Mbiri ya ZAZ yamagalimoto

Zamkatimu

Zaporozhye Automobile Building Plant (chidule cha ZAZ) ndi bizinesi yopanga magalimoto, yomangidwa nthawi ya Soviet kudera la Ukraine mumzinda wa Zaporozhye. Vekitala wopanga amayang'ana kwambiri magalimoto, mabasi ndi maveni.

Pali mitundu ingapo yopanga chomera:

Choyamba chimachokera pa kuti poyamba chomera chidapangidwa chomwe luso lawo linali kupanga makina olima. Kampaniyi idakhazikitsidwa ndi wolemba mafashoni wachi Dutch Abraham Coop mu 1863.

Kusintha kwachiwiri, tsiku la maziko likugwa 1908 ndikukhazikitsidwa kwa Melitopol Motor Plant, yomwe mtsogolomo idagulitsa mayunitsi opanga magetsi ku ZAZ.

Mbiri ya ZAZ yamagalimoto

Njira yachitatu imalumikizidwa ndi 1923, pomwe bizinesi yapadera ya makina olima Koopa adasintha dzina kukhala Kommunar.

Nikita Khrushchov adabwera ndi lingaliro loyambitsa kupanga magalimoto pachomera ichi. Kutulutsa koyamba kwamagalimoto kunali kakang'ono kofanana ndi "malingaliro a Khrushchev" pakupanga nyumba zazing'ono za nthawi imeneyo.

Kale mu kugwa kwa 1958, boma la USSR lidavomereza chisankho chosintha makina opanga "Kommunar" kuchokera pamakina azaulimi ndikupanga magalimoto ang'onoang'ono.

Njira yopangira mitundu yamagalimoto yamtsogolo yayamba. Mfundo zazikuluzikulu pakupanga zinali kuphatikiza, kusunthika kwakung'ono, kuphweka ndi kupepuka kwa galimoto. Mtundu wa kampani yaku Italiya Fiat idatengedwa ngati chiwonetsero cha mtundu wamtsogolo.

Kupanga kwa galimotoyo kudayamba mu 1956 ndipo chaka chotsatira mtundu wa 444 udatulutsidwa.Moskvich 444 yotchuka idafanana pafupifupi ndi mawonekedwe onse azitsanzo. Poyamba, mtunduwo udakonzekera kusonkhanitsidwa ku Moscow MZMA chomera, koma chifukwa cha katundu wolemetsa, ntchitoyi idasamutsidwa kupita ku Kommunar.

Mbiri ya ZAZ yamagalimoto

Zaka zingapo pambuyo pake, kupanga mtundu wina wosunthira pang'ono udayamba, galimoto ya ZAZ 965 idatchulidwanso "Humpbacked" chifukwa chamthupi. Pambuyo pake, mtundu wina wa ZAZ 966 unapangidwanso, koma adawona dziko lapansi patadutsa zaka 6 chifukwa cha malingaliro a zachuma a akuluakulu, omwe amawona kuti ndi kuwolowa manja kupanga magalimoto chaka chilichonse.

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  Mbiri ya FAW mtundu wamagalimoto

Zakale, mtundu uliwonse watsopano womwe udatulutsidwa udayesedwa ku Crimea ndi boma, panthawiyo Nikita Khrushchev anali tcheyamani wa Council of Ministers. Pazochitika zoterezi, mtundu wa 965 udatchedwa "Zaporozhets".

Mu 1963, lingaliro la kupanga galimoto yaying'ono yoyendetsa kutsogolo lidakhazikitsidwa. Wopanga lingaliro ili anali injiniya Vladimir Stoshenko, ndipo mitundu ingapo idapangidwa m'zaka zingapo. Komanso kuwonjezera pakupanga magalimoto, kupanga maveni ndi magalimoto kunayamba.

Mu 1987 dziko lapansi lidawona "Tavria" yotchuka.

Mbiri ya ZAZ yamagalimoto

Pambuyo kugwa kwa USSR, mavuto azachuma anayamba ZAZ. Anaganiza zopeza bwenzi m'modzi wa kampani yakunja ndikukonzekera kampani yawo. Kugwirizana ndi Daewoo kunakhala mphindi yofunika kwambiri m'mbiri ya kampaniyo. ZAZ anayamba kusonkhanitsa zitsanzo za kampaniyo pansi chilolezo.

Ndipo mu 2003, zochitika zazikulu ziwiri zidachitika: kampaniyo idasintha umwini wawo ndipo tsopano idakhala Zaporozhye Automobile Building Plant CJSC ndikumaliza mgwirizano ndi kampani yamagalimoto yaku Germany ya Opel.

Mbiri ya ZAZ yamagalimoto

Kugwirizana kumeneku kunakhudza kwambiri magalimoto, popeza matekinoloje atsopano a kampani yaku Germany adatsegulidwa. Ntchito zopangira zinthu zasintha kwambiri.

Kuphatikiza pakupanga magalimoto a Daewoo ndi Opel, kupanga kwamagalimoto a KIA kudayamba mu 2009.

Mu 2017, kupanga magalimoto kunayimitsidwa, koma kupanga zida zopumira sikunayime. Ndipo mu 2018 adalengezedwa kuti anali bankirapuse.

Woyambitsa

Zaporozhye Automobile Building Plant idapangidwa ndi akuluakulu a USSR.

Chizindikiro

Mbiri ya ZAZ yamagalimoto

Chizindikiro cha ZAZ chili ndi chowulungika chokhala ndi chitsulo chasiliva mkati mwake momwe muli mikwingwirima iwiri yachitsulo yochokera pansi kumanzere kwa oval mpaka kumanja. Poyamba, chizindikirocho chimaperekedwa monga chithunzithunzi cha malo opangira magetsi a Zaporozhye.

Mbiri ya magalimoto ZAZ

M'dzinja la 1960, ZAZ idatulutsa mtundu wa ZAZ 965. Kupadera kwa thupi kunamubweretsera kutchuka ndi dzina loti "Wobwerera M'mbuyo".

Mbiri ya ZAZ yamagalimoto

Mu 1966, ZAZ 966 anatuluka ndi thupi sedan ndi injini 30-ndiyamphamvu, patapita pang'ono panali Baibulo kusinthidwa okonzeka ndi 40-ndiyamphamvu wagawo mphamvu, wokhoza imathamanga kwa 125 km / h.

Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Mbiri ya mtundu wa galimoto ya Audi

ZAZ 970 anali galimoto yotsika. Komanso panthawiyo, 970B ndi 970B zachitsanzo zinapangidwa - minibus yokhala ndi mipando 6.

Galimoto yomaliza "yapakhomo" yokhala ndi injini yomwe inali kumbuyo kwa chipinda inali mtundu wa ZAZ 968M. Kapangidwe kagalimoto kanali kakale komanso kosavuta, komwe kumayitcha mtunduwu "Sopo mbale".

Mbiri ya ZAZ yamagalimoto

1976 idawona kukula kwa sedan yoyendetsa kutsogolo ndi hatchback yamagudumu onse. Mitundu iwiriyi idakhala maziko a "Tavria".

1987 adapanga kuwonekera kwa "Tavria" komweko mu ZAZ 1102, yomwe ili ndi kapangidwe kabwino ndi mtengo wa bajeti.

1988 idapangidwa "Slavutu" pamaziko a "Tavria", yokhala ndi thupi lachitetezo.

Pazosowa zamakampani, mtundu wa 1991 M - 968 PM udapangidwa mu 968, wokhala ndi thupi lopanda tayala lakumbuyo.

Mbiri ya ZAZ yamagalimoto

Kugwirizana ndi Daewoo kunatulutsa kutulutsa kwamitundu monga ZAZ 1102/1103/1105 (Tavria, Slavuta, Dana).

Mafunso ndi Mayankho:

Kodi ZAZ 2021 imapanga chiyani? Mu 2021, Zaporizhia Automobile Plant idzapanga mabasi atsopano m'derali, ndipo idzapanganso mabasi a ZAZ A09 "wamtunda". Zodabwitsa za basi iyi mu injini ndi kufala kwa Mercedes-Benz.

Kodi ZAZ imapanga magalimoto otani? Chomerachi chinayamba kusonkhanitsa Lada Vesta, X-Ray ndi Largus. Kuphatikiza pakupanga mitundu yatsopano ya ZAZ ndi kupanga mabasi, ma crossovers aku French Renault Arkana amasonkhanitsidwa pamalowo.

Kodi ZAZ inatseka liti? Galimoto zoweta otsiriza ndi masanjidwe kumbuyo-injini ZAZ-968M linatulutsidwa mu 1994 (July 1). Mu 2018, chomeracho chinasiya kusonkhanitsa magalimoto aku Ukraine. Malo ogwirira ntchito adabwereka ndi opanga osiyanasiyana kuti asonkhanitse mitundu yosiyanasiyana.

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