Kupaka kwa Chrome pamagalimoto kunyumba (ukadaulo + kanema)

Zamkatimu

Pafupifupi woyendetsa galimoto aliyense amafunsa posintha mawonekedwe a galimoto yake. Ena amachita kukonza kovuta mwa kukhazikitsa pagalimoto zosankha kapena kupanga zoyendera zanu kalembedwe stents... Ena amatenga njira yocheperako - amakongoletsa galimoto ndi zomata zambiri (zomata za bomba zimakambidwanso payokha).

Tiye tikambirane za mwayi wina wosintha kalembedwe kagalimoto yanu, koma njirayi imakudya nthawi yambiri komanso yovuta. Izi ndizokulunga kwa chrome pazitsulo zazitsulo zamagalimoto

Kodi chrome ikukonzekera chiyani?

Kutsiriza kwonyezimira kwa chrome nthawi zonse kumakopa chidwi cha odutsa. Ngakhale galimoto ya nondescript, itakongoletsedwa ndi gawo la siliva, imapangidwanso koyambirira. Kuphatikiza apo, mothandizidwa ndi zinthu ngati izi, mutha kutsindika kuzindikirika kwa kumaliza kwa thupi, ndikuwateteza ku zovuta za chinyezi.

Koma kupatula lingaliro lakapangidwe, chrome yokutira imakhalanso ndi mbali yothandiza. Gawo lomwe limasamalidwa ndi chinthu chapadera limalandira chingwe cholimba chomwe chimalepheretsa kupanga dzimbiri. Malo okhala ndi chrome ndiosavuta kusamalira, chifukwa amakhala owala, ndipo mawonekedwe a magalasi amakuwonetsani komwe mungachotsere dothi.

Kupaka kwa Chrome pamagalimoto kunyumba (ukadaulo + kanema)

Galimoto iliyonse mumatha kupeza chidutswa chimodzi, chosinthidwa motere. Komabe, oyendetsa galimoto ena amafuna kufotokoza okha, ndipo sakhutira ndi kasinthidwe ka fakitale yamagalimoto awo. Nthawi zina, chovalacho chimagwiritsidwa ntchito pazinthu zomwe zawonongeka ndi dzimbiri, koma mwaukadaulo zimathabe kugwiritsidwa ntchito mgalimoto. Pambuyo pokonza, gawo lopumira limakhala ngati latsopano.

Tisanayambe kulingalira zaukadaulo wonse, m'pofunika kumvetsetsa kuti iyi ndi njira yolemetsa komanso yowopsa. Chitsulo chimachizidwa ndi ma chromium ions. Pachifukwa ichi, mankhwala owopsa ku thanzi amagwiritsidwa ntchito, monga asidi. Kuyika kwa Chrome kumatsagana ndi mphamvu yamagetsi pamtunda kuti ichiritsidwe, chifukwa chake anthu ambiri amakonda kuti ntchitoyi ichitike ndi akatswiri (mwachitsanzo, ngati pali chomera chapafupi chokhala ndi malo ogulitsira magetsi). Koma kwa okonda ntchito zamanja, tikambirana njirayi pang'onopang'ono.

Zida za DIY ndi zida zopangira chrome

Nazi zomwe muyenera kukonzekera kuti muchite bwino:

  • Thanki yosungirako. Ndizosatheka kuti zikhale zachitsulo, koma ndikofunikira kuti chidebecho chitha kupirira kutentha kwambiri. Kukula kwake kuyenera kufanana ndi kukula kwa chogwirira ntchito. M'misika yamagetsi yamagetsi yamafakitale opanga opanga magalimoto, zopangidwazo zimatsitsidwa m'mabafa akulu ndi yankho lapadera, lomwe lili ndi ma elekitirodi olumikizidwa ndi netiweki yamagetsi. Kunyumba, kumakhala kovuta kubwereza kukonza koteroko, chifukwa nthawi zambiri ndimakontena ang'onoang'ono pomwe magawo ake amakula kwambiri.
  • Chida chomwe chimakupatsani mwayi wotenthetsa ma electrolyte. Komanso, sayenera kukhala ndi asidi.
  • Thermometer yokhala ndi madigiri osachepera 100.
  • Wokonzanso ma volt 12 omwe amatha kupulumutsa 50 A.
  • Kapangidwe komwe gawolo liyimitsidwe. Chipangizocho sichiyenera kugona pansi pa chidebecho, chifukwa pomwe chikagwirizane sichingakonzedwe mokwanira - wosanjikiza sudzakhala wofanana.
  • The cathode (mu nkhani iyi, idzakhala workpiece) ndi anode komwe mawaya amalumikizidwa.
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  Torque wrenches KMSh 140, 1400 - katundu wapamwamba kwambiri wokonzekera ndi kukonza magalimoto
Kupaka kwa Chrome pamagalimoto kunyumba (ukadaulo + kanema)
Umu ndi momwe kukhazikika kwa galvanic kunyumba kumawonekera pafupifupi

Kapangidwe ka chromium plating

Umu ndi momwe mungapangire makina okutira a chrome:

  • Chidebe momwe ntchitoyi ichitike (mwachitsanzo, botolo la magalasi atatu) imayikidwa mu chidebe chosagwiritsa ntchito asidi.
  • Plywood bokosi - tiziika thanki lonse mmenemo. Ndikofunika kuti bokosili likhale lalikulu kuposa kuthekera kotero kuti mchenga, ubweya wagalasi kapena ubweya wamaminera amathiriridwa pakati pamakoma awo. Izi zipanga mphamvu ya thermos, yomwe imathandizira kuyankha bwino, ndipo ma electrolyte sangazizire mwachangu.
  • Zinthu zotenthetsera titha kugwiritsidwa ntchito ngati chotenthetsera.
  • Thermometer yosungunulira kutentha.
  • Makontenawo ayenera kusindikizidwa mwamphamvu. Kuti muchite izi, gwiritsani ntchito matabwa kapena plywood yolimbana ndi chinyezi (kuti musapunduke pokonza).
  • Chojambula kapena chojambulachi cha alligator chalumikizidwa ndi malo olakwika amagetsi (iyi ndiyo njira yolowera). Anode (ndodo yotsogola yolumikizidwa ndi magetsi abwino) imizidwa mu yankho la electrolyte.
  • Kuyimitsidwa kumatha kupangidwa malinga ndi ntchito yodziyimira payokha. Chofunikira ndikuti gawolo siligona pansi pa chidebe (kapena chidebe china choyenera), koma limangolumikizana ndi yankho mbali zonse.

Zofunikira pamagetsi

Momwe magetsi amagwirira ntchito, akuyenera kupitiliza kukhalabe ndi magetsi. Mmenemo, mphamvu yamagetsi iyenera kuyendetsedwa. Yankho losavuta kwambiri lingakhale rheostat wamba, mothandizidwa ndi phindu ili.

Kupaka kwa Chrome pamagalimoto kunyumba (ukadaulo + kanema)

Mawaya omwe azigwiritsidwa ntchito pochita izi amayenera kupilira 50A. Izi zidzafunika kusintha kwa 2x2,5 (ma cores awiri okhala ndi gawo loyenera).

Kapangidwe ka electrolyte ndi malamulo kukonzekera

Gawo lalikulu lomwe lingalolere kupaka chrome ndi ma electrolyte. N`zosatheka kumaliza ndondomeko popanda izo. Kuti chitsulo chikhale ndi mawonekedwe oyenera, yankho liyenera kukhala ndi izi:

  • Chromium anhydride CrO3 - XMUMX magalamu;
  • Sulfuric acid (ayenera kukhala ndi kuchuluka kwa 1,84) H2SO4 - 2,5 magalamu.

Zigawozi zimadzipukutira kwambiri mu lita imodzi ya madzi osungunuka. Ngati kuchuluka kwa yankho kuyenera kukulitsidwa, ndiye kuti kuchuluka kwa zinthu zonse kumakulirakulira molingana ndi momwe tafotokozera.

Kupaka kwa Chrome pamagalimoto kunyumba (ukadaulo + kanema)

Zida zonsezi ziyenera kusakanizidwa bwino. Umu ndi momwe njira izi ziyenera kuchitidwira:

  1. Madzi amawotcha mpaka 60 digiri Celsius;
  2. Ndi bwino kukonzekera ma electrolyte nthawi yomweyo mu chidebe momwe tithandizire gawolo. Lili ndi theka la voliyumu yofunika ya distillate;
  3. Thirani chromium anhydride m'madzi otentha ndikuyambitsa bwino kuti isungunuke kwathunthu;
  4. Onjezerani madzi omwe akusowa, sakanizani bwino;
  5. Thirani asidi wofunikira mu njira (onjezerani zinthu mosamala, mumtsinje woonda);
  6. Kuti electrolyte ikhale yolondola, imayenera kukonzedwa pogwiritsa ntchito magetsi;
  7. Ikani cathode ndi anode muzothetsera vutolo patali wina ndi mnzake. Timadutsa mphamvu yamagetsi kudzera mumadzimo. Mpweyawo umatsimikizika pamlingo wa 6,5A / 1L. yankho. Njira yonseyi iyenera kukhala kwa maola atatu ndi theka. Electrolyte iyenera kukhala yofiirira potuluka;
  8. Lolani ma electrolyte azizire ndikukhazikika. Kuti tichite izi, ndikwanira kuyika chidebecho m'chipinda chozizira (mwachitsanzo, m'galimoto) tsiku limodzi.
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  Ndemanga za matayala a Marshal MU12

Njira zoyambira kupaka chrome

Kuti mupatse mankhwalawa kumaliza kwake kwasiliva, njira zinayi za chrome zimagwiritsidwa ntchito:

  1. Kuyika pamwamba pazitsulo ndi njira yofanana ndi kujambula. Izi zidzafunika ma reagents oyenera, komanso nebulizer yoyendetsedwa ndi kompresa. Zotsatira zake, chitsulo chosanjikiza chachitsulo chimagwiritsidwa ntchito pamwamba pa malonda.
  2. Gawo galvanization ndi njira yomwe ma molekyulu a chromium amayikidwa pamwamba pa malonda. Chodziwika bwino cha njirayi ndikuti ndiyabwino osati kokha pazinthu zopangidwa ndi chitsulo chosungunula, chitsulo, mkuwa kapena mkuwa. Itha kugwiritsidwa ntchito pokonza pulasitiki ndi matabwa. Popeza kuti izi zimasinthasintha, njirayi ndi yokwera mtengo komanso yodya nthawi. Sikoyenera kugwiritsa ntchito kunyumba, chifukwa njira zambiri pokonza zinthu ziyenera kuwongoleredwa zokha. Mwachitsanzo, muyenera kutsatira mosamala kutentha (pafupifupi maola 8), kapena kuwongolera mchere wa mchere. Ndizovuta kwambiri kuchita izi popanda zida zapamwamba.
  3. Kupopera mu chipinda chosungira;
  4. Kusintha kwakanthawi kotentha kwambiri.
Kupaka kwa Chrome pamagalimoto kunyumba (ukadaulo + kanema)

Njira yoyamba ndiyosavuta. Kukhazikitsa kwake, pali zida zopangidwa ndi reagent zokonzeka zomwe zili ndi malangizo atsatanetsatane osakanikirana. Amapangidwa, mwachitsanzo, ndi Fusion Technologies. Zida zotere sizimafuna kuyika magalasi ovuta, ndipo yankho litha kugwiritsidwa ntchito pamalo opangidwa ndi zinthu zilizonse, kuphatikiza magalasi ndi ziwiya zadothi.

Njira ziwiri zomaliza zitha kuchitidwa mufakitole. Electroplating imagwiritsidwanso ntchito m'mafakitore, koma ena amatha kupereka zofunikira pakuyankha koyenera m'garaja. Ndioyenera kukonza magawo ang'onoang'ono.

Kupaka kwa Chrome pamagalimoto kunyumba (ukadaulo + kanema)

Ponena za njira yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito, yomwe ma electrolyte omwe atchulidwa pamwambapa amagwiritsidwa ntchito, zotsatira zake ziziwonedwa pokhapokha ngati mbali zamkuwa, zamkuwa kapena nickel. Ngati pakufunika kukonzanso zinthu wamba, kuwonjezera apo, chrome isanafike, amagwiritsa ntchito ma molekyulu azinthu zazitsulo zopanda mafuta.

Momwe mungakonzekere chidutswa cha ntchito

Kuchita bwino kwa njira ya chrome kumatengera momwe zinthu zimakonzekereratu. Dzimbiri liyenera kuchotsedweratu, ndipo mawonekedwe ake ayenera kukhala osalala bwino. Izi zingafune mchenga.

Kupaka kwa Chrome pamagalimoto kunyumba (ukadaulo + kanema)

Pambuyo pochotsa utoto wakale, dothi ndi dzimbiri, malo omwe akuyenera kuthandizidwa ayenera kutsitsidwa. Izi zikufunikanso kugwiritsa ntchito yankho lapadera. Pa lita imodzi yamadzi, tengani magalamu 150 a sodium hydroxide, magalamu asanu a guluu wosalala ndi magalamu 50 a phulusa la koloko. Zonsezi ziyenera kusakanizidwa bwino.

Kenako, madzi okonzeka ayenera kutenthedwa mpaka pafupifupi otentha (pafupifupi madigiri 90). Timayika mankhwalawo pamalo otentha (osagwiritsa ntchito yankho, koma gwiritsani ntchito kumiza kwathunthu gawolo) kwa mphindi 20. Pankhani yopindika kwambiri, pomwe zotsalira za dothi sizinachotsedwe kwathunthu, chithandizocho chikuyenera kuchitidwa pasanathe mphindi 60.

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Malamulo achitetezo

Kuphatikiza pa zida zoyambira ndi zida zake, munthu amene akugwira ntchitoyi ayenera kuonetsetsa kuti pakhale mpweya wabwino mchipindamo kuti asavulazidwe ndimankhwala panjira yopumira. Kungakhale bwino kukhala ndi chikhomo pamwamba pa thankiyo.

Kupaka kwa Chrome pamagalimoto kunyumba (ukadaulo + kanema)

Chotsatira, muyenera kusamalira zida zachitetezo chanu - makina opumira, magalasi ndi magolovesi. Ndondomeko ikamalizidwa, madzi acidic amakhalabe, omwe sayenera kutsanuliridwa mchimbudzi chachikulu kapena pansi. Pachifukwa ichi, kulingalira kuyenera kuganiziridwa momwe mungatayire zinyalala mosamala pambuyo poti chrome idayikidwa.

Kuphatikiza apo, muyenera kusamalira komwe madzi adzachotsedwenso, omwe adzagwiritsidwe ntchito kutsuka magawo omwe asinthidwa.

Ntchito

Ngati mankhwalawa ali ndi chrome, yokutidwa ndi chitsulo chopanda chitsulo, musanayambe njira yayikulu, mawonekedwe olumikizirana ayenera kuyatsidwa. Kuti muchite izi, chopanda mafuta chiyenera kuikidwa mu chidebe ndi yankho la hydrochloric acid m'madzi osungunuka (pamlingo wa magalamu 100 pa lita) kwa mphindi 5-20. Kutalika kumatengera mtundu wa malonda ndi mawonekedwe ake.

Ngati ndiyofanana komanso yosalala, ndiye kuti nthawi yocheperako ndiyokwanira. Pankhani ya gawo lovuta, ndibwino kuti ligwire kanthawi pang'ono, koma osapitilira nthawi yoikidwiratu, kuti asidi asayambe kuwononga chitsulo. Pambuyo pokonza, gawolo limatsukidwa ndi madzi oyera ambiri.

Kupaka kwa Chrome pamagalimoto kunyumba (ukadaulo + kanema)

Kenako, timatenthetsa ma electrolyte kutentha kwa +45оC. Chofunika kuti chrome-yokutidwa chimayimitsidwa mu thankiyo ndipo waya wolakwika amalumikizidwa nacho. Pafupi pali anode yotsogolera yoyendetsedwa kuchokera ku "+" terminal.

Mphamvu yapano imakhala pa rheostat pamlingo wa 15 mpaka 25 Amperes pa decimeter yayikulu yapadziko lapansi. Gawolo limasungidwa munthawi imeneyi kwa mphindi 20 mpaka 40. mukakonza, chotsani mbali yopumira mu thankiyo ndikutsuka ndi madzi oyera ambiri. Gawolo likauma, limatha kupukutidwa ndi microfiber kuti liwoneke bwino.

Zolakwika zazikulu ndikuchotsedwa kwa ma chrome otsika kwambiri

Nthawi zambiri, katswiri wamagetsi samapeza zotsatira zomwe amafuna nthawi yoyamba. Izi siziyenera kukhala zowopsa, chifukwa zimatengera chidziwitso ndi kulondola kuti ichitike moyenera. Njira yoyenera imafunikira kusankha mosamala ma degreasers ndi ma kits a mankhwala, omwe ayenera kusakanizidwa malinga ndi malangizo a wopanga.

Kupaka kwa Chrome pamagalimoto kunyumba (ukadaulo + kanema)

Ngati zomwe mukufuna sizikukwaniritsidwa, wosanjikiza wowonongeka amatha kuchotsedwa mu njira yowonjezerapo yamadzi ndi hydrochloric acid. Madziwo adakonzedwa motere: 200 magalamu a asidi amasunthika mu lita imodzi ya distillate. Pambuyo pokonza, chinthucho chimatsukidwa bwino.

Nazi zovuta zambiri zomwe zimayambitsa:

  • Kanemayo akusenda. Chifukwa chake sichokwanira kuchepa, ndichifukwa chake mamolekyulu a chromium sanakhazikike bwino pamtunda. Pachifukwa ichi, wosanjikiza amachotsedwa, amachepetsedwa bwino, ndipo njira ya galvanic imabwerezedwa.
  • Kukula kwachilengedwe kudawonekera m'mbali mwa gawolo. Izi zikachitika, ndiye kuti m'mphepete mwake muyenera kusalaza kuti azizungulira momwe angathere. Ngati izi sizingatheke, ndiye kuti chophimba chowunikira chiyenera kuyikidwa m'dera lamavuto kuti zochuluka kwambiri pakadali pano zisayang'ane mbali imeneyo ya pamwamba.
  • Tsatanetsatane ndi matte. Kuonjezera gloss, ndi electrolyte ayenera usavutike mtima kwambiri kapena zili chromium mu maganizo ayenera ziwonjezeke (kuwonjezera chromium anhydride ufa kuti yankho). Pambuyo pokonza, gawolo liyenera kupukutidwa kuti likwaniritse bwino kwambiri.

Nayi kanema wamfupi wamomwe mungapangire payekha chromium plating posankha kunyumba:

Kusankha Kwachidwi KwakuChrome. Nyimbo za faifi tambala yapanyumba ndi chrome yokutira.
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