yomwe batire imagwirizanitsidwa ndi dera (poyendetsa injini, zamagetsi ndi chitofu chatsegulidwa). Chifukwa chake, mulingo wa batire lenilenilo komanso momwe ntchito yakukhathamiritsa kwa batire ndi jenereta imasanthulidwira. Mphamvu yamagetsi pamlandu wachiwiri iyenera kukhala pakati pa 13,5-14,5 V, yomwe izikhala chisonyezo cha magwiridwe antchito a jenereta.

Moyo wama batri agalimoto

Zithandizanso kuwunika momwe kutayikira kukukulira. Injini itaduka komanso zamagetsi zamagetsi zikulemala, zofunikira zake ziyenera kukhala mkati mwa 75-200 mA.

Mphamvu ya Electrolyte

Mtengo uwu umadziwika molondola momwe batire limayang'anira ndipo amayesedwa pogwiritsa ntchito hydrometer. Kudera lanyengo yapakatikati, kuchuluka kwa batire yamagetsi ndi 1,27 g / cm3. Mukamagwiritsa ntchito batri m'malo ovuta kwambiri, mtengowu ungakwere mpaka 1,3 g / cm3.

Mulingo wa Electrolyte

Pofuna kuwongolera mulingo wa electrolyte, magalasi owonekera kapena machubu apulasitiki amagwiritsidwa ntchito. Ngati batriyo silisamalira, ndiye kuti chizindikirochi chitha kuweruzidwa ndi zizindikilo zake. Onetsetsani kuchuluka kwa ma electrolyte pafupipafupi (kamodzi pakatha milungu iwiri iliyonse). Mulingo umatengedwa ngati mtengo wa 10-15 mm pamwamba pamaelekitirodi. Mulingo ukagwa, onjezerani kuchuluka kwa madzi omwe asungidwamo.

Moyo wama batri agalimoto

Mukamatsatira malamulo osavutawa, mutha kuwonjezera moyo wa batri wanu ndikupewa kulephera msanga.

Moyo wa batri. Kodi kulipiritsa bwino batire?

Mafunso ndi Mayankho:

Kodi batire limakhala zaka zingati? Avereji ya moyo wa batire la asidi wotsogolera ndi chaka chimodzi ndi theka mpaka zaka zinayi. Ngati itayendetsedwa bwino ndikulipitsidwa, imatha kupitilira zaka zisanu ndi chimodzi.

Kodi mabatire amgalimoto amatha nthawi yayitali bwanji? Pafupifupi, mabatire agalimoto amatha zaka zitatu kapena zinayi. Ndi chisamaliro choyenera, zida zoyenera komanso kulipiritsa koyenera, zitha pafupifupi zaka 8.

Ndi mabatire ati omwe amakhala nthawi yayitali? AGM. Mabatirewa amatha kugwira ntchito nthawi yayitali ngakhale m'mikhalidwe yovuta ndipo amakhala ndi zolipiritsa / zotulutsa nthawi 3-4. Komanso, iwo ndi okwera mtengo kwambiri.

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