Bokosi lamagalimoto la DSG - zabwino ndi zoyipa zake

Zamkatimu

M'dziko lamakono lamagalimoto, mitundu yosiyanasiyana yama bokosi amiyala idapangidwa. Mwa zina zotchuka ndi njira yosinthira, chifukwa imapereka chitonthozo chachikulu poyendetsa galimoto.

Kuda nkhawa kwa Volkswagen kwatulutsa bokosi lamtundu wapadera, lomwe limadzutsa mafunso ambiri okhudzana ndi kudalirika komanso kuyendetsa bwino kotumizira. Tiyeni tiyese kudziwa ngati kuli koyenera kugula galimoto yomwe imagwiritsa ntchito gearbox ya dsg?

DSG ndi chiyani ndipo imachokera kuti?

Uwu ndi mtundu wamagetsi womwe umagwira ntchito pamtundu wa loboti yoyambirira. Unit ali okonzeka ndi zowalamulira awiri. Izi zimakuthandizani kuti mukonzekere kuchita zida zotsatirazi pomwe pano mukugwira.

Bokosi lamagalimoto la DSG - zabwino ndi zoyipa zake

Oyendetsa magalimoto ambiri amadziwa kuti kutumizira kwamagetsi kumagwira ntchito chimodzimodzi ndi mnzake. Amasiyana chifukwa magiya amachitidwa osati ndi driver, koma zamagetsi.

Kodi chodziwika ndi bokosi la DSG ndi chiyani, ndipo DSG imagwira ntchito bwanji?

Poyendetsa galimoto ndi makaniko, dalaivala akupondaponda chowombera kuti asinthe kukhala magiya apamwamba. Izi zimamupatsa mwayi wosunthira magiya pamalo oyenera pogwiritsa ntchito cholembera chamagetsi. Kenako amatulutsa chovalacho ndipo galimoto ikupitilizabe kuthamanga.

Basiketi ikangogwiritsa ntchito, makokedwewo samaperekedwanso kuchokera ku injini yoyaka yamkati kupita pagalimoto yoyendetsa. Pamene liwiro lofunidwa likuyatsidwa, galimotoyo ikuyenda mozungulira. Kutengera mtundu wa pamsewu ndi mphira, komanso kuthamanga kwamagudumu, galimotoyo imayamba kuchepa.

Fwulutsu ndi mbale yothamangitsira ikayambiranso kugunda, galimoto siyimathanso monga momwe idalili asananyamule. Pachifukwa ichi, dalaivala amayenera kuyendetsa kwambiri galimotoyo. Kupanda kutero, injini yoyaka mkati izikhala ndi katundu wochulukirapo, zomwe zingasokoneze kuyendetsa galimoto.

Mabokosi amagetsi a DSG alibe mpumulo wotere. Makina apadera a makinawa amakhala pakakonzedwe ka shafeti ndi magiya. Kwenikweni, makina onsewa amagawika m'magawo awiri odziyimira pawokha. Mfundo yoyamba ndi udindo kusuntha ngakhale magiya, ndi wachiwiri - wosamvetseka. Makina akatembenuka, zamagetsi zimapereka lamulo ku gulu lachiwiri kuti lilumikizane ndi zida zoyenera.

Bokosi lamagalimoto la DSG - zabwino ndi zoyipa zake

Mwamsanga pamene liwiro la unit mphamvu lifika kufunika, mfundo yogwira ndi sakukhudzidwa ndi yotsatira chikugwirizana. Chida choterocho chimachotsa "dzenje" momwe kuthamangitsira mphamvu kumatayika.

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Mitundu yotumizira DSG

Kuda nkhawa ndi VAG (pazomwe zili, werengani apa), Mitundu iwiri yamabokosi apangidwa omwe amagwiritsa ntchito kufala kwa dsg. Mtundu woyamba ndi DSG6. Mtundu wachiwiri ndi DSG7. Iliyonse ya iwo ili ndi zovuta zake. Pankhaniyi, funso likubwera: ndi njira iti yomwe mungasankhe? Kuti tiyankhe, aliyense woyendetsa galimoto ayenera kuganizira mikhalidwe yawo.

Kodi pali kusiyana kotani pakati pa DSG6 ndi DSG7?

Chiwerengero pamutuwu chikuwonetsa kuchuluka kwa zotumizira. Chifukwa chake, mtundu umodzi uzikhala ndi liwiro sikisi, ndipo enawo asanu ndi awiri. Koma ichi sichofunikira kwambiri, momwe bokosi lamagalimoto limasiyanirana ndi linzake.

Bokosi lamagalimoto la DSG - zabwino ndi zoyipa zake

Kusintha kwa zomwe zimatchedwa kufalikira kwamadzi, kapena dsg6, kudachitika mu 2003. Zimagwira ntchito pokhapokha ngati pali mafuta ochuluka mu crankcase. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito pamagalimoto okhala ndi injini zamphamvu. Chiwerengero cha zida zotumizira chotere chikuwonjezeka, motero mota iyenera kupota shafts ndi magiya. Ngati bokosi loterolo linali ndi magalimoto opanda mphamvu, zamagetsi zimayenera kuloledwa kuwonjezera liwiro kuti lisataye mphamvu.

Kusinthaku kudasinthidwa ndi bokosi lowuma. Zouma mwanjira yakuti zowalamulira ziwirizi zigwiranso ntchito chimodzimodzi ndi mnzake wamba. Ndi gawo ili lomwe limadzetsa kukayikira kwakukulu pankhani yogula galimoto yokhala ndi ma liwiro asanu ndi awiri a DSG.

Chosavuta cha njira yoyamba ndikuti gawo lamagetsi limagwiritsidwa ntchito kuthana ndi kukana kwa voliyumu yamafuta. Mtundu wachiwiri umasweka pafupipafupi, chifukwa chake makina ambiri amagalimoto amachenjeza za kugula magalimoto ndi DSG7.

Bokosi lamagalimoto la DSG - zabwino ndi zoyipa zake

Zikafika pakusintha kwamagalimoto, makina osankhira okha amakhala othamanga kuposa anzawo. Komabe, potonthoza, amakhala okhwima. Woyendetsa amamva pamene, pakuyenda kwamphamvu, kufalitsa kumasintha kupita ku zida zina.

Ndi zovuta ndi zovuta ziti zomwe zimakhala za DSG?

Tiyenera kudziwa kuti makina a DSG samangokhalira kuwonongeka. Madalaivala ambiri amasangalala ndi njira 6-liwiro komanso 7-liwiro. Komabe, pamene wina ali ndi zovuta ndi kayendetsedwe ka bokosilo, kusakhutira uku kumalumikizidwa ndi ziwonetsero izi:

  • Makina olimba popita liwiro lililonse (mmwamba kapena pansi). Izi ndichifukwa choti zodziwikiratu sizikakamiza ma disc bwino. Zotsatirazi zikufanana ndi zomwe dalaivala akugwetsa ngo zowalamulira;
  • Pogwira ntchito, panali mapokoso akunja komwe kumapangitsa ulendowu kukhala wovuta;
  • Chifukwa kuvala pamwamba mikangano (zimbale pafupi kwambiri) makina amataya mphamvu yake. Ngakhale ntchito yokhayokha itayambika, galimotoyo sitha kuthamanga kwambiri. Kulephera koteroko kumatha kupha panjira.
Bokosi lamagalimoto la DSG - zabwino ndi zoyipa zake

Kulephera chachikulu ndi kulephera kwa zowalamulira youma. Vuto lili pakukhazikitsa kwamagetsi. Simalola kuti chipangizocho chizigwira ntchito bwino, koma chimagwiritsa ntchito ma disc. Inde, monga momwe zimakhalira, pali zovuta zina, koma poyerekeza ndi kufulumira kwa ma disc, sizodziwika kwenikweni.

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Pachifukwa ichi, ngati adaganiza zogula galimoto pamsika wachiwiri, ndipo adachoka kale nthawi yachidziwitso, ndiye kuti muyenera kulabadira momwe zimafalira. Inde, pamene zizindikiro zomwe tazitchula pamwambapa zikuwonekera, palibe chifukwa chosinthira gawo lonse. Ma disc a Worn amafunika kusinthidwa, ngakhale njirayi siyotsika mtengo.

Kodi chitsimikizo cha opanga cha DSG box ndi chiyani, kukonza kwa DSG kwaulere ndikusintha?

Ponena za galimoto yotsimikizira, muyenera kuganizira zotsatirazi. Kampaniyo poyamba imachenjeza zakusokonekera kwa kufala kwa kachilombo. Chifukwa chake, zikalata zovomerezeka, kampaniyo imati bokosi la DSG7 litha kukhala ndi mavuto asanakwane. Pachifukwa ichi, pasanathe zaka zisanu kapena mpaka atagonjetsa gawo lalikulu la makilomita 150, kampaniyo idakakamiza ogulitsa kuti athandizire makasitomala omwe amafunsira kuti akonzedwe.

Pamalo ogwira ntchito zovomerezeka, woyendetsa galimotoyo amapemphedwa kuti asinthe magawo omwe alephera kapena gawo lonse (izi zimadalira kukula kwa kuwonongeka). Popeza dalaivala sangathe kuwongolera magwiridwe antchito, zovuta zomwe zimagwira ntchito zimalipidwa ndi kukonza kwaulere. Chitsimikizo chotere sichimaperekedwa ndi wopanga aliyense wogulitsa magalimoto ndi makina.

Bokosi lamagalimoto la DSG - zabwino ndi zoyipa zake

Kuphatikiza apo, wogulitsa akuyenera kukonza chitsimikizo mosasamala komwe galimoto idakonzedwa. Ngati woimira kampaniyo akana kukonza kapena kusinthitsa chipangizocho kwaulere, kasitomala amatha kudandaula mwa kulumikizana ndi foni ya kampaniyo.

Popeza bokosi la dsg silikuthandizidwa, palibe chifukwa chochitira ntchito iliyonse yomwe mukufuna. Uku ndi kuyesa kwa wantchito kuti apange ndalama pazinthu zosafunikira zomwe sangachite.

Kodi ndizowona kuti Volkswagen yathetsa mavuto onse omwe ali ndi bokosi la DSG?

Zachidziwikire, bokosilo lasintha kwambiri kuyambira pomwe adayamba kupanga. Pafupifupi zaka 12 zapita kuchokera nthawi imeneyo. Komanso automaker sanapange chilengezo kuti makinawo sadzamalizidwanso. Mpaka pano, ntchito yopititsa patsogolo mapulogalamuwa ili mkati, chifukwa cha zovuta zomwe zimachitika nthawi zambiri.

Bokosi lamagalimoto la DSG - zabwino ndi zoyipa zake

Ngakhale zili choncho, palibe chifukwa chofotokozedwera za kufulumira kwazinthu zazipikisano. Ngakhale mu 2014 kampaniyo ikuchotsa pang'onopang'ono chitsimikizo cha zaka 5, ngati kuti akuwonetsa kuti vuto la kuwonongeka kwa mayunitsi sikuyenera kuyambanso. Komabe, vutoli lidalipo, chifukwa chake muyenera kusamala mukamagula mtundu watsopano wamagalimoto (onetsetsani ngati kukonza kwa DSG kukuphatikizidwa mu chitsimikizo).

Chifukwa chiyani kupanga magalimoto okhala ndi DSG7 kukupitilira?

Yankho lake ndi lophweka - kwa omwe akuyimira kampaniyo kuti atenge kufalitsako kumatanthauza kubwereranso ndikuvomereza kulephera kwa mainjiniya awo. Kwa wopanga waku Germany, yemwe malonda ake amadziwika kuti ndi odalirika, amavomereza kuti makinawo adakhala osadalirika - nkhonya pansi pa lamba.

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Chofunika kwambiri pa nkhaniyi ndikuti kuwonongeka kotheka kumachitika chifukwa chokwanira kwa mabokosi. Zambiri zidayendetsedwa pakukula kwa dongosololi. Zambiri kotero kuti ndikosavuta kuti kampani ivomereze kuwonjezeranso zina zaulere zamagalimoto awo kuposa kupangira zida zawo ndi njira yapita.

Kodi woyendetsa galimoto wamba yemwe akufuna kugula Volkswagen, Skoda kapena Audi angachite bwanji izi?

Bokosi lamagalimoto la DSG - zabwino ndi zoyipa zake

Kuda nkhawa kumapereka njira zingapo zothetsera izi. Zowona, kwa ma Golfs njira yokhayo yothetsera makina. Ponena za mitundu ya Audi kapena Skoda, chisankho chimakulitsidwa ndi kuthekera kogula mtundu wokhala ndi kusintha kwa 6-position. Ndipo mwayi uwu umapezeka pamitundu yochepa, monga Octavia, Polo kapena Tiguan.

Kodi DSG7 idzathetsedwa liti?

Ndipo pali mayankho ochepa ku funso ili. Chowonadi ndichakuti ngakhale kampaniyo ikawona nkhaniyi, wogula ndiye womaliza yemwe amazindikira za izi. Pali kuthekera kwakukulu kuti gawoli lidzagwiritsidwe ntchito kwa nthawi yayitali, ngakhale lili ndi zovuta zake.

Chitsanzo cha njirayi ndi DP yopanda chitukuko chokhwima mosintha kosiyanasiyana. Kukula uku kudawonekera koyambirira kwa zaka za m'ma 1990, koma mitundu ina yamagalimoto yamibadwo yaposachedwa imakhala nayo. Mwachitsanzo, Sandero ndi Duster ali ndi bokosi lotere.

Mfundo yayikulu yomwe wopanga amasamala nayo ndiubwenzi wazanyamula. Chifukwa cha izi ndi mwayi wodziwika bwino pankhani yamagalimoto amagetsi, chifukwa chake kugwiritsa ntchito komanso kudalirika kwambiri ndizovuta zomwe opanga magalimoto angakwanitse kupanga.

Bokosi lamagalimoto la DSG - zabwino ndi zoyipa zake
AUBI - matekisi ogwiritsa ntchito a Mercedes E-Class W 211, Toyota Prius 2, VW Touran ndi Dacia Logan, apa ndi VW Touran ndi woyendetsa taxi Cords Photo yomwe idapangidwa mu Novembala 2011

Mafuta a mafuta ndi dizilo akuwonjezeka. Ngakhale zitha kumveka zachilendo, dsg silingalowe m'malo mwa anzawo odalirika, chifukwa, malinga ndi zolembedwazo, zimapereka magwiridwe antchito.

Chifukwa china cha njirayi ndi chikhumbo chosasinthika chokopa ogula ochulukirapo magalimoto atsopano. Pamalo opanga, pali kale mitundu yambiri yamakope yomwe imangowola, kudikirira mwini wawo, ndipo amalima kukula kwa msika wachiwiri. Makampani ali okonzeka kuchepetsa kugwiritsa ntchito mayunitsi ena, kuti kukonzanso okwera mtengo kukapangitse oyendetsa magalimoto kuti azilola zapamwamba za Soviet, kapena kutenga ngongole kuti agule galimoto m'malo osewerera.

Ngati wina ali kale ndi modzikweza wokhala ndi DSG yothamanga kasanu ndi kawiri, nayi kuwunika kwakanthawi kakanema momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5QruA-7UeXI

Mafunso ndi Mayankho:

Kodi pali kusiyana kotani pakati pa makina wamba wamba ndi DSG? DSG ndi mtundu wa zodziwikiratu kufala. Amatchedwanso robot. Ilibe chosinthira makokedwe, ndipo chipangizocho chimakhala chofanana ndi kufala kwamanja.

Chifukwa chiyani bokosi la DSG lili bwino? Amasintha pawokha magiya a bokosilo. Ili ndi ma clutch awiri (kusuntha mwachangu, komwe kumapereka mphamvu yabwino).

Mavuto ndi bokosi la DSG ndi chiyani? Bokosilo sililola kalembedwe kamasewera. Popeza ndizosatheka kuwongolera kusalala kwa clutch, ma disks amatha msanga.

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