Yesani galimoto Citroën 11 CV, Citroën DS, Citroën CX: French avant-garde

Citroën 11 CV, Citroën DS, Citroën CX: French avant-garde

Kukhala ndi kusiyana kwakutali! Kukumana ndi ziwiri zamakono komanso zamtsogolo zachi French

M'zaka za zana la makumi awiri, mtundu wa Citroën uli ndi malo apadera mdziko lamagalimoto chifukwa chaukadaulo waposachedwa komanso kapangidwe koyambirira. Lero tiwone mitundu itatu yachikale: 11 CV, DS ndi CX.

Kumayambiriro kwa zaka za m'ma 60, alendo omwe amapita ku France adawona chithunzi chachilendo panjira: pakati pa zikuluzikulu za Citroën ID ndi mitundu ya DS yokhala ndi mawonekedwe owoneka bwino a torpedo ndi posh Pininfarina woboola pakati Peugeot 404 wokhala ndi zipsepse zazing'ono kumbuyo. , magalimoto ambiri akuda kapena otuwa omwe adapangidwa asadachitike nkhondo amayenda.

Zikuwoneka kuti si Mfalansa aliyense amene akanatha kugula galimoto yatsopano yabanja. Osachepera, eni ambiri a Opel Rekord ndi Ford 17 M, omwe adabwera ndi ana ochokera ku Germany kudzachita tchuthi chawo ku France, amaganiza choncho. Komabe, adalakwitsa kwambiri chifukwa "zamagalimoto" achikale, achikale komanso owopsa pang'ono adadzazidwa ndiukadaulo wamakono ndipo adagulitsidwa ndi Citroën ngati magalimoto atsopano mpaka 1957. Ndipo lero adayambitsa Traction Avant mu 1934. m'mabaibulo 7, 11 ndi 15 CV ndi imodzi mwazitsanzo zofunidwa kwambiri.

Citroën 11 CV yokhala ndi zaka 23 zantchito

Ndi thupi lake lodziyimira palokha, loyendetsa bwino komanso loyenda kutsogolo kwa magudumu, malo ozungulira mphamvu yokoka komanso malo abwino opumira torsion, Traction Avant, monga momwe amatchulidwira, yakhalabe pakampani zaka 23. Pomwe kuyambiranso kunayambika mu 1946 patatha zaka zisanu zisanachitike pankhondo, CV ya 11 idasungabe mawonekedwe ake asadachitike nkhondo ndi zitseko zakumbuyo, radiator yayikulu yoyenda ndi zotsekera zazikulu zotseguka ndi nyali.

Kusintha kwakukulu kokha kunachitika mchilimwe cha 1952, pomwe ma chopukutira adalumikizidwa ndi munthuyo, ndikukulitsa malo akumbuyo adatseguka gudumu lakunja ndi katundu wambiri. Chifukwa chake, akatswiri amasiyanitsa pakati pa "mtundu wokhala ndi gudumu" ndi "mtundu wokhala ndi mbiya". Wachiwiriyo ali kale nafe ndipo ndi wokonzeka kukayezetsa.

Woyendetsa ndi msana wabwino

Mu Traction Avant, dalaivala komanso wokwera kutsogolo amawerengedwa kuti ndi amodzi mwa ogwira ntchito, omwe ntchito yawo ndikuwongolera mosamala abambo omwe akuyenda pampando wam'mbuyo wabwino. Kujambula mwendo wakutsogolo ndi zenera lakutsogolo lomwe likuwonekera kutsogolo kwa dalaivala kumawoneka ngati kusakhazikika kumbuyo kwakumbuyo kwa malo okhala pampando wachifumu. Kuphatikiza apo, cholembera chosazolowereka chomwe chimachokera pa dashboard pomaliza chimapatsa chisindikizo cha mphunzitsi waluso kuti azitha kuyendetsa Traction Avant - ngakhale kufalitsa kwa liwiro katatu kuseri kwa grille yakutsogolo kumatha kusinthidwa mosavuta ndi lever iyi.

Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Yesani kuyendetsa Citroen C4 Aircross 4WD, kuyesa kwa French SUV - Mayeso a Road

Komabe, makina oyendetsa magetsi amafunikira mphamvu zochuluka pamalopo monga chiwongolero cha MAN Bundeswehr yama matani asanu. Panjira, komabe, galimoto imakhala bwino ndipo kuyimitsidwa koyenera kuyenera kutanthauziridwa kuti "kosangalatsa". Phokoso lalikululi limapangitsa kuti anthu aziona mofulumira kwambiri. Injini yamphamvu inayi ya 1,9-lita imapanga 56 hp. imatha kufulumira mpaka pafupifupi 120 km / h - omwe akufuna zambiri amayembekezera DS wamphamvu kwambiri.

Citroën DS choyamba ndikuyimitsidwa kwa hydropneumatic

Pomwe Citroën idatulutsa DS 1955 ngati yolowa m'malo mwa Traction Avant mu 19, makasitomala ambiri achisangalalo adakumana ndi "mantha amtsogolo" - a Citroën akufuna m'malo mwa boti wapamtunda ndi ndege. Komabe, tsiku loyamba kuwonetsedwa kwa galimoto ku Paris Motor Show, maulamuliro 12 adalandiridwa.

Ndi mndandanda wa DS, opanga samangodumpha zaka makumi asanu ndi limodzi za kapangidwe kamangidwe, komanso amabisala pansi pamlandu wamtsogolo ndi zida zingapo zatsopano. Ngakhale kuyimitsidwa kwa hydropneumatic kokha ndikokwanira kuti kuyendetsa galimoto kuyambiranso.

Wofiira wa 21 DS 1967 Pallas amawoneka ngati chombo cha mlengalenga chifukwa mawilo akumbuyo amakhala obisika kwathunthu pansi pa thupi. Injini ikayamba, galimotoyo imadzuka ndikukweza thupi mainchesi angapo. Kuyimitsidwa kwa hydropneumatic kumaphatikiza nayitrogeni ngati kasupe wokhala ndi makina oyambira a hydraulic omwe pampu yake imapereka chilolezo chosasunthika chomwe chimatha kusinthidwa. Mpando wamtali wokhawo ndi womwe umakumbukira mtundu wakale, pomwe chiwongolero cholankhula chimodzi komanso makina azachipatala opangira moyo amalankhula za nthawi zamakono za Citroën.

Ndiyamika kufala theka-zodziwikiratu pa DS chinkhupule ananyema, palibe ngo zowalamulira. Timasintha magiya opanda phazi lakumanzere, kokha ndi lever yopita pa chiwongolero, kuyimilira popanda mayendedwe achizolowezi, ingokanikizani mwamphamvu kapena pofooka pa siponji ya labala - ndikutsata phula, ngati osaligwira. Kupita patsogolo kumawonekeranso pa liwiro lofikira - ndi 100 hp yake. DS 21 imapanga phompho lalikulu 175 km / h. Komabe, m'makona othamanga, galimoto imapendekera kotero kuti okwera ndi odutsa amanjenjemera - koma izi zikuwoneka kuti zakhululukidwa. Kuphatikiza apo, CX imayikidwa, yomwe kufananitsa kwathu katatu ili mu mtundu wa 1979 wa GTI.

Citroën CX GTI yokhala ndi 128 HP

Ndipo apa kusiyana kowoneka pakati pa mndandanda wa DS ndi womutsatira wa 1974 ndikokulirapo - ngakhale kuti CX ndi yocheperako masentimita sikisi kuposa DS, imawoneka yayikulu kwambiri komanso yosangalatsa kuposa yomwe idakonzeratu. Kusiyanaku kumachitika makamaka chifukwa cha nyali zazikulu za trapezoidal komanso kuchepa kwa kutalika kwagalimoto pafupifupi pafupifupi masentimita khumi. CX imawerengedwa kuti ndi yopambana pakati pa DS ndi masewera apakatikati a Matra-Simca Bagheera.

Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Mazda CX-30 2.0L Skyactiv-X M-Hybrid: mtundu wosakanikirana kwambiri - Kuyesa Panjira

Mipando yachikopa yokhala ndi masewera othamanga komanso kufalitsa ma liwiro othamanga asanu kumatsimikizira zomwe zimanenedwa pagalimoto yayikulu ya 128-hp. ndi liwiro lapamwamba la 190 km / h. Injiniyo tsopano ili mozungulira, zomwe zimachepetsa kwambiri kutsika ndikufikitsa miyendo patsogolo. Ngakhale kuyimitsidwa kwa hydropneumatic komanso kusiyana kwakukulu pakati pamayendedwe akutsogolo ndi kumbuyo, CX imagwira ngodya molimba mtima osasiya mawonekedwe a Citroën monga chiwongolero cholankhula chimodzi, liwiro lothamanga komanso tachometer yokhala ndi magalasi okuza. Koma ndichifukwa chake timakonda achifalansa olimba mtimawa, opulupudza - chifukwa amatipulumutsa ku maswiti ambirimbiri.

Pomaliza

Mkonzi Franz-Peter Hudek: Citroën Traction Avant ndi DS akuyenera kuti ndi imodzi mwazakale kwambiri. Amapereka chithumwa chambiri komanso kuwonjezera pa izi, njira yosangalatsa kwambiri. CX akupitilizabe mwambowu. Tsoka ilo, ngakhale mafani a Citroën adazindikira izi mochedwa - lero CX ndiyomwe ili pangozi.

Zambiri zaukadaulo

Citroën 11 CV (yopangidwa mu 1952)

Injini

Cylinder inayi, sitiroko inayi, mu intaneti yokhala ndi camshaft kumbuyo. ndi unyolo wa nthawi, Solex kapena Zenith carburetor.

Bore x Stroke: 78 x 100mm

Ntchito voliyumu: 1911 cm³

Mphamvu: 56 hp pa 4000 rpm

Max. makokedwe: 125 Nm pa 2000 rpm.

Kutumiza mphamvuMagudumu oyenda kutsogolo, bokosi lamagiya atatu othamanga, magiya oyamba osagwirizana.

Thupi ndi chisisi

Self-akuthandiza zitsulo thupi, kuyimitsidwa palokha, mabuleki ng'oma zinayi mawilo

Kutsogolo: makona amakona atatu ndi mtanda, akasupe azitali zazitali, ma absorbers oopsa a telescopic.

Kumbuyo: chitsulo chogwira matayala cholimba chokhala ndi matabwa a kotenga nthawi yayitali ndi akasupe oyenda mozungulira, ma absorbers owonera telescopic

Makulidwe ndi kulemera Kutalika x m'lifupi x kutalika: 4450 x 1670 x 1520 mm

Wheelbase: 2910 mm

Kunenepa: 1070 makilogalamu.

Kuchita kwamphamvu ndi mtengo wakeLiwiro lalikulu: 118 km / h

Kugwiritsa ntchito: 10-12 l / 100 km.

Nthawi yopanga ndi kufalitsaKuyambira 1934 mpaka 1957 makope 759 111.

Zotsatira Citroën DS 21 (1967)

Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Yesani BMW ndi haidrojeni: gawo loyamba

Injini

Injini yamphamvu inayi, yodutsa anayi pamzere wokhala ndi camshaft kumbuyo. ndi unyolo wa nthawi, carburetor imodzi yazipinda ziwiri

Bore x Stroke: 90 x 85,5mm

Ntchito voliyumu: 2175 cm³

Mphamvu: 100 hp pa 5500 rpm

Max. makokedwe: 164 Nm pa 3000 rpm.

Kutumiza mphamvuGudumu loyendetsa kutsogolo, magudumu anayi othamangitsira pamanja ndi ma hydraulic clutch actuation.

Thupi ndi chisisiMapepala azitsulo papulatifomu, kuyimitsidwa kwa hydropneumatic, mabuleki anayi wama disc

Kutsogolo: zopingasa

Kumbuyo: matabwa akutali.

Makulidwe ndi kulemera Kutalika x m'lifupi x kutalika: 4840 x 1790 x 1470 mm

Wheelbase: 3125 mm

Kunenepa: 1280 kg

Sitima: 65 l.

Kuchita kwamphamvu ndi mtengo wakeLiwiro lalikulu: 175 km / h

Kugwiritsa ntchito 10-13 l / 100 km.

Nthawi yopanga ndi kufalitsaCitroën ID ndi DS kuyambira 1955 mpaka 1975, 1 yathunthu.

Citroen CX GTI

InjiniInjini yamphamvu inayi, yodutsa anayi pamzere wokhala ndi camshaft kumbuyo. ndimakina onyamula nthawi, Bosch-L-Jetronic petroli system

Bore x Stroke: 93,5 x 85,5mm

Ntchito voliyumu: 2347 cm³

Mphamvu: 128 hp pa 4800 rpm

Max. makokedwe: 197 Nm pa 3600 rpm.

Kutumiza mphamvuGudumu loyenda kutsogolo, liwiro lantchito zisanu zothamanga.

Thupi ndi chisisiThupi lodzipangira lokhala ndi bolt-on subframe, kuyimitsidwa kwa hydropneumatic ndikukhazikika, mabuleki ama disc pama mawilo onse anayi

Kutsogolo: zopingasa

Kumbuyo: matabwa akutali

Matayala: 185 HR 14.

Makulidwe ndi kulemera Kutalika x m'lifupi x kutalika: 4660 x 1730 x 1360 mm

Wheelbase: 2845 mm

Kunenepa: 1375 kg

Sitima: 68 l.

Kuchita kwamphamvu ndi mtengo wakeLiwiro lalikulu: 189 km / h

Mathamangitsidwe kuchokera 0 mpaka 100 Km / h: 10,5 gawo.

Kugwiritsa ntchito: 8-11 l / 100 km.

Nthawi yopanga ndi kufalitsaCitroën CX kuyambira 1974 mpaka 1985, mtundu umodzi.

Lemba: Frank-Peter Hudek

Chithunzi: Karl-Heinz Augustin

Chachikulu " Zolemba " Akusowekapo " Citroën 11 CV, Citroën DS, Citroën CX: French avant-garde

NKHANI ZOFANANA
Waukulu » Mayeso Oyendetsa » Yesani galimoto Citroën 11 CV, Citroën DS, Citroën CX: French avant-garde

Kuwonjezera ndemanga