Machitidwe a TSC, ABS ndi ESP. Mfundo yogwirira ntchito

Zamkatimu

Magalimoto amakono akuyamba kukhala anzeru komanso otetezeka. N'zosatheka kuganiza kuti galimoto yatsopano idzakhala yopanda ABS ndi ESP. Chifukwa chake, tiyeni tiwone bwino zomwe zidule pamwambapa zikutanthauza, momwe zimagwirira ntchito ndikuthandizira oyendetsa kuyendetsa bwino.

Kodi ABS, TSC ndi ESP ndi chiyani?

Pali mfundo zodziwika bwino pakati pa machitidwe a ABS, TCS ndi ESP okhudzana ndi kukhazikika kwa galimoto munthawi yovuta (kuyimitsa mwamphamvu, kuthamanga mwamphamvu ndi kutsetsereka). Zida zonse zimawunika momwe galimoto ikuyendera panjira ndipo zimalumikizidwa munthawi yake ngati kuli kofunikira. Ndikofunikanso kuti galimoto yokhala ndi mayendedwe ochepera ochepetsa kuchepa kwa mwayi wopeza ngozi kangapo. Zambiri pazokhudza dongosolo lililonse.

Machitidwe a TSC, ABS ndi ESP. Mfundo yogwirira ntchito
Anti-loko ananyema System

Anti-loko Braking System (ABS)

Anti-lock braking system ndi imodzi mwazida zoyambira zamagetsi zomwe zimalepheretsa magudumu kutsekedwa m'misewu yonyowa komanso yoterera, komanso pomwe mabuleki amafinyidwa modzidzimutsa. Zosavuta
ABS ili ndi zinthu zotsatirazi:

  • gawo loyang'anira lomwe lili ndi gawo loyang'anira lomwe limagawira anzawo;
  • masensa othamanga othamanga ndi magiya.

Masiku ano makina odana ndi zotchinga amagwirira ntchito limodzi ndi njira zina zotetezera magalimoto.

Machitidwe a TSC, ABS ndi ESP. Mfundo yogwirira ntchito

Samatha dongosolo kulamulira (TSC)

Samatha kutulutsa ndikuwonjezera kwa ABS. Izi ndizovuta za pulogalamu yaukadaulo yomwe imalepheretsa kuyendetsa kwamagalimoto panthawi yoyenera. 

Machitidwe a TSC, ABS ndi ESP. Mfundo yogwirira ntchito

Pulogalamu yamagetsi yamagetsi (ESP)

ESP ndi njira yamagetsi yoyendetsera kukhazikika kwamagalimoto. Idakhazikitsidwa koyamba mu 1995 pa Mercedes-Benz CL600. Ntchito yayikulu pakadali pano ndikuwongolera magwiridwe antchito am'galimoto, kuilepheretsa kutsetsereka kapena kutsetsereka mbali. ESP imathandizira kukhalabe kolimba, osachoka pamsewu osaphimbidwa bwino, makamaka kuthamanga kwambiri.

Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Momwe Dynamic Traction Control imagwirira ntchito

Momwe ntchito

ABS

Pamene galimoto ikuyenda, masensa oyendetsa magudumu akugwira ntchito nthawi zonse, kutumiza mbendera ku gawo loyang'anira la ABS. Mukasindikiza chopondera, ngati mawilo sakutsekedwa, ABS sigwira ntchito. Gudumu limodzi likangoyamba kutchinga, gawo la ABS limalepheretsa pang'ono kupezeka kwa madzi osungunuka, ndipo gudumu limazungulira ndi mabuleki afupipafupi, ndipo izi zimamveka bwino ndi phazi tikakanikizira pobowo. 

Mfundo yogwiritsira ntchito anti-lock braking system idakhazikitsidwa chifukwa chakuwongolera mwamphamvu, chifukwa popanda ABS, chiwongolero chikazunguliridwa ndi mabuleki athunthu, galimotoyo ipitabe patsogolo. 

ESP

Kukhazikika kwadongosolo kumagwira ntchito polandila zambiri kuchokera pama sensa ozungulira omwewo, koma dongosololi limafunikira chidziwitso kuchokera pagawo loyendetsa. Kupitilira apo, ngati galimoto ikazembera, pamakhala chiopsezo chodumphadumpha, ESP imaletsa pang'ono mafuta, potero amachepetsa kuthamanga, ndipo imagwira ntchito mpaka galimotoyo ipitirire molunjika.

TCS

Njirayi imagwira ntchito molingana ndi mfundo za ESP, komabe, sizingowonjezera kuthamanga kwa injini, komanso kusintha mawonekedwe oyatsira.

Machitidwe a TSC, ABS ndi ESP. Mfundo yogwirira ntchito

Ndi chiyani china chomwe "anti-slip setting" chingachite?

Lingaliro loti ma anti-anti amakulolani kuyendetsa galimoto ndikutuluka pa snowdrift ndilolakwika. Komabe, dongosololi limathandizabe nthawi zina:

  • pachiyambi chakuthwa. Zothandiza makamaka pagalimoto zoyenda kutsogolo zokhala ndi ma-axles oyenda mosiyanasiyana, pomwe poyambira mwamphamvu galimoto imabweretsa kumanja. Apa anti-skid imayamba, yomwe imasokoneza mawilo, ndikufananitsa kuthamanga kwake, komwe kumathandiza makamaka pa phula lonyowa pakafunika kugwira bwino;
  • chipale chofewa. Zachidziwikire kuti mwayendetsa m'misewu yonyansa kangapo, chifukwa pambuyo pa apainiya amseu wachisanu, njanji imatsalira, ndipo ngati inali galimoto kapena ngakhale SUV, ndiye kuti idzasiya njira yayikulu mu "chidutswa" chachisanu pakati pa mawilo. Mukadutsa galimoto, kuwoloka njirayo, galimotoyo imatha kuponyedwa pomwepo pamseu kapena kupindika. Antibuks amatsutsa izi pogawa molondola makokedwe ndi magudumu a injini;
  • ngodya. Potembenukira, pamsewu woterera, galimoto imatha kuzungulira mozungulira pakadali pano. Zomwezo zimagwiranso ntchito poyenda panjira yayitali, pomwe poyendetsa pang'ono pagudumu mutha "kuwuluka" kulowa mdzenje. Antibuks amalowererapo nthawi iliyonse ndikuyesera kuyendetsa galimoto momwe angathere.
Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Chipangizo ndi mfundo yogwiritsira ntchito kuyimitsidwa kwa mpweya

Kodi kufala kwachangu kumatetezera motani?

Pakufalitsa, kupezeka kwa njira zingapo zachitetezo kumathandizira. Izi ndi zoona makamaka kwa kufala zodziwikiratu, amene aliyense Pepala, kuipitsa mafuta ndi avale linings mikangano, amachepetsa gawolo. Izi zikugwiranso ntchito pakusintha kwa makokedwe, komwe "kumavutikanso" poterera.

Pogwiritsa ntchito makina oyendetsa galimoto, magalimoto oyenda kutsogolo, kusiyanako kumalephera kutsika, ndiye kuti ma satelayiti "amamatira" pazida zoyendetsedwa, pambuyo pake kuyenda kwina sikungatheke.

Mfundo zoyipa

Makina othandizira amagetsi amakhalanso ndi mbali zoyipa zomwe zidayamba kugwira ntchito:

  • malire a makokedwe, makamaka akafunika kuthamanga mwachangu, kapena woyendetsa akaganiza zoyesa "mphamvu" yagalimoto yake;
  • M'magalimoto oyendetsera ndalama, makina a ESP ndiosakwanira, pomwe galimoto imangokana kuchoka pachipale chofewa, ndipo makokedwewo adadulidwa osachepera.
Machitidwe a TSC, ABS ndi ESP. Mfundo yogwirira ntchito

Kodi ndingazimitse?

Magalimoto ambiri okhala ndi antibux ndi machitidwe ena ofanana amachititsa kuti ntchitoyo iwonongeke mokakamizidwa ndi kiyi pazenera. Opanga ena samapereka mwayi uwu, kulungamitsa njira zamakono zachitetezo chachitetezo. Poterepa, mutha kupeza fyuzi yomwe imayang'anira kuyendetsa kwa ESP ndikuchotsa. Chofunika: polepheretsa ESP motere, ma ABS ndi makina ena ofanana amatha kusiya kugwira ntchito, chifukwa chake ndibwino kusiya lingaliro ili. 

Mafunso ndi Mayankho:

Kodi ABS ndi ESP ndi chiyani? ABS ndi anti-lock braking system (imalepheretsa mawilo kutseka pamene akuwomba). ESP - dongosolo la kukhazikika kwa mtengo wamtengo wapatali (salola kuti galimoto ipite ku skid, kuswa mawilo oyenera).

Kodi ABS EBD imatanthauza chiyani? EBD - Electronic brakeforce distribution. Iyi ndi njira, gawo la dongosolo la ABS, lomwe limapangitsa kuti mabasiketi adzidzidzi azikhala otetezeka komanso otetezeka.

Kodi batani mugalimoto ya ESP ndi chiyani? Ili ndi batani lomwe limatsegula njira yomwe imakhazikika pagalimoto pamalo oterera. Pazovuta kwambiri, dongosololi limalepheretsa kutsetsereka kumbali kapena kutsetsereka kwagalimoto.

Kodi ESP ndi chiyani? Izi ndi dongosolo bata kulamulira, amene ali mbali ya dongosolo braking okonzeka ndi ABS. ESP paokha mabuleki ndi gudumu ankafuna, kuteteza galimoto skidding (adamulowetsa osati pa braking).

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