Yesani galimoto MGF ndi Toyota MR2: ndi injini pakati

MGF ndi Toyota MR2: ndi injini pakati

Yoyendetsedwa ndi kupambana kwa Mazda MX-5, MG ndi Toyota kuti akumane ndi mawayendedwe atsopano

Injini yomwe ili pakatikati ndi chipinda cha awiri - MGF ndi Toyota MR2 ndi anzawo abwino ngati tikufuna kuchoka kasupe ndiulendo wamphamvu. Koma ndani ali bwino pamakona?

Motorsport yatenga gawo lofunikira m'mbiri ya MG ndi Toyota. Kuyambira 1923, Morris Garages adalumikizidwa mosadziwika bwino ndi magalimoto amasewera ndi oyenda pamisewu. Ku Toyota, kulumikizana kumeneku kudayamba koyambirira kwa zaka za m'ma 80 ndikupambana kwamasewera kenako ndikupitilira mu Fomula 1. Chitsanzo cha kukhumba kwamasewera kumeneku ndiotsika mtengo pamsika wachiwiri wa mayendedwe a MGF ndi Toyota MR2 omwe agulitsidwa lero. m'zaka zake zoyambirira monga ofuna kusankha zapamwamba.

Kuyambira mu 1989 ndi Mazda MX-5, roadster boom idachoka ku Rover Group osakonzekera - atayimitsidwa a MGB opambana kwambiri, mtundu wa MG udakhala chizindikiro cha masewera a Austin Rover Group. Komabe, aku Britain sanaphonye mwayi wawo ndipo adayambitsa chitukuko chatsopano. Monga yankho lakanthawi, MG RV1992 idalowa mumsika mchaka cha 8. Ndiwofanana kwambiri ndi MGB ndipo imayendetsedwa ndi V8-lita zinayi. Mpaka 1995, ndimakope 2000 okha omwe adatulutsidwa. Izi sizokwanira - mawu omwe akufuna kuti roadster yatsopano ikulitse.

Hydragas ndi injini yapakati

Ndipo mawu amenewo adamveka - mu 1995 Rover Group idayambitsa MGF - chitukuko choyamba chatsopano kuyambira 1962. Cholinga chake chili pakuyenda kwamisewu - MG yoyamba yopanga yokhala ndi injini yapakati imakhala yogawira bwino chifukwa chakumapeto kwa kutsogolo. Injini yamphamvu yamafuta anayi yokhala ndi zofunikira zoyambira masewera. Zowonjezerapo ndi kuyimitsidwa kwa Hydragas, komwe kwalowa m'malo mwa akasupe a Austin Allegro ndi zoyeserera kuyambira 1973. Ma absorbers amadzaza ndi nayitrogeni ndi madzi amathandiza kuti galimoto ikhale bwino panjira.

Ndi mtundu wake woyamba wokhala ndi injini yapakati ya MR2 (dzina la fakitole W1), Toyota idachita bwino pamsika kale MX-5 ndi MGF isanachitike. Galimoto yadzaza mwachidwi madalaivala ake kuyambira 1984 - yolemera zosakwana 1000 kg, chassis wandiweyani wokhala ndi MacPherson amapindika kutsogolo ndi kumbuyo, ndi injini yamphamvu zinayi yochokera ku Corolla yokhala ndi ma camshafts awiri kuyambira 116 mpaka 145 hp. sinthani MR2 yoyamba kukhala galimoto yachipembedzo.

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Mu 1989, opanga ma Toyota adamasulira mutu wa MR2 m'njira yatsopano - m'badwo wachiwiri udakula ndi 200 mm mpaka 4170 mm, wheelbase yotambasulidwa ndi 80 mm, mpaka 2400 mm. Ndipo ndikumapeto kwa 400 kg yayikulu kumbuyo m'malo mwamphamvu komanso mwamasewera, MR2 yatsopano imawonetsa zina mwa zomwe GT amakwereka mtunda wautali, wotsindikitsidwa ndi mainjini amagetsi anayi okhala ndi ma 12 mphamvu kuchokera 133 mpaka 245 hp. Komabe, kuchuluka kwa malonda kukucheperachepera - ngakhale kuyimitsidwa kwakapangidwe kazitsanzozo akukambidwa. Apanso, kuchita bwino kumafunikira maphunziro atsopano. M'malo mochita coupe kapena targa, W1999 idawonekera mu 3 ndi guru la nsalu. Ndipo oyendetsa chaka chonse adakondwera ndi kutsetsereka kwa hardtop.

Limbanani ndi mbiri yanu yotayika

Zomwe Toyota adasankha kuti asagwiritse ntchito ndalama zambiri mu W3 zikuwonekera pamitundu yama injini, kapena m'malo mwake kusowa kwake. Pali imodzi yokha ya 1,8-lita yamphamvu imodzi yokhala ndi 140 hp. Ndipo tsoka lalikulu kwambiri lidachitika - malo opangira magetsi omwe amadziwika kuchokera ku Corolla ndi Celica adayamba kulephera onse. Chodabwitsa ichi chimadziwika kuti "vuto lalifupi lalifupi". Izi zimayamba ndikuwonjezeka kwamafuta ndikutaya mphamvu ndipo nthawi zambiri kumawononga injini. Akatswiri amati mphete za pisitoni zosalimba kapena zazing'ono kwambiri ndizo zimayambitsa. Komabe, Toyota yawonetsa kuyankha kwabwino kwambiri ndikusintha gawo lonse lamphamvu la injini zowonongeka.

Ndipo ndi injini ya MGF Rover, kuwonongeka si kwachilendo. Zomwe zimayambitsa izi ndikuchepa kwakang'ono kwa silinda yamutu wamutu, mtundu wosalala wa zida zamiyala yamphamvu, komanso zovuta zamafuta poyendetsa nthawi yayitali pamalire othamanga kwambiri. Kuwonongeka kwa injini kumawononga mbiri ya oyenda mumsewu, koma osati kutchuka kwawo. Chifukwa chake ndi chophweka - amayendetsa bwino. Injini yoyambira MGF yokhala ndi 120 hp imakopa ndimikhalidwe yabwino. Ngati muli ndi nthawi yamagetsi yosinthika, muli ndi ma hp 25. Zambiri. Tsopano tikuyendetsa imodzi mwazopangidwa 1430 MGF Trophy yokhala ndi 160 hp.

Roadster pamlingo womwewo

M'malo mwake, kulipira kwa mphamvu zowonjezera sikofunika - makokedwe a 174 Nm ndi ofanana ndi a injini ya 145 hp, mawonekedwe ake ndi osiyana pang'ono. Poyerekeza MR2 ndi 140 hp salola kumverera kwa kusowa kwa mphamvu; injini yake, yomwe ili ndi nthawi yosinthira yamagetsi, imadziwika kuti ndi yamphamvu kwambiri mpaka 3000 rpm. Pamwamba pawo, imangokhala mwachangu - mpaka 6500 rpm, ndipo, ngakhale inali yosakhazikika pamasewera, imamveka ngati Corolla.

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MGF ili ndi masewera ambiri. Zowona, amafunika kutembenuka kwambiri kuti adzuke, koma kenako ndikufunitsitsa akupitiliza ulendo wake wopita kumalo ofiira ndikukopani ndi mawu okwiya kwambiri. Zomwe zimachitika ku MR2 ndi MGF ndizosintha kosasintha kwa magiya, zomwe zimachitika pamagalimoto oyenda pakati. Pamene ma radiation akutembenuka, kuchepa kwa Toyota kumawonekera. Dongosolo loyendetsa molondola limagunda chandamale ndi millimeter molondola, chassis, ngakhale chimakhala cholimba, chimasungabe zina zotsalira - kuphatikiza apo, mwayi wa kulemera kopepuka kwa makilogalamu 115 umamveka. M'malo mwake, magwiridwe antchito a MGF atha kuyembekezeredwa pano, omwe ndiukadaulo kwambiri ndikuphatikiza kuyimitsidwa kwa Hydragas ndi kuwongolera magetsi. Komabe, zosintha zamagetsi zamagetsi sizikuyenda bwino - mpaka 80 km / h chiwongolero chimapangitsa chidwi, koma pamwamba pa liwiro ili machitidwe ake amakhala owongoka bwino.

Chassis ya MGF imawonetsa kuyankha kwa dongosolo la Hydragas, momwe kasupe ndi mawonekedwe amadzimadzi asafe ndi damping fluid amasiyanitsidwa ndi nembanemba. Ikadzaza, madzimadzi amadutsa m'magetsi kupita kumalo ozaza mpweya, zomwe zimapangitsa kuyimitsidwa kukhala kolimba. Zinthu za Hydragas mbali iliyonse zimakhala zogwirizana - ngati gudumu lakumaso likukwera, kuthamanga kumasamutsidwira kumbuyo kumbuyo kudzera pa chitoliro cholumikizira, kuti dongosololi likhale "lodziwikiratu".

Poyerekeza ndi kuyimitsidwa kwa hydroumatic ya Citroen, makina a Hydragas ndiosavuta ndipo amagwira ntchito popanda pampu yopanikiza. Mukakonzedwa bwino, njira yaukadaulo ya MG ndiyokhutiritsa, koma imafunikira kuwunikira pafupipafupi ndikusamalira makina. Chassis yapaderayi yapadera ya Trophy 160 yatsitsidwa ndi 20 mm, kutsimikizira kuti kuuma sikuyenera kufanana ndi kuwongolera bwino. Kodi izi zikutanthauza kuti Toyota ndiye galimoto yabwino kwambiri yoyenda ulendo wautali? Ayi! Chifukwa apa ndipamene khadi yamphongo yolimba ya MGF imagwira ntchito - kuyenera kwake kwa moyo watsiku ndi tsiku komanso malo operekedwa modabwitsa.

Matumba achitseko azinthu zazing'ono

Pachifukwa ichi, Toyota ikuyenera kukhala ndi mfundo imodzi yokha yachisoni - ndikuti chifukwa cha kabuku kake kwamakono komwe kadzipereka kudera lonselo lazinthu zazing'ono. Palinso kutchulidwa kwamatumba amitseko ndi chipinda chamagetsi ("Thunthu laling'ono lakutsogolo ndi chivindikiro") - pamodzi ndi thunthu pansi pa chivindikiro chakutsogolo lokwana malita 31. Malita ena 60 akuyembekezerani kumbuyo kwa mipando, ndipo chivundikiro chokhudzana ndi pulasitiki pamwamba pawo chimatha kutsekedwa.

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Sizili choncho ndi MGF, yokhala ndi chipinda chogwiritsira ntchito bwino cha malita 210 kumbuyo kwa injini. Malita ena 60 amawonjezeredwa pansi pa bonnet, bola ngati mutasuntha makina oyendetsa matayala a Tire Fit kuseri kwa mpando wa driver.

Chifukwa chake ngati mukufuna kugwiritsa ntchito roadster yanu popita kutchuthi, MGF ndiye galimoto yoyenera kwambiri kwa inu. Ngati mukufunafuna galimoto yolimbitsa thupi komanso yosala pang'ono kusangalala, mupeza chisangalalo chanu ndi Toyota MR2. Ponena za mikhalidwe yothandiza, kulibe malo oti azikhala ndi injini yapakatikati.

Pomaliza

Mkonzi Kai Clouder: Zoyenda zonse zapakati ziyenera kugulitsidwa ndi mankhwala ngati machiritso amisala. Ngakhale sizowona zamagalimoto amasewera, amatha kuyenda mwamphamvu ndikukhalabe odalirika mpaka kuthamanga kwambiri. Chiwerengero cha magwiridwe antchito ndichabwino kwambiri; kuchokera ku 2500 euros ndi zina ku Germany kuli MR2 yosungidwa bwino ndi MGF. Gulani!

Zolemba: Kai Clouder

Chithunzi: Rosen Gargolov

Zambiri zaukadaulo

MGF Trophy 160 SE (RD), yopangidwa. 2001 chakaToyota MR2 (ZZW30), chomera. 2001
Ntchito voliyumu1796 CC1794 CC
Kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu160 ks (118 kW) pa 6900 rpm140 ks (103kW) pa 6400 rpm
Kuchuluka

makokedwe

174 Nm pa 4500 rpm170 Nm pa 4400 rpm
Kupititsa patsogolo

0-100 km / h

7,6 s7,9 s
Ma braking mtunda

pa liwiro la 100 km / h

palibe detapalibe deta
Kuthamanga kwakukulu222 km / h210 km / h
Kuchuluka kwa mowa

mafuta pamayeso

8-11 l / 100 km7,5-10 l / 100 km
Mtengo WoyambaEUR 2500 (ku Germany, comp. 2)EUR 2500 (ku Germany, comp. 2)
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