Yesani Mercedes-Benz 300 SL ndi nyumba ya Max Hoffman

Mercedes-Benz 300 SL ndi Villa ya Max Hoffman

Galimoto ndi zaluso zapangidwe, zomwe zochitika zawo zimalumikizana kwambiri

Max Hoffman anali munthu wamphamvu. Wamphamvu kwambiri kotero kuti anapangitsa kuti Mercedes ayambe kupanga 300 SL, pomwe, monga wolowa nawo ku USA, adapeza phindu lalikulu. Ndipo adayikanso ndalama, kuphatikiza m'nyumba yodula.

Kodi zidachitika bwanji ku New York mu 1955 pakati pamagulu pomwe amuna amavala masuti opepuka a chilimwe ndikukumana m'makalabu? Mwachitsanzo. Max Hoffman: Wokondedwa Bambo Wright, ntchito yanu yokhudza nyumba yanga ndi maloto chabe. Frank Lloyd Wright: “Zikomo kwambiri a Hoffman okondedwa, zikomo kwambiri. Koma zikhala zotsika mtengo ngati mukudziwa zomwe ndikutanthauza. " “Sindikuwona vuto lililonse, zinthu zikundiyendera. Koma ndalama zandalama, monga mukudziwa, ndizosakhalitsa. Kodi mungandilole kuti ndikupatseni Mercedes 300 SL ndi limousine 300? " "Kulekeranji?" Njonda akumwetulira, mphete mu magalasi ndi utsi wa bourbon mu tache lapansi.

Frank Lloyd Wright amamanga nyumba yolota

Kaya zikhale zotani, mulimonsemo, mu 1954 moyo wa Max Hoffman waku Austria yemwe anali mlendo udali pachimake. Pa February 6, wogulitsa bwino wazogulitsa zamagalimoto aku Europe adawona kuwonetsedwa kwa Mercedes 300 SL ku New York Auto Show, yomwe adakakamira ndikupitilizabe kubweza chuma chake. Ndipo nyumba yake, yokonzedwa ndi katswiri wazomanga nyenyezi Frank Lloyd Wright, inali pafupi kumaliza. Lloyd sanamange nyumba zanyumba, koma kapangidwe kake kanali ka Guggenheim Museum, yomwe mawonekedwe ake ozungulira adalimbikitsa mbiri ya womanga. Ponena za magalimoto apamwamba, ndiye kuti Wright wazaka 88 nthawi zonse amakhala ndi ubale wapadera ndi iwo, ndiye kukambirana kumeneku mwina sikuli kutali ndi zenizeni.

Tsopano 300 SL, yopangidwa mu 1955, imayendetsa miyala yaying'ono pamsewu ndipo imachotsa "pagoda" wobisalayo m'malo mwake pansi pa denga. Palibe garaja - yosandulika nyumba yogona alendo. Scott amasuntha 280 SL; Uyu ndiye munthu amene amayang'anira katundu wabanja la a Tisch, eni ake nyumbayo. Nthawi zingapo, Scott adayimbira abwana ake mosangalala ndipo adalengeza mwachidwi galimoto yayikulu yamasewera yomwe ikujambulidwa pano. Kenako amatumiza moni kwa milionea. Mwa njira, mwini wake wa SL mwina sakugwiranso ntchito ku kiosk chapafupi ndi Manhattan. Kapenanso mwina akuchita zina pamakampani awa, ndani akudziwa.

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Osati choyambirira kwathunthu? Ndiye?

Ngati zili choncho, adalamula akatswiri kuti achotse ma bumpers a chrome pa SL yake yamapiko ndikuyika chiwongolero chamatabwa kuyambira nthawi imeneyo. Silingasweke ngati choyambirira, chifukwa chake maluso a masewera olimbitsa thupi amafunika kuti mutuluke mgalimoto. Pamalo otseguka otseguka, zopindika za thupi la aluminiyamu zimawala padzuwa ndikusemphana kwakukulu ndi mawonekedwe amakona anayi am'modzi wosanjikiza. Zaka zomanga zimangoyamba kuwonetsa mwatsatanetsatane mukapeza magetsi osintha, mipando yomangidwa ndi zizindikilo zoyeserera zamakono. Poyang'ana koyamba, zikuwoneka kuti omangawo miyezi ingapo yapitayo adakondwerera zomanga padengalo. Komabe, mdera lino osankhika, chisangalalo chiyenera kutha nthawi ya 17 koloko masana, chifukwa pambuyo pake palibe mwiniwake amene ayenera kusokoneza mtendere wamayimbidwe ndi wowoneka ndi galimoto yawo yakuda - achitetezo azisamalira.

Okhala pakati asanu ndi limodzi nthawi zambiri

300 SL yatuluka posachedwa, kutali kuti ikhale yochenjera kwambiri, ndipo mtima umagunda kuchokera ku silencer yake. Chimango chake chamachubu, chomwe chinali chopepuka komanso cholimba koma chofunikanso chitseko chonyamula, chimaperekabe malingaliro osangalatsa omwe adadza ndi pulogalamu yapadziko lonse ya SL mu 1954. Mwinanso, pakadali pano palibe jekeseni wachindunji wa mafuta kapena mafuta owola, komanso makamaka momwe magwiridwe antchito amasangalatsira oyendetsa galimoto. Koma ngakhale kukoka pafupipafupi kwazitsulo zazitsulo zisanu ndi chimodzi, zomwe zimayikidwa pangodya pansi pa madigiri 40, kumatipangitsa kumva kusasunthika kwa galimotoyi.

Mpaka 6600 rpm, unit yokhala ndi compression ratio ya 8,55: 1 imalira mofuula, ndipo nthawi ina idakondweresa oyesayo ndi mkangano wopitilira 4500 rpm. Ngakhale lero, bwalo lamasewera limayamba mwamphamvu ndipo limafuna kusunthira mwachangu ku zida zina, koma pali magawanidwe ambiri - anayi okha.

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The 300 SL ndiyovuta kuyendetsa, yosavuta kugulitsa

Mercedes 300 SL ikuwoneka yopepuka kuposa momwe ilili (opitilira matani 1,3) - osachepera mpaka muyenera kuyima kapena kutembenuka. Komabe, ngakhale ku USA, zoyendetsa izi sizingapeweke, ndiyeno munthu amene akuyendetsa gudumu amatentha - kuyendetsa SL ndi ntchito yovuta kwambiri.

Koma SL idagulitsidwa mosavuta - mu 1954 komanso mu 1957, pomwe roadster idawonekera. Hoffman adakulitsa ufumu wake wamagalimoto ndipo anthu a Mercedes sanapemphe kwa nthawi yayitali atawafunsa kuti agulitse msika wa SL - ndikuyamba kupanga 190 SL. Ndipo tsopano 300 SL yathu ikuyenda pang'onopang'ono m'misewu yolimba, yomwe imadziwikabe kuti Highway osalangidwa. Mabuleki ovuta amafuna kuyendetsa mosayembekezereka - zakhala zikuchitika m'mbuyomu, ndipo chifukwa china, tiyeni tizitchule, ndichothamanga panjira.

Chakudya chakumapeto chakumbuyo pamiyeso yayikulu kwambiri chimangogonjetsedwa ndi Mercedes mu roadster, yomwe ili ndi cholumikizira chachingwe chimodzi chosanja mozungulira. "Komabe, sizoyenera, popeza okwera masewera ambiri azolowera kukwera njinga zawo zofooka, kupita m'makona mwachangu kwambiri ndikupangitsa kutsetsereka kumbuyo kwa axle. Kenako SL imatha kumvera mwadzidzidzi, chifukwa chake kumakhala kovuta kuyankha, ”akuchenjeza Heinz-Ulrich Wieselmann pamasewera agalimoto 21/1955. Ndiye zinali choncho, mu 1955. Ndipo Frank Lloyd Wright sanayese konse kuchita izi.

Zambiri zaukadaulo

Mercedes-Benz 300 SL (W198)

InjiniMakina oziziritsa madzi XNUMX-cylinder mu intaneti, mavavu apamtunda, camshaft imodzi yokha, unyolo wa nthawi, pampu ya jakisoni, mafuta owuma

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Ntchito voliyumu: 2996 cm³

Bore x Stroke: 85 x 88mm

Mphamvu: 215 hp pa 5800 rpm

Zolemba malire. makokedwe: 274 Nm @ 4900 rpm

Kuponderezana chiŵerengero 8,55: 1.

Kutumiza mphamvuGudumu lamagudumu, mbale imodzi yowuma yolumikizira, yolumikizira kwathunthu kuthamanga kwa liwiro zinayi. Njira zazikulu zotumizira ndi 3,64, 3,42 kapena 3,25.

Thupi ndi chisisiChitsulo chothandizira gridi yazitsulo yokhala ndi thupi lazitsulo (zidutswa 29 ndi thupi la aluminium)

Kutsogolo: kuyimitsidwa kodziyimira pawokha ndi zingwe zopingasa pa gudumu lirilonse, akasupe a koyilo, zoyatsira zama telescopic.

Kumbuyo: Chowongolera chimodzi chokha ndi akasupe a koyilo, zoyatsira ma telescopic

Makulidwe ndi kulemera Kutalika x m'lifupi x kutalika: 4465 x 1790 x 1300 mm

Wheelbase: 2400 mm

Kutsogolo / kumbuyo: 1385/1435 mm

Kunenepa: 1310 kg

Kuchita kwamphamvu ndi mtengo wakeLiwiro lalikulu: 228 km / h

Mathamangitsidwe kuchokera 0 mpaka 100 Km / h: pafupifupi 9 masekondi

Kugwiritsa Ntchito: 16,7 l / 100 km.

Nthawi yopanga ndi kufalitsaApa 1954 mpaka 1957, makope 1400, Roadster kuyambira 1957 mpaka 1963, makope 1858.

Zolemba: Jens Drale

Chithunzi: Daniel Byrne

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