Zizindikiro za cholumikizira chosagwira bwino cha galimoto

Zamkatimu

Clutch yamagalimoto ndichinthu chofunikira pakufalitsa, pamikhalidwe yaukadaulo yomwe chitetezo ndi chitetezo cha kuyendetsa chimadalira. Pa ntchito, zowalamulira kungafune kusintha, kukonza, ndi m'malo, malingana ndi mmene avale. Chowotcheracho ndi chida chomwe chimatchedwa "chosagwiritsidwa ntchito" chifukwa chimazikidwa pazigawo zotsutsana ndi ziwalo zomwe zimakhala ndi katundu wambiri. Chotsatira, tiona momwe tingadziwire kusokonekera kwa clutch, kuwonongeka kotani komwe kumachitika ndi momwe tingakonzere.

Zizindikiro za cholumikizira chosagwira bwino cha galimoto

Zomwe zimathandizira kufulumira kwa clutch

Chifukwa chachikulu komanso chachikulu cha kufulumira kwa clutch ndikunyalanyaza kwa dalaivala, ndiko kuti, kuyamba mwadzidzidzi, kutsetsereka, ndigwire cholembera. Ndikofunika kumvetsetsa kuti pali magawo awiri mu clutch omwe amalephera kuthamanga kwambiri, ndipo, chifukwa chake, samaloleza magwiridwe antchito akulu - disc ya clutch friction ndikutulutsa kotulutsa. Chimbale cha clutch chimayamba kutha msanga, ndipo kuwonjezeka kwake kumavala ndi fungo linalake, lomwe limatchedwa "clutch yotentha", ndikumasulidwa, chifukwa chantchito yayitali, mabala ndi mabulogu.

Mfundo yachiwiri ndiyabwino pazinthu zomwe zimapangidwa. Ngati mugula zowalamulira padera, ndiye kuti kusiyana kwa zinthuzo kumakhudza msonkhano wonse m'njira zowopsa. Clutch yosagwira bwino imagwira ntchito zochepa, nthawi zina imazembera. Ndipo potsiriza, chifukwa chachitatu - unsembe zolakwika zowalamulira. Iyi ikhoza kukhala imodzi mwa mfundozi:

  • disc ya friction imayikidwa kumbuyo;
  • kumasula "sikukhala" mokwanira m'malo mwake;
  • chimbale zowalamulira sanali ozikidwa pa unsembe.
Zizindikiro za cholumikizira chosagwira bwino cha galimoto

Zowalamulira Kulephera Zizindikiro

Pali zisonyezo zambiri zachindunji komanso zosadziwika za kuvala zowalamulira. Kuti mudziwe zifukwa zake, m'pofunika kuchita mosamala matenda, omwe angasonyeze mwachindunji gawo lina lomwe silikugwirizana. Kuphatikiza apo, pazizindikiro izi, muphunzira kumvetsetsa pazifukwa zomwe gawo lina la clutch lidalephera.

Ganizirani zizindikilo zazikulu zomwe zikuwonetsa kuvala zowalamulira

  • zowalamulira si kwathunthu disengaged. Chizindikirochi chimatchedwa "clutch lead", ndipo chimachitika chifukwa choti cholembera chomenyera chikakanikizidwa, ma disc oyendetsa ndi osayendetsa samatseguka bwino, ndipo mawonekedwe awo amagwiranso ntchito. Chifukwa cha izi, kusintha kwamagalimoto kumayendetsedwa ndi ma crunching ma synchronizers kapena sikutheka kuyendetsa magiya mpaka pomwe dalaivala amafinya zowalamulira kangapo;
  • kutsetsereka kwa disk yoyendetsedwa. Kuterereka kumachitika chifukwa chodziphatikiritsa kokwanira kumtunda wa flywheel, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti chipangizocho chikhale chosatheka kwenikweni. Mukangotulutsa zowalamulira, muwona kuwonjezeka kwakukulu kwa ma revs, pomwe galimoto imathamanga mwachangu. Kuterera kumatsagana ndi fungo lamphamvu la ferrodo yopsereza, yomwe imatchedwa "clutch burning". Kutengera kukula kwa clutch avale, kutsetsereka kumatha kukugwirani mukamayendetsa kutsika, mwachangu kwambiri kapena galimoto ikadzaza kwathunthu;
  • kunjenjemera ndi mawu akunja... Nthawi zotere zimachitika pamene clutch imatsegulidwa ndikuzimitsidwa, m'njira zambiri amalankhula zakusavomerezeka kwa akasupe amadzimadzi a disc yoyendetsedwa komanso kutulutsa kolakwika;
  • zowalamulira... Zimachitika koyambirira kwa mayendedwe, ndipo kugwedezeka kumatha kuchitika mukasunthika mukuyendetsa.
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Momwe mungayang'anire zowalamulira

Ngati inu, pamene mukuyendetsa galimoto, zindikirani chimodzi mwazizindikiro pamwambapa zosakwanira zowalamulira - werenganinso momwe mungadziwire nokha zowalamulira popanda kuchotsa gearbox.

"Amatsogolera" kapena "Sakutsogolera"

Kuti mudziwe ngati clutch "ikutsogola" kapena ayi, pezani motere: yambitsani injini, khumudwitsani zojambulazo ndikuyesera kuyamba kapena kusintha zida. Ngati zida zikulimbana ndi zovuta, zimaphatikizidwa ndi phokoso linalake - izi zikuwonetsa kuti disc yolimbana sikusunthira kutali ndi flywheel.

Kusiyanitsa kwachiwiri kwa matenda kumachitika poyenda, pomwe galimoto ikunyamula kapena ikutsika, pomwe mudzamva fungo la clutch wowotcha.

Kodi zowalamulira zimaterera

Kuti muwone, muyenera kugwiritsa ntchito kuswa kwa dzanja. Chonde dziwani kuti galimotoyo iyenera kuyimikidwa pamtunda. Kuyambitsa injini, Finyani zowalamulira, kuyamba zida, pamene handbrake ndi adamulowetsa. Ngati galimotoyo, potulutsa chomenyera chowombera, idayimitsidwa - cholumikizira chikugwira ntchito moyenera, mwazinthu zina zilizonse zofufuzira zowonjezera ndikufunika kwa gearbox zikufunika. 

Kuwona zovala zowalamulira

Ndi zazing'ono kuyang'ana zowalamulira malingana ndi chiwembu zotsatirazi:

  1. Yambitsani injini ndikuchita zida za 1.
  2. Kutulutsa mosadodometsa chophatikacho, popanda gassing, yesetsani kuyamba.

Ngati galimotoyo ikuyamba kuyenda mukangoyamba kutulutsa chovalacho, ndiye kuti zowalamulirazo sizingathe. Clutch "kugwira" pakati pa pedal matalikidwe - kuvala ndi 40-50%. Galimoto ikayamba kusuntha pokhapokha chofufumitsa chikamasulidwa kwathunthu, izi zikuwonetsa kusokonekera, pomwe chimbale choyendetsa ndi choyendetsa chitha kukhala bwino, ndipo cholembera cha akapolo sichimayendetsedwa kapena chingwe chikutambasulidwa.

Zizindikiro za cholumikizira chosagwira bwino cha galimoto

Zimayambitsa kulephera zowalamulira

Nthawi zambiri, eni galimoto akukumana ndi vuto la kusakwanira kwa machitidwe a clutch pokhapokha ngati zizindikilo zowonekera zapezeka. Zifukwa zenizeni:

  • valani pagalimoto kapena disk yoyendetsedwa, kapena msonkhano. Nthawi zonse, zowalamulira zimatha kugwira ntchito moyenera makilomita 70. Monga lamulo, disc yolimbana ndikumasulidwa ikutha, ndipo dengu lokhalo nthawi zina limagwirabe ntchito;
  • ntchito yovuta yamagalimoto. Kutsetsereka kosalekeza, kukanikiza mwamphamvu pachipangiracho, kusunthira magiya modumpha kwambiri ndikuponyera kwa clutch pedal kumapangitsa kuti mkangano uzikhala "woyaka". Komanso, zilizonse zolemetsa monga kupitirira kulemera kwazitsulo, kukwera phompho, komanso kuyesa "kulumpha" kuchokera panjira, komanso "kuwotcha" clutch kale kwambiri kuposa momwe zingathere;
  • Kulephera kwa kutulutsa kotulutsa. Poterepa, imayamba "kudya" masamba a dengu, chifukwa chomwe disk yoyendetsedwa imayamba kutsatira mwamphamvu flywheel;
  • kunjenjemera mukamasula / kugwira clutch. Pakadali pano, disc yolimbana imazungulira "yopanda pake", ndipo ngati kapangidwe kamene kanalibe akasupe oyenda, mumangomva kugwedezeka. Akasupe amalola kuti disc izizungulira popanda kusinthasintha, ndipo ikatambasulidwa, katundu wokhuthala pa shaft yolowera imachulukirachulukira, komanso kuvala kwa mawonekedwe a flywheel kumawonjezeka.
Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Kuzindikira kwamakompyuta agalimoto

Zifukwa zomwe zatchulidwazi ndizodziwika bwino, ndipo nthawi zonse zimachitika nthawi yomwe galimoto imagwira ntchito. Pazifukwa zosazolowereka, palinso zokwanira:

  • chimbale choyendetsedwa chimatha pamaso pa anthu ena onse, komabe, dengu ndi flywheel zitha kukhala ndi mlandu chifukwa chazembera chifukwa chakukhala kosakwanira kwa malo ogwira ntchito;
  • dengu limatha kutaya katundu wake likatenthedwa. Izi zimawoneka pokhapokha clutch itachotsedwa, ngati mumvetsera ntchito padengu, ndiye kuti mithunzi ya buluu ikuwonetsa kuti chipangizocho chimagwira ntchito mopitilira muyeso;
  • kuvala koyambirira koyambanso kumachitika chifukwa cha kusokonekera kwa chidindo chamafuta cham'mbuyo cham'mbuyo komanso chidindo chamafuta chotsatsira. Kukhazikika kwa nyumba zowalamulira ndikofunikira, chifukwa chake, kulowetsa mafuta pamatumba sikuti kumangothandiza kutsetsereka kwa clutch yatsopano, komanso kumathandizira kuti bwalo lamilandu lisinthidwe mwachangu;
  • mawotchi kulephera kwa zowalamulira. "Kutayika" kwamatumba am'mabasiketi, kutulutsa kotsekedwa kotulutsidwa, kuwonongeka kwa disc yoyendetsedwa kumachitika ngati cholumikizira chosavomerezeka, pansi pazoyeserera zoyipa, ndikusintha kwa gawolo mosayembekezereka.

Zovuta zowalamulira

Kuti tipeze ndikuchotsa kuwonongeka kwa clutch, ndikofunikira kuti mumvetsetse mawonekedwe amtundu wa clutch, kutanthauzira kwakulephera ndi chidziwitso china cha kapangidwe kake, kamene tidzakambirane pambuyo pake.

Zizindikiro za cholumikizira chosagwira bwino cha galimoto

Zowononga dengu losavomerezeka

Kulephera kwa dengu lawo lokulirapo kumadziwika ndi izi:

  • phokoso amapangidwa pamene zowalamulira mbamuikha. Ngati, pochotsa bokosi lamagiya ndi zovuta zina zotsatira, disk yoyendetsedwa ndi kutulutsa zowalamulira zili zabwinobwino, ndiye kuti mabasiketi amakhala kuti ataya katundu wawo wamasika;
  • kusweka kwa gawo la diaphragm mudengu kapena kuthyola masamba;
  • dzimbiri. Kutheka kwa kugwiritsidwanso ntchito kwa dengu kumadalira kuzama kwa warpage ngati dzimbiri ndilachiphamaso.
Zizindikiro za cholumikizira chosagwira bwino cha galimoto

 Cholakwika cholumikizira disc

Kulephera kwa disc yoyendetsedwa kumachitika nthawi zambiri, kumawonetsedwa pamakhalidwe, monga "kuyendetsa" ndikutuluka:

  • kupota. Ngati ipitilira 0,5mm, ndiye kuti disc yovundikira imangomamatira kumtengowo, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti clutch izitsogolera. Warpage ikhoza kukonzedwa mwaukadaulo, koma ngati disc discout ndiyokwera, iyenera kusinthidwa;
  • chimbale chimbale skew. Mutha kuwunika poyang'ana ma splines a shaft yamagiya; zitha kukhala zokwanira kugwiritsa ntchito mafuta a lithiamu okhala ndi zowonjezera zowonjezera kuti malo omwewo "asakakamire" pa shaft;
  • pali mafuta m'nyumba zowalamulira. Izi nthawi yomweyo zimawononga mikangano ya disc, kuti izilepheretse kale. Zomwe zimachitika ndimagalimoto omwe ali ndi mileage yayitali, osinthira mosavutikira kwa shaft yolowetsa ndi zisindikizo zamafuta za crankshaft;
  • mikangano zowalamulira avale. Kudzakhala kofunikira m'malo mwa disk, ndipo koyambirira kunali kotheka kusintha ma linings ndi ma rivets;
  • phokoso ndi kugwedera. Ngati zimachitika pamene cholumikizira chimakanikizidwa, ndiye kuti izi zikuwonetsa kusokonekera kwa akasupe oyenda, omwe amagwira ntchito ngati balancers.
Zizindikiro za cholumikizira chosagwira bwino cha galimoto

Kumasulidwa kosagwira

Kuzindikira kumasulidwa kwa clutch ndikosavuta: muyenera kukanikiza ngo ndikumvera phokoso laphokoso. Ngati simulabadira kuwonongeka kwa clutch pakapita nthawi, izi zitha kubweretsa kulephera osati kokha kwa clutch package yonse, komanso gearbox. Nthawi zambiri pamakhala milandu pamene zowalamulira zimatuluka, ndipo zidutswa zake zimaboola nyumba yamagiya.

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Zizindikiro za cholumikizira chosagwira bwino cha galimoto

Zolakwa mu zowalamulira mbuye yamphamvu

Kulephera kumachitika kawirikawiri, pamtunda wa makilomita osachepera 150. Nthawi zambiri, bowo lokulitsa limadzaza, lomwe mungayesenso kutsuka nokha. Ali panjira, ndikofunikira kusinthitsa ma cuff, omwe, mafuta akakalowa, amatupa ndipo sali oyenera kugwiritsidwanso ntchito. 

Mutha kuwona GCC ndi wothandizira, pomwe woyamba amasindikiza chopondacho, ndipo wachiwiri amawunika matalikidwe a kuyenda kwa ndodo ya foloko.

Komanso, ndodo yamphamvu imatha kubwerera kumalo ake oyamba kwa nthawi yayitali, chifukwa chimbale choyendetsedwa chidzawotchedwa. Izi zimachitika galimoto ikangokhala ulesi kwa nthawi yayitali, komanso chifukwa chakusintha kwakanthawi kwamadzimadzi oyimitsa mu clutch hydraulic drive. Nthawi zambiri, zopangira pamutu wa master cylinder zimachepetsedwa mpaka kuti muyenera kupeza gawo latsopano.

Samalani kuchuluka kwa madzi amadzimadzi mumayendedwe amadzimadzi, komanso kuwunikanso mzere ngati muwona kuchepa kwamadzimadzi.

Zizindikiro za cholumikizira chosagwira bwino cha galimoto

Zowalamulira ngo malfunctions

Izi nthawi zambiri zimakhala zosowa pomwe cholembera choyenera chimafunika kusinthidwa. Kutengera mtundu wanji wamagalimoto omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito m'dongosolo, muyenera kumvetsera mosamala. Izi zitha kukhala zowononga penti, yomwe mumakanikiza pa ndodo ya GTZ, kapena kuwonongeka kwina kwamakina, komwe nthawi zambiri. akhoza kuthetsedwa ndi kuwotcherera.

Zizindikiro za cholumikizira chosagwira bwino cha galimoto

Zosokoneza mphamvu

Kugwiritsa ntchito pedal clutch yamagetsi kumafunikira makina amagetsi ndi masensa. Chojambulira chokhazikika chimasinthira mawonekedwe oyatsira ndi kuthamanga kwa injini pamalo abwino momwe kusintha kwamagalimoto kumathandizira munthawi yake komanso momasuka.

Ngati kachipangizo kamene kamasokonezeka, galimoto siigwira ntchito mokwanira: injini ikuyandama, kugwedeza kumachitika pamene magalasi akusuntha. Pali zifukwa zingapo zakulephera kwa sensa:

  • dera lotseguka;
  • kulephera kwa sensa yokha;
  • "kuphunzitsa" kwamagetsi kumafunika.
Zizindikiro za cholumikizira chosagwira bwino cha galimoto

Zolakwa mu chingwe zowalamulira

Magalimoto ambiri okhala ndi bajeti yokhala ndi zotumiza pamanja amakhala ndi chowongolera chingwe. Ndizosavuta komanso zothandiza, komanso zotsika mtengo kusamalira, chifukwa pali chingwe pakati pa foloko yolumikizira ndi pedal. Nthawi zina kumakhala kofunikira kusintha kulumikizana kwa chingwe ngati cholumikizira "chimagwira" pakati pakapangidwe kake kapena pamwamba. Chingwe chikasweka, chikuyenera kusinthidwa; mukatambasula, mutha kuyesabe kukoka.

Chingwecho chili mchimake cholimba cha pulasitiki ndipo chimasinthidwa ndi nati wapadera.

Zizindikiro za cholumikizira chosagwira bwino cha galimoto

Zovuta zamagetsi zamagetsi

Kulephera kotere kumaphatikizapo:

  • cholakwika chowombera chowongolera cholakwika;
  • zowalamulira zimatulutsa mota wamagetsi zatha;
  • pali dera lalifupi kapena lotseguka pamagetsi amagetsi;
  • ngo zowalamulira ayenera m'malo.

Ndikofunikira kwambiri kuti muzitha kuzindikira matenda osakanikirana okha, komanso zida zina zogwirizana musanakonze.

Mafunso ndi Mayankho:

Kodi mungamvetse bwanji kuti mwawotcha clutch? Chopondapo chimakhala chovuta kukanikiza, galimoto imagwedezeka ndikuthamanga, kuyenda kwa pedal kumawonjezeka, kugwedezeka pamene mukusuntha magiya. Pambuyo pagalimoto yayitali, magiya ena amasiya kuyatsa.

Kodi zovuta zazikulu zamakina otulutsa ma clutch ndi drive ndi ziti? Zingwe za diski zoyendetsedwa zatha, diski yoyendetsedwa ndi yopunduka, mafuta ali ndi zomangira, mipata ya diski yoyendetsedwa yatha, akasupe amadzi akusweka, kutulutsa kutulutsa kwatha.

Momwe mungadziwire clutch? Motere imayamba. Bokosi lamanja lakwezedwa. Clutch imatulutsa bwino. Pambuyo pa masekondi pang'ono, zida zosinthira zimayikidwa. Kuvuta kuyatsa ndi chizindikiro cha kusagwira ntchito bwino.

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