Momwe mungasinthire mphamvu yamahatchi kukhala kilowatts

Zamkatimu

eni galimoto onse anamva za kukhalapo kwa chizindikiro monga mahatchi m'galimoto, anaona mtengo wake mu STS ndi kuyang'anizana ndi mawerengedwe a kuchuluka kwa OSAGO ndi msonkho mayendedwe potengera chizindikiro ichi, koma owerengeka okha amadziwa mwatsatanetsatane. za chizindikiro ichi, chomwe chimatanthauza ndi chomwe chikugwirizana ndi .

Kodi mphamvu yamahatchi ndi chiyani ndipo idabwera bwanji

Momwe mungasinthire mphamvu yamahatchi kukhala kilowatts

Horsepower (Chirasha: h.p., ayi.: hp, Chijeremani: PS, fran.: CV) ndi gawo lamphamvu lopanda dongosolo, lofotokozedwa koyamba ndi James Watt waku Scotland m'zaka za zana la 17.

Anapanga makina oyambirira a nthunzi, ndipo pofuna kusonyeza kuti zida zake zimatha kusintha kwambiri kavalo mmodzi, adayambitsa chizindikiro monga mphamvu ya akavalo.

Malinga ndi zomwe woyambitsayo adawona, kavalo wamba amatha kunyamula katundu wolemera pafupifupi 75 kg kuchokera patsinde pa liwiro lokhazikika la 1 m / s kwa nthawi yayitali.

Anawerengera hp. monga katundu wolemera makilogalamu 250, amene amatha kukweza kavalo kutalika masentimita 30 mu sekondi 1, ndiye 1 HP \u75d 735,499 kgm / s kapena XNUMX Watts.

Chifukwa chakuti miyeso yotereyi ingapereke zotsatira zosiyana kwambiri, mitundu yambiri ya mahatchi (magetsi, metric, boiler, makina, etc.) yawonekera m'moyo watsiku ndi tsiku.

Mu 1882, pa imodzi mwa ma congresses a English Association of Engineers, adaganiza zopanga unit yatsopano yomwe imayesa mphamvu, ndipo idatchedwa woyambitsa - Watt (W, W).

Mpaka pano, mawerengedwe ambiri adagwiritsidwa ntchito pogwiritsa ntchito chizindikiro chomwe chinayambitsidwa ndi woyambitsa wa ku Scotland D. Watt - mahatchi.

Momwe HP imayesedwa ku Russia ndi mayiko ena

Masiku ano, pali mitundu ingapo yamayunitsi okhala ndi dzinali padziko lonse lapansi.

Momwe mungasinthire mphamvu yamahatchi kukhala kilowatts

Mitundu yayikulu:

  • metric, yofanana ndi 735,4988 W;
  • makina, ofanana ndi 745,699871582 W;
  • chizindikiro, chofanana ndi 745,6998715822 W;
  • magetsi, ofanana ndi 746 W;
  • chipinda chowotchera, chofanana ndi 9809,5 Watts.

Chigawo chovomerezeka chapadziko lonse chowerengera mphamvu ndi watt.

M'mayiko ambiri a ku Ulaya, otchedwa "metric" ndiyamphamvu amagwiritsidwa ntchito, amawerengedwa ngati mphamvu yonyamula chinthu cholemera makilogalamu 75 pa liwiro lomwelo ndi mathamangitsidwe wamba g \u9,80665d XNUMX m / s².

Mtengo wake umawerengedwa kuti ndi 75 kgf m/s kapena 735,49875 W.

Ku UK ndi United States of America, makampani opanga magalimoto amawona mphamvu zamahatchi kukhala 745,6998815 watts, kapena 1,0138696789 metric mitundu. Ku America, kuwonjezera pa ma metric, boilers ndi mitundu yamagetsi ya l imagwiritsidwa ntchito. Ndi.

Pakali pano, mu Russian Federation, mawu akuti "ndi mphamvu ya akavalo" mwadzina amachotsedwa kufalitsidwa boma, ngakhale ntchito kuwerengera msonkho pa zoyendera ndi OSAGO. Ku Russia, chizindikiro ichi chimamveka ngati ma metric osiyanasiyana.

Engine mphamvu

Kuyeza mphamvu ya injini zoyatsira mkati zamagalimoto, osati zizindikiro zosiyanasiyana zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito, komanso njira zoyezera zomwe zimapereka zotsatira zosiyana.

Torque, rpm ndi mphamvu ya injini. M’mawu osavuta

Ku Europe, gawo lokhazikika la njira yoyezera mphamvu ndi kilowatt. Potchula mphamvu zamahatchi, momwe amayezera m'madera osiyanasiyana a dziko lapansi akhoza kusiyana kwambiri, ngakhale ndi mtengo womwewo wa chizindikiro choyambirira.

Ku United States ndi Japan, njira zawo zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kuwerengera LS ya injini yoyaka moto yamkati, koma kwa nthawi yayitali akhala akufika pamlingo wovomerezeka.

M'mayiko awa, mitundu iwiri ya zizindikiro imagwiritsidwa ntchito:

  • Muyeso wa Net, yomwe imapereka kuyesa pamayimidwe apadera okhala ndi zida zonse zowonjezera zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito poyendetsa magalimoto (jenereta, makina otulutsa mpweya, fan, etc.).
  • Muyeso waukulu, zomwe zikutanthawuza kuyesa galimoto pamalopo popanda zina zowonjezera zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito panthawi ya galimoto (pampu yozizira, fan, jenereta, etc.). Zizindikiro zomwe zimapezedwa pogwiritsa ntchito njirayi ndizokwera kwambiri kuposa zenizeni zomwe zimaperekedwa ndi magalimoto panthawi yogwira ntchito, mpaka 20-25% kuposa ma automaker ena ochokera ku USA omwe adagwiritsa ntchito mwachangu munthawi yawo, ndikuwonetsetsa mwadala magawo amagetsi azinthu zawo. Izi zidakonzedwa mu 1972 ndi kukhazikitsidwa kwa muyezo wamba.

Opanga makina a ICE amayesa zizindikiro zamphamvu pamtundu wamafuta omwe injiniyo idapangidwira.

Mwachitsanzo, injini lakonzedwa kuthamanga pa 95 petulo, ndiye kusonyeza mphamvu analengeza ndi Mlengi pa mafuta oyenera ndipo n`zokayikitsa kuti Russian bottling. Ndipo m'mafakitale aku Japan omwe amapanga injini zoyatsira mkati, kuyesa ndi kuyeza mphamvu kumachitika pamafuta okhala ndi octane apamwamba kwambiri omwe amapezeka ku Japan, ndiko kuti, osatsika kuposa AI-100.

Chitsanzo chowerengera hp mu Watts ndi Kilowatts

Ndikosavuta kutembenuza mphamvu zamahatchi kukhala ma watts nokha pogwiritsa ntchito njira inayake komanso mtengo wokhazikika womwe umawonetsa kuchuluka kwa ma watt ndi mphamvu imodzi yotere.

Horsepower to Kilowatts ndi Kilowatts to Horsepower

Mwachitsanzo, mu zikalata za galimoto mphamvu ya injini yake ndi 107 hp.

Podziwa kuti 1 hp = 0,73549875 kW kapena 1 hp = 735,498, timawerengera:

P=107*hp=107*0,73549875=78,69 kW or P=107*735.498=78698.29 W

Momwe mungasinthire mwachangu mphamvu zamahatchi kukhala ma kilowatts - zowerengera pa intaneti

Ngakhale kuphweka kwa kutembenuza mphamvu zamahatchi kukhala ma watts, nthawi zina chidziwitso choterocho chingafunike mwamsanga, ndipo sipadzakhala chowerengera pafupi kapena nthawi idzakhala ikutha.

Zikatero, mutha kugwiritsa ntchito ma calculator pa intaneti.

Zina mwazo zitha kugwiritsidwa ntchito mwachindunji pakusaka kwa Yandex.

Momwe mungasinthire mphamvu yamahatchi kukhala kilowatts

Kapena tsatirani maulalo omwe ali pansipa:

  • http://ru.woodmizer-planet.com/kvt.pl
  • http://www.vcm.by/kvtvls.pl

Ngakhale kuti mphamvu yamahatchi ndi chizindikiro chomwe sichikugwirizana ndi machitidwe apadziko lonse a mayunitsi, ndipo panopa amagwiritsidwa ntchito nthawi zina m'mayiko ena, mtengo wake umayenderana ndi mwini galimoto aliyense.

Ndilofanana ndi chiwerengero cha watts, kutengera mtundu wa hp. kuwerengera mphamvu ya injini kuyaka mkati kW, ndimetric buku chizindikiro ichi ntchito, wofanana 1 HP \u0,73549875d XNUMX.

Waukulu » Malangizo othandiza oyendetsa galimoto » Momwe mungasinthire mphamvu yamahatchi kukhala kilowatts

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