Yesani galimoto ya Ford Focus RS

Monga Focus base, RS imadzitamandira ndi dzina lapadziko lonse lapansi. Izi zikutanthauza kuti mumisika iliyonse 42 yapadziko lonse lapansi yomwe Focus RS idzagulitsidwe poyamba, wogula alandiranso galimoto yomweyo. Amapangidwa padziko lonse lapansi ku chomera cha Ford ku Germany ku Saarlouis. Koma sizinthu zonse, monga injini zimachokera ku Valencia, Spain. Makina opanga mainjini ndi ofanana ndi a Ford Mustang, okhala ndi mapasa atsopano a turbocharger, kukonza bwino ndikuwonjezera mphamvu zowonjezerapo 36, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti EcoBoost ya 2,3-litre imapereka pafupifupi 350 ndiyamphamvu. komwe pakali pano kuli RS iliyonse. Komabe, ku Valencia, si mphamvu yokhayo yomwe imafunikira, komanso phokoso la injini ya RS. Chifukwa chake, magalimoto aliwonse akasiya magulu awo opanga, mawu awo amawunikidwanso pakuwunika koyenera. Makina apadera amawu ndi mapulogalamu omwe asankhidwa amathandizira pazithunzi zomaliza. Pulogalamu yoyendetsa bwino, palibenso zida zomvera, ndipo mu pulogalamu ina iliyonse, pamene cholembera chamagetsi chimatulutsidwa mwadzidzidzi pamakina otulutsa utsi, phokoso lamphamvu limamveka, kuchenjeza patali kuti iyi si galimoto wamba.

Koma zingatheke bwanji kuti pakhale Chiyembekezo chotere? Focus RS kale ndi mawonekedwe ake akuwonetsa kuti ndimasewera othamanga. Ngakhale zithunzi zotere ku Ford zinali zowopsa pang'ono. Kapena kodi ndi chifukwa cha makina apadziko lonse omwe atchulidwa kale? Popanga Focus RS yatsopano, mainjiniya ambiri aku Britain ndi America (osati aku Germany okha omwe amasamalira RS, koma koposa gulu lonse la Ford Performance) adalinso ndi malingaliro azatsiku ndi tsiku. Ndipo izi, makamaka pazokonda zambiri za atolankhani omwe alipo, zomwe ndizochulukirapo. Ngati kunja kwathunthu mwamasewera, ndiye kuti mkati mwake ndi chimodzimodzi ndi Focus RS. Chifukwa chake, ma wheel chair ndi mipando okha ndi omwe amapereka moyo wothamanga, china chilichonse chimagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi mabanja. Ndipo ndiye njira yokhayo yomwe mungakhalire ndi Focus RS yatsopano. Pali ina, koma Ford yalonjeza kuti ikonza posachedwa. Mipando, yoyambira kale, komanso makamaka masewera osankhika ndi Shell Recar, ndiokwera kwambiri, chifukwa chake oyendetsa motalika nthawi zina amatha kumverera ngati akukhala mgalimoto, osati mmenemo. Madalaivala ang'onoang'ono samakumana ndi izi komanso zotere.

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Ma coefficient okwera mlengalenga tsopano ndi 0,355, asanu ndi limodzi peresenti yocheperako mbadwo wakale Focus RS. Koma ndimakina otere, mpweya wokwanira sindiwo chinthu chofunikira kwambiri, kuthamanga pansi ndikofunika kwambiri, makamaka kuthamanga kwambiri. Zonsezi zimapatsidwa chimbudzi cham'mbuyo, zowonjezera zowonjezerapo, njira pansi pa galimoto, zoyatsira, komanso zoyipitsa kumbuyo, zomwe sizokongoletsa kumbuyo, koma ntchito yake ndiyofunika kwambiri. Popanda izi, Focus RS ikadakhala yopanda thandizo kuthamanga kwambiri, chifukwa chake RS yatsopano imadzitamandira pa liwiro lililonse, ngakhale kuthamanga kwambiri kwamakilomita 266 pa ola limodzi. Ngongole zimapitanso kugawo lakumaso lokhala ndi mpweya wokwanira 85%, kuposa kuchuluka kwa 56% ya Focus RS.

Koma chofunikira chachikulu mu Focus RS yatsopano ndichachidziwikire kuti ndi mphamvu yamagetsi. Mphamvu za "mahatchi" 350 ndizovuta kuzimvetsetsa ndimayendedwe akutsogolo okha, chifukwa chake akatswiri a Ford akhala akupanga kuyendetsa kwamagudumu atsopano kwazaka ziwiri, akuphatikizidwa ndi zikopa ziwiri zoyendetsedwa pakompyuta pachitsulo chilichonse. Poyendetsa bwino, zoyendetsa zimangoyendetsedwa ndi mawilo akutsogolo okha kuti azigwiritsa ntchito mafuta ochepa, pomwe poyendetsa mwamphamvu mpaka 70% ya driveyo imawongoleredwa kumayendedwe akumbuyo. Potero, cholumikizira pachitsulo chakumbuyo chimatsimikizira kuti makokedwe onse amatha kupita kumanzere kapena kumanzere, ngati kuli kofunikira. Izi ndizofunikira, pomwe dalaivala akufuna kuti azisangalala ndikusankha pulogalamu ya Drift. Mphamvu imasamutsidwa kuchoka pagudumu lakumbuyo lakumanzere kupita pagudumu lakumbuyo lamanja mumasekondi 0,06 okha.

Kupatula kuyendetsa, Focus RS yatsopano ndiyo RS yoyamba kusankha njira zoyendetsa (zachizolowezi, masewera, mayendedwe ndi kuwongolera), ndipo woyendetsa amakhalanso ndi zowongolera zomwe zingayambike mwachangu kunja kwa tawuni. Mofananamo ndi njira yosankhidwayo, kuyendetsa magudumu anayi, kuuma kwa zoyeserera ndi chiwongolero, kuyankha kwa injini ndi dongosolo la kukhazikika kwa ESC, komanso, mawu omwe atchulidwa kale kuchokera ku dongosolo la utsi, amalamulidwa.

Nthawi yomweyo, ngakhale pulogalamu yoyendetsa yomwe yasankhidwa, chassis yolimba kapena kolowera kolimba masentimita (pafupifupi 40%) amatha kusankhidwa pogwiritsa ntchito switch yakumanzere. Mabuleki amaperekedwa ndi mabuleki oyenera, omwe ndiwothandiza kwambiri ku Republic of Slovenia pakadali pano. Zikuwonekeratu kuti iwonso ndi akulu kwambiri, ndipo kukula kwa ma brake disc sikovuta kudziwa - Ford idasankha matayala akulu kwambiri otheka, omwe, malinga ndi malamulo aku Europe, akadali oyenera matayala achisanu a 19-inch kapena oyenera zingerengere. Kutentha kwambiri kumatetezedwa ndimayendedwe amlengalenga angapo othamangira kutsogolo kwa grille komanso ngakhale kuchokera kumiyendo yoyimitsidwa yamagudumu apansi.

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Pofuna kuyendetsa bwino komanso makamaka kuyika magalimoto, Focus RS ili ndi matayala apadera a Michelin, omwe, kuphatikiza kuyendetsa bwino, amalimbananso ndi magulu angapo ofananira nawo mukamatsetsereka kapena kutsetsereka.

Ndipo ulendowo? Tsoka ilo kunagwa tsiku loyamba ku Valencia, chifukwa chake sitinathe kukankhira Focus RS kumapeto. Koma m'malo omwe munalibe mvula yocheperako komanso madzi, Focus RS idatsimikizira kuti ndi katswiri wothamanga. Kukhazikika kwa injini, magudumu onse ndi ma gearbox oyenda mwachangu sikisi ndi zikwapu zazifupi zazitsulo zili pamlingo wokhumbirika, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti mukhale osangalala poyendetsa galimoto. Koma Focus RS siyongokhala pamsewu, ayi ngakhale kuwopa mayendedwe apakhomo.

Chiwonetsero choyamba

"Ndizosavuta, ngakhale agogo anga adzadziwa," adatero m'modzi mwa alangizi a Ford, yemwe adatulutsa kalabu yayifupi kwambiri tsiku lomwelo ndipo adakhala pampando wa okwera tsiku lonse pomwe atolankhani amasinthana kuchita zomwe zimatchedwa kuti kulowerera. sichina choposa malo oimikapo magalimoto opanda kanthu. Ndiye ndizo. Zomwe sizimafunikira pamankhwala atolankhani zimaphatikizidwa mu pulogalamu yovomerezeka pano. Malangizowo anali osavuta: "Tembenuzani pakati pa ma cones ndikudutsa mpweya. Akabwerera kumbuyo, ingolingani chiwongolero ndipo musaleke kupindika. " Ndipo zinali kwenikweni. Kutumiza mphamvu ku njinga yomwe mwasankha kumakupatsani mwayi kuti mutuluke bulu wanu mwachangu, ndiye kuti mukufunika kuyankha mwachangu ku chiwongolero, ndipo tikafika mbali yoyenera, ingogwirani chiwongolero ndipo nthawi imeneyo aliyense akhoza kulowa m'malo mwake inu ndi Ken Block. Gawo lina losangalatsa linatsatiridwa: maulendo asanu ndi anayi pa liwiro la Ricardo Tormo ku Valencia. Inde, pomwe tidawonera mpikisano womaliza wa mndandanda wa MotoGP chaka chatha. Apanso, malangizowo anali osavuta: "Poyamba kuzungulira kumachedwa, kenako nkufuna." Zikhale choncho. Pambuyo poyambira koyambirira, mbiri yoyendetsa njanji idasankhidwa. Galimotoyo idalimba nthawi yomweyo, ngati munthu yemwe angayende ngati atadutsa Siberia wamanja amfupi. Ndinagwiritsa ntchito mabwalo atatu oyamba kuti ndipeze mzerewu ndikuyesera kutembenuka molondola momwe ndingathere. Kuletsa kuthana. Galimotoyo inkachita bwino kwambiri. Kuyendetsa matayala anayi kutha kukhala kopitilira muyeso paulendowu, koma kunalibe kumva kuti china chake chingamupweteke. Kutsogolo kwa zotchinga zazitali, ndimagwiritsa ntchito chosinthira chowongolera, chomwe chimachepetsa nthawi yomweyo galimotoyi kuti isagundike ikamatsika. Chinthu chachikulu. Lingaliro loti pulogalamu ya Drift ipezekanso lidandizunza. Ulendowu unali wosangalatsa, tinapita ku "kudula". Ndidayesa zingapo zapitazo koma sindinathe. Muyenerabe kukhala, um, kuti chifukwa mumadziwa zomwe mungachotse galimoto pamizere yachilengedwe yothamanga kwambiri mukakwiyitsa ndi kuyendetsa gudumu kulowera kolakwika. Mukangoyamba kutsetsereka chammbali, ndakatulo zimayamba. Fulumirani mpaka kumapeto ndikungosintha pang'ono pang'ono. Pambuyo pake ndidaphunzira kuti zitha kuchitidwa mwanjira ina. Pepani pakona, kenako mphamvu yonse. Monga pamalo oimikapo magalimoto opanda kanthu kale pang'ono. Ndipo nditangoyamba kupereka ulemu kwa akuba omwe adachita bwino, ndinakumbukira momwe wophunzitsayo adatchulira agogo ake. Zikuwoneka kuti galimotoyo ndiyabwino kwambiri moti zilibe kanthu kaya ndi ine kapena agogo ake omwe amayendetsa.

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Lemba: Sebastian Plevnyak, Sasha Kapetanovich; chithunzi Sasha Kapetanovich, fakitale

PS:

Injini yamafuta yamafuta ya EcoBoost ya 2,3-lita imapereka pafupifupi 350 "mphamvu ya akavalo", kapena kuposa RS ina iliyonse pakadali pano.

Kupatula kuyendetsa, Focus yatsopano ndi RS yoyamba kusankha njira zoyendetsa (zachizolowezi, masewera, mayendedwe ndi kuwongolera), ndipo woyendetsa ali ndi mwayi wokhazikitsa njira zowongolera mwachangu kunja kwa tawuni.

Liwiro lalikulu ndi makilomita 266 pa ola limodzi!

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