Mayendetsedwe a Infiniti Q50S Hybrid vs Lexus GS 450h

Mayendetsedwe a Infiniti Q50S Hybrid vs Lexus GS 450h

Ndi Q50 yatsopano, Infiniti ikufuna kupatsa makasitomala ake sedan yapakatikati kwambiri. Koma ndi pafupifupi 350 hp yomweyo. ndipo Lexus GS 450h ili ndi mawonekedwe ofanana. Kodi ndi mitundu iti ya haibridi yomwe ingachite bwino kwambiri?

Zinatenga kanthawi kuti wosakanizidwa atuluke mumtundu wake wobiriwira ndikukhala womenyera dziko labwino. Motorsport yakhala chithunzi cha izi. Ndizowona kuti mafani a Fomula 1 sakonda kwenikweni kumveka kwa ma injini ang'onoang'ono, koma ndizowona kuti ma hybridi adatenga malo awo mnyumba yachifumu. Infiniti, mtundu wapamwamba wa Nissan komanso mu mzerewu umalumikizidwa mwachindunji ndiukadaulo komanso ndi Renault, nawonso ndi gawo lamasewerawa. Komabe, aku France adapereka njinga zamoto ku Red Bull, Infiniti idathandizira Red Bull ndikulimbikitsa mtundu wake mothandizidwa ndi Sebastian Vettel.

Makina oyambira a Toyota omwe adachita upainiya ndikuumitsa miyoyo ya Porsches ndi Audi m'mipikisano yampikisano (chabwino, pambuyo pake, Le Mans inali chilichonse cha Audi) ndi zilombo zawo zamtundu wa hp 1000. ndikuwonetseratu kuti atha kuchita chinthu chimodzi (motorsport) popanda icho kuwononga china (nzeru ndi kuyendetsa bwino).

Ngati timamatira pamalingaliro awa, timabwera pagalimoto zathu ziwiri zoyesa, zomwe zimawoneka ngati yankho labwino kuchokera pakuwona zachilengedwe. Ma sedan ali ndi zitseko zinayi, mamitala 4,80 kutalika, magudumu oyenda kumbuyo, galimoto yosakanizidwa. Zikumveka zomveka, komanso zothandiza ...

Chuma chochepetsera ma cylinder anayi sichikwanira pansi pa nyumbayo. Ayi, pali malo pano a injini za V6 zopanda vuto lililonse mwachilengedwe zomwe zimasunthira malita a 3,5 ndikupanga pafupifupi 300 hp, yomwe, kuphatikiza ma motors amagetsi, imafikira zotsatira za 364 (Infiniti) ndi 354 (Lexus) hp. Mwanjira imeneyi, kupalasa kumalimbikitsidwa ndimphamvu zambiri, zomwe ku Infiniti zimapanga chidwi chodziyimira payokha chifukwa champhamvu kwambiri. Pomwe Lexus imapereka mamitala 352 a Newton, Infiniti imapatsa 546 Nm - zambiri pagalimoto yakumbuyo kokha. Zachidziwikire, izi ndizotheka, chifukwa mndandanda wazosankha za Q50 ndizotheka kuyitanitsa zida ziwiri. Chabwino, pamalo owuma simumaphonya pagalimoto yakutsogolo, ndipo popanda iyo, Infiniti imangotenga masekondi 100 okha kuti ifulumire mpaka 5,8 km / h. Potere, ndi mphindi imodzi patsogolo pa Lexus. Ndizosangalatsanso kuti kukweza kwa ma accelerator kukhumudwa kwambiri, zamagetsi zimasinthitsa magiya kokha pa 7000 rpm. Zachidziwikire, kukopana chonchi kumadza ndi mtengo.

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Lexus, kumbali inayi, imadalira luso lamakono lomwe limatsimikizika ndi zida zama mapulaneti zomwe sizimapereka malingaliro achindunji. Ikamathamangitsa, injini imapanga phokoso losasangalatsa ndipo kuwonjezeka kwa liwiro sikugwirizana ndi kuchuluka kwa liwiro. Ndikutambasula kotseguka pa 160 km / h, galimoto ya Lexus imathamangira kwambiri kuposa Infiniti, koma imangokhala pa rpm 6000. Zimamveka ngati cholumikizira (ngati chilipo) chikuyamba kuterera.

Pakadali pano, ndikuwonetsa mphamvu zonse. Pankhani yoyendetsa ganyu nthawi zonse, Lexus imapezanso zikhalidwe ndi malingaliro ake, molimba mtima akupeza mfundo. Komabe, injini ya Infiniti imagwiranso ntchito moyenera ndipo mawu ake ndi ochepera kwambiri chifukwa chaukadaulo wopanga mawu omvera. Dongosolo loyendetsa likufuna kupanga ballet yovuta yokhala ndi ndodo ziwiri (imodzi pakati pa injini ndi bokosi lamagiya ndi ina kumbuyo kwake), ntchito yake ndikulumikiza magwiridwe antchito amitundu ingapo (yoyamba) ndikuwopseza (kwachiwiri). Komabe, m'mawa mukangoyamba kumene ndikusintha kuchokera pamagetsi amagetsi kapena ochiritsira kupita pagalimoto yokhala ndi injini yoyaka yamkati ndi mota yamagetsi, magwiridwe antchito amakhala (makamaka pomwe oyendetsa sitimayo akuyenda) samakhala owonekera kwambiri, ndipo ngakhale atasintha pang'ono pang'ono, maolivi omveka amawoneka. Galimoto imawoneka ngati ikuyendetsedwa ndi dalaivala wovuta yemwe sangathe kuponda phazi lake pamafuta. Ndi Lexus, zinthu ndizogwirizana, ngakhale pamagetsi amagetsi amangotsalira pamathamangidwe amzindawu, ndipo ndi Infiniti, mosamala mosamala pachitetezo cha accelerator, izi zimatha kupitilira 100 km / h.

Apa ndipomwe zaka zokumana nazo za mtundu wa Lexus zimayambika, ndikupatsa malire zikafika pakubwerera - mabuleki mu GS 450h ndiosangalatsa komanso mita, pomwe mu Q50, malo enieni otayika atayika. Kumverera kuchokera ku Infiniti ndikosamvetseka komanso kosavuta kupanga, popanda kuwumitsa koonekeratu, ndipo kusintha pakusintha kuchoka pakubwezeretsanso kupita ku braking wamba kumafunikira kulondola kwambiri. Izi sizikugwirizana ndi mtundu wa haibridi, vuto ndi Q50, yomwe imaima bwino ikamatsika pamalo osiyana siyana (onani bokosi).

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Kupanda kutero, masewera olimbitsa thupi a Infiniti amafanana bwino ndi chiwongolero champhamvu. Q50 imayenda ndi nyambo, imatenga ngodya mofunitsitsa kuposa Lexus, yomwe mawilo ake anayi makamaka amayendetsa bata. Ndizomvetsa chisoni kuti kuwongolera kwina kwa Q50 (komwe kumayendetsedwa kwamagetsi popanda kufalitsa mwachindunji kwamphamvu yama makina kuchokera pa chiwongolero ndipo pokhapokha pakagwa mwadzidzidzi kulumikizana kotereku kumangokhala choseweretsa chabe chopanda phindu lina lililonse. Zimasintha magwiridwe antchito ndi chiwongolero cha chiwongolero, koma izi nthawi zina zimakhala zodabwitsa ndipo zimatha kuthana ndi chisangalalo cha pakona. Lexus imayenda molimba mtima komanso molondola mpaka kumalire, komwe kuli kale chizolowezi chosewerera. Infiniti, kumbali inayo, ikufuna kubwereranso chifukwa chakuchepa kwa chingwe chakumbuyo.

Ngozi? Palibe chapadera. M'magalimoto onse awiriwa, njira zowongolera kukhazikika zimagwira ntchito moyenera komanso mopanda chilema ndikupitilizabe kugwiritsa ntchito mabuleki ngakhale magudumu akutsogolo awongoka kale. Mitundu yonseyi si magalimoto othamanga, ndipo makonda oyendetsa masewerawa amachepetsa kwambiri chitonthozo, makamaka ndi Infiniti, yomwe imayamba kutumizira kunjenjemera m'misewu yoyipa. Magalimoto onsewa ndi ma sedans abwino apakatikati a ma technophiles omwe amakonda kusintha ndikuzindikira zinthu, ndipo nthawi zina amakhala masiku awo akufunafuna mafotokozedwe. Zikafika pakukhazikitsa kapena kuwongolera magwiridwe antchito, onse a GS 450h ndi Q50 Hybrid sangadzitamandire mikhalidwe yabwino kwambiri.

Kupanda kutero, nyumbayo imakulandirani ndi mipando yocheperako komanso zida zapamwamba komanso kapangidwe kake. Lexus imapereka mpando wakumbuyo komanso malo ena akumbuyo (482 motsutsana ndi malita 400) ndiyowonjezeranso, pomwe mipando yakumbuyo ya Infiniti siyokondweretsanso.

Mtengo wosakanizidwa wa Q50S umawononga pafupifupi ma euros 20 kuposa GS 000h F-Sport, yomwe ili ndi zida zambiri. Mtengo wowonjezeka umaphatikizaponso kukula kwakukulu kwa munthu wodziwika yemwe amadziwa zomwe angathe kuchita. Infiniti akupitiliza kunyalanyaza zambiri zikafika pagalimoto yolondola komanso chisisi. Kodi Sebastian Vettel analibe nthawi yokwanira kuti aziyimba bwino? Mwina ayi, chifukwa pali ntchito yambiri yoti tichite ku Red Bull.

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1 LexusGS 450h ndi galimoto yokongola yokhala ndi mawonekedwe ake, yotonthoza m'moyo watsiku ndi tsiku. Mphamvu zake zimagawidwa mofanana ndipo ndizoyenera kuyimitsidwa moyenera. Galimoto yapayokha yomwe imaperekadi zambiri.

2. Wopanda malireQ50 Zophatikiza ndi galimoto yamphamvu, yamphamvu komanso yofuna kutchuka, koma chassis yolimba, kuyimitsa mphamvu ndikuwongolera moyenera kumafunabe kukonza bwino.

Mayeso a mabuleki akuwonetsa zolakwika zina pachitetezo

Infiniti iyenera kukonza machitidwe ake a μ-split braking

Ndikuchepa kwakukulu pamiyala yosasunthika mosiyanasiyana, Infiniti Q50 ikuwonetsa zovuta zazikulu, zomwe zingapangitse kuti mapulogalamu amitundu yonse asinthe posachedwa.

Kuyimilira panjira zapanjira zosiyana kumanzere ndi kumanja sizimachitika kawirikawiri m'nyengo yozizira. Izi zikhoza kuchitika, mwachitsanzo, poyimilira phula ndi udzu wonyowa. M'zaka zaposachedwa, opanga adakwanitsa kukwaniritsa kusamvana pakati pa magwiridwe antchito ndi kukhazikika kwa trajectory. Magawo awa amayeza ndi auto motor und masewera pakuyesa kovomerezeka kwa μ-split. Amachita poyimilira pa liwiro la 100 km / h pamalo onyowa mosiyanasiyana. Poterepa, infiniti ABS system imatsegula mabuleki kwathunthu, ndipo makina amagetsi amapita modzidzimutsa. Poyesayesa kuyima, magudumu amgalimoto amatsekedwa, galimoto imakhala yosalamulirika ndikuyenda panjira yoyeserera. Infiniti akuti izi ndizosiyana kwambiri pakati pamiyala iwiriyi. M'mayeso otsatirawa, galimotoyo inali ndi mapulogalamu atsopano, ndipo ngakhale kuti mtunda wa braking udakulitsidwa, panalibe zovuta zilizonse. Kampani yaku Japan ikutsimikizira kuti pulogalamu yatsopanoyi ikhazikitsidwa pamitundu yonse ya Q50 Hybrid m'miyezi ikubwerayi.

Poyima koyamba pa phula lonyowa (kumanzere) ndi ma slabs onyowa (kumanja), Q50 Hybrid imayimitsa kwambiri, ndipo poyimilira kwachiwiri, mawilo amatsekedwa (makinawo amapita modzidzimutsa) ndipo galimoto imazungulira mosalamulirika. Mapulogalamu osinthidwa a Infiniti omwe adayikidwa pagalimoto yoyeserayo amadzetsa machitidwe abwino pomwe galimoto imayimitsidwa ndikukhazikika.

Zolemba: Michael Harnishfeger

Chithunzi: Hans-Dieter Zeifert

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