Kodi muyenera kusankha mafuta amtundu uti?

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Kodi muyenera kusankha mafuta amtundu uti?

Kusiyanitsa ndi chinthu chofunikira kwambiri m'galimoto, chomwe ntchito yake ndi kuchita chimodzi, koma ntchito zitatu zofunika:

  • Chotsani makokedwe kuchokera ku injini kupita ku mawilo oyendetsa
  • khalani ndi mawilo mosiyanasiyana mosiyanasiyana
  • gwirani ntchito yochepetsera kuphatikiza ndi kuyendetsa komaliza

Mwanjira ina, chifukwa cha magwiridwe antchito oyenera amitundu, magudumu amgalimoto amatha kuzungulira mothamanga mosiyanasiyana mukakhala pakona, motero kuonetsetsa kukhazikika ndi chitetezo poyendetsa.

Popeza imakhala ndi magawo azitsulo amitundu yosiyanasiyana, monga magiya ndi ena, imafunikira mafuta am'magawo nthawi zonse kuti agwire bwino ntchito ndikupewa kuwonongeka. Ntchito yofunika iyi imaperekedwa kwa mafuta pakusiyanako.

Kodi muyenera kusankha mafuta amtundu uti?

Kodi kusiyanitsa mafuta ndi chiyani?


Kusiyanitsa kapena kuchepetsa mafuta ndi mtundu wa mafuta omwe amapangidwira ntchito yothamanga. Zimasiyana ndi mafuta mu injini osalimba komanso mamasukidwe akayendedwe. (Kusiyanitsa mafuta ndikulimba kwambiri ndipo kumakhala ndi mamasukidwe akayendedwe kuposa mafuta amafuta.)

gulu:
American Petroleum Institute (API) imagawira mafuta osiyana siyana kuchokera ku GL-1 mpaka GL-6, mulingo uliwonse umalumikizidwa ndi mitundu yamagiya yamagiya ndi momwe amagwirira ntchito:

Mwachitsanzo, GL-1, ndi mafuta oyambira omwe amapangidwira mitundu ina yamasiyanidwe ndi zinthu zina zopepuka.
GL-6 idapangidwa kuti igwire ntchito m'malo ovuta kwambiri
Ndi mafuta ati osiyana omwe mungasankhe?
Pali zinthu zingapo zofunika kuziganizira mukamasankha mafuta osiyana:

  • kukhuthala
  • Mavoti a API
  • Muyeso malinga ndi muyezo wa ANSI / AGMA
  • Mtundu wa zowonjezera

Kusasamala
Chimodzi mwazofunikira zomwe mafuta apamwamba amasiyanitsa ayenera kukhala nawo. Kukhuthala kumatchulidwa kawirikawiri mukabuku ka ntchito yamagalimoto. Ngati izi sizingatheke, mutha kupeza zambiri za mtundu wina wamagalimoto ndikupanga pa intaneti, kapena kulumikizana ndi malo othandizira kapena malo ogulitsa mafuta.

Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Kodi mungasunge bwanji matayala m'galimoto?

Mavoti a API
Tanena kale kuti chiwerengerochi chikugwirizana ndi mtundu wa masiyanidwe ndi magwiridwe antchito. Malingaliro ofanana omwe amafotokozedwanso mu buku la makina.

Mulingo wa ANSI / AGMA
Zimaphatikizapo njira zomwe zimafotokozera zofunikira monga katundu, kuthamanga, kutentha, ndi zina zotero.Timaganiza kuti zikuwonekeratu kuti magawowa amathanso kupezeka m'buku la eni galimoto.

Zowonjezera
Zowonjezera zomwe zitha kupezeka mosiyanasiyana madzimadzi ndizamagawo atatu:

  • R & O - zowonjezera zomwe zimakana dzimbiri ndi makutidwe ndi okosijeni, omwe amateteza ku dzimbiri komanso kukana mankhwala
  • Antiscuff - zowonjezera zomwe zimapanga kanema wamphamvu pazinthu zosiyanazi
  • Zowonjezera zovuta - mtundu wowonjezerapo umapereka mafuta owonjezera komanso kanema woteteza bwino


Mafuta osiyanitsa, monga mafuta a injini, amagawika mu mchere kapena kupanga:

Mafuta opangidwa ndi mchere amakhala ndi ma viscosities apamwamba kuposa mafuta opangira ndipo amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri
Mafuta opangira, nawonso, amalimbana kwambiri ndi makutidwe ndi okosijeni komanso kuwonongeka kwa matenthedwe, kuwapangitsa kukhala chisankho chabwino kwambiri chogwiritsa ntchito kutentha kwambiri.
Kuchokera pazomwe zanenedwa, zikuwonekeratu kuti kusankha kusiyanasiyana kwamafuta anu sikophweka, chifukwa chake upangiri pogula mafuta ndikutsatira zomwe wopanga kapena akufuna kupempha kwa wamakaniko kapena wogulitsa kusiyanasiyana. mafuta.

Chifukwa chiyani kuli kofunikira kusintha mafuta osiyanitsa pafupipafupi?


Kusintha mafuta wamagalimoto ndikofunikira monga kusintha mafuta amgalimoto yamagalimoto, ndipo chifukwa chosinthira pafupipafupi ndikuti pakapita nthawi mafuta amakhala odetsedwa, amachepa ndikutaya pang'onopang'ono katundu wake.

Kodi muyenera kusankha mafuta amtundu uti?

Kodi mafuta a gearbox amasintha kangati?


Kusiyanasiyana kwamadzi nthawi zambiri kumakhala kolimba kwambiri kuposa mitundu ina yamafuta yamagalimoto, ndipo ndi nkhani yabwino. Komabe, izi sizikutanthauza kuti m'malo mwake muyenera kunyalanyazidwa (monga zimakhalira).

Nthawi yowonjezera imadalira mtundu wa kuyendetsa ndi malingaliro a omwe amapanga mtundu wina wamagalimoto ndi mtundu. Komabe, titha kunena kuti mafuta osiyanitsa ndi abwino kusintha pomwe mileage ikuchokera ku 30 mpaka 60000 km.

Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Malangizo 7 otsuka galimoto yanu nthawi yachisanu

Ngati, pambuyo poti mileage yovomerezeka idutsa, ndipo madziwo sanasinthidwe, zinthu zosiyana zimayamba kutulutsa phokoso losasangalatsa, ndipo patapita kanthawi magiya amayamba kudziwononga.

Kodi ndingasinthe bwanji mafuta mu kusiyana?


Kusintha mafuta si ntchito yovuta, koma pali zovuta zina ... Mafuta opatsirawo amanunkhira moyipa (china pakati pa fungo la sulfa ndi mazira owola). "Fungo" ili silosangalatsa konse, ndipo ngati kusinthaku kumachitika kunyumba, kuyenera kuchitikira panja kapena m'malo opumira mpweya wabwino.

Timadzimadzi titha kusinthidwa mu msonkhano kapena kunyumba. Ndibwino kuti musiye kusintha kwa ntchito, mbali imodzi, kuti "mudzipulumutse" ku fungo loipa, komanso mbali inayo, kuti mutsimikizire kuti ntchitoyi ichitika mwachangu, popanda zosokoneza komanso popanda mavuto. Komabe, ngati ndinu mtundu wa wokonda yemwe angadzipange nokha, nazi momwe mungasinthire kunyumba.

kukonzekera
Konzani zida zofunikira, mafuta atsopano odzaza ndi malo oyenera pomwe musinthe

Zida zomwe mungafune pakusintha mafuta ndizomwe zilipo kunyumba kwanu. Nthawi zambiri ndimagulu amanjenje, zingwe zochepa ndi thireyi yoyenera kutolera mafuta akale zimagwira ntchito bwino
Mudziwa mafuta omwe mukusowa kuchokera pagalimoto yantchito yamagalimoto anu. Ngati simukuzipeza, mutha kulumikizana ndi amodzi mwa malo ogulitsa kapena malo ogulitsa, komwe angakuthandizeni kusankha koyenera.
Kusankha malo ndikofunikanso, chifukwa chake ndi bwino kusankha malo athyathyathya kunja kapena chipinda chokhala ndi mpweya wabwino (tanena kale chifukwa chake).

Kodi muyenera kusankha mafuta amtundu uti?

Kusintha kwamafuta pang'onopang'ono:

  • Yambitsani galimoto yanu ndikupanga "mabwalo" angapo ozungulira malowa kuti muwotha mafuta pang'ono. (Mafuta akatenthedwa, amatuluka mwachangu)
  • Ikani galimoto yanu pamtunda ndikugwiritsa ntchito poyimitsa magalimoto
  • Kwezani galimotoyo ndi jack kapena chida chokweza kuti mugwire bwino ntchito
  • Konzani malo anu ogwira ntchito. Yang'anirani kusiyanasiyana ndikuwerenga buku lanu lamagalimoto, kutengera kapangidwe kake kamene kangakhale ndi phula lokhetsa mafuta, koma mungafunike kutsegula khomalo
  • Musanayambe ntchito yeniyeniyi, ikani thireyi kapena chidebe chilichonse choyenera pansi pa kork kuti mafuta azikunjikira mchidebecho osataya paliponse pansi.
  • Pezani pomwe pali dzenje lodzaza ndikumasula kapuyo pang'ono (nthawi zambiri kapu iyi imakhala pamwamba pamutu wamatumba).
  • Pezani ndikutsitsa pulagi yotsitsa ndikulola mafutawo atuluke kwathunthu.
Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Makhalidwe ogwiritsira ntchito mpweya wofewetsa nyengo yozizira
Kodi muyenera kusankha mafuta amtundu uti?

Pukutani bwino ndi nsalu yoyera kuti muchotse mafuta ochulukirapo. Onetsetsani kuti mwaumitsa zonse bwinobwino. Kenako chotsani kapu yodzaza ndikuwonjezera mafuta atsopano. Gwiritsani ntchito mafuta apamwamba kwambiri ndipo nthawi zonse tsatirani malangizo a wopanga. Kudzaza mafuta atsopano ndikosavuta kugwiritsa ntchito pampu, onetsetsani kuti pokonzekera zida zanu zosinthira mafuta.
Yambani ndikudzaza mafuta atsopano. Kuti mudziwe mafuta ochuluka omwe mukufuna, yang'anani zolemba pa kapu komanso pamene mzere ufike pachimake. Ngati simukupeza chizindikirocho, onjezerani madzi mpaka atatuluka mu dzenje lodzaza.

Gwirani kapuyo, yeretsani malowo bwino ndikuchotsa makina ku jack.
Yang'anirani kutuluka m'masiku akubwera.

Mafunso ndi Mayankho:

Ndi mafuta otani oti mudzaze kusiyana? Kwa gwero lakumbuyo m'mabokosi amakono (kumbuyo kwa axle kumakhalanso komweko), mafuta a API GL-5 amagwiritsidwa ntchito. Viscosity ya chitsanzo china imatsimikiziridwa ndi automaker mwiniwake.

mafuta osiyana ndi chiyani? Ndi mafuta a giya omwe amatha kusunga filimu yamafuta pazigawo zodzaza kwambiri komanso kukhala ndi mamasukidwe oyenera.

Ndi mafuta amtundu wanji oti mudzathire muzosiyana zocheperako? Pazocheperako zosiyanirana ndi zida zotchingira ma disc, ndikofunikira kugula mafuta apadera (ali ndi kalasi yawo ya viscosity ndi mawonekedwe opaka mafuta).

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