Mapasa Turbo dongosolo

Zamkatimu

Ngati injini ya dizilo ili ndi turbine mwachisawawa, ndiye kuti injini yamafuta imatha kuchita popanda turbocharger. Komabe, m'makampani amakono agalimoto, turbocharger yamagalimoto simawonedwanso kuti ndi yachilendo (mwatsatanetsatane za mtundu wa makina ake ndi momwe amagwirira ntchito, akufotokozedwa m'nkhani ina).

Pofotokozera mitundu yatsopano yamagalimoto, zotchedwa biturbo kapena twin turbo zimatchulidwa. Tiyeni tiwone mtundu wamtunduwu, momwe umagwirira ntchito, momwe ma compressors amatha kulumikizidwira. Pamapeto pa kuwunikaku, tikambirana za zabwino ndi zoyipa za mapasa a turbo.

Kodi Twbo Turbo ndi chiyani?

Tiyeni tiyambe ndi terminology. Mawu akuti biturbo nthawi zonse amatanthauza kuti, choyamba, iyi ndi injini yamtundu wa turbocharged, ndipo kachiwiri, ndondomeko ya jekeseni wokakamiza muzitsulo idzaphatikizapo ma turbines awiri. Kusiyana pakati pa biturbo ndi twin-turbo ndikuti poyamba ma turbine awiri osiyana amagwiritsidwa ntchito, ndipo kachiwiri ndi ofanana. Bwanji - tidzazilingalira pambuyo pake.

Kufunitsitsa kuchita bwino pamipikisano kwatsogolera opanga magalimoto kufunafuna njira zowongolera magwiridwe antchito amtundu woyaka wamkati popanda kulowererapo pakupanga kwake. Ndipo yankho lothandiza kwambiri linali kuyambitsa chowonjezera chowonjezera cha mpweya, chifukwa chake voliyumu yayikulu imalowa m'miyeso yamphamvu, ndikuwonjezera mphamvu kwa chipangizocho.

Mapasa Turbo dongosolo

Iwo omwe adayendetsa galimoto yokhala ndi injini yamagetsi kamodzi pa moyo wawo adazindikira kuti mpaka injiniyo itapitirira liwiro linalake, mphamvu zagalimoto yotereyi ndi yaulesi, kuyiyika pang'ono. Koma turbo ikangoyamba kugwira ntchito, kuyankha kwa injini kumakula, ngati kuti nitrous oxide yalowa munthawiyo.

Kukhazikika kwa makinawa kudalimbikitsa akatswiri kuti aganizire zopanga kusintha kwina kwama turbines. Poyambirira, cholinga cha njirazi chinali kuthana ndi zotsatirazi, zomwe zidakhudza magwiridwe antchito (werengani zambiri za izi kubwereza kwina).

Popita nthawi, turbocharging idayamba kugwiritsidwa ntchito pochepetsa mafuta, koma nthawi yomweyo imathandizira magwiridwe antchito amkati oyaka. Kukhazikitsa kumakupatsani mwayi wokulitsa makokedwe. Chotupitsa chachikale chimakulitsa kuthamanga kwa mpweya. Chifukwa cha izi, voliyumu yayikulu imalowa mu silinda kuposa ya aspirated, ndipo kuchuluka kwa mafuta sikusintha.

Chifukwa cha njirayi, kupanikizika kumawonjezeka, yomwe ndi imodzi mwamagawo ofunikira omwe amakhudza mphamvu yamagalimoto (momwe mungayezere, werengani apa). Popita nthawi, okonda kuyendetsa magalimoto sanakhutirenso ndi zida za fakitaleyo, motero makampani amakono amakono azamagalimoto anayamba kugwiritsa ntchito njira zosiyanasiyana zolowetsa mpweya muzitsulo. Chifukwa chokhazikitsidwa ndi makina ena opanikizira, akatswiri adakwanitsa kukulitsa kuthekera kwa magalimoto.

Mapasa Turbo dongosolo

Monga kusintha kwina kwa turbo yamagalimoto, makina a Twin Turbo adawonekera. Poyerekeza ndi chopangira tayinjini, kuyika uku kumakupatsani mwayi woti muchotseko mphamvu zochulukirapo kuchokera ku injini yoyaka yamkati, ndipo kwa okonda kuyendetsa okha magalimoto kumawonjezeranso mwayi wokweza galimoto yawo.

Kodi twin turbo imagwira ntchito bwanji?

Injini yodziwika bwino yolakalaka imagwira ntchito pojambula mu mpweya wabwino pogwiritsa ntchito zingwe zopangidwa ndi ma pistoni mu njira yolowera. Kutuluka kumayenda munjirayo, mafuta ochepa amalowamo (ikakhala injini yamafuta), ngati ndi galimoto ya carburetor kapena mafuta obayidwa chifukwa cha ntchito ya injector (werengani zambiri za zomwe mitundu yamafuta okakamizidwa).

Kupanikizika kwa mota motere kumadalira magawo azitsulo zolumikizira, voliyumu yamphamvu, ndi zina zambiri. Ponena za chopangira chopangira chophatikizika, chogwira ntchito pakuyenda kwa mpweya wotulutsa mpweya, mpweya wake umakulitsa mpweya wolowa muzipilala. Izi zimapangitsa kuti injini zizigwira ntchito bwino, popeza mphamvu zambiri zimatulutsidwa panthawi yoyaka mafuta osakanikirana ndi ma torque.

Mapasa Turbo dongosolo

Mapasa turbo amagwira ntchito chimodzimodzi. M'dongosolo lino lokha ndiye momwe zotsatira za "kulingalira" kwa mota zimathetsedweratu pomwe mphepo yamagetsi ikuzungulira. Izi zimatheka mwa kukhazikitsa njira yowonjezera. Kompresa yaying'ono imathandizira kuthamanga kwa chopangira mphamvu. Dalaivala akakanikiza ngochotsa mafuta, galimoto yotere imathamanga kwambiri, chifukwa injini nthawi yomweyo imakhudzidwa ndi zomwe dalaivala amachita.

Ndikoyenera kutchula kuti njira yachiwiri m'dongosolo lino ikhoza kukhala ndi kapangidwe kosiyana ndi kagwiritsidwe ntchito. Mukutulutsa kwapamwamba kwambiri, chopangira tinthu tating'onoting'ono timazunguliridwa ndi mpweya wotsika pang'ono, motero kumawonjezera kutsika komwe kukubwera pang'onopang'ono, ndipo injini yoyaka yamkati siyenera kusinthidwa mpaka kumapeto.

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Makina oterewa adzagwira ntchito molingana ndi chiwembu chotsatira. Injini ikayamba, pomwe galimoto siyimilira, imagwira ntchito mwachangu. Munjira yolowera, kuyenda kwachilengedwe kwa mpweya wabwino kumapangidwa chifukwa cha zingalowe muzitsulo. Izi zimathandizidwa ndi chopangira mphamvu chaching'ono chomwe chimayamba kuzungulira mozungulira otsika. Izi zimapereka kuwonjezeka pang'ono pakukoka.

Pamene crankshaft rpm ikukwera, utsi umakhala wolimba kwambiri. Pakadali pano, chowonjezerapo chocheperako chimazungulira kwambiri ndipo mpweya wambiri wotulutsa mpweya umayamba kukhudza gawo lalikulu. Ndi kuwonjezeka kwa liwiro la kuthamanga, mpweya wochulukirapo umalowa m'malo ogwiritsira ntchito chifukwa chothamangitsidwa kwambiri.

Kulimbikitsana kumachotsa kusinthasintha kwamphamvu komwe kumapezeka m'ma dizilo akale. Pa liwiro lapakatikati la injini yoyaka yamkati, pomwe turbine yayikulu ikungoyamba kupota, chowonjezera chaching'ono chimafikira kuthamanga kwambiri. Mpweya wambiri ukalowa silindayo, mpweya wa utsi umayamba kukula, ndikuyendetsa chonyamulira chachikulu kwambiri. Makinawa amachotsa kusiyana kwakukulu pakati pa makokedwe othamanga a injini ndikuphatikizika kwa chopangira mphamvu.

Mapasa Turbo dongosolo

Injini yoyaka yamkati ikafika pachangu kwambiri, kompresa imafikiranso pamlingo wochepa. Kapangidwe kazipangizoka kamapangidwa kuti cholinga chophatikizira chowonjezera chachikulu chithandizire mnzake mnzake kuti asadzaza kwambiri.

Makina awiri apakompyuta amagwiritsira ntchito makina opanikizika omwe sangakwaniritsidwe ndimachiritso wamba. M'maginito okhala ndi ma turbines achikale, nthawi zonse pamakhala turbo lag (kusiyana kwakukulu pakati pa mphamvu yamagetsi pakati pakufikira kuthamanga kwake kwakukulu ndi kuyatsa chopangira mphamvu). Kulumikiza kompresa yaying'ono kumatha kutulutsa izi, ndikupereka mphamvu yosalala yamagalimoto.

Mukupanga ma turbocharging, makokedwe ndi mphamvu (werengani zakusiyana pakati pamaganizowa m'nkhani ina) yamagetsi imayambira pamizere yayikulu kuposa yamagalimoto ofanana ndi chowonjezera chimodzi.

Mitundu yamakina owonjezera okhala ndi ma turbocharger awiri

Chifukwa chake, lingaliro la magwiridwe antchito a turbocharger latsimikizira kuti lingathandize pakuwonjezera mphamvu yamagetsi popanda kusintha kapangidwe kake ka injiniyo. Pachifukwa ichi, mainjiniya ochokera m'makampani osiyanasiyana apanga mitundu itatu yamapasa turbo. Mtundu uliwonse wamakonzedwe udzakonzedwa mwanjira yake, ndipo udzakhala ndi machitidwe osiyana pang'ono.

Lero, mitundu yotsatirayi yama turbocharging imayikidwa mgalimoto:

  • Ofanana;
  • Kusagwirizana;
  • Anaponda.

Mtundu uliwonse umasiyanasiyana mukulumikizana kwa omwe akuwombera, kukula kwake, nthawi yomwe aliyense wa iwo adzagwiritsidwe ntchito, komanso mawonekedwe a kukakamizidwa. Tiyeni tiganizire mtundu uliwonse wamakina padera.

Chithunzi cholumikizira chophatikizira

Nthawi zambiri, mtundu wofananira wa turbocharging umagwiritsidwa ntchito mu injini zokhala ndi V-zozungulira ngati silinda. Zipangizo zamtunduwu ndi izi. Turbo imodzi imafunika pa gawo lililonse lamphamvu. Amakhala ndi miyeso yofanana komanso amayenda mofanana.

Mpweya wotulutsa uwo umagawidwa mofananira mundawo wa utsi ndikupita ku turbocharger iliyonse kuchuluka kwake. Njirazi zimagwira ntchito mofananamo ndi injini ya mu intaneti yokhala ndi chopangira chimodzi. Kusiyana kokha ndikuti mtundu uwu wa biturbo uli ndi owombetsa awiri ofanana, koma mpweya wochokera kwa aliyense wa iwo sunagawidwe pamagawo, koma umangobayidwa pafupipafupi pagawo lodyera.

Mapasa Turbo dongosolo

Ngati tiyerekeza chiwembu chotere ndi makina amagetsi amodzi mu mzere wamagetsi, ndiye kuti mapangidwe amapasa awa ali ndi ma turbine awiri ang'onoang'ono. Izi zimafunikira mphamvu zochepa kuti zizungulire oyendetsa. Pachifukwa ichi, ma supercharger amalumikizidwa liwiro locheperako kuposa turbine imodzi yayikulu (inertia yocheperako).

Dongosololi limathetsa kupangika kwa turbo lag, komwe kumachitika pamakina oyaka amkati okhala ndi chowotcha chimodzi.

Kuphatikiza koyenera

Mndandanda wa mtundu wa Biturbo umaperekanso kukhazikitsa kwa ziwombankhanga ziwiri zofanana. Ntchito zawo zokha ndizosiyana. Makina oyamba amachitidwe oterewa adzagwira ntchito mpaka kalekale. Chida chachiwiri chimalumikizidwa ndi mtundu wina wa injini (pamene katundu wake ukuwonjezeka kapena liwiro la crankshaft likukwera).

Kuwongolera mumachitidwe otere kumaperekedwa ndi zamagetsi kapena mavavu omwe amakhudzidwa ndikakamizidwa kamtsinjewo. ECU, molingana ndi ma algorithms omwe adapangidwa, imasankha kuti igwirizane ndi kompresa yachiwiri ndi liti. Galimoto yake imaperekedwa popanda kuyatsa injini iliyonse (makinawo amagwirabe ntchito pokhapokha pakakakamiza mpweya wamafuta). Gawo loyang'anira limathandizira oyendetsa makina omwe amayendetsa kayendedwe ka mpweya wotulutsa utsi. Pachifukwa ichi, mavavu amagetsi amagwiritsidwa ntchito (m'njira zosavuta, awa ndi mavavu wamba omwe amakhudzidwa ndimphamvu yomwe ikuyenda), yomwe imatsegula / kutsegulira kufufuma kwachiwiri.

Mapasa Turbo dongosolo
Kumanzere, mfundo yogwiritsira ntchito liwiro lotsika ndi lapakatikati la injini yoyaka yamkati ikuwonetsedwa; Kumanja - dera pa ma revs, pamwambapa.

Gawo loyang'anira likatsegulira kwathunthu kufikira kwa gawo lachiwiri, zida zonse zimagwirira ntchito chimodzimodzi. Pachifukwa ichi, kusinthaku kumatchedwanso kuti serial-parallel. Kugwira ntchito kwa owombelera awiriwa kumapangitsa kuti pakhale mpweya wambiri womwe ukubwera, chifukwa operekera awo amalumikizidwa ndi thirakiti limodzi lolowera.

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Poterepa, ma compressor ang'onoang'ono amakhazikikanso kuposa machitidwe wamba. Izi zimachepetsanso kuchepa kwa mphamvu ya turbo komanso zimapangitsa kuti makokedwe azikhala ochepa pamphamvu zama injini.

Mtundu uwu wa biturbo umayikidwa pamagawo awiri amagetsi a dizilo ndi mafuta. Kapangidwe ka dongosololi limakupatsani mwayi kuti musayike ngakhale awiri, koma ma compressor atatu omwe amalumikizana motsatana. Chitsanzo cha kusinthidwa kotere ndi chitukuko cha BMW (Triple Turbo), yomwe idaperekedwa mu 2011.

Gawo lothandizira

Makina amapukutu amapasa amawerengedwa kuti ndi mapasa apamwamba kwambiri. Ngakhale idakhalapo kuyambira 2004, mitundu iwiri yamagalimoto yayikulu kwambiri yatsimikizira kuti ndi yothandiza kwambiri. Twin Turbo iyi imayikidwa pamitundu ina ya injini za dizilo zopangidwa ndi Opel. Mnzake wa Borg Wagner Turbo Sistems 'wopitilira muyeso amaphatikizika ndi ma injini ena oyaka moto a BMW ndi Cummins.

Dongosolo la turbocharger limakhala ndi ma supercharger awiri osiyana. Amayikidwa motsatana. Kutuluka kwa mpweya wotulutsa mpweya kumayang'aniridwa ndi ma electro-valves, omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito pamagetsi (palinso ma valve amagetsi omwe amayendetsedwa ndi kukakamizidwa). Kuphatikiza apo, dongosololi limakhala ndi mavavu omwe amasintha komwe akutuluka. Izi zithandizira kuyambitsa chopangira chachiwiri, ndikuzimitsa yoyamba, kuti isalephere.

Njirayi ili ndi mfundo zotsatirazi. Valavu yodutsa imayikidwa munthawi zambiri za utsi, zomwe zimadula kutuluka kwa payipi kupita ku chopangira mphamvu. Injini ikayamba kuthamanga rpm, nthambi iyi imatsekedwa. Zotsatira zake, utsi umadutsa mu turbine yaying'ono. Chifukwa cha kuchepa kwa inertia, makinawa amapereka mpweya wowonjezera ngakhale pamitengo yotsika ya ICE.

Mapasa Turbo dongosolo
1. Kuziziritsa mpweya ukubwera; 2.Bypass (kuthamanga valavu yolambalala); Gawo 3.Turbocharger kuthamanga; 4.Low kuthamanga gawo turbocharger; 5. Cholowera valavu cha dongosolo la utsi.

Kenako kuyenderera kumadutsa pamphamvu yayikulu yamagetsi. Popeza masamba ake amayamba kuzungulira nthawi yayitali mpaka mota ikafika pa liwiro lapakatikati, makina achiwiriwo amakhalabe osayenda.

Palinso valavu yolambalala munjira yodyetsera. Pafupipafupi, imatsekedwa, ndipo mpweya umayenda popanda jekeseni. Dalaivala akamakulitsa injiniyo, chopangiracho chimakuluka kwambiri, kukulitsa kupanikizika kwa kapangidwe kake. Izi zimawonjezera kukakamizidwa kwa mpweya wotulutsa utsi. Pakapanikizika pamzere wotulutsa utsi, zinyalala zimatsegulidwa pang'ono, kotero kuti turbine yaying'ono ikupitilizabe kuzungulira, ndipo kutuluka kwake kumapita kwa wophulitsira wamkuluyo.

Pang'ono ndi pang'ono, chowombera chachikulu chimayamba kuzungulira. Pamene liwiro la crankshaft likukwera, njirayi imakulirakulira, zomwe zimapangitsa valavu kutseguka kwambiri ndipo kompresa imazungulira kwambiri.

Injini yoyaka mkati ikafika pa liwiro lapakatikati, chopangira mphamvu chaching'ono chimayamba kale kugwira ntchito, ndipo chowotcha chachikulu chayamba kumene kupota, koma sichinafike pazipita. Pakugwira gawo loyamba, mpweya wotulutsa mpweya umadutsa pamtunda wa makina ang'onoang'ono (pomwe masamba ake amazungulira pamakina olowetsa), ndikuwachotsa kuti athandizire kupyola masamba a kompresa wamkulu. Pakadali pano, mpweya umayamwa kudzera pampanipani wa kompresa wamkulu ndikudutsa pamagalasi ocheperako.

Pamapeto pa gawo loyamba, zinyalala zatsegulidwa kwathunthu ndipo utsi wotuluka kale watsogozedwa kwathunthu kuchitetezo chachikulu. Njirayi imazungulira mwamphamvu kwambiri. Njira yolambalalitsira idakhazikitsidwa kotero kuti chowomberapo chaching'ono sichitha kwathunthu panthawiyi. Cholinga chake ndikuti liwiro lapakatikati komanso lokwera kwambiri la turbine lalikulu likafikiridwa, limapanga mutu wolimba kwambiri kotero kuti gawo loyamba limangolepheretsa kuti alowe muzitsulo bwino.

Mapasa Turbo dongosolo

Gawo lachiwiri lakukakamiza, mpweya wotulutsa mpweya umadutsa pafupi ndi chimphepo chaching'ono, ndipo kuyenda komwe kumabwera kumayendetsedwa mozungulira makina ang'onoang'ono - molunjika muzipilala. Chifukwa cha kachitidwe aka, opanga makina akwanitsa kuthetsa kusiyana kwakukulu pakati pa makokedwe apamwamba pamphindi wocheperako komanso mphamvu yayikulu akafika pachimake pa liwiro la crankshaft. Izi zakhala zikugwirizana nthawi zonse ndi injini iliyonse yodziwika bwino ya dizilo.

Ubwino ndi kuipa kwa turbocharging wapawiri

Biturbo siyimayikidwa kawirikawiri pama injini opanda mphamvu. Kwenikweni, izi ndi zida zomwe amadalira makina amphamvu. Pokhapokha ngati izi ndizotheka kutenga chiwonetsero chabwino cha torque kale pama revs apansi. Komanso, kukula kwakanthawi kwa injini yoyaka kwamkati sikulepheretsa kuwonjezera mphamvu yamagetsi. Ndiyamika twin turbocharging, mafuta abwino chuma zimatheka poyerekeza ndi mnzake mwachilengedwe aspirated, amene amakhala mphamvu zofanana.

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Kumbali imodzi, pali phindu kuchokera ku zida zomwe zimakhazikitsa njira zazikulu kapena kuwonjezera luso lawo. Koma, kumbali inayo, njira zoterezi zilibe zovuta zina. Ndipo mapasa turbocharging sichoncho. Kachitidwe kameneka sikangokhala ndi zinthu zabwino zokha, komanso zovuta zina, zomwe oyendetsa magalimoto ena amakana kugula magalimoto oterowo.

Choyamba, ganizirani zaubwino wa dongosololi:

  1. Ubwino waukulu wa dongosololi ndikuthetsa turbo lag, komwe kumafanana ndi injini zonse zoyaka zamkati zokhala ndi chopangira wamba;
  2. Injini imasinthira pamagetsi yamagetsi mosavuta;
  3. Kusiyanitsa pakati pa makokedwe apamwamba ndi mphamvu kumachepetsedwa kwambiri, chifukwa pakuwonjezera kuthamanga kwa mpweya mu kayendedwe kabwino, ma newtons ambiri amakhalabe opezeka pa liwiro lalitali la injini;
  4.  Imachepetsa mafuta omwe amafunikira kuti akwaniritse mphamvu yayikulu;
  5. Popeza mphamvu zowonjezera zagalimoto zimapezeka pama liwiro apansi a injini, dalaivala sayenera kuti azizunguliza kwambiri;
  6. Pakuchepetsa katundu pamakina oyaka mkati, mavitamini amachepetsedwa, ndipo kuzirala sikugwira ntchito mochulukirapo;
  7. Mpweya wotulutsa sikuti umangotulutsidwa m'mlengalenga, koma mphamvu ya njirayi imagwiritsidwa ntchito phindu.
Mapasa Turbo dongosolo

Tsopano tiyeni tiwone zovuta zoyipa zamapasa turbo:

  • Chosavuta chachikulu ndikumangika kwamakonzedwe azakudya ndi zotulutsa. Izi ndizowona makamaka pakusintha kwatsopano;
  • Zomwezi zimakhudzanso mtengo ndi kukonza kwa dongosololi - momwe makinawo amakhalira ovuta kwambiri, kukonzanso ndikusintha kwakukulu;
  • Chosavuta china chimaphatikizidwanso ndi zovuta za kapangidwe kake. Popeza zimakhala ndi magawo ambiri owonjezera, palinso mfundo zina zomwe zingayambike.

Payokha, tchulani za nyengo yakomweko komwe makina opangira ma turbo amagwiritsidwira ntchito. Popeza malo othamangitsira mafuta nthawi zina amapota pamwamba pa 10 zikwi pa mphindi, amafunikira mafuta apamwamba. Galimoto ikatsalira usiku, mafuta amapita mu sump, motero mbali zambiri za chipindacho, kuphatikiza chopangira mphamvu, zimauma.

Mukayamba injini m'mawa ndikuyigwiritsa ntchito ndi zinthu zabwino popanda kutentha pang'ono, mutha kupha chowonjezeracho. Cholinga chake ndikuti kukangana kowuma kumathandizira kufalikira kwa magawo opaka. Pofuna kuthana ndi vutoli, musanabweretse injini kumalo okwera, muyenera kudikirira pang'ono kuti mafuta aziponyedwa m'dongosolo lonse ndikufika kumadera akutali kwambiri.

M'chilimwe simuyenera kuthera nthawi yochuluka pa izi. Poterepa, mafuta omwe ali pachitsulocho amakhala ndimadzimadzi okwanira kuti pampu izipopera mwachangu. Koma m'nyengo yozizira, makamaka chisanu choopsa, izi sizinganyalanyazidwe. Ndi bwino kukhala ndi mphindi zochepa kutenthetsa dongosololi, kuposa, patangopita nthawi yochepa, kutaya ndalama zabwino kuti mugule chopangira chatsopano. Kuphatikiza apo, ziyenera kutchulidwa kuti chifukwa chakukhudzana pafupipafupi ndi mpweya wotulutsa mpweya, zoyendetsa ma blower zimatha kutentha mpaka madigiri chikwi.

Mapasa Turbo dongosolo

Ngati makinawo salandira mafuta oyenera, omwe amafanana ndi omwe amaziziritsa chipangizocho, ziwalo zake zidzakangana wina ndi mzake zouma. Kupezeka kwa filimu yamafuta kumapangitsa kuwonjezeka kwakukulu kwamatenthedwe, kuwapatsa mphamvu, ndipo chifukwa chake, kuvala kwawo kofulumira.

Kuti muwonetsetse kuti mapasa a turbocharger ali odalirika, tsatirani njira zomwezo monga ma turbocharger ochiritsira. Choyamba, ndikofunikira kusintha mafutawo munthawi yake, omwe sagwiritsidwa ntchito kuthira mafuta kokha, komanso kuziziritsa ma turbines (tsamba lathu nkhani yapadera).

Chachiwiri, popeza oyendetsa ma blower amalumikizana molunjika ndi mpweya wa utsi, mafuta ayenera kukhala okwera. Chifukwa cha ichi, ma kaboni sangapezeke pamasamba, omwe amalepheretsa kusinthasintha kwaulere kwa mphepoyo.

Pomaliza, tikupereka kanema wamfupi wonena zakusintha kwa chopangira mphamvu ndi kusiyana kwawo:

Semyon angakuuzeni! Mapasa TURBO kapena SINGLE wamkulu? Makina anayi pamayendedwe? Nyengo yatsopano yaumisiri!

Mafunso ndi Mayankho:

Ndi chiyani chomwe chili chabwino bi-turbo kapena twin-turbo? Izi ndi makina opangira turbocharging. M'ma motors okhala ndi biturbo, turbo lag imasinthidwa ndipo mphamvu zothamangira zimasinthidwa. Mu dongosolo la twin-turbo, zinthu izi sizisintha, koma ntchito ya injini yoyaka mkati imawonjezeka.

Kodi pali kusiyana kotani pakati pa bi-turbo ndi twin-turbo? Biturbo ndi makina olumikizana ndi ma turbine angapo. Chifukwa cha kuphatikizika kwawo motsatizana, dzenje la turbo limachotsedwa pakuthamanga. A twin turbo ndi ma turbine awiri okha owonjezera mphamvu.

Chifukwa chiyani mukufunikira mapasa a turbo? Ma turbines awiri amapereka mpweya wokulirapo mu silinda. Chifukwa cha ichi, recoil kumatheka pa kuyaka kwa BTC - kwambiri mpweya wothinikizidwa yamphamvu yomweyo.

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