Momwe imagwirira ntchito: Bokosi la CVT

Zamkatimu

Zakhala zikudziwika kale kuti kufalitsa mgalimoto kumakupatsani mwayi wogawa makokedwe omwe amapanga magetsi. Izi ndizofunikira pakuwongolera kosalala kapena kwamphamvu kwagalimoto. Dalaivala amakhala ndi injini ya rpm, kuilepheretsa kuti isakwere kwambiri.

Ponena za kufalitsa kwamanja, za chida chake komanso momwe mungasungire nthawi yayitali, tanena kale. Ndipo izi zikuwoneka kuti ndizovuta. Tiyeni tikambirane za cvt: ndi mtundu wanji wa makina, ntchito yake komanso ngati kuli koyenera kutenga galimoto yomwe imafalitsa chimodzimodzi.

Kodi bokosi la CVT ndi chiyani

Ichi ndi mtundu wa kufala zodziwikiratu. Ili m'gulu lakutumiza kosiyanasiyana mosiyanasiyana. Chinthu chake chodziwika ndi chakuti kusiyanasiyana kumapereka kusintha kosasintha kwama magiya m'magawo ang'onoang'ono omwe sangathe kupezeka pamakina.

Momwe imagwirira ntchito: Bokosi la CVT

Imakhala ndi magalimoto ogwira ntchito moyang'aniridwa ndi zida zamagetsi. Chipangizochi chimagawa chimodzimodzi katundu wochokera ku injini molingana ndi kukana komwe kumagwiritsidwa ntchito pamavili oyendetsa galimotoyo.

Kusuntha kwamagalimoto kumachitika bwino - dalaivala nthawi zina samazindikira ngakhale momwe magwiridwe antchito amasinthira. Izi zimapangitsa kuti kukwera kukhale bwino.

Chipangizo chachikulu

Kapangidwe ka makina ndi kovuta, ndichifukwa chake kupanga kwake kumawononga ndalama zambiri. Kuphatikiza apo, chifukwa cha kupangika kwa kapangidwe kake, kufalitsa kosalekeza kosasintha sikungakwanitse kugawa ngakhale katundu m'mitundu ina ya injini.

Momwe imagwirira ntchito: Bokosi la CVT

Kusiyanitsa kwakukulu pakati pamagetsi osinthasintha mosalekeza ndi makina olumikizira makina ndikuti ilibe cholumikizira. Pakadali pano, mitundu yosiyanasiyana ikusinthidwa nthawi zonse, ndipo pali zosintha zingapo zingapo mosiyanasiyana. Komabe, zomwe zikuluzikulu m'bokosi ndi izi:

  • Njira yayikulu yotumizira ndi chosinthira makokedwe. Ichi ndi gawo lomwe limatenga makokedwe omwe injini imapanga ndikuwatumizira kuzinthu zoyeserera;
  • Pulayimale gear pulley (yolumikizidwa ndi clutch hayidiroliki) ndi pulley yachiwiri yamagiya (amasunthira mphamvu pagalimoto yamagalimoto);
  • Kutumiza mphamvu kumachitika kudzera m'lamba, ndipo nthawi zina - unyolo;Momwe imagwirira ntchito: Bokosi la CVT
  • Kuwongolera zamagetsi kumasintha njira zogwirira ntchito;
  • Chigawo chosiyanitsidwa chomwe chimayambitsidwa pamene zida zosinthira zikuchitika
  • Shaft yomwe kufalikira kwa pulley ndi zida zazikulu ndizokhazikika;
  • Mabaibulo ambiri amakhalanso ndi kusiyana.

Tiyenera kudziwa kuti zinthu izi sizimapereka chidziwitso cha momwe bokosi lamagalimoto limagwirira ntchito. Zonse zimatengera kusinthidwa kwa chipangizocho, chomwe chikakambitsidwe pambuyo pake, koma tsopano tikambirana momwe makinawo amagwirira ntchito.

Kodi ntchito

Pali mitundu itatu yayikulu yotumizira yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito poyendera ndipo imagwira ntchito yofanana ndi cvt:

  • Kutumiza mphamvu. Pachifukwa ichi, chipangizochi chimangogwiritsidwa ntchito poyendera anthu ochepa. Galimoto imayendetsa dynamo ya jenereta, yomwe imapanga mphamvu zofunikira kuti ifalitse. Chitsanzo cha gearbox yotere ndi BelAZ;
  • Kutumiza kuchokera kosinthira makokedwe. Zida zamtunduwu ndizosalala kwambiri. Chowongolera cha hydraulic chimazunguliridwa ndi pampu yomwe imapereka mafuta mopanikizika kwambiri, kutengera kuthamanga kwa injini. Makinawa ali pamtima pamagwiritsidwe onse amakono;Momwe imagwirira ntchito: Bokosi la CVT
  • Kutumiza kwa mtundu wa Hydrostatic. Ukadaulo wakale, komabe amagwiritsidwanso ntchito poyendera ena. Mfundo ya bokosi lotere - injini yoyaka yamkati imayendetsa pampu yamafuta, yomwe imakakamiza ma mota amadzimadzi olumikizidwa ndi mawilo oyendetsa. Chitsanzo cha mayendedwe otere ndi mitundu ina yophatikiza.
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Ponena za zosintha, ngakhale zimagwiranso ntchito chimodzimodzi, pali kusiyana kwakukulu. Kapangidwe ka mtundu wosiyanasiyana waphatikizira kuphatikiza kophatikizana kwamadzimadzi, komwe kumasokonekera ndi mphamvu yama makina. Kutumiza kwa makokedwe kumapeto kwa bokosilo kumachitika pogwiritsa ntchito chinthu chapakatikati. Nthawi zambiri, opanga ma transmissions otere amagwiritsa ntchito lamba wolimba pamakina. Komabe, palinso kutumizidwa kwa unyolo.

Chiwerengero cha zida chimasinthidwa ndikusintha m'mimba mwake poyendetsa ndi zoyendetsa. Dalaivala akasankha njira yoyenera yoyendetsera chosankhira chotumizira, chowongolera chimalemba zojambulazo kuchokera pagudumu ndi zida zama injini. Kutengera ndi izi, zamagetsi panthawi yoyenera amasuntha makoma a ma pulleys omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito, chifukwa chake kukula kwake kwapakati kumakulira (mawonekedwe a chipangizochi). Chiwerengero cha zida chimakulirakulira ndipo mawilo ayamba kutembenuka mwachangu.

Momwe imagwirira ntchito: Bokosi la CVT

Mukamagwiritsa ntchito zida zosinthira, makinawo sagwira ntchito mosinthira, koma amayambitsa chida chowonjezera. Nthawi zambiri, iyi ndi bokosi lamagetsi lamapulaneti.

Mitundu yamitundu yosiyanasiyana ya V-lamba

Pambuyo pakubwera kwa mtundu wa mtundu wa variator, adayamba kukhala m'munda wowonjezera kukhathamiritsa kwake. Chifukwa cha ichi, lero eni galimoto apatsidwa kusinthidwa kothamanga kwambiri, komwe kwadzionetsa kukhala kothandiza kwambiri pakati pa ma analogues - V-belt variators.

Wopanga aliyense amatcha kusintha kwa ma gearbox mosiyana. Mwachitsanzo, Ford ili ndi Transmatic, Ecotronic kapena Durashift. Kuda nkhawa kwa Toyota kumakonzekeretsa magalimoto ake ndimakina ofanana, pokhapokha pansi pa dzina la Multidrive. Magalimoto a Nissan amakhalanso ndi V-belt variator, koma dzina lake ndi Xtronic kapena Hyper. Analogi kwa onse omwe atchulidwa ndi Autotronic, omwe amapezeka mumitundu yambiri ya Mercedes.

M'mitundu yotereyi, zinthu zazikuluzikulu zimakhala zofanana, koma mfundo yolumikizira pakati pa mota ndi zida zazikulu ndizosiyana pang'ono. Mitundu yambiri yama bajeti imagwiritsa ntchito ma CVTs monga Xtronic, Multidrive ndi ena. Pamtima pazosinthazi pali chosinthira makokedwe.

Momwe imagwirira ntchito: Bokosi la CVT

Pali zosankha zokwera mtengo:

  • Zowalamulira zamagetsi zochokera pamagetsi amagetsi pamagetsi. Izi mitundu amatchedwa Hyper;
  • Njira ina yodzigwiritsira yokha ndi Transmatic. Amagwiritsa ntchito mphamvu ya centrifugal yamadzimadzi amadzimadzi;
  • Ngati dzina lakutumiziralo lili ndi manambala oyamba a Multi, ndiye kuti nthawi zambiri pamasinthidwe angapo amagwiritsidwa ntchito ma CD.

Galimoto yatsopano ikagulidwa ndipo zolemba zake zikusonyeza kuti kufalitsa kwake ndi CVT, sizitanthauza kuti nthawi zonse pali chosinthira makokedwe. Koma nthawi zambiri, bokosilo limakhala lokhala ndi makinawa.

Ubwino ndi zovuta za CVT

Mtundu uliwonse wamagetsi umakhala ndi omvera ake, chifukwa chake nthawi zambiri, malinga ndi imodzi, ntchito zina zimawonedwa ngati zopindulitsa, ndipo zinazo - m'malo mwake, ndizovuta. Ngati tiwona kudalirika, ndiye kuti CVT sifunikira kukonzanso kwapadera - ingosinthani mafutawo munthawi yake ndikugwira ntchito molingana ndi malingaliro a wopanga.

Nazi zina zabwino:

  • Mayendedwe ali ndi mayendedwe osalala pakusintha magawanidwe a zida, zomwe zimapangitsa kukhala kosavuta kuyendetsa momwe zingathere;
  • Kuti muthamange mwachangu, muyenera kungomwetsa mafuta;
  • Woyendetsa samazengereza posintha mayendedwe - chinthu chosavuta kwa oyamba kumene;
  • Ndi makina ogwira ntchito, imagwira ntchito mwakachetechete;
  • Kuchotsa mphamvu kwamagalimoto kuli mulingo woyenera kwambiri, womwe umalepheretsa kuti njenjete zizinyamula kapena kufikira kuthamanga kwambiri;
  • Makaniko akasintha zida msanga, zokumana nazo zamagalimoto zimawonjezera nkhawa. Pofuna kulipirira izi, valavu yamagetsi imatseguka kwambiri, ndipo mafuta ambiri amalowa m'miyendo, koma potero amawotchera pang'ono. Zotsatira zake, zinthu zosayatsa zambiri zimalowa muutoto. Ngati galimotoyo ili chothandizira, ndiye zotsalazo zidzawotchedwa momwemo, zomwe zingachepetse kwambiri moyo wogwira ntchito wagawolo.
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Momwe imagwirira ntchito: Bokosi la CVT

Magalimoto okhala ndi ma variator amakhalanso ndi zovuta zingapo:

  • Magudumu akagwa, bokosilo silingagawire bwino katunduyo. Mwachitsanzo, izi nthawi zambiri zimachitika pa ayezi;
  • Iye sakonda maulendo apamwamba, kotero dalaivala ayenera kusamala nthawi yomwe kufalitsidwaku sikuwonjezeranso magiya;
  • Kuvala kwachilengedwe kwa mapulaneti ogwira ntchito;
  • Njira zosinthira mafuta pamakina ndizochepa - kutengera malingaliro a wopanga, nthawi iyi ikhoza kukhala 20 zikwi, ndipo mwina 30 000 km;
  • The variator n'zosavuta kuswa kuposa HIV Buku;
  • Ndikokwera mtengo kwambiri kukonza chifukwa chakuti ndi katswiri yekhayo amene angamulipire chindapusa pantchito zake omwe angathe kuchita ntchitoyi molondola.

Zovuta zazikulu

Kuwonongeka kwa CVT ndi vuto lenileni kwa woyendetsa galimoto. Komabe, ngati malingaliro a opanga akutsatiridwa moyenera, amagwira ntchito molimbika. Nazi zomwe zingalephereke:

  • Thupi lolumikiza lomwe mphamvu zimafalikira kuchokera pa pulley yoyendetsa kupita ku pulley yoyendetsedwa. Nthawi zina limakhala lamba ndipo mwa ena limakhala unyolo;
  • Pakompyuta kusokonezeka - kutayika kwa kukhudzana, kulephera kwa masensa;
  • Mawotchi kuwonongeka kwa lumikiza madzimadzi;
  • Kulephera kwa zinthu zosankha;
  • Kutha kwa mpope wamafuta ochepetsa valavu;
  • Zolakwa mu gawo lowongolera. Vutoli limadziwika mosavuta chifukwa chakuzindikira kwathunthu kwamagalimoto pamalo oyimilira.
Momwe imagwirira ntchito: Bokosi la CVT

Ponena zamagetsi, kompyuta iwonetsa pomwepo vuto. Koma ndi kuwonongeka kwa makina, ma diagnostics amakhala ovuta kwambiri. Nazi zomwe zingawonetse vuto ndi chosinthira:

  • Kuyenda kosakhazikika kwa galimoto, limodzi ndi ma jerks;
  • Akasankha liwiro losalowerera ndale, galimoto imapitabe patsogolo;
  • Kusintha kosavuta kapena kosatheka kosunthira pamagetsi (ngati njira iyi ilipo pakufalitsa).

Kugwiritsa ntchito kwa kusiyanasiyana

Bokosi la CVT ndilopanda phindu, koma ngati mungasinthe, limakhala nthawi yayitali. Nazi zomwe muyenera kudziwa kwa woyendetsa galimoto yemwe galimoto yake imayendetsedwa ndimotumiza wotere:

  • Bokosi silimakonda kuyendetsa mwamakani. M'malo mwake, mayendedwe "opuma pantchito" kapena mayendedwe oyenda mwachangu amafunika iye;
  • Kutumiza kwamtunduwu sikungathe kupirira maulendo apamwamba, chifukwa chake ngati dalaivala ali ndi chizolowezi "chomiza" pamsewu waukulu patali, ndibwino kuyimilira pamakina. Osachepera ndi yotsika mtengo kukonza;
  • Pa chosinthacho, simukuyenera kuyamba modzidzimutsa ndi kulola magudumu oyendetsa kuterereka;
  • Kutumiza kumeneku sikoyenera kuyendetsa galimoto yomwe nthawi zambiri imanyamula katundu wolemera kapena kuponyera ngolo.
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Momwe imagwirira ntchito: Bokosi la CVT

Galimoto yokhala ndi cvt ikalowa mumatope ndikukhazikika, musayese kuyendetsa nokha. Bwino kugwiritsa ntchito thandizo la alendo, popeza pakadali pano ndizosatheka kupewa kuyendetsa magudumu.

Zomwe zili bwino: kusiyanasiyana kapena makina othamanga?

Ngati mukuyerekeza mitundu iwiriyi yamabokosi, ndiye kuti muyenera kulabadira nthawi yomweyo kuti analog yokhayo ili pamsika kuposa chosinthira. Pachifukwa ichi, makina okwanira amamvetsetsa kale chipangizocho komanso zovuta za kufalitsa kwadzidzidzi. Koma mosiyanasiyana, zinthu zaipiraipira - ndizovuta kwambiri kupeza katswiri weniweni.

Nawa maubwino ena a kufalitsa kwadzidzidzi:

  • Imakonzedwa mosavuta kuposa cvt, ndipo pali zida zambiri m'malo ogulitsa magalimoto;
  • Ponena za kuyendetsa, bokosi limagwira ntchito pamakina - magiya ndiwosavuta, koma ECU ndiyomwe imawasintha;
  • Kugwiritsa ntchito madzi pamakina ndikotsika mtengo kuposa chosinthira. Mutha kusunganso ndalama pogula njira yotsika mtengo, popeza pamakhala mafuta osiyanasiyana pamakina omwe ali pamsika;
  • Zamagetsi zimasankha mulingo woyenera pomwe mungasinthireko mopitirira muyeso;
  • Makinawo amawonongeka pafupipafupi kuposa kusiyanasiyana, makamaka pokhudzana ndi kulephera kwamagetsi. Izi ndichifukwa choti gawo loyang'anira limayang'anira kotala yokha yamagwiritsidwe. Zina zonse zimachitika ndi zimango;
  • Makinawa ali ndi chida chokulirapo chogwirira ntchito. Ngati dalaivala akugwiritsa ntchito mosamala mayunitsi (amasintha mafuta munthawi yake ndikupewa kuyendetsa mosalekeza), makinawo amakhala osachepera 400, ndipo sadzafunika kukonza kwakukulu.
Momwe imagwirira ntchito: Bokosi la CVT

Komabe, ngakhale zili ndiubwino, makinawa alinso ndi zovuta zina zingapo zowoneka:

  • Kutumiza bwino ndikotsika chifukwa nthawi yayitali imagwiritsidwa ntchito potulutsa chosinthira makokedwe;
  • Kusuntha kwamagalimoto sikosalala kwambiri - dalaivala amamvabe pomwe galimoto yasintha kukhala chida china;
  • Mathamangitsidwe a galimoto alibe chizindikiritso chamtundu wabwino ngati chosinthira - pamenepo liwiro limanyamulidwa bwino;
  • Makinawa ali ndi chidebe chachikulu kwambiri chamafuta. Zimango wamba zimafuna pafupifupi malita atatu amafuta, chosinthira - mpaka eyiti, koma makina okha - pafupifupi malita 10.

Ngati zikufanizidwa moyenera, ndiye kuti zolakwazo ndizoposa kupirira komanso kudalirika kwamagulu amenewa. Komabe, zimatengera zomwe mwiniwake amayembekezera pagalimoto yake.

Chifukwa chake, galimoto yokhala ndi bokosi la variator idapangidwa kuti iziyenda mwakachetechete m'matawuni. Ndikutumiza koteroko, dalaivala amatha kumverera ngati akuyendetsa bwato lamtunda m'malo mongoyendetsa galimoto.

Pomaliza, momwe mungadziwire komwe bokosi liri:

Momwe mungasankhire galimoto, bokosi lomwe ndibwino: zodziwikiratu, zosinthira, maloboti, zimango

Mafunso ndi Mayankho:

Kodi makina oyipa kwambiri kapena makina odzipangira okha ndi chiyani? Ngati tiyamba kuchokera ku mphamvu ndi kusalala kwa mathamangitsidwe, ndiye kuti mtunduwu uli ndi ubwino wambiri pa zotumizira zokha.

Cholakwika ndi chiyani ndi makina osinthira pagalimoto? Zosinthazi zimakhudzidwa ndi kuchuluka kwagalimoto (kulemera kwagalimoto kumakulirakulira, kukweza kwakukulu pazigawo zosinthira), katundu wakuthwa komanso wonyowa komanso torque yayikulu.

Chifukwa chiyani CVT ndi yoyipa? Bokosi loterolo limawopa kutsetsereka kwa mawilo oyendetsa, liwiro la liwiro ndi magwiridwe antchito agalimoto ndizovuta kwambiri chifukwa chakusintha kwakusintha kwa gear. Ndi zokwera mtengo kukonza.

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