Opanga Opanga Magalimoto Abwino Kwambiri

Zamkatimu

Zoyeserera zoyambirira, zomwe zimakhala zofanana ndi mitundu yamakono, kuyambira mbiri yakale, zidawonekera posachedwa, zaka zosakwana zana zapitazo. Mpaka nthawi imeneyo, mawonekedwe okhwima adagwiritsidwa ntchito pamagalimoto ndi magalimoto ena - akasupe amasamba, omwe amagwiritsidwabe ntchito bwino pamagalimoto ndi sitima. Ndipo mu 1903, zida zoyambitsa mikangano zoyambira zimayikidwa pamakina othamanga a Mors (Morse).

Opanga Opanga Magalimoto Abwino Kwambiri

Makinawa akhala akugwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri pamagalimoto kwa zaka pafupifupi 50. Koma lingaliro la kapangidwe kake, lomvera zofuna za oyendetsa galimoto, lidadzutsa mu 1922 chida chopangira chubu chimodzi, chomwe chimakhala chosiyana kwambiri ndi chomwe chidalipo kale (tsikulo lidanenedwa mu chiphaso cha wopanga ku Italy Lancia). Idayikidwa ngati kuyesa kwa Lambda, ndipo patatha zaka zinayi, Monroe adapereka mitundu yama hydraulic single.

Kutulutsa kosakanikirana kwa ma monotube oyendetsa galimoto yachilendo ya Mercedes-Benz kunayambitsidwa patatha zaka 30 kuchokera pomwe mtundu woyamba wa Bilstein udalowa msika. Kampaniyo idadalira chitukuko cha Christian Brusier De Carbon, waluso waluso waku France.

Mwa njira, ogulitsa omwe atchulidwa kale pamsika wamagalimoto, pokhala apainiya, amakhalabe otsogola mpaka pano. Ngati mumadalira malingaliro a Ajeremani oyenda pansi, ndiye kuti ma brand Bilstein ndi Koni ndiodalirika kwambiri. Amawerengedwa kuti ndi atsogoleri abwino.

Ponena za yoyamba, yomwe imatulutsa zinthu zake m'mitundu itatu: mafuta, gasi ndi kuphatikiza - zoyeserera zake ndizofunikira kwambiri kwa BMW. Kampaniyi ili ndi mwayi wina wosangalatsa kuchokera kwa McPherson - kapangidwe kake ka monotube.

Njira yabwino kwambiri yomwe Bilstein amayendetsa pagalimoto yabwinobwino ndi mndandanda wamafuta amtundu wa B4, womwe umagwira bwino komanso kutonthoza. Mndandanda wa B6 (Sport, gasi) umakhala bwino kwambiri kuposa B2 - hydraulic - poyendetsa modetsa nkhawa.

Malo apamwamba pakati pamiyeso yamitengo amakhala ndi Tokico, Kayaba, Sachs, Boge ndipo ngati njira yachuma, Monroe. Amatsatiridwa ndi ma packers wamba, omwe samalandiridwa makamaka ndi akatswiri: Meyle, Optimal, Profit.

Momwe mungasankhire komanso nthawi yosintha

Ngati tiwona kuti mndandanda wazowonjezera zomwe zimaperekedwa ndi msika womwe uli pamwambapa sizimatha, ndiye kuti kupita kumsika wamagalimoto kumatha kubweretsa chisokonezo kuchokera kuzosiyanasiyana, zomwe ndizovuta kuzimvetsa. Muyenera kupitilira pazomwe mukuyendera pagalimoto yanu. Ngakhale iyi ndi galimoto yozizira yakunja, koma kupulumuka pa mpweya wake womaliza, ndiye kuti mwina siyoyenera kugwiritsa ntchito ndalama pazinthu zamtengo wapatali, mutha kupitako ndi zotsika mtengo kwa nyengo zingapo.

Apa ndikofunikira kutenga chitsanzo kuchokera ku Ajeremani omwe ali osamala, ngati pali cholinga chopulumutsa "wokondedwa" wanu kwazaka zambiri. Ajeremani amayamba kusamalira galimotoyo atangogula, ikakhala yatsopano: mosasamala kanthu za ma absorbers amtundu wamtunduwu, nthawi yomweyo amakonzekeretsa galimotoyo ndi mitundu yodalirika kwambiri, nthawi zambiri Bilstein kapena Koni.

Ntchito yomweyo ikuyembekezera matayala okhala ndi "mphira". Pambuyo pake, dalaivala angaganize zosintha chosokoneza chokha pokhapokha kugula kwa galimoto yotsatira. Kwa Slav, zachidziwikire, zimakhala zovuta kumvetsetsa tanthauzo, koma zilipo, ndipo ndizofala. Izi zimatanthauzira ndalama zambiri pazaka 10-20 zikubwerazi.

Momwemo, wogula sakakamizidwa kuti azipanikizika pophunzira tsatanetsatane wamkati mwa makinawo komanso mawonekedwe owonetsera. Zonse zomwe zimadetsa nkhawa dalaivala ndizothandiza, chitetezo, chidaliro pakuwongolera mosavuta. Ndipo chifukwa cha ichi, iwo omwe amatsatsa malonda awo ali ndiudindo kale.

Komabe, kuti tisadalire malingaliro a wina, ndikofunikira kumvetsetsa pang'ono za momwe kagwiridwe kake kagwiritsire ntchito: zachokera pati, momwe mapangidwe amasiyanirana, ndi zina zambiri, kuti athe kusankha paokha njira yomwe ili yovomerezeka kwa inu, kapena kutengera mtundu wakukonda, kaya pazifukwa zachuma.

Mitundu yayikulu yama absorbers odabwitsa

Ma absorbers odalirika amathandizira kuyendetsa galimoto komwe kumalumikizidwa ndikuwongolera mosavuta. Kuphatikiza apo, galimotoyo imayamba kuyankha bwino ndikukhazikika pakona.

Opanga Opanga Magalimoto Abwino Kwambiri

"Amort" (Umu ndi momwe chipangizochi chimangotchulidwira) ndi gawo la kuyimitsidwa, komwe, ngakhale kumatenga kugwedezeka poyenda m'misewu yosagwirizana, sikutha kuchepetsa kapena kuletsa kupindika kwa thupi. Ntchitoyi imagwidwa ndi kachitidwe komwe kamagwiritsa ntchito poyika mphamvu yolumikizira ndikupanga kukana pochepetsa kuchepa.

Mwakuwoneka, mitundu yonse yamajambulira amasiyana amasiyana pang'ono. Mitembo yosindikizidwa yokhala ndi ndodo yosunthira yamkati imamangiriridwa kuchokera pansi mpaka chitsulo chogwiritsira ntchito gudumu kapena kuyikidwa mkati mwayimitsidwe pazoyendetsa (MacPherson kuyimitsidwa), ndipo gawo lakumtunda limalumikizidwa kumapeto kwa ndodo yosunthira ku chimango cha galimoto kapena thupi.

Opanga Opanga Magalimoto Abwino Kwambiri

Makinawa amasiyana pamapangidwe awo amkati: chitoliro chimodzi ndi mapaipi awiri. Omalizawa akukhulupiriridwa kuti adatengera mtundu wa kamera imodzi. Kapangidwe kake kamatsimikizira kudzazidwa, komwe kumatha kukhala kwama hayidiroliki (mafuta), gasi komanso wosakanikirana. Ngakhale mafuta amapezeka m'mitundu yonse.

Kupanga sikumaima, ndipo kumangokhalira kusintha mitundu. Kutheka, tsogolo lili m'manja mwa mbadwo watsopano wamitundu yosinthika pogwiritsa ntchito njira zodziyimira pawokha zamagetsi, zomwe zimamangidwanso nthawi yomweyo kutengera momwe msewu ulili kapena msewu.

Koma tsopano tiona zida za msika waukulu. Pali njira zitatu zodziwika bwino (kupatula kuyimitsidwa kwa MacPherson chubu chimodzi):

· Mafuta a mapaipi awiri (hayidiroliki). Amagwira ntchito mofewa, oyenera kuyenda modekha pamalo athyathyathya, ndipo ndiokwera mtengo kwambiri.

· Pombi yamagetsi yamaipi awiri, kusiyanasiyana kwa mtundu wam'mbuyomu, pomwe mpweya umakhala wocheperako ndipo umapanikiza pang'ono. Imakhala bwino pamalo opunduka mwachangu.

· Mpweya wa bomba limodzi, pomwe mpweya umapanikizika kwambiri ndipo umateteza bwino mafuta omwe amadzaza mafuta kuti asatenthe kwambiri.

Opanga Opanga Magalimoto Abwino Kwambiri

Hayidiroliki (mafuta) awiri chitoliro

Mwa kapangidwe kake, mitundu yama hayidiroliki ndiyosavuta kupanga, chifukwa chake ndi yotsika mtengo ndipo imayenera kukonzedwa. Chosavuta chake ndikutentha kwakukulu ndi thovu la mafuta panthawi yothamanga, zomwe zimapangitsa kuchepa kwa kayendedwe ka magalimoto. Amangoyendetsa magalimoto ochepa, ngakhale amagwira ntchito yawo bwino m'misewu yosagwirizana. Kutentha kwamlengalenga kukatsika mpaka kutsika zero, mafuta olimba amamangiriza kuyenda kwa pisitoni, komwe kumakhudzanso kuyendetsa bwino komanso chitetezo.

Chipangizo chamkati:

Opanga Opanga Magalimoto Abwino Kwambiri

· Pisitoni ndi ndodo -A;

· Kutseka - B;

Thupi lamatangi - C;

Bwezerani valavu - D;

· Silinda yamkati yogwiritsira ntchito filler - E;

Vuto lopanikizika (pansi) - F.

Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Kodi kafukufuku wa lambda m'galimoto ndi momwe angayang'anire

Mfundo yogwiritsira ntchito:

Opanga Opanga Magalimoto Abwino Kwambiri

Nyumba zanyumba ziwiri zodabwitsazi zimagwiranso ntchito ngati nkhokwe yakunja (C) yokhala ndi podzaza pang'ono. Mkati mwake muli cholembera chachikulu chogwirira ntchito (E), komanso chodzazidwa ndi mafuta: ngati thermos. Pisitoni yokhala ndi ndodo (A) imachita kukweza / kutsitsa gudumu lamakina. Ndodoyo ikatsikira pansi, pisitoni imasinkhasinkha mafuta omwe ali mkatikati mwa silinda ndipo ena mwa iwo amawasungira m'nkhokwe yakunja kudzera pa valavu yapansi (F).

Pogwetsa pamalo athyathyathya, ndodoyo imasunthira chammbuyo ndikutulutsa mafuta kubwerera kumalo ogwirira ntchito kudzera pa valavu (D) yomangidwa mu pisitoni. Pamtunda wamapiri, komanso pisitoni itasemphana, pali kayendedwe kabwino ka mafuta, komwe kumadzetsa kutentha kwake komanso kuchita thovu. Zinthu zoyipazi zimachotsedwa pang'ono pamapangidwe abwino kwambiri - mafuta amafuta.

Gasi-hayidiroliki (mafuta-mafuta) mapaipi awiri

Izi ndizokusinthidwa kwamtundu wakale kuposa mtundu wina wamachitidwe. Kapangidwe kamkati sikasiyana ndi komwe adakonzeratu, kupatula pa mfundo imodzi: voliyumu yopanda mafuta siyodzazidwa ndi mpweya koma ndi mpweya. Nthawi zambiri - ndi nayitrogeni, chifukwa pansi pothinikizidwa pang'ono kumathandizira kuziziritsa ndipo, chifukwa chake, imachepetsa thovu.

Opanga Opanga Magalimoto Abwino Kwambiri

Kapangidwe kameneka sikanathetseretu vuto la kutentha ndi kusungunuka, chifukwa chake imawonedwa ngati njira yabwino kwambiri yokhoza kuthamangitsira pang'ono pamalo osakhala abwino. Kuuma pang'ono sikuwonjezeka nthawi zonse kumakhala chopinga, ndipo nthawi zina kumathandizira kuwonetseredwa kwa mawonekedwe amgalimoto oyenera munjira ina.

Gipi limodzi chitoliro

Mtundu wopanga bwino wa chitoliro chimodzi ndi womaliza kulowa mumsika. Ngakhale lili ndi dzina, sizikutanthauza kupezeka kwa mafuta, koma mfundo yogwirira ntchito ndi chipangizocho chimasiyana kwambiri ndi mapaipi awiri:

· Kusuntha ndodo - A;

Pisitoni yokhala ndi mavavu oyikapo, psinjika t - B;

Thupi la thanki wamba - C;

· Mafuta kapena nyengo yonse yotsekemera yamadzimadzi - D;

Kupatukana koyandama (madzi ndi mpweya) pisitoni yoyandama - E;

Kuthamanga mpweya - F.

Chithunzicho chikuwonetsa kuti mtunduwo ulibe cholembera chamkati, ndipo thupi limakhala nkhokwe (C). Pisitoni yoyandama (E) imasiyanitsa kukoka kwamphamvu kapena mafuta kuchokera ku gasi, ma valve amtsogolo ndi osinthira (B) ali pamlingo womwewo pa pisitoni. Chifukwa chamasowa pamalo okhala ndi chidebe chamagetsi, mafuta ndi mafuta zimakulitsidwa kwambiri, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti makinawo azigwira bwino ntchito.

Gasi ikapanikizika kwambiri imapangitsa magwiridwe antchito kwambiri, omwe amalola kuti azigwira ntchito kwambiri. Chifukwa chake, mafani othamangitsa kuyendetsa galimoto amakonda kukhazikitsa zida zamagetsi zotsika mtengo. Ngakhale kulinso kolakwika kunena za mtundu umodzi wamitundu. Mutha kukwaniritsa kukhazikika komweko ndikuthamanga mwachangu pamitundu yamafuta.

Mukamasankha, muyenera kusamala kwambiri ndi mfundo za makinawo kwa wopanga. Pankhaniyi, ndalama zochulukirapo sizoyenera, chifukwa zitha kubweretsa ndalama zambiri posinthira zina zomwe zatha msanga chifukwa cha cholakwitsa chosavomerezeka.

Momwemo, wogula amafunitsitsa kuti asadziwe za omwe ali mkati mwa chipangizocho, koma za kuthekera kwake, kutengera mtundu wamagwiritsidwe ntchito agalimoto. Mwachitsanzo, kugula kuchokera ku Koni sikuyika kasitomala muvuto lililonse pakusankha. Kuphatikiza apo kampaniyo imapanga mayankho onse atatu, zogulitsa zake, mosasamala kanthu zamndandanda, zimagawika m'magulu apadera ndi Masewera. Zotsatira zake, zonse zimamveka bwino kwa wogula: sankhani masewera othamangitsana ndi Special kuti mukhale bata. Pali funso lokhalo lamtengo ndi diso kuthekera kwawo kwakuthupi.

Opanga aku Germany

Opanga Opanga Magalimoto Abwino Kwambiri

Chiwerengero cha anthu aku Germany nthawi zonse chinali chotchuka chifukwa chakuwunika kwawo mozama. Kupanga kwa zida zamagalimoto ndi zojambulira makamaka ndizosiyana. Kulowa pamsika wapadziko lonse lapansi chifukwa cha kupezeka kwa ma "high-profile" angapo omwe amadziwika ku Russia.

ZOYENERA

Kutchuka kumalumikizidwa osati ndi zabwino kwambiri, komanso ndi mitengo yotsika mtengo. Ngakhale udindo wake monga wonyamula katundu, amawerengedwa kuti ndiopereka zida zogulitsa ku msika waku Europe, ngakhale wopanga waku France amagwiritsa ntchito dzina la kampani yaku Germany. Amatulutsa mitundu iwiri yama absorbers odabwitsa: mafuta ndi gasi.

Bilstein 

Wotchuka kwambiri komanso wamkulu wopanga zida zosiyanasiyana zoyimitsa galimoto. M'modzi mwa "otulukapo" omwe adayamba ntchito yake mzaka za m'ma 50 zapitazo.

Posankha, ndikofunikira kudziwa kuti kuyambira kumapeto kwa zaka za makumi awiri ndi ziwiri, zoyeserera za Bilstein zidakhazikitsidwa pafupifupi theka la magalimoto omwe amapangidwa padziko lonse lapansi. Ndipo Mercedes-Benz ndi Subaru amagwiritsa ntchito kuyimitsidwa kwa Bilstein pakusintha kwawo koyambirira. Chizindikirocho chimapereka zogulitsa zake pamagalimoto ambiri odziwika bwino: Ferrari, Porsche Boxter, BMW, Chevrolet Corvette LT.

Makina ambiri opangidwa ndimayendedwe amafuta amodzi. Koma pali mizere ina yomwe imagwirizana ndendende ndi cholinga, monga chikuwonetsedwa ndi choyambirira cha dzina. Tikulankhula za mitundu "yachikaso", yamabuluu kale ndi mtundu waku Spain wokhala ndi mtundu woyipa kwambiri.

Masanjidwewo:

Bilstein Rally - yamagalimoto (othamanga) magalimoto;

Bilstein Sport - kwa iwo omwe amakonda kuyendetsa pamsewu (osati akatswiri);

· Zida zothandizira kuyimitsidwa pamasewera a Sport;

Bilstein Sprint - kuyendetsa mwachangu (ndi akasupe ofupikitsidwa);

· Bilstein Standard - Msonkhano waku Italiya wosunthira mwakachetechete, wotsika mtengo kwambiri, koma mtunduwo ndi "wopunduka".

Chitsimikizo chokhazikika komanso chodalirika cha mtundu wonsewo ndichopereka choyenera pamitengo "yakumwamba". Zida zoterezi zimatha kupirira katundu kwazaka zopitilira khumi.

Opanga Opanga Magalimoto Abwino Kwambiri

BOGE

Ndiye wothandizira ovomerezeka a Alfa-Rromeo, Volvo, BMW, Volkswagen, Audi. Ndi gawo la kampani yamphamvu ZF Friedrichshafen AG, pamodzi ndi Lemforder ndi Sachs. Wogwiritsa ntchito amalankhula za malonda ngati "zabwino" pagawo lake lamtengo wapakati.

Kufunika kwakukulu kumachitika chifukwa cha kupezeka kwa mitundu ingapo yogwiritsidwa ntchito poyendetsa mitundu yosiyanasiyana. Ngakhale akatswiri amati palibe kusintha kwapadera pamakhalidwe oyimitsidwa akunja pogwiritsa ntchito mndandanda uliwonse. Zotsatira zowonekera zimangobweretsedwa ndi BOGE Turbo-gasi.

Komabe, zabwino za njirazo sizingatsutsike, kutchuka kwawo kumalumikizidwa ndi mtengo wokwanira kuposa mtengo wovomerezeka komanso moyo wautali. Mzerewu umaphatikizapo zosintha zamagesi ndi mafuta:

· BOGE Pro-gasi - mitundu iwiri yamafuta-yamafuta amafuta, chifukwa chakupezeka kwa poyambira mwapamwamba kwambiri, kumawongolera bwino makina;

· BOGE Turbo24 - mpweya monotube cholemetsa cholemetsa chopangira anthu okonda misewu;

Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Kodi masensa amtundu wamafuta amagwirira ntchito bwanji?

BOGE Makinawa - oyenera magalimoto odekha, oyesedwa ndi ma bampu pang'ono panjira;

· BOGE Turbo-gasi - ayamikiridwa ndi madalaivala osasamala omwe amakonda "kuyendetsa" mumachitidwe amasewera;

· BOGE Nivomat - khalani ndi chilolezo chokhazikika, chomwe chimakupatsani mwayi wokhoza kuyendetsa galimoto "yonse".

 Ubwino wosatsutsika wa mtundu wa BOGE ndikulimbana ndi chisanu choopsa, kufikira -40, kukhazikika, kusinthasintha kwamitundu yambiri yamagalimoto, mitengo yotsika mtengo.

Sachs

Monga BOGE, ndi gawo limodzi lodziwika bwino la ZF padziko lonse lapansi.

Kumbali yaubwino, ali ochepera pang'ono kuposa mtundu wakale, koma nthawi yomweyo ndiotsika mtengo. Makamaka opangidwa mu mndandanda wamafuta amafuta. Mbali yapadera ndi ntchito zake zosiyanasiyana, ndiye kuti, makhalidwe ovomerezeka mofananamo pamitundu ina yamagalimoto. Nthawi zambiri, ndioyenera ma SUV komanso ma sedan. Ngakhale mfundoyi itha kubweretsa kukayikira. Mzere wofanana umaimiridwa ndi mndandanda:

· SACHS SuperTouring - yomwe imapezeka m'mitundu iwiri: gasi ndi mafuta - amatanthauza mtundu womwe ukuyenda mwakachetechete m'misewu yayitali;

· SACHS Violet - amasiyana mtundu (wofiirira), wogwiritsidwa ntchito pa liwiro;

· SACHS Ubwino - imathandizira kwambiri magwiridwe antchito oyimitsa, ikukwaniritsa zofunikira zowongolera magalimoto;

· SACHS Sporting Set - masewera osakhala akatswiri (okhala ndi akasupe), opirira kuyendetsa mwachangu, ndiotsika mtengo.

Ma Sachs absorbers amathandizidwa chifukwa chogwiritsa ntchito magalimoto apadziko lonse: BMW, Peugeot, Volvo, Volkswagen, Audi, SAAB, Mercedes. Kuphatikiza pakusinthasintha, ma amort ali ndi zinthu zotsutsana ndi dzimbiri chifukwa cha zokutira za varnish, mphamvu zabwino, komanso kukhalapo kwa njira yochepetsera phokoso.

Ndizosangalatsa kuti Ferraris woyamba anali ndi zida zokhazokha za Koni, koma pang'onopang'ono pambuyo pa Bilstein adayamba kugwiritsa ntchito Sachs, yomwe imalankhula zakukhulupirira chizindikirocho.

Opanga aku Europe

Europe yonse ikutsalira pang'ono kumbuyo kwa wopanga waku Germany wama absorbers odabwitsika, komabe ili ndi china choti ipatse wogula wovuta.

KONI - Netherlands

Chizindikiro cha West Europe Dutch chomwe chidagawana malo opambana ndi wopanga waku Germany Bilstein. Ubwino wake umaphatikizaponso kusinthasintha komanso kutha kusintha kuuma kuti mupeze zomwe mukufuna ndikuwonjezera kulimba.

Mwambi wa kampaniyo ungatchulidwe kuti: "Chitani bwino kuposa ena!" Kudalira mtundu wa kampaniyo kulibe maziko: Koni adakhalapo pamsika kuyambira pomwe panali zoyendetsa mahatchi ndipo adayamba kupanga akasupe a ngolo zokokedwa ndi akavalo. Ndipo tsopano zida zake zogwiritsira ntchito zamagalimoto akunja omwe ali ndi dzina lalikulu: osowa Porsche ndi Dodge Viper, Lotus Elise, Lamborghini, komanso Mazerati ndi Ferrari.

Opanga Opanga Magalimoto Abwino Kwambiri

Wopanga ndiwosamala kwambiri pakutsatira zomwe zalengezedwa, chifukwa chake, mtundu uliwonse umayesedwa mwamphamvu. Zotsatira zake, pali chitsimikizo cha "moyo wonse", amort amatha "kufa" pokhapokha ndi galimoto.

Masanjidwewo:

· KONI Load-a-Juster - kanyumba kanyumba kotentha, kamakupatsani mwayi woti mukweze galimoto kwambiri chifukwa cha kasupe wamabala;

KONI Sport (kit) - ya akasupe amfupi, ophatikizidwa ndi akasupe;

· KONI Sport - yopangidwa mchikaso, yopangidwira kuyendetsa kwambiri, yosinthika popanda kufunika kochotsa, kuthana bwino ndi kutembenuka kwapamwamba;

· KONI Special - amadziwika ndi mtundu wawo wofiira, amachita bwino akamayenda mwakachetechete, kufewa kumatsimikizira kuwongolera koyendetsa galimoto.

Tisaiwale kuti Mlengi safuna kuchuluka, kulabadira kwambiri khalidwe, ndipo mtengo ndi zogwirizana kwathunthu ndi izo.

G'Ride Hola - Netherlands

Woyimira Dutch wa msika wamagalimoto walengeza posachedwa, koma wakwanitsa kale kupereka malingaliro pazogulitsazo ndi malingaliro abwino.

Opanga Opanga Magalimoto Abwino Kwambiri

Kukhazikika kwa ma absorbers ochititsa mantha a G'Ride Hola kumatsimikiziridwa ndi zisindikizo zapamwamba kwambiri zamafuta, mafuta abwino amathandizira kugwira ntchito molondola, kutsika kwa kutentha sikukhudza makina. Kuvala kuvala kumapangidwira mtunda wa makilomita 70.

Mitundu yamafuta idakhala yabwino pakuyendetsa "kuthamanga", ndipo kudzichepetsa komanso mtengo wotsika mtengo zidakopa nzika zambiri kuti zisankhe malo okhala ku Hola. Kuphatikizika kosakayika komanso kwakukulu ndikutsatsa kolingalira, komwe kumaphatikizapo kukhazikitsa koyambirira, kufunsa ndi kukonza nthawi yazachidziwitso.

Miles ochokera ku Belgium

Opanga Opanga Magalimoto Abwino Kwambiri

Pamsika waku Russia wamagalimoto, mitundu ingapo yaku Belgium imayimiriridwa - Miles. Anthu omwe ayesa kapangidwe kameneka akuti iyi ndi njira yoyenera kuyenda modekha.

Chipangizochi chimagwira mwamphamvu, chomwe chimathandizira kuyenda mosavutikira, komanso chimagwira ntchito yabwino kwambiri ndi cholinga chake - kuyamwa kwa kugwedezeka kwamakina kuchokera pazosokonekera pamsewu.

Mikangano mokomera mapangidwe a Miles ikupereka kuyendetsa koyendetsedwa bwino komanso kukhazikika kwamagalimoto, kupezeka kwa chowonjezera chomwe chimalepheretsa thovu la mafuta ndi mpweya wabwino, zomangamanga, zida zokutidwa ndi chrome (zimateteza ku dzimbiri), ndikudzaza ndi mafuta apamwamba aku Korea.

Mitundu ingapo yoyenera yaku Europe itha kupitilizidwa ndi mndandanda wotsatirawu: Zekkert, Pilenga, AL-KO, Krosno.

Mtundu Wapamwamba waku Asia

Palibe kukayika kuti Japan ndiye mtsogoleri wazida zama makina aku Asia. Koma Korea ndi China nawonso anali pamwamba.

Mphamvu kuchokera ku Korea

Mu 2020, mafuta awo oyamwa amadzizindikira kuti ndi abwino kwambiri. Amort yotsika mtengo, imapezeka, imatha kukhala yodalirika, yomwe imawonetsedwa ndi mtundu wa Sensen. Wopanga akuti amatenga nthawi yayitali, ndikulonjeza kuti azikhala wopanda mavuto pamsonkhano mpaka makilomita 100 zikwi.

Teflon bushings, ndodo zokutidwa ndi chrome zokhala ndi zisindikizo zabwino kwambiri ndi chitsimikizo cha chitetezo chodalirika ku dzimbiri, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti gawo loyimitsidwa likhala kwa nthawi yayitali.

Parts Mall - Korea

Ndi gawo la kampani yayikulu PMC (Parts Mall Corporation) ku South Korea. Kuphatikiza pa Parts Mall, bungweli lili ndi zopangidwa ndi CAR-DEX, NT, ndi zina zambiri.

Kuphatikiza apo, chitetezo chokwanira cha zida zogwiritsira ntchito zida za Parts Mall chimapangitsa kuti anthu azigula zinthu zambiri, zomwe zimathandizidwa ndi mbiri yochokera kwa opanga magalimoto odziwika: Kia-Hyundai, SsangYong, Daewoo.

Kayaba (Kyb) - Japan 

Mndandanda wokhazikika (wofiira) ndi gawo lotsika mtengo komanso lodalirika. Apa, mwayi ukadakhala nawo - wina adzalandira 300 km pa mileage, ndipo kwa wina mwina sizingakwanire 10 km. Mfundo yofooka imadziwika - katundu. Dzimbiri mwamsanga mutayendetsa galimoto m'misewu yamatope.

Zinali za mndandanda wa Kayaba Exel-G, mafuta-mapaipi awiri. Mwambiri, zopangidwa za Kayaba zimapangidwira magalimoto "awo", koma mpaka 80% amatumizidwa kumsika waku China.

Opanga Opanga Magalimoto Abwino Kwambiri

Palinso mndandanda wazokwera mtengo kwambiri, koma wopanda malire pamndandanda. Mtundu wapakati potengera kuchuluka kwa mitengo yamtengo - Kayaba Premium, ikufunika kwambiri. Mtunduwu umagwiritsidwa ntchito mgalimoto zakunja Mazda, Honda, Toyota. Chipangizocho chimapereka kuwongolera kosavuta komanso kuyenda bwino, chingagwiritsidwe ntchito pafupifupi pamitundu yonse yamtundu uliwonse wamagalimoto.

Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Ndi ma absorbers ati omwe ali abwino, mafuta kapena gasi?

Zozizwitsa zakumbuyo kwa Gasi-A-Kumbuyo zimagwiritsa ntchito mtundu umodzi wa gasi. Ndipo gulu lapamwamba limaphatikizapo mzere wopepuka wa masewera Kayaba Ultra SR ndi MonoMax omwe ali ndi mafuta omwewo. Zipangizozi ndizosinthika osachotsa mgalimoto, ndizabwino kwambiri komanso ndizokwera mtengo kwambiri.

Tokico wochokera ku Japan

Amapangidwa makamaka mu mtundu umodzi wa chubu, motero ndiabwino kuyendetsa bwino kwambiri.

Opanga Opanga Magalimoto Abwino Kwambiri

Kampani ya Tokico ili ndi malo oyenera achiwiri ku Japan pakupanga zida zoyeserera. Osati kufunikira kochuluka komwe kumalumikizidwa ndi kugwiritsidwa ntchito kocheperako, makamaka kwa magalimoto otumizidwa ku Japan ndi America. Zogulitsa za "Tokiko" zitha kupezeka pagalimoto zakunja Lifan, Geely, Chery, Ford, Toyota, Lexus.

Gawo lake, izi ndizotsika mtengo, zokhala ndi machitidwe abwino kwambiri oyendetsa, chilengedwe chonse (chokhoza kusintha). Kutentha kwakasupe kumakhala kofewa pang'ono kuposa Kayab, komwe kumathandizira pakuyendetsa bwino kwambiri.

Kampaniyi ili ndi mafakitale awiri okha, omwe ali ku Thailand. Mwina ndichifukwa chake zabodza za katundu wawo sizipezeka.

Kuphatikiza pa zopangidwa zaku Asia, AMD, Lynxauto, Parts-Mall zatsimikizika bwino.

Ma absorbers odabwitsa ochokera kumakampani aku America

Maimidwe oyenera kwambiri amtundu wamagalimoto aku Russia ndi aku America.

Rancho waku North America

Ma dampers amafuta amtundu wamafuta ali ndi magwiridwe antchito oyendetsa mabatire awiri, omwe amakhala ndi mphamvu zambiri, okhwima bwino komanso ogwirira bwino pamsewu.

Opanga Opanga Magalimoto Abwino Kwambiri

Ranch imayimilira pamitengo yawo, imakhala ndi magawo asanu osasunthika, amakhala ndi masensa apadera omwe amayang'anira kayendetsedwe ka ndodo, amapereka magwiridwe antchito komanso kukhazikika pakona ngakhale poyendetsa kwambiri, ndipo ali ndi kuthekera kwakukulu.

Okonda magalimoto aku Russia amakonda kukhazikitsa Rancho pazinthu monga VAZ, UAZ, Niva, ma racks amachita bwino pa Chevrolet.

Monroe

Imodzi mwamakampani akale pa msika wamagalimoto, yomwe idayamba kupanga zoyambira zoyambira kuyambira 1926.

Munthawi imeneyi, Monroe adaphunzira mokwanira zofuna za ogula ndikusunga malangizo owongolera nthawi zonse. Amagwiritsa ntchito ma auto odziwika bwino a Porsche, Volvo, VAG.

Opanga Opanga Magalimoto Abwino Kwambiri

Pamodzi ndi mtundu wabwino (nthawi zina ngakhale wopitilira zomwe mukuyembekezera), mfundo zamitengo ya wopanga zimakondweretsa. Ma racks amapangidwa kuti akhale otsika kwambiri, mpaka makilomita 20 zikwi, koma amatha kusinthidwa osadandaula za kulipira kwambiri.

Masanjidwewo:

MONROE Sensa-Trac - makamaka omwe amapangidwa popanga mafuta-mapaipi awiri:

MONROE Van-Magnum - yabwino kwa ma SUV;

MONROE Gas-Matic - mafuta-mapaipi awiri;

MONROE Radial-matic - mapaipi awiri mafuta;

MONROE Reflex - mndandanda wamafuta wamafuta wabwino wapaulendo wabwino;

MONROE Choyambirira - chimapangidwa m'mitundu iwiri, mafuta-gasi komanso ma hydraulic basi, mndandandawu umakhala ndi magalimoto pamsonkhano wapafakitole.

M'misewu yaku Russia, iyi ndi njira ina yokayikitsa, kupatula maulendo opita m'misewu yapakatikati ya megalopolises. Koma ogula aku Europe sakudandaula za mtunduwo.

Delphi

Chingwe choyamba chosinthira MacPherson adayambitsidwa ndi Delphi. Mtunduwo watsimikizira pakapangidwe kazitsulo zamagetsi.

Opanga Opanga Magalimoto Abwino Kwambiri

Delphi amachita bwino mumisewu yopanda pake, chifukwa chake alibe chidwi ndi ogula aku Russia, koma poyenda mosamala, ma struts akuwonetsa kukana kwamphamvu. Kumbali inayi, mitundu yayikulu yamitundu yokhala ndi mawonekedwe osiyanasiyana, kuposa mtengo wotsika mtengo, kukana chisanu ndi dzimbiri, kupereka zomatira zabwino panjira, kumatha kubweretsa chidwi.

Fox - California

M'modzi mwa atsogoleri aku America popanga ma racks apadera oyenera akatswiri kugwiritsa ntchito masewera.

Opanga Opanga Magalimoto Abwino Kwambiri

Amayikidwa pamzere wopanga magalimoto amsewu ndi njinga zoyenda pamafunde, amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri pamagalimoto othamanga, njinga zamoto, njinga, ndipo amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri pantchito zokopa alendo.

Ma dampers apamwamba amaperekedwa pamsika mu Professional Factory series, komanso tsiku lililonse - Magwiridwe antchito. Amakhala bwino makamaka atasinthiranso makina ena.

Opanga zapakhomo

Wopanga waku Russia alinso ndi china choti apatse ogula. Mtsutso waukulu wokometsera poyimitsa zapakhomo ndi mtengo. Oyenera ndi mtundu wa Trialli, BelMag, SAAZ, Damp, Plaza ndi mtundu waku Belarusian Fenox.

SAAZ

Chikhochi ndi chimodzi mwa oimira abwino kwambiri pamsika wamagalimoto aku Russia.

Opanga Opanga Magalimoto Abwino Kwambiri

Njira yokhayo yogwiritsira ntchito magalimoto onse opangidwa ndi kampani ya VAZ. Chimodzi mwazabwino ndizotheka kukonza, komanso kupezeka kwa chosungira madzi. Amapangidwa makamaka mu mapaipi awiri.

Zamgululi

Kwa magalimoto opangidwa ndi Russia, palibe njira yabwinoko kuposa iyi.

Opanga Opanga Magalimoto Abwino Kwambiri

 Mfundoyi idapangidwa makamaka kuti iziyendetsa mwakachetechete, koma imagwira ntchito yabwino pamisewu yovuta. Kwa okhala ku Russia, makamaka zigawo zakumpoto, mawonekedwe amafuta a chubu ziwiri zamagetsi amafunika kupirira kutentha pang'ono, mpaka madigiri 40 pansi pa ziro.

Amotra BelMag, yokhala ndi malire ambiri achitetezo, amaikidwa ngati "abale" pamsonkhano wamafakitole wa Datsun, Nissan, Renault, Lada. Ndibwino kuti muyike pazitsulo ziwiri nthawi imodzi.

Trialli

Pogwira ntchito yoyang'anira chilolezo ku Italiya, imagwira ntchito yotumiza ma brake, zida zowongolera ndi zina zotengera zamagalimoto aku America ndi ku Europe.

Magawo atatu a Trialli amapezeka m'magulu awiri amtengo - premium, kumapeto kwa Linea Superiore ndi Linea Qualita yapakatikati. Zogulitsa zonse, kuphatikizira mabala oyeserera, amadziwika ndi mawonekedwe abwino kwambiri, omwe amawoneka munthawi zomwe adalengezedwa.

Fenox - Belarus

Kutchuka kwa mtundu wa Fenox kumadzetsa zonama zambiri zamtundu wokayikitsa, chifukwa chake mukamagula ndikofunikira kufunsa zikalata zomwe zikutsatira. M'mapangidwe awo oyambira, ma absorbers odabwitsa ali ndi zabwino zambiri zosatsimikizika zomwe zitha kubwezera kupanda ungwiro kwa misewu yaku Russia.

Mwapadera kuthana ndi tokhala ndi maenje, akhoza kukhala pa masewera chidwi mpaka 80 zikwi. Ndibwino kuti muyike poyimitsa pazitsulo zonse ziwiri: kutsogolo, ziziwonetsetsa kuti magalimoto akuyenda mosavuta, kumbuyo - kukhazikika kwa kayendedwe kosagwedezeka pamalo osagwirizana kwambiri.

Opanga Opanga Magalimoto Abwino Kwambiri

Fenox nthawi zambiri amapangidwa ndi monotube mpweya wotsekemera, kotero amatha kupirira kuyendetsa mwachangu, mosakhazikika pamisewu yayitali.

Mafunso ndi Mayankho:

Ndi kampani iti yomwe ili bwino kuti itenge ma shock absorbers? Zimatengera mphamvu zakuthupi za mwini galimotoyo ndi zokhumba zake. M'MALO OTHANDIZA pali zosintha za KONI, Bilstein (chikasu, osati buluu), Boge, Sachs, Kayaba, Tokico, Monroe.

Ndi mitundu iti yama absorbers yomwe ili yabwino kwambiri? Ngati tiyamba kuchokera ku chitonthozo, ndiye kuti mafuta ndi abwino, koma sakhala olimba kuposa gasi. Zotsirizirazi, m'malo mwake, zimakhala zolimba, koma ndizoyenera kuyendetsa bwino kwambiri.

Ndi chiyani chomwe chili chabwino chochotsera mafuta kapena gasi? Poyerekeza ndi mafuta a gasi, mafuta a gasi ndi ofewa, koma ndi otsika kwambiri posalala poyerekeza ndi mafuta. Iyi ndiye njira yabwino kwambiri pakati pa gasi ndi mafuta.

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