Mchitidwe wa ASR ndi chiyani mgalimoto

Zamkatimu

Pamndandanda waukadaulo wamagalimoto amakono, pali zidule zambiri zosamvetsetseka, zomwe zimatchulidwa pazifukwa zina ngati njira yabwino yotsatsa. Mtundu umodzi umakweza dongosolo la ASR, wina umatchula ETS, wachitatu - DSA. Kodi, kwenikweni, akutanthauza chiyani ndipo ali ndi chikoka chotani pa khalidwe la galimoto pamsewu?

Kumasulira mawu achidule

Kodi mwiniwake wa chizindikiro akufuna kunena chiyani, kusonyeza kuti magalimoto ake ali ndi dongosolo la ASR? Mukatanthauzira chidulechi, mumapeza Automatic Slip Regulation, ndipo pomasulira - makina owongolera oyenda okha. Ndipo iyi ndi imodzi mwa njira zodziwika bwino zamapangidwe, popanda zomwe magalimoto amakono samamangidwa konse.

Mchitidwe wa ASR ndi chiyani mgalimoto

Komabe, wopanga aliyense amafuna kuwonetsa kuti galimoto yake ndiyozizira kwambiri komanso yapadera kwambiri, kotero amabwera ndi chidule chake cha dongosolo lake lowongolera.

  • BMW ndi ASC kapena DTS, ndi automakers Bavarian ndi machitidwe awiri osiyana.
  • Toyota - A-TRAC ndi TRC.
  • Chevrolet & Opel - DSA.
  • Mercedes - ETS.
  • Volvo - STS.
  • Range Rover - ETC.

Ndizosamveka kupitiliza mndandanda wazinthu zomwe zili ndi ma aligorivimu omwewo, koma zimasiyana mwatsatanetsatane - ndiko kuti, momwe zimakhalira. Choncho, tiyeni tiyese kumvetsetsa zomwe mfundo ya anti-slip system imachokera.

Momwe ASR imagwirira ntchito

Slip ndi kuwonjezeka kwa chiwerengero cha kusintha kwa imodzi mwa mawilo oyendetsa galimoto chifukwa cha kusowa kwa matayala pamsewu. Kuti muchepetse gudumu, kugwirizana kwa brake kumafunika, kotero ASR nthawi zonse imagwira ntchito limodzi ndi ABS, chipangizo chomwe chimalepheretsa mawilo kutseka pamene akuwotcha. Mwadongosolo, izi zimayendetsedwa ndikuyika ma valve a ASR solenoid mkati mwa mayunitsi a ABS.

Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Kubwereketsa magalimoto ku Ukraine

Komabe, kuyika mpanda womwewo sikutanthauza kuti makinawa amafanana. ASR ili ndi ntchito zina.

  1. Kufanana kwa liwiro la angular la mawilo onse oyendetsa potseka kusiyana.
  2. Kusintha kwa torque. Zotsatira za kubwezeretsa mphamvu pambuyo pa kutulutsidwa kwa gasi zimadziwika kwa oyendetsa galimoto ambiri. ASR imachita chimodzimodzi, koma mumalowedwe odziwikiratu.

Mchitidwe wa ASR ndi chiyani mgalimoto

Zomwe ASR imachita

Kuti akwaniritse ntchito zake, makina owongolera amakoka amakhala ndi masensa omwe amaganizira zaukadaulo ndi machitidwe agalimoto.

  1. Dziwani kusiyana kwa liwiro la angular la kuzungulira kwa mawilo oyendetsa.
  2. Zindikirani kuthamanga kwa galimoto.
  3. Amachita kutsika pamene kuthamanga kwa angular kwa magudumu oyendetsa galimoto kumawonjezeka.
  4. Ganizirani liwiro la kuyenda.

Njira zoyambira za ASR

Wheel braking kumachitika pamene galimoto ikuyenda pa liwiro la zosakwana 60 Km / h. Pali mitundu iwiri yamayankho adongosolo.

  1. Panthawi yomwe gudumu limodzi loyendetsa galimoto likuyamba kutsika - kuthamanga kwake kwa angular kumawonjezeka, valve ya solenoid imayambitsa, kutsekereza kusiyana. Braking kumachitika chifukwa cha kusiyana frictional mphamvu pansi mawilo.
  2. Ngati masensa amtundu wamtunduwu samalembetsa kusuntha kapena kuzindikira kutsika kwake, ndipo mawilo oyendetsa amawonjezera liwiro lozungulira, ndiye kuti lamulo limaperekedwa kuti ayambitse dongosolo la brake. Mawilo amachedwetsedwa ndi kugwirana mwakuthupi, chifukwa cha kukangana kwa ma brake pads.

Ngati liwiro la galimoto ndi oposa 60 Km / h, ndiye makokedwe injini ndi malamulo. Pachifukwa ichi, kuwerengera kwa masensa onse kumaganiziridwa, kuphatikizapo zomwe zimasiyanitsa ma velocities aang'ono a mfundo zosiyanasiyana za thupi. Mwachitsanzo, ngati bampu yakumbuyo iyamba "kuzungulira" kutsogolo. Izi zimakuthandizani kuti muchepetse kuthamanga kwagalimoto komanso kuthamanga, ndipo zomwe zimachitika pagalimoto iyi zimathamanga kwambiri kuposa momwe zimakhalira ndi kuwongolera pamanja. ASR imagwira ntchito poyendetsa injini kwakanthawi kochepa. Pambuyo pobwereranso kwa magawo onse akuyenda kumalo ofananirako, pang'onopang'ono amakula.

Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Mitundu yamagalimoto 10 yomwe imathera nthawi yochuluka muutumiki kuposa panjira

Kanema wokhudza kukhazikika kwa machitidwe ASR, ESP

Kodi ESP, ABS, ASR imagwira ntchito bwanji

Mafunso ndi Mayankho:

Kodi ESP ndi ASR ndi chiyani? ESP ndi njira yamagetsi yoyendetsera galimoto yomwe imalepheretsa galimoto kuti isadutse pamene ikulowera pakona pa liwiro. ASR ndi gawo la dongosolo la ESP (panthawi yothamangira, dongosolo limalepheretsa mawilo oyendetsa kuti asapota).

Kodi batani la ASR ndi chiyani? Popeza dongosololi limalepheretsa mawilo oyendetsa kuti asatengeke, mwachilengedwe, zimalepheretsa dalaivala kuchita zowongolera zoyendetsa. Kuletsa dongosololi kumapangitsa kuti ntchitoyi ikhale yosavuta.

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