Chifukwa chiyani kuli kofunikira komanso momwe mungatulutsire magazi zowalamulira molondola?

Zamkatimu

Clutch ndi chida chomwe chimalola mphamvu kusamutsidwa kapena kugawidwa pakati pa injini ndi makina oyendera kuti zitsimikizire kuyenda kosasunthika komanso kosasintha nthawi yamagiya, kuteteza kufalitsa ndi injini yomwe.

Popeza udindo wake ndiwodziwikiratu, kuti ndichimodzi mwamagalimoto omwe akuyesetsa kwambiri, chifukwa chake ndikofunikira kuchita zinthu zodzitetezera kuti zisawonongeke msanga, zomwe zimatulutsa magazi nthawi ndi nthawi.

Mitundu zowalamulira

Ngakhale mikangano ingagawidwe m'magulu osiyanasiyana, njira yofala kwambiri yochitira izi ndiyotengera mtundu wa kuwongolera:

  1. Kuphatikizana kwa mikangano... M'kalasi ili, zowalamulira, chiwongolero, injini amamangiriridwa ndipo anapatukana ndi gearbox ndi chimbale zowalamulira ndi kutsinde shaft. Diski iyi imagwira ndimayendedwe a injini chifukwa cha disc ndi opondereza, komanso magwero a akasupe (kudzera pa chingwe) kapena kugwiritsa ntchito ma hydraulic drive.
  2. Hayidiroliki zowalamulira... Mumtundu wamtunduwu, zoyenda mozungulira kuchokera ku injini zimayendetsa mpope ndipo ma hydraulic pump pump amazungulira potembenuza ma turbine omwe amamangiriridwa ku gearbox. Clutch yamtunduwu nthawi zambiri imapezeka mumagalimoto okhala ndi zotengera zodziwikiratu zomwe zimasintha ma torque komanso magalimoto.
  3. Zamagetsi zowalamulira... Ichi ndi mtundu wina wamagulu omwe amasamutsa mphamvu kuchokera ku injini kupita ku bokosilo kudzera pamagetsi yamagetsi yamagetsi. Izi zowalamulira sizimakonda kugwiritsidwa ntchito mgalimoto yanthawi zonse chifukwa chokwera mtengo, koma zitha kugwiritsidwa ntchito pafupipafupi pazida zamafuta zazikulu.

Chifukwa magazi magazi zowalamulira? Kodi tingachite bwanji izi?

Kuthira magazi zowalamulira ndi ntchito yofunika kwambiri mu malo ogwiritsira ntchito ma hydraulic system.

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Mumayendedwe amadzimadzi, mabulogu amadzimadzi amatuluka mozungulira komanso kupezeka kwa thovu la mpweya sikuti kumangosonyeza kusintha panthawi yogwira ntchito, komanso kumatha kubweretsa zovuta m'malo ena omwe amalumikizidwa.

Makina ophatikizira omwe amafunika kuyeretsa atha kuwonetsa izi:

  • Kusintha kuyenda
  • Zowalamulira Bweretsani Kuvuta
  • Kumva zosalondola mukamakhudza phazi

Poganizira izi, kapena mutachotsa chinthu chilichonse chokhudzana ndi kufinya kwa ma hydraulic, magazi amatulutsa clutch actuator malinga ndi malingaliro a wopanga.

Njira yophulitsira imatha kukhala yamanja, koma m'malo ochitira ukadaulo mutha kuchitanso izi pogwiritsa ntchito kompyuta yomwe ikuwomba.

Nthawi zambiri, kuti muzitsuka pamanja polumikizira, tsatirani izi:

  1. Onetsetsani kuti mulingo wamadzimadzi wama brake ndiwolondola (ma clutches nthawi zambiri amagwiritsa ntchito madzi amodzimodziwo ngati mabuleki ndipo amagwiritsa ntchito mphamvu yomweyo.
  2. Khumudwitsani chomenyera chakumapeto kwaulendo wake (mwina, kuti mufike pamunsi, ndikofunikira kangapo, kanikizani pang'ono / magazi).
  3. Chotsani kapu ndikukonzekera payipi mu chidebe choyenera kuthira madzi pa valavu yothandizira (kumbukirani kuti mabuleki amadzimadzi amathandizira ma enamel ndi utoto. Kuphatikiza apo, imatha kuvulaza ndikumakhudza khungu ndi maso, chifukwa chake ndikofunikira zida zoyenera zotetezera).
  4. Tsegulani valavu yothandizira mpweya ndikugwiritsanso cholumikizira cholimba.
  5. Tsekani valavu yotulutsa mpweya.
  6. Kumasula ngo zowalamulira pang'onopang'ono.
  7. Bwerezani njirayi mpaka kuyeretsa kumatha ndipo palibe kutuluka kwa mpweya komwe kumawoneka mukakhetsedwe.
  8. Ngakhale kutuluka magazi zowalamulira, ndipo malingana ndi kuchuluka kwa madzimadzi kuti akatenge, muyenera kuwonjezeranso mosungira madzi amadzimadzi.
  9. Tsekani valavu yothandizira mpaka ikafika ndikukhazikitsa chivundikirocho.
  10. Chongani zowalamulira zowalamulira ndi kachitidwe kuti pakadontha.
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Mbali inayi, kuti muyeretsedwe zowalamulira pogwiritsa ntchito zida zapadera pazinthu izi, zimachitika motere:

  1. Chotsegulira kapu yama tank yamafuta yama brake fluid system.
  2. Tetezani zida zakukankhira ku thanki lamtunduwu ndikulumikiza.
  3. Chotsani chivundikirocho ndi kuteteza payipi m'chidebe choyenera kuthira madzi ndikutsuka valavu. Makompyuta ena omwe amawonongeka amakhala ndi malo ochepetsera madzi kuti athe kuyerekezera nthawi yomwe amadzipangira.
  4. Tsegulani ndikutseka valavu yotsuka mpaka madzi amadzimadzi atha kukhala opanda thovu komanso zosafunika.
  5. Tsekani valavu yothandizira mpaka ikafika ndikukhazikitsa chivundikirocho.
  6. Chotsani chosinthira madzi chamadzimadzi.
  7. Onetsetsani kuchuluka kwa madzimadzi osweka ndikusintha ngati kuli kofunikira.
  8. Chongani zowalamulira zowalamulira ndi kachitidwe kuti pakadontha.

Kutsiliza ndi malingaliro

Kubwezeretsa zowalamulira m'galimoto ndikulowererapo pakupanga galimoto yomwe imayenera kuchitika mu msonkhano, zomwe zimakhudza kuyika ndalama kwa wokonda magalimoto. Chifukwa chake, ndikofunikira kwambiri kuyang'anira kukonza moyenera kuti izisungika bwino ngati mono kwa nthawi yayitali.

Chifukwa chake, ndikofunikira kuzindikira zopatuka pakugwira ntchito zowalamulira, ngakhale zazing'ono motani, kuti zisawonongeke. Kuphatikiza apo, magazi ophatikizika ndi njira yofunikira yodzitetezera kuti mukhale ndi moyo wowonjezeka. Ndikofunikira kwambiri kuchita izi pakasintha kwamadzimadzi kulikonse, komwe kumachitika makilomita 30000 kapena 40000, kapena zaka ziwiri zilizonse.

Mafunso ndi Mayankho:

Momwe mungatulutsire tcheni ndi pedal? Onjezani ma brake fluid pankhokwe (osawonjezera pafupifupi 2 cm m'mphepete), chotsani kapu pa valavu yodutsa, ndikuyika payipi yoviikidwa mu brake fluid m'malo mwake. Pedal imakanikizidwa bwino - mpweya wochulukirapo umathawira mu chidebecho. Ngati ndi kotheka, TZ imakwezedwa mu thanki.

Kodi mungakhetse bwanji magazi okha? Sinthani zowawira. Tsatirani ndondomeko yomwe tafotokozayi ndikukonza pedal. Valavu yodutsa imatseka, pedal imatulutsidwa, valve imatsegulidwa. Bwerezani ndondomekoyi mpaka thanki itasiya kutulutsa.

Kodi clutch iyenera kugwira pamalo otani? Kawirikawiri, njirayi iyenera kuyamba pamene mumasula pedal pang'ono. Ikagwira ntchito koyambirira, imalimba kwambiri kuti igwire. Momwemo - pafupi ndi pakati pa ulendo wa pedal, koma osati pambuyo pake.

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