Okweza ma hayidiroliki: zomwe ali komanso chifukwa chake amagogoda

Zamkatimu

Injini yoyaka yamkati ndi gawo lovuta kwambiri mgalimoto, momwe ntchito yake imagwirira ntchito zimadalira kukonza kwamphamvu kwa chilichonse chomwe chimagwirizana nacho. Chitsanzo cha izi ndi kapangidwe ka makina ogawa mpweya. Amatsegula mavavu olowerera komanso otulutsira pansi pomwe pisitoni yoyenda mu silinda imamaliza kulumikizana kofanana.

Aliyense akudziwa kuti mkati mwa injini yoyaka mkati, ziwalo zake zonse zimatenthedwa. Nthawi yomweyo, zopangidwa ndi chitsulo zimakulitsa. Ndipo pamene galimotoyo ikuyenda, njira zambiri mmenemo zimachitika mu gawo lachigawo chachiwiri. Poterepa, micron iliyonse yamipata imakhala ndi gawo. Valve ikatsegulidwa kale pang'ono kapena pang'ono, izi zimakhudza kwambiri magwiridwe antchito amagetsi.

Okweza ma hayidiroliki: zomwe ali komanso chifukwa chake amagogoda

Pachifukwa ichi, muma motors akale, mipata idayikidwa pakati pa matepi a valavu ndi cam shaft shaft. M'magetsi amakono, njirayi ndiyosavuta momwe ingathere. Kunena zowona, kufunikira kwa izi kwatha, popeza mainjiniya apanga tsatanetsatane monga cholipirira ma hydraulic.

Kodi chimakweza bwanji ma hydraulic

Kuphatikizika kwamadzimadzi kumayikidwa pakati pa tepi yamagetsi ndi kamera ya camshaft. Gawoli limasintha palokha kukula kwa kusiyana kwa matenthedwe. Monga dzinali likusonyezera, kusintha kosinthika kumachitika chifukwa chama hydraulic mafuta pazinthu zolumikizana.

Ngati kale ntchitoyi inkachitika ndi zida zamakina zomwe zimafunikira kusintha kapena kusintha, zinthuzi zimagwira ntchito modzidzimutsa, kupangitsa moyo kukhala wosavuta kwa mwini galimoto.

Zakale za mbiriyakale

Mu injini zakale, mwachitsanzo, zapamwamba zaku Soviet, kunalibe ma hayidiroliki kapena makina okulitsa olumikizira mafinya. Pachifukwa ichi, kukonza kwakanthawi kwa galimotoyo kumaphatikizaponso kusintha kofunikira kwa izi. Opanga nthawi zambiri amakhala ndi nthawi yolowera makilomita 10.

Okweza ma hayidiroliki: zomwe ali komanso chifukwa chake amagogoda

Pamene njirayi idachitidwa, chivundikiro cha valavu chidachotsedwa ndipo phindu la kusiyana kwa matenthedwe lidasinthidwa ndi kafukufuku wapadera ndi kiyi. Sikuti aliyense ali ndi ufulu wochita izi, ndipo ngati izi sizinachitike, injiniyo idayamba kuthamanga mwamphamvu ndikutaya mphamvu zake.

M'makina amenewa, ma valve amayenera kusinthidwa nthawi zonse 40-50, zomwe zimawonjezera mutu kwa eni magalimoto oterowo. Kapangidwe kameneka kamayenera kukonzedwa, kotero makina ochapira makulidwe ena adayamba kukhazikitsidwa pakati pa pusher ndi cam. Tsopano sanali tsinde la valavu lokha lomwe linali likutha, koma gawo ili.

Ngakhale izi, kusintha kunayenera kupangidwabe, ndipo ntchito yokonzanso idachepetsedwa kuti isinthe makina ochapira. Opanga ena amagwiritsabe ntchito magawo ofanana mu injini zawo zamagalimoto.

Okweza ma hayidiroliki: zomwe ali komanso chifukwa chake amagogoda

Ngakhale kusintha kwakukulu pakugwiritsa ntchito njira yogawa gasi, kukonza kwa chipangizocho kumafunikabe kuchitidwa pafupipafupi.

Makina okulitsa amakanika adasinthidwa ndi makina oyambira omwe amakonza mipata yokha. Dongosolo lama hydraulic wokulitsa awonjezera nthawi yayitali yokonza makina oyaka mkati pafupifupi katatu, ndipo tsopano muyenera kuyang'ana pansi pa chivundikiro cha valavu kangapo - osapitilira makilomita 120.

Mfundo yogwiritsira ntchito hydraulic compensator

Wobwezera ma hydraulic ali ndi chida chotsatira:

  • Mlandu wachitsulo momwe zinthu zonse zimapangidwira;
  • Zida ziwiri (kuti mumve zambiri za momwe kagwiridwe kake kagwirira ntchito, werengani mwachitsanzo cha pampu yamafuta othamanga kwambiri), yomwe imayendetsedwa ndi mafuta;
  • Mpira - umakhala ngati valavu yoyendera;
  • Masika - Amalola valavu yolowera kuti isunthire pomwe gawolo lipumula.
Okweza ma hayidiroliki: zomwe ali komanso chifukwa chake amagogoda

Wothandizira ma hydraulic amagwiranso ntchito m'njira ziwiri izi:

  1. Kamera ya camshaft imachotsedwa pantchito yolipilira. Palibe kukakamizidwa pakasupe kozizira, chifukwa chake kumakweza kuti ikakanikizidwe ndi kamera. Chakudyacho chimadzaza mafuta. Kuthamanga kwamadzimadzi ndikofanana ndi kukakamiza kwamafuta a injini;
  2. Kamera ikazungulira kupita ku valavu, imayendetsa plunger, ndikutsitsa nayo tsinde la valavu. Mulingo wamasika umasankhidwa kotero kuti valavu yomwe ili pamutu wamphamvu imatseguka molingana ndi malo amamera osachita khama. Kuchulukitsa kupanikizika pa tsinde la valavu, kuchuluka kwa mafuta mu sub-piston space kumagwiritsidwa ntchito.

Chifukwa chake, operekera ma hydraulic "amasintha" osati kokha kukulitsa kwamatayala a nthawi, komanso kuvala kwa makamu ndi zimayambira za valavu. Njira yoyambirira yotereyi siyikuphatikiza kusintha kwakanthawi kwa makina osinthirawa.

Mwachidule za momwe hydraulic compensator imagwirira ntchito amafotokozedwa muvidiyoyi:

Opereka ma hayidiroliki. Kodi okwera pama hayidiroliki amagwira ntchito bwanji ndipo chifukwa chiyani amagogoda?

Malo onyamula ma Hydraulic

Kuti mupeze compensator hydraulic mu mota, muyenera kumvetsetsa mawonekedwe a injini. M'magawo amagetsi amakono, mutu uli pamwamba pa silinda, ndipo camshaft imayikidwa mmenemo. Makamera ake amayendetsa ma valve olowera komanso otulutsa.

Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Kuyesa koyesa Golf 1: momwe gofu yoyamba idakhala Porsche

Ma compensators a Hydraulic, ngati akupezeka mu mtundu wa motayi, adzayikidwa pakati pa cam ndi tsinde la valve. The hydraulic compensator imakhala ndi chilolezo cha valve-to-cam nthawi zonse, mosasamala kanthu za kutentha (ndipo, ndithudi, kufalikira kwa tsinde la valve) kwa ma valve.

Kodi mitundu ndi mitundu iti yama hydraulic compensators

Mfundo ya ntchito imodzi mwa mitundu yolumikizira ikufotokozedwa pamwambapa. Akatswiri opanga kampani iliyonse yamagalimoto amatha kugwiritsa ntchito mitundu ina yamagetsi yonyamula:

  • Hydraulic pusher monga tafotokozera pamwambapa. Imaikidwa pakati pa camshaft cam ndi tsinde la valavu;
  • Thandizo la Hydro;
  • Magalimoto akale amagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi hayidiroliki, yomwe idayikidwa m'miyala yama rocker kapena mu levers of the valve pusher;
  • Wodzigudubuza pushers hayidiroliki.

Opanga magalimoto ambiri akuyesera kuti achoke pazowonjezera ma hydraulic, chifukwa zida zama hydraulic pusher ndizosavuta momwe zingathere. Ngakhale chida monga njira yogawa gasi sichingalole kugwiritsa ntchito njira yolumikizirana iyi. Chithunzichi m'munsimu chikuwonetsa malo omwe cholembera ma hydraulic chitha kukhala kutengera mtundu wa injini nthawi.

Okweza ma hayidiroliki: zomwe ali komanso chifukwa chake amagogoda

Ubwino ndi kuipa kwa cholumikizira hayidiroliki

Ma hydraulic lifters ali ndi zabwino zambiri. Izi zikuphatikiza:

  • Low phokoso la galimoto;
  • Palibenso chifukwa chokonzera kusintha kwa matenthedwe ndi mavavu omwe amayamba chifukwa chovala zachilengedwe;
  • Kukonza kwaulere;
  • Amapereka kupanikizika kosalekeza kwa tsinde la valavu motsutsana ndi camshaft cam, yomwe imawonetsetsa kuti imagwiranso ntchito bwino ngakhale pamagalimoto owonongeka kwambiri;
  • Khola lamphamvu pamakina akale.

Komabe, ngakhale pali zabwino zambiri, ukadaulo wapamwamba uli ndi zovuta zazikulu zingapo:

  1. Operekera ma hayidiroliki amagwiritsa ntchito mafuta, ndipo mabowo awo ndi ochepa kwambiri kotero kuti mafuta ochepa sangalowe mkatimo, makamaka ngati dongosololi silinakhale ndi nthawi yotentha. Pachifukwa ichi, mafuta apamwamba ayenera kutsanulira mu injini - nthawi zambiri zopangira. Koma mota yomwe ili ndi mileage yayikulu, m'malo mwake, imafunikira mafuta okutira okhwima - mphete za O zatha kale, motero ma synthetics sangathe kupanga mphero yamafuta apamwamba. Chifukwa cha izi, mphamvu zamagalimoto zikugwa;
  2. Ngakhale atagwiritsa ntchito zinthu zina, mafutawo amafunikabe kusinthidwa pafupipafupi, chifukwa pakapita nthawi amataya madzi;
  3. Ngati mungalephere, muyenera kugula gawo lomwelo, osati analogi yotsika mtengo (komwe operekera ma hydraulic omwe ali m'malo mwake salola kugwiritsa ntchito mapangidwe ena kupatula omwe amapangidwa ndi wopanga);
  4. Popeza kuwonongeka kumachitika pambuyo pake, kukonza kudzakhala kotsika mtengo kuposa kukonza injini yoyaka mkati;
  5. Nthawi zina, chifukwa cha mafuta osavomerezeka, ma plunger amatha kukhala otsekeka, zomwe zingayambitse kugwirira ntchito molondola.
Okweza ma hayidiroliki: zomwe ali komanso chifukwa chake amagogoda

Chosavuta chachikulu ndikofunikira kwa mafuta. Ngati woyendetsa galimoto anyalanyaza zofunikira za parameter iyi, posachedwa akuyenera kufunafuna kugula malo ophatikizira atsopano. Pankhani yamagalimoto omwe apanga gwero lalitali, ma analogs amachitidwe ndi njira yabwino - amaletsa kuvala kwa valavu ndipo nthawi yomweyo amawongolera kusiyana kwa matenthedwe.

Momwe mungasankhire okwera pama hydraulic

Ngati lamba wamagalimoto okhala ndi ma hydraulic lifters, ndiye kuti funso loti mugule zida zatsopano kapena ayi siloyenera - gulani. Kupanda kutero, magawidwe azigawo zamagetsi sizigwira ntchito moyenera - kamera siyitha kutsegula valavu munthawi yake, ndipo mota itaya mphamvu yake.

Ngati sizikudziwika kuti ndi mitundu iti yomwe imayikidwa pagalimoto, ndiye kuti kusaka kwa ma hydraulic lifter kumachitika ndi nambala ya VIN yamagalimoto kapena mtundu wamagalimoto omwe ali m'ndandanda. Ndikofunikira kudziwa kuti ogulitsa ena amatcha njira iliyonse yokulumikizira mafupa. Mukamasankha gawo, mutha kuwuzanso wogulitsa mtundu wamagalimoto (SOHC kapena DOHC - werengani za kusiyana pakati pazosinthazi apa).

Okweza ma hayidiroliki: zomwe ali komanso chifukwa chake amagogoda

Mukamasankha bajeti kapena cholipirira choyambirira, muyeneranso kulabadira mawonekedwe ake - kulemera, masika, ndi zina zambiri. (ngati zalembedwa m'ndandanda). Ngati mavavu ali ndi sitiroko yaying'ono, ndiye kuti mapangidwe owonjezera opepuka amatha kukhazikitsidwa.

Omwe amanyamula ma hydraulic ali bwino

Posankha gawo ili, muyenera kukumbukira: bajeti yofananira nthawi zambiri imafuna kusinthidwa. Koma ngakhale pakati pazomwe zimatchedwa zida zoyambira zoyambirira, zimapezeka zabodza. Kuti musawononge ndalama pazinthu zotsika mtengo, samverani opanga omwe adziwonetsa okha pamsika wamagalimoto.

Onaninso kuti opanga magalimoto enieniwo samapanga zophatikizira zama hydraulic. Amagwiritsa ntchito ntchito zamakampani payokha, chifukwa chake gawo ili kulibe kuchokera kwa opanga - amagulidwa kumakampani odziyimira pawokha ndipo amagulitsidwa ngati choyambirira, koma pamtengo wokwera.

Okweza ma hayidiroliki: zomwe ali komanso chifukwa chake amagogoda

Mutha kuyimitsa kusankha kwanu kwa opanga awa:

  • Wopanga waku Germany INA. Opereka ma hayidiroliki ndiabwino kwambiri ndipo samalephera nthawi yake isanakwane;
  • Kampani ina yaku Germany ya Febi, koma mtundu wazogulitsa zawo ndiwotsikirako pang'ono poyerekeza ndi woimira wakale. Dziko lopanga likuwonetsedwa pakapangidwe ka gawolo - muyenera kulabadira izi, popeza mafakitale aku China samapanga zinthu za premium nthawi zonse;
  • SWAG ndi kampani yomwe ntchito zake zimagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi omwe amapanga gulu la VAG (za mtundu wamagalimoto omwe akuphatikizidwa ndi nkhawa, adauza kale pang'ono). Zigawo za kampaniyi zili mgulu la bajeti, koma zabodza ndizofala kwambiri;
  • Pansipa pamindandanda pali opangira ma hydraulic opangira ma AE kapena Ajusa. Zotsatira za mtengo wotsika ndizogwirira ntchito zochepa (pafupifupi 10 mileage). Vuto lina ndikofunikira kwambiri pamtundu wamafuta.
Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Kodi mutha kuyendetsa nthawi yayitali bwanji ngati nyali yamafuta ikuwala

Kuzindikira ndikusintha kwa ma hydraulic lifters

Kulephera kwa ma hydraulic lifters kumapezeka powagogoda. Phonendoscope imagwiritsidwa ntchito kuwonetsetsa kuti mawuwo amachokera kwa omwe amapereka.

Okweza ma hayidiroliki: zomwe ali komanso chifukwa chake amagogoda

Ngati kusakhazikika kwa oyendetsa ma hydraulic kumakhazikitsidwa, ndiye kuti amachotsedwa ndi maginito, koma izi zimachitika ngati nthawi yoyera komanso yothandiza. Izi zimachitika kuti gawolo limangokhala pampando, ndichifukwa chake kudula kumayenera kuchitika ndi chopopera chapadera.

Pali njira zingapo zowunika momwe magudumu anyamula amagwirira ntchito. Choyamba, kuwunika kwakunja kwa gawolo kumachitika kuti apeze zolakwika. Malo ogwirira ntchito a elementi adzawoneka ndi maso. Chachiwiri, pali zolumikizira zomwe sizingatheke. Poterepa, mutha kuyang'anira magawo amkati kuti mudziwe kuchuluka kwa kuvala.

Okweza ma hayidiroliki: zomwe ali komanso chifukwa chake amagogoda

Njira ina yodziwitsira - mafuta amathiridwa mu cholumikizira chomaliza. Gawo logwira ntchito silingafinyidwe ndi zala zanu. Kupanda kutero, iyenera kusinthidwa.

Chifukwa chiyani ma hydraulic lifters amagogoda

Kuwomba kwa okwera pama hydraulic kumatha kuwonedwa ngakhale mgalimoto zatsopano, chifukwa izi sizomwe zimakhala chizindikiro cha kuwonongeka kwina. Zotsatirazi zitha kuwonedwa ponseponse pama injini oyaka moto amkati komanso pagawo lamagetsi lomwe lafika kale pantchito yotentha. Ngakhale izi zichitike, phokosoli siliyenera kunyalanyazidwa, chifukwa kusokonekera kumeneku kudzakhudza magwiridwe antchito a gasi.

Ganizirani zomwe zimayambitsa kugogoda okwera pama hydraulic m'malo osiyanasiyana a injini.

Zifukwa zogogoda kwa hydraulic compensator "zotentha" (injini ikatenthedwa):

Izi zimachitika pagalimoto yotentha chifukwa cha:

  1. Mafuta oyipa a injini, kapena sanasinthe kwanthawi yayitali;
  2. Fyuluta yakuda yamafuta - chifukwa cha iyo, mafuta samafika pama hydraulic lifters atapanikizika;
  3. Pampu yamafuta yolephera (kapena magwiridwe ake acheperako, chifukwa chake zimayambitsa kukakamira kokwanira pamakina oyimitsa mafuta);
  4. Zowonongeka ndi manja a hydraulic compensator, omwe amachititsa kuti mafuta achepetse (pamenepa, mbali zasinthidwa);
  5. Kutha kwa oyendetsa ma hydraulic okha.

Zomwe zimapangitsa kugonja kwa hydraulic "ozizira" (injini ikapanda kutentha):

Okweza ma hayidiroliki: zomwe ali komanso chifukwa chake amagogoda

Kugogoda kwa ma hydraulic lifters amathanso kukhala pa magetsi osatenthezeka, ndipo ikatentha, phokoso limazimiririka. Nazi zifukwa zake:

  1. Njira zonyamula ma hydraulic ndizoyipa. Popeza mafuta ozizira amakhala owoneka bwino poyerekeza ndi mafuta otenthetsako kale, ndizovuta kwambiri kuti adutse potsekeka mu ngalandeyi, koma ikatentha, mafutawo amakhala amadzimadzi ndipo savuta kupyola;
  2. Mafuta osankhidwa molakwika. Nthawi zambiri oyendetsa galimoto osadziwa zambiri amakumana ndi vutoli. Ngati mafuta otsekemera asankhidwa, ndiye kuti ma hydraulic lifters adzagogoda;
  3. Valavu yonyamula ma hayidiroliki sasunthika, ndichifukwa chake injini ikayima, mafuta amalowa mu sump.

Ngati kugogoda kwa oyendetsa ma hydraulic kumawonekera injini ikakwera mwachangu, ndiye izi ndi zifukwa zake:

  1. Mulingo wamafuta mu crankcase upitilira mulingo wokwanira, womwe umapangitsa kuti chithovu;
  2. Mulingo wamafuta mu crankcase ndiwotsika kwambiri, womwe umapangitsa kuti mpope wamafuta uyamwe mpweya;
  3. Olandila mafuta awonongeka chifukwa chakugunda kwa mphasa pamisewu pamsewu (pachifukwa ichi, oyendetsa magalimoto odziwa bwino amalimbikitsa kukhazikitsa chitetezo pamagalimoto, chomwe chikufotokozedwa mwatsatanetsatane m'nkhani yapadera).

Ngati kugogoda kumawoneka mu mavavu amodzi kapena angapo, mosasamala kanthu za liwiro la crankshaft, izi zitha kukhala chifukwa choti kusiyana pakati pa tappet ndi cam (yomwe ili pa camshaft) kudakulirakulira. Pofuna kuthetsa kusokonekera kumeneku, mutu wa silinda umachotsedwa, ndipo makamu amaikidwa mozungulira (gawo lowonda la "droplet" liyenera kukhala pamwamba), ndipo limayang'aniridwa ngati pali kusiyana pakati pa pusher ndi cam.

Kukwapula kwa ma hydraulic pusher kumayang'anidwanso (chinthu chomwe chikuyang'aniridwa chimakanikizidwa ndi mphero yamatabwa). Ngati m'modzi mwa omwe amanyamula ma hydraulic amagwiranso ntchito momasuka kuposa enawo, ndiye kuti akuyenera kusinthidwa kapena kusokonezedwa ndikuwatsuka.

Kuti muthane ndi phokoso logogoda pamagulu opititsa patsogolo omwe asinthidwa posachedwa, kuyeretsa njira zopyapyala mu kondomu kudzafunika. Kuti muchite izi, mutha kugwiritsa ntchito zida zapadera, mwachitsanzo, Liqui Moly Hydro Stossel Additiv. Ikuwonjezeredwa pamakina oyatsira galimoto itatha injini kutenthetsa. Mphamvu ya chida amabwera pambuyo 500 makilomita.

Zowonjezera izi siziyenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito nthawi yomweyo kapena ngati njira yodzitetezera, chifukwa chinthucho chimatha kukulitsa makulidwe amafuta, omwe angakhudze mafuta onse pamakina.

Okweza ma hayidiroliki: zomwe ali komanso chifukwa chake amagogoda

Ngati kondomu idawonetsedwa kwambiri, musanakhazikitse malo ophatikizira atsopano, iyenera kukhala ndi mafuta apadera. Nthawi zina, pamafunika kusokoneza magetsi. Pachifukwa ichi, osanyalanyaza malamulo osinthira mafuta oyaka amkati. Werengani zambiri za izi kubwereza kwina.

Momwe mungakulitsire moyo wama hydraulic lifters

Kwenikweni, moyo wogwira ntchito yonyamula ma hydraulic sudalira kuthamanga kwa galimoto, kapena liwiro la crankshaft kapena zochita zilizonse za driver. Chokhacho chomwe chitha kukulitsa moyo wa oyendetsa ma hayidiroliki ndikugwiritsa ntchito mafuta amafuta omwe woyambitsa amapanga. Kuti mumve zambiri za momwe mungasankhire mafuta oyenera pagalimoto yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito mdera lina, werengani apa.

Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Kodi mababu azachuma ochokera ku Philips ndi ati?

Woyendetsa galimoto aliyense amayenera kuwunika mosamala kusinthasintha kwakanthawi kwa mafuta amafuta. Okonda magalimoto ena amaganiza kuti kungowonjezera mafuta atsopano ndikokwanira ndipo kumawonjezekanso pakapita nthawi. Ndi njirayi, oyendetsa ma hayidiroliki agogoda kale kuposa momwe wopanga akuwonetsera.

Magwiridwe antchito a hydraulic compensator amachepetsedwa chifukwa choti valavu yake yatsekedwa. Izi ndichifukwa cha mafuta osakhazikika (pakhoza kukhala tinthu tina tachilendo). Pachifukwa ichi, ndibwino kusintha mafuta m'malo mokweza pamwamba ngati mulingo ukucheperachepera.

Kangati kuti musinthe ma hydraulic valve lifters?

Ndizosowa kwambiri kukonza kapena kusintha makina opangira ma hydraulic. Magawowa amapezeka mumagawo ogawira gasi, ndipo kusintha kapena kukonza pafupipafupi kumakhala kovuta. Wopanga adaganiza izi kuti pakukonzekera koyenera kwa magetsi, sipakhala chifukwa chokwera kwa okwera magetsi.

Moyo wogwira ntchito wa ziwalo ukuwonetsedwa ndi wopanga. Kwenikweni, ili mkati mwa 200-300 makilomita zikwi. Koma izi zimachitika pokhapokha ngati woyendetsa galimoto atakwanitsa kukonza galimoto moyenera.

Momwe mungadzimutsire nokha

Ngakhale woyendetsa njinga yamtundu woyambira amatha kugwira ntchitoyi. Chinthu chachikulu ndikutsatira ndondomeko inayake. Koma simuyenera kuchita izi nokha ngati makinawa akadali pansi pa chitsimikizo.

Choyambirira, muyenera kuwonetsetsa kuti pakufunikiradi kuti muzimitsa malo olumikizirana. Ngati zovuta za injini zikugwirizana ndi izi, ndiye musanachite izi, m'pofunika kulola makinawo kuti ayime osachepera tsiku kuti mafuta azilowa poto. Pofuna kutsitsa ma hydraulic lifters, pamafunika ma batala atatu a lita zisanu (voliyumu yawo imadalira kukula kwa magawo omwe akutsukidwa). Iwo ali ndi mafuta 92, mafuta a palafini kapena mafuta a dizilo.

Okweza ma hayidiroliki: zomwe ali komanso chifukwa chake amagogoda

Chotsatira, chivundikiro chamutu champhamvu chimachotsedwa, ndipo ma axel omwe zida za rocker zidakhazikika. Mumitundu yosiyanasiyana yamagalimoto, ma hydraulic lifters amachotsedwa mwanjira yawo, chifukwa chake muyenera kufotokoza momwe mungachitire izi molondola.

Gawo lotsatira ndikuwona momwe opangira ma hydraulic amagwirira ntchito. Gawo lomwe lalephera liyenera kusinthidwa ndi lina latsopano. Ngati mukulimbikira pambali ndi mphero yamatabwa, ndipo ili ndi masewera omasuka kwambiri, ndiye kuti chinthucho chimayenera kusinthidwa.

Kutuluka komweko kumachitika motere:

  • Ma axles omwe zida za rocker zimakhazikika amachotsedwa;
  • Mutha kugwiritsa ntchito maginito kuchotsa cholumikizacho. Pochotsa, ndikofunikira kuti usawononge gawo kapena malo oyikirako;
  • Chilichonse chimatsitsidwa kukhala chotsuka;
  • Kuti muyeretsedwe, muyenera kuchotsa pompopompo madzi amadzimadzi pang'ono, ndikukankhira pa plunger (choyamba muyenera kulimbitsa mpira wa valavu kuti isagwire ntchito) mpaka itakhala ndiulendo waulere wocheperako;
  • Njira yomweyi imachitika mgawo lachiwiri ndi lachitatu.

Zida zamagalimoto zimasonkhanitsidwa mozungulira, koma oyendetsa ma hayidiroliki otsukidwa ayenera kukhala owuma. Akasonkhanitsa, magetsi amayambira ndikuchedwa kwakanthawi kwakanthawi kuti mafuta a injini azizungulira mozungulira.

Ndondomeko yoyikira ma hydraulic lifters

Kukonzekera kwa ma hydraulic lifters kutengera mtundu wamagalimoto, chifukwa chipinda chamajini chimatha kupangika mwanjira yake. Koma mumagalimoto ambiri, chiwembuchi ndi ichi:

  1. Kuwonongeka kwa zida zonse zomwe zili pamwamba pa chivundikiro cha valavu kumachitika, chifukwa kuyenera kuti kutsegulidwe ndikuchotsedwa popanda kuwononga zinthu zina (mwachitsanzo, mafuta kapena poyatsira);
  2. Fyuluta yamlengalenga imachotsedwanso, chifukwa izitchinjiranso kuti chivundikirocho chisamasulidwe;
  3. Chingwe cha fulumizitsa chadulidwa ndipo chivundikiro cha valavu sichimasulidwa;
  4. Makina ochapira amene anaika pa camshaft sprocket ali flared;
  5. Asterisk amakhala pamalo oti zizindikilozo zimagwirizana;
  6. Mtedza wa sprocket sunatsegulidwe, ndipo gawo ili limakonzedwa ndi waya;
  7. Phiri la camshaft limasulidwa. Icho chimachotsedwa, ndipo ndi icho camshaft;
  8. Oyimbira amachotsedwa (ndikofunikira kukumbukira momwe adayikidwira, chifukwa chake ndibwino kuti nthawi yomweyo aziwayika motsatana kuti malo a aliyense wa iwo akumbukiridwe);
  9. Makamu samasulidwa, pambuyo pake manja a mabotolo osinthira amachotsedwa mosamala;
  10. Ngati ndi kotheka, pamwamba pazitsulo zamagetsi zazitsulo zimapukutidwa kuti zitsimikizike bwino;
  11. Ma washer othandizira pamutu amapanikizika pogwiritsa ntchito chida chapadera (desiccant);
  12. Manja a rocker achotsedwa;
  13. Wothandizira ma hydraulic akusintha.

Kapangidwe konse kamasonkhanitsidwa mwatsatanetsatane. Pambuyo posinthira ma hydraulic lifters, ndikofunikira kukhazikitsa chivundikiro chatsopano cha valve, ndikumangirira ma Stud ndi torque wrench. Nayi kanema wamfupi momwe ntchitoyi imagwirira ntchito molondola:

m'malo mwa okwera ma hydraulic osachotsa mutu wopanda zida zapadera za cadet, vectra, lanos, nexia

Makina opanga magetsi

Pomaliza, penyani kuwunikiridwa kwamavidiyo momwe mungathetsere kulumikizana kwa ma hydraulic:

ZIMENE ZIMENE ZIMACHITITSA ngati opaira hayidiroliki akugogoda mu injini. Momwe mungakonzekere! Ogogoda akugogoda

Mafunso ndi Mayankho:

Kodi ma hydraulic lifters ndi otani? Ma hayidiroliki onyamula ndizinthu zazing'ono zomwe zimakupatsani mwayi wosinthira zovundikira zamagalimoto momwe amagawa. Zipangizozi zimagwira ntchito chifukwa cha mafuta mumakina oyatsira mafuta. Chifukwa cha izi, kusintha kwamphamvu kwagalimoto kumawongolera komanso kugwiritsa ntchito mafuta kumachepa.

Kodi okwera ma hydraulic ali kuti? Wowonjezera ma hydraulic amaikidwa pakati pa tsinde la valavu ndi kamera ya camshaft. Maonekedwe ndi kukula kwawo zimadalira mtundu wamagalimoto omwe amagawa komanso kukula kwa ma valve.

Chifukwa chiyani kugogoda kwa ma hydraulic lifters kuli kowopsa? Zolakwitsa zonyamula ma hydraulic zimakhudza kwambiri zamafuta ndi mphamvu yamagalimoto. Cholinga chake ndikuti mphindi yakapangidwe kake kapena mafuta sikugwirizana ndi pisitoni yoyaka bwino BTC. Ngati mulibe chidwi ndi kugogoda, ndiye kuti zoyambira sizingakhale zovuta. Pambuyo pake, phokoso la injini yoyaka mkati lidzawonjezeka, kunjenjemera kudzawoneka (kupezeka mosayembekezereka komanso kuyaka kwa chisakanizo cha mpweya ndi mafuta). Mukamathamanga, olakwitsa okwera pama hydraulic amatha kuyika sitima yapamtunda.

NKHANI ZOFANANA
Waukulu » nkhani » Okweza ma hayidiroliki: zomwe ali komanso chifukwa chake amagogoda

Kuwonjezera ndemanga