Magalimoto okhazikika kwambiri aku Soviet

Zamkatimu

Nthawi yanthawi yayitali yamagalimoto ndi zaka 5 mpaka 10. Pali, zachidziwikire, kusiyanasiyana, monga French Renault 4, yomwe idapangidwa kuyambira 1961 mpaka 1994, Kazembe wa Indian Hindustan, yemwe adapangidwa kuchokera 1954 mpaka 2014, ndipo, kumene, Volkswagen Beetle, yemwe galimoto yake yoyamba idapangidwa mu 1938. ndipo womaliza mu 2003, zaka 65 pambuyo pake.

Komabe, mitundu yama socialist ilinso ndi mndandanda wamphamvu kwambiri pamndandanda wazitsanzo zolimba kwambiri. Malongosoledwe ake ndiosavuta: ku Eastern Bloc, makampani sangakwaniritse zofunikira, ndipo nzika zanjala zamagalimoto zinali zofunitsitsa kugula chilichonse pomwe zikuyenda. Zotsatira zake, zoyeserera za mafakitale kuti zisinthe sizinali zazikulu kwambiri. Chisankho chotsatira chimaphatikizapo magalimoto 14 aku Soviet omwe adapangidwa motalika kwambiri, ena mwa iwo akupangabe. 

Chevrolet niva

Kupanga: zaka 19, zopitilira

Mosiyana ndi malingaliro a ambiri, izi sizopangidwa ndi bajeti ya General Motors. M'malo mwake, galimotoyi idapangidwa ku Togliatti mzaka za m'ma 80s monga VAZ-2123 kuti alandire Niva woyamba (yemwe satha kuchita lero). Kupanga kunayamba mu 2001, ndipo pambuyo pa kugwa kwachuma kwa VAZ, kampani yaku America idagula ufulu wa chizindikirocho ndi chomera chomwe galimotoyo idasonkhanitsidwa.

Mwa njira, kuyambira mwezi watha galimotoyi ikutchedwanso Lada Niva, anthu aku America atachoka ndikubweza ufulu ku dzina la AvtoVAZ. Kupanga kudzapitilira mpaka 2023, ndikupanga mayunitsi opitilira theka miliyoni mpaka pano.

Magalimoto okhazikika kwambiri aku Soviet

GAZ-69

Kupanga: zaka 20

Wodziwika bwino wa Soviet SUV adawonekera koyamba ku Gorky Automobile Plant mu 1952, ndipo ngakhale adasamutsidwira ku chomera cha Ulyanovsk ndikusintha chizindikiro chake ndi UAZ, ndiye kuti galimotoyo sinasinthe. Kupanga kudatha mu 1972 ndipo chomera cha Romanian ARO chiloledwa mpaka 1975.

Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Momwe mungapezere kutuluka kwamafuta mgalimoto

Zonsezi, pafupifupi mayunitsi 600 anapangidwa.

Magalimoto okhazikika kwambiri aku Soviet

GAZ-13 Mphepete mwa Nyanja

Kupanga: zaka 22

Pazifukwa zomveka, galimoto ya maphwando apamwamba sangadabwe ndi kuchuluka kwa mayunitsi omwe apangidwa - pafupifupi 3000. Koma kupanga komweko kumatha zaka 22 osasintha kwenikweni. Mu 1959, pomwe imawonekera koyamba, galimotoyi sinali patali kwambiri ndi mapangidwe aku Western. Koma mu 1981 anali kale dinosaur mwamtheradi.

Magalimoto okhazikika kwambiri aku Soviet

Volga GAZ-24

Kupanga: zaka 24

"Makumi awiri mphambu anayi" - "Volga" yayikulu kwambiri m'mbiri, pafupifupi mayunitsi 1,5 miliyoni amapangidwa. Anakhalabe kupanga kuyambira 1968 mpaka 1992, pamene m'malo mwa akweza GAZ-31029. M'zaka zingapo zapitazi, mtundu wa 24-10 watulutsidwadi ndi injini yatsopano komanso yosinthidwa mkati.

Magalimoto okhazikika kwambiri aku Soviet

GAZ-3102 Volga

Kupanga: zaka 27

Nyanjayi idapangidwira mamembala a Supreme Soviet komanso Politburo; maina ena onse apamwamba amayenera kukhala okhutira ndi GAZ-3102. Kuyambira mu 1981, galimotoyi idangosungidwa kuti izigwiritsidwa ntchito chipani mpaka 1988, ndipo nzika wamba sizinathe kuigula, ndikupangitsa kuti ikhale galimoto yosiririka kwambiri kumapeto kwa USSR. Koma mu 2008, pomwe kupanga kudasiya, palibe chomwe chidatsalira pamtunduwu. Kuyenda kwathunthu sikupitilira zidutswa 156.

Magalimoto okhazikika kwambiri aku Soviet

ZAZ-965

Kupanga: zaka 27

Oyamba "Zaporozhets" ochokera mu mndandanda wa 966 adapezeka mu 1967, ndipo womaliza adachoka pamsonkhano mu 1994. Munthawi imeneyi, galimotoyo idalandira mitundu ingapo yatsopano, monga 968, idalandira injini yamphamvu pang'ono komanso mkati mopitilira muyeso. Koma kapangidwe kake kanali kofanana ndipo anali imodzi mwamagalimoto omaliza omaliza kumbuyo. Okwana pafupifupi mamiliyoni 2,5 mayunitsi opangidwa.

Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Kodi galimoto imagwira ntchito bwanji?
Magalimoto okhazikika kwambiri aku Soviet

VAZ-2104

Kupanga: zaka 28

Mtundu wapadziko lonse wa 2105 wodziwika udawonekera mu 1984, ndipo ngakhale chomera cha Togliatti chidasiya nthawi ina, chomera cha Izhevsk chidapitilizabe kusonkhanitsa mpaka 2012, ndikupangitsa kuti mapangidwe onse akhale mayunitsi 1,14 miliyoni.

Magalimoto okhazikika kwambiri aku Soviet

Lada Samara

Kupanga: zaka 29

Pakati pa zaka za m'ma 1980, VAZ pamapeto pake idachita manyazi kutulutsa ma Fiat aku Italy mzaka za 1960 ndipo idapereka Sputnik ndi Samara yosinthidwa. Kupanga kudachitika kuyambira 1984 mpaka 2013, kuphatikiza zosintha zingapo pambuyo pake monga VAZ-21099. Makope onsewa ali pafupifupi makope 5,3 miliyoni.

Magalimoto okhazikika kwambiri aku Soviet

VAZ-2107

Kupanga: zaka 30

Mtundu wapamwamba "wabwino" wakale wa Lada udawonekera pamsika mu 1982 ndipo udapangidwa mpaka 2012 ndikusintha kochepa kwambiri. Zonse pamodzi, mamiliyoni 1,75 mayunitsi amapangidwa ku mafakitale ku Togliatti ndi Izhevsk.

Magalimoto okhazikika kwambiri aku Soviet

VAZ-2105

Kupanga: zaka 31

Galimoto yoyamba "yosinthidwa" ku chomera cha Togliatti (ndiye kuti, mosiyana ndi kapangidwe kake koyambirira kwa Fiat 124) idawonekera mu 1979, ndipo pamaziko ake idadzapangidwa "station" zinayi "zapamwamba" zisanu ndi ziwiri. Kupanga kudapitilira mpaka 2011, ndi msonkhano ku Ukraine ngakhale Egypt (monga Lada Riva). Makope onse apitilira 2 miliyoni.

Magalimoto okhazikika kwambiri aku Soviet

Masautso-412

Kupanga: zaka 31

412 yopeka idawonekera mu 1967, ndipo mu 1970, pamodzi ndi 408 oyandikira kwambiri, adakwezedwa nkhope. Pa nthawi imodzimodziyo, chitsanzo pansi pa dzina la Izh chikupangidwa ku Izhevsk chosintha pang'ono. Mtundu wa Izhevsk udapangidwa mpaka 1998, magulu onse a 2,3 miliyoni adasonkhanitsidwa.

Magalimoto okhazikika kwambiri aku Soviet

VAZ-2106

Kupanga: zaka 32

M'zaka khumi zoyambirira atawonekera mu 1976, inali mtundu wotchuka kwambiri wa VAZ. Komabe, atasintha, 2106 idapitilizabe kupanga, mwadzidzidzi kukhala galimoto yatsopano yotsika mtengo komanso yotsika mtengo kumayiko omwe kale anali Soviet. Linapangidwa osati Togliatti komanso Izhevsk ndi Sizran, kupanga okwana kuposa 4,3 miliyoni magalimoto.

Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Mamiliyoni Akutupa: Manda A 6 Osadziwika
Magalimoto okhazikika kwambiri aku Soviet

Lada Niva, 4x4

Kupanga: zaka 43 ndikupitilira

Niva woyambayo adawoneka ngati VAZ-2121 mu 1977. Ngakhale wolowa m'malo mwa m'badwo watsopano adapangidwa mu 80s, galimoto yakale ija idapitilizabe kupanga. Ikupangidwabe lero, ndipo posachedwa idatchedwa Lada 4 × 4, chifukwa ufulu wadzina "Niva" anali a Chevrolet. Kuyambira chaka chino, abwerera ku AvtoVAZ.

Magalimoto okhazikika kwambiri aku Soviet

UAZ-469

Kupanga: zaka 48, zopitilira

Galimoto iyi idabadwa ngati UAZ-469 mu 1972. Kenako anadzatchedwa UAZ-3151, ndipo m'zaka zaposachedwapa monyadira otchedwa UAZ Hunter. Kumene, kwa zaka zambiri, galimoto ali zosintha zambiri - injini latsopano, kuyimitsidwa, mabuleki, ndi wamakono mkati. Koma kwenikweni ichi ndi mtundu womwewo wopangidwa ndi opanga Ulyanovsk kumapeto kwa zaka za m'ma 60.

Magalimoto okhazikika kwambiri aku Soviet

Mafunso ndi Mayankho:

Kodi magalimoto odalirika kwambiri ndi ati? Pakati pa zitsanzo opangidwa mu 2014-2015, odalirika kwambiri ndi: Audi Q5, Toyota Avensis, BMW Z4, Audi A3, Mazda 3, Mercedes GLK. Kuchokera pamagalimoto a bajeti ndi VW Polo, Renault Logan, ndipo kuchokera ku ma SUV ndi Rav4 ndi CR-V.

Kodi magalimoto odalirika kwambiri ndi ati? Atatu apamwamba adaphatikizapo: Mazda MX-5 Miata, CX-30, CX-3; Toyota Prius, Corolla, Prius Prime; Lexus UX, NX, GX. Izi ndi zomwe akatswiri ofufuza a magazini ya ku America Consumer Report.

Kodi galimoto yodalirika kwambiri ndi iti? JD Power adachita kafukufuku wodziyimira pawokha pakati pa eni magalimoto ogwiritsidwa ntchito. malinga ndi kafukufukuyu, omwe akutsogolera ndi Lexus, Porsche, KIA.

NKHANI ZOFANANA
Waukulu » nkhani » Magalimoto okhazikika kwambiri aku Soviet

Kuwonjezera ndemanga