Kutalika kwakanthawi kapena koyenda? Maudindo osiyanasiyana

Zamkatimu

Kodi pali kusiyana kotani pakati pa ma transverse ndi longitudinal injini configuration? Dziwani momwe maudindo awiriwa amagwirira ntchito pamagalimoto anu komanso pamapangidwe osiyanasiyana a injini / ma gearbox.

Magalimoto oyenda

Kugawa kumawonetsedwa mofiyira, ndipo bokosi lamagiya ndi zinthu zina zotumizira (shafts, mafundo olumikizana ndi makina, ndi zina zambiri) zimawonetsedwa zobiriwira.

Izi zimachitika pofuna kukweza injini kudutsa galimotoyo, ndiye kuti, mzere wa silinda ndi perpendicular kutalika kwa galimotoyo. Bokosi ndi kugawa kuli m'mbali.

Tidziwike kuti ichi ndiye chida chofala kwambiri pamsika waku France chifukwa cha zabwino zake zambiri:

  • Dongosolo ili limamasula malo ambiri, zomwe zimapangitsa galimotoyi kukhala yosavuta. Kuphatikiza apo, pamitundu yaying'ono, pomwe sentimita iliyonse amawerengera.
  • Kutalika kwa chivundikirocho kumatha kuchepetsedwa kwambiri posunga malo.
  • Kukula kumakhalanso kopanda ndalama

Magalimoto ochulukirachulukira akugwiritsa ntchito njirayi pazifukwa zamtengo wapatali komanso zothandiza potengera kutchuka ... Titha kutchula, mwachitsanzo, BMW 2 Series Active Tourer kapena kalasi ya Mercedes A / CLA / GLA. Magalimoto amatenga mbali zambiri, ngakhale zitakhala kuti sizikusokoneza kugwiritsa ntchito 4X4, powonjezera drivetrain yomwe imatumiza mphamvu kumbuyo.

Kutalika kwakanthawi kapena koyenda? Maudindo osiyanasiyana

159 iyi ndi injini yopingasa yomwe ikadali kutali ndi kutchuka kwa injini ya kutalika kwa Series 3 (kapena C class).

Longitudinal motor

Kutalika kwakanthawi kapena koyenda? Maudindo osiyanasiyana

Mu 4X2

Ndasintha mtundu wa XNUMXWD pano (green drivetrain). Komabe, monga lamulo, mawilo am'mbuyo okha ndi omwe amayendetsedwa ndi dongosolo ili (chithunzi pansipa). Zindikirani kuti chopereka (chowonetsedwa zofiira) ndichabwino kwa makaniko!

Kutalika kwakanthawi kapena koyenda? Maudindo osiyanasiyana

Kutalika kwakanthawi kapena koyenda? Maudindo osiyanasiyana

Pofuna kupititsa patsogolo kugawa kwa zolemera, mainjiniya aika bokosi lamagiya kumbuyo kwa GTR.

Dziwani kuti Ferrari FF imagwiritsa ntchito njira yoyambirira popeza ili ndi ma gearbox awiri oyendetsa magudumu onse! Yaing'ono kutsogolo kutsogolo kwa injini (pano kutsogolo mu malo otalika) ndi ina (yaikulu) kumbuyo

Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Zida zambiri zamagalimoto

Ndizofanana ndi moyo wapamwamba, mfundo yoyika injini kutalika kwa galimoto, ndiye kuti, kufanana.

Kukonzekera uku kuli ndi zabwino zambiri:

  • Bwino kulemera kugawa injini pamene wokwera longitudinally. Chifukwa chake, unyinji wachiwiriwu umagawidwa bwino pang'ono kutsogolo ndi kumbuyo, zomwe zimalola kuti magalimoto azikhala olongosoka komanso ogwira ntchito bwino.
  • Dongosololi ndilabwino pamagalimoto oyendetsa kumbuyo. Imeneyi ndi njira yotumizira yotchuka (yomwe imasokoneza kwambiri anthu ambiri kuseri kwa Ajeremani), yomwe imatsimikizira kupezeka kwa shaft yotumiza. Onaninso kuti chomera chamagetsi chimalola kukhazikitsidwa kwa injini zamphamvu kwambiri, zomwe zimakhazikika msanga msanga pamene injini "ili ndi moyo".
  • Malo okwanira bokosi la gear, kulola kuti kugwiritsidwa ntchito kwakukulu kungagwiritsidwe ntchito.
  • Ntchito zingapo zosavuta monga kusintha kugawa. Omalizawa amapezeka mosavuta chifukwa ndiwotsutsana ndipo nthawi zambiri amakhala ndi malo ogwirira ntchito.

Zomangamangazi zimathandizira kusonkhana komwe kumayendera (mawilo akumbuyo) chifukwa bokosilo limalowera kumawilo akumbuyo. Izi zati, sizimasokoneza njira yoperekera, monga Audi A4 yokhala ndi zomangamanga zimatsimikizira, koma ndi magudumu akutsogolo (kupatulapo, mwachiwonekere, Quattro).

Kutalika kwakanthawi kapena koyenda? Maudindo osiyanasiyana

A4 ndiyachidziwikire kuti imaphatikiza mainjini azitali ndi kukoka.

Kutalika kwakanthawi kapena koyenda? Maudindo osiyanasiyana

4 Series Grand Coupe (monga ma BMW ambiri) amayendetsa kumbuyo ndi injini yotenga nthawi yayitali. Zomangamanga zopezeka pagalimoto zapamwamba.

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