Chowongolera: ndi chiyani komanso momwe chimagwirira ntchito

Zamkatimu

Galimoto iliyonse imakhala ndimakina angapo ofunikira, osagwira ntchito yake, kapena woyendetsa sangapambane. Zina mwazinthu zotere ndizoyendetsa. Gawo lofunikira m'dongosolo lino ndi poyendetsa.

Tiyeni tikambirane mwatsatanetsatane kapangidwe kake, momwe amagwirira ntchito, mitundu yama amplifiers, komanso zovuta zina wamba za makinawo.

Chowongolera: ndi chiyani komanso momwe chimagwirira ntchito

Mbiri yakukhazikitsidwa kwa chiwongolero chamagetsi

Oimira oyamba a magalimoto anayi anali ndi chiwongolero chachikale. Mawilo oyenda bwino anali okhazikika pamtengo umodzi, womwe unkalumikizidwa ndi thupi kokha pakatikati pa kachingwe - malinga ndi mfundo zoyendera mahatchi.

Makina oterewa sanalole kuti ngolo zodziyendetsa zokha ziziyenda, ndipo malo ozungulira anali akulu kwambiri kotero kuti galimoto imatha kutembenuka kwinakwake pabwaloli. Kuphatikiza apo, panalibe chiwongolero chamagetsi chofunikira kuti amalize kutembenuka.

Popita nthawi, zasinthidwa pamakina owongolera kuti achepetse chiwongolero cha galimoto. Pofuna kuti dalaivala asavutike (nthawi iliyonse yomwe makinawo amayendetsa bwino), njira zingapo zidapangidwa, kuyambira kukulira kukula kwa chiongolero mpaka kukhazikitsa mitundu yamagiya m'dongosolo.

Chifukwa cha zaka zambiri zoyeserera, mainjiniya aganiza kuti chiwongolero ndichinthu chagolide pakati pa kuphweka, kupezeka ndi makokedwe owonjezeka kuchokera pa chiwongolero. Kuphatikiza apo, chida chotere chimagwirizana ndi chiwongolero chamagetsi.

Momwe ntchito

Chombo chomangira makina chimaperekedwa ngati kapamwamba ndi mano. Amalumikizidwa ndi makina owongolera. Imayendetsedwa ndi shaft column shaft pogwiritsa ntchito zida zamagiya kapena nyongolotsi.

Chowongolera: ndi chiyani komanso momwe chimagwirira ntchito

Chiongolero chikatembenuzidwa, magiya amtunduwu amasunthira bala kutengera mbali yomwe chiwongolero chimakhotera. Mphepete mwa mzerewo, ndodo zoyendetsera ndizokhazikika, zomwe zimalumikizidwa ndi makina olumikizirana a gudumu lililonse.

Ma racks angapo amakono amakhalanso ndi zokulitsa kuti chiwongolero chikhale chosavuta. Chifukwa cha kukhazikitsidwa kwa makinawa, chitonthozo ndi chitetezo mgalimoto zawonjezeka.

Chipangizo ndi zigawo zikuluzikulu

Nthawi zambiri, kusinthidwa pachithandara ndi pinion chiwongolero ntchito magalimoto. Chipangizo cha makinawa chimaphatikizapo:

  • Chiongolero - ili mu zashuga galimoto. Mothandizidwa naye, dalaivala amaika komwe galimoto ikuyenda;
  • Mzere woyendetsera - umawoneka ngati ndodo yachitsulo yomwe torque imafalikira kuchokera pagudumu. Pazifukwa zachitetezo, chinthuchi chimakhala ndi cholumikizira chimodzi kapena zingapo (mu kugunda mutu, khola loyendetsa limapinda m'malo angapo, lomwe limalepheretsa kuvulaza pachifuwa cha driver);
  • Chingwe chowongolera. Mano awa amalumikizana ndi shaft ya nyongolotsi yoyendetsa. Nyumbayi ili munthumba yachitsulo;
  • Ndodo zowongolera - ndodo zolumikizidwa kumapeto onse a njanji yolumikizidwa. Pali ulusi kumapeto kwa ndodozo, komwe nsonga zake zimakhala ndi zolumikizira;
  • Malangizo oyendetsera ndi chubu chopanda pake, mbali imodzi yomwe ulusi wamkati umapangidwira (ndodo yoyendetsera imalumikizidwamo), ndipo mbali inayo, kachingwe kolumikizidwa ndi chingwe chowongolera cha gudumu.
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  Chifukwa chomwe samaika matayala m'galimoto
Chowongolera: ndi chiyani komanso momwe chimagwirira ntchito

Zosintha zina zowongolera zimakhala ndi damper. Ili pakati pa thupi lomenyera ndi ndodo. Cholinga cha gawoli ndikuchepetsa kugwedezeka kwamatayala pomwe galimoto ikuyendetsedwa pamsewu wosagwirizana. Nthawi zambiri, chinthu ichi chimayikidwa munjanji za SUV.

Mitundu ndi mitundu

Monga tanenera kale, zinthu zazikuluzikulu zoyendetsa sizinasinthe kwazaka zambiri. Zosintha zochepa zokha ndizomwe zimapangidwira, koma mfundoyi imasinthabe.

Chinthu chokha chomwe chimasiyanitsa mayunitsi onse amtunduwu ndi drive amplifier. Pali zosintha zitatu kwathunthu. Tiyeni tione mbali za aliyense wa iwo.

Mawotchi chowongolera

Kusinthaku ndichachikale. Magalimoto onse anali nazo mpaka nthawi yomwe ma hayidiroliki ndi magetsi adapangidwa. Chombo chowongolera ndi mtundu wosavuta kwambiri wachida. Chifukwa cha mano ang'onoang'ono ndi chiwongolero chachikulu poyerekeza ndi iwo, dalaivala sayenera kuyesetsa kwambiri kuti ayendetse galimotoyo.

Chowongolera: ndi chiyani komanso momwe chimagwirira ntchito

Pali ma rack steering okhala ndi magiya osiyana magiya. Kutumiza kwa zida zokhala ndi matalikidwe ang'onoang'ono kumapangidwa pakati pa bar, ndipo chizindikirochi chikuwonjezeka kumapeto. Izi zimapangitsa kuti zikhale zosavuta kuti dalaivala atsegule chiwongolero poyambira kuyendetsa kapena akakhala pagalimoto kwambiri. Ndipo m'malo oimikapo magalimoto, pomwe mawilo akuyenera kuzunguliridwa panjira yonse, woyendetsa safunika kuyendetsa chiwongolero nthawi zambiri.

Hayidiroliki chiwongolero pachithandara

Kusinthaku kumasiyana ndi koyambako chifukwa chida chake chimakhala ndi njira zina, zomwe zimachitika chifukwa cha hayidiroliki. Werengani zambiri za momwe ntchito yamagetsi ilili. apa.

Chowongolera: ndi chiyani komanso momwe chimagwirira ntchito

Chowonjezera cha hayidiroliki chimakhala chosalala komanso nthawi yomweyo kuyankha kwazowongolera poyendetsa mosiyanasiyana mosiyanasiyana komanso pagalimoto yoyima. Chowonjezera ichi chimaperekanso chitetezo chambiri galimoto ikakhala pamavuto. Poterepa, mwayi woti chiwongolero chikamayenda mosagwirizana chimakhala chochepa kwambiri.

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  NOCARAdvise: Momwe mungayendere mgalimoto pakagwa chimphepo?

Zamagetsi chiwongolero

Njanji yamagetsi imakulitsanso chimodzimodzi. M'malo moyendetsa hayidiroliki, makina amagetsi amaikidwa pamapangidwe ake, omwe amalimbikitsa kuyenda kwa chiwongolero.

Mukusintha kwachuma kwa chilimbikitso chamagetsi, mota ili m'mbali yoyendetsa. Njira yotetezeka kwambiri imawerengedwa kuti ili ndi chopangira magetsi choyikika munjanji momwe. Kusinthaku kumaphatikizidwa ndi phukusi la magalimoto apamwamba.

Njira yoyamba ndiyosatetezeka kwambiri, chifukwa ngati mkuzamawu walephera, kupitiriza kuyendetsa galimoto kuli kovuta.

Chowongolera: ndi chiyani komanso momwe chimagwirira ntchito

Poyerekeza ndi chiwongolero chamagetsi, njanji yamagetsi ili ndi maubwino angapo:

  • Kuchita bwino kwambiri;
  • Kugwiritsa ntchito zochepa zamagalimoto - madzi amadzimadzi amayenda mosalekeza, chifukwa pampu yolumikizira yolumikizidwa ndi crankshaft pulley ndipo imazimitsidwa pokhapokha injini ikazimitsidwa. Chowonjezera chamagetsi chimagwira ntchito pokhapokha chiwongolero chikatembenuzidwa;
  • Kugwiritsa ntchito makinawo sikudalira kutentha kwa mpweya (palibe chifukwa chotenthetsera madzi kuti awonjezere madzi ake);
  • Kusamala pang'ono kumafunikira pakukonza - palibe chifukwa chowunikira kuchuluka kwamafuta, popeza makinawo amagwiranso ntchito mosiyana;
  • Chipangizocho chimaphatikizapo zisindikizo zochepa, ndipo palibe zotsekera, zisindikizo zomwe zimatha kupirira kuthamanga. Chifukwa cha ichi, makinawo ndi odalirika kuposa kuwongolera mphamvu.

Malfunctions chachikulu pachithandara

Zizindikiro zotsatirazi zikuwonetsa kusokonekera kwa chiwongolero:

  • Mukamayendetsa pamsewu wopanda kuphimba koyenera, kumveka kugogoda, komwe kumazimiririka pomwe chiwongolero chakwezedwa kwambiri;
  • Kuchepetsa kapena kusowa kwa zoyesayesa potembenuza chiwongolero kapena pamalo ake apakati;
  • Chiongolero chimazungulira chokha;
  • Pambuyo potembenuka, chiongolero chimabwerera mwamphamvu pamalo ake akale, kapena, chimayenera kutembenuzidwa mokakamiza;
  • Ndi matalikidwe ang'onoang'ono a chiwongolero, mawilo omwewo amatembenuka kwambiri kuposa kale;
  • Kuchuluka chiwongolero sewero;
  • Kuchulukirachulukira pakuyendetsa pomwe mukuyendetsa pama bampu;
  • Ngati galimoto ili ndi ma hayidiroliki owonjezera, madzi amayenda kuchokera pansi pa chidindo cha mafuta, boot kapena zinthu zina zomwe zimapangidwira zimakhala ndi kuipitsidwa kwamafuta.
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  Mitundu 10 yomwe idasowa kapena sayenera kukhala nayo
Chowongolera: ndi chiyani komanso momwe chimagwirira ntchito

Ngati chimodzi mwazizindikirozi zikuwoneka, muyenera kuzindikira kuti chipangizocho ndi kuchikonza. Nthawi zambiri zimakhala zokwanira kugula zida zokonzanso ndikusintha zisindikizo zonse, ma gaskets ndi ma anthers kuti chipangizocho chiyambe kugwira ntchito bwino.

Nayi zowonongeka zowongolera ndikuwongolera komwe mungakonde:

WonongekaMomwe mungakonzere
Development pa mano bala kapena shaft nyongolotsiKubwezeretsa zinthu ngati izi ndizosatheka, chifukwa chake amasinthidwa ndi zatsopano.
Kuwonongeka kwa nyumba zanyumbaMakinawa asinthidwa kwathunthu
Kuwonongeka kwa anthers (dothi ndi mchenga zimalowa mkati mwa makinawo, zomwe zimabweretsa chitukuko kapena dzimbiri lazitsulo)Kuchotsa zida zosindikizira kuchokera pakakonzedwe
Kusintha kapena kusweka kwa zingwe zomangira kapena maupangiriZiwalo zowonongeka zimasinthidwa
Chitsambacho chatha kapena chaphwanyidwa, ndikupangitsa kusewera pagawo lotsogoleraKuchotsa bushing

Kuphatikiza apo, kanemayo amafotokoza zakusokonekera ndi zosankha pamakina oyendetsa:

Chowongolera: ndi chiyani chomwe chimatha ndipo chimakonzedwa bwanji?

Kupewa zovuta

Chowongolera ndi njira yodalirika komanso yolimba. Kuwonongeka kwake kumachitika nthawi zambiri chifukwa chakuyenda kosayenera kwagalimoto, kapena chifukwa chosatsatira malamulo oyang'anira nthawi zonse.

Kutalikitsa moyo wa makinawa, muyenera kutsatira malamulo osavuta:

  • Mukamayendetsa pamisewu yosagwirizana, muchepetseni liwiro lagalimoto kuti zoopsa zochepa zizilandila mu chiwongolero;
  • Siyani galimoto yoyimitsidwa ndi mawilo owongoka;
  • Musatembenuzire chiwongolero njira yonse (ngati pali chiwongolero champhamvu, phokoso kapena phokoso lochokera pampampu yama amplifier), ndipo musachiyike pamalowo kwa masekondi opitilira 5;
  • Sinthani mafuta posungira poyenda pakapita nthawi, sungani kuchuluka kwa madzimadzi;
  • Nthawi ndi nthawi muziyang'ana anthers ndi zisindikizo;
  • Limbikitsani chiwongolero chamagetsi potembenuza chiwongolero kangapo konse mbali zonse musanayende.

Kugwira bwino ntchito kwa chiwongolero kumakhudza chitetezo pomwe galimoto ikuyenda, chifukwa chake, ma alarm omwe akuwonetsa kusokonekera kwa makinawo sanganyalanyazidwe.

Mafunso ndi Mayankho:

Kodi chowongolera ndi chiyani? Ndi njira yomwe torque imatumizidwa kuchokera ku chiwongolero kupita ku knuckle ya mawilo owongolera. Chiwongolero chimasintha zozungulira kukhala zoyenda mzere.

Kodi chingachitike ndi chiyani ngati chowongolera chathyoka? Kuwonongeka kwa chiwongolero kumayambitsa kusewerera kowongolera, komwe kungayambitse ngozi pamsewu. Ndi chiwongolero cholakwika, kuwongolera kwa makina kumatayika.

Kodi chowongolera chimayenda nthawi yayitali bwanji? Zimatengera kapangidwe kake: ndi amplifier yamtundu wanji, ndi mtundu wanji wotumizira womwe umagwiritsidwa ntchito. Ena a iwo amapita ku 70-80 zikwi, pamene ena amagwira ntchito nthawi zonse 150.

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