Kodi tachograph ndi chifukwa chiyani imafunika m'galimoto?

Zamkatimu

Kugwira ntchito ngati dalaivala nthawi zambiri kumalumikizidwa ndi kupsinjika kwakukulu pathupi la munthu. Zowona zamakono zaku Russia zimakakamiza oimira ntchitoyi kuti azikhala nthawi yayitali pachiwongolero. Kachitidwe kameneka kamakhala ndi chiyambukiro chowononga kwambiri pa chitetezo cha galimoto ndipo kaŵirikaŵiri kumabweretsa zotulukapo zomvetsa chisoni kwa dalaivala ndi ena onse ogwiritsira ntchito msewu.

Kodi tachograph ndi chifukwa chiyani imafunika m'galimoto?

Vutoli, malinga ndi mautumiki oyenerera, liyenera kuthetsedwa ndikuyambitsa zida zatsopano zamakono, zovomerezeka pamagulu amtundu wa magalimoto. Tikukamba za tachograph - chipangizo chomwe chimakulolani kuti muzitsatira magawo akuluakulu a galimoto paulendo wonse.

Kubwerera ku 2014, lamulo linayamba kugwira ntchito, malinga ndi zomwe, oyendetsa magalimoto a maguluwa amayenera kugwiritsa ntchito chipangizo cholembera kulikonse. Ngati kuphwanya lamuloli, mwiniwake wa galimotoyo adzayimbidwa mlandu.

Chifukwa chiyani mukufunikira tachograph m'galimoto?

Poyambirira, kuyambika kwa tachograph m'zochita zatsiku ndi tsiku kudalumikizidwa ndi kuwongolera kwa ena onse ndi momwe amagwirira ntchito madalaivala. Imodzi mwa ntchito zazikuluzikulu inali kuchepetsa ziwerengero za ngozi zokhudzana ndi madalaivala omwe amaphwanya malamulo okhazikitsidwa.

Komabe, izi siziri kutali ndi cholinga chokha cha chipangizo choperekedwa. Ndi chithandizo chake, zimakhala zotheka kuyang'anira zizindikiro zosiyanasiyana zofunika.

Kodi tachograph ndi chifukwa chiyani imafunika m'galimoto?

Mothandizidwa ndi chipangizo ichi, kuwunika kumachitika:

  • kuphwanya malamulo apamsewu;
  • kutsatira njira yokhazikitsidwa;
  • njira ya ntchito ndi ena onse dalaivala;
  • liwiro lagalimoto.

Ndikoyenera kudziwa kuti kukhalapo kwa chipangizochi, malinga ndi akatswiri, kumatsimikizira chitetezo chachikulu kwa dalaivala ndi okwera. Ponena za malamulo ndi malamulo okhazikitsidwa, dalaivala alibe ufulu woyendetsa galimoto kwa maola oposa 4 motsatizana.

Pambuyo pa nthawi yomwe wapatsidwa, akulangizidwa kuti apume kwa mphindi 40. Choncho, ngati galimoto ndi okonzeka ndi tachograph, dalaivala ndi chodziwikiratu kuphwanya malamulo anakhazikitsa ndi kuika moyo wa okwera pangozi.

Kuonjezera apo, mothandizidwa ndi tachograph, kuthamanga kwa galimoto kumayang'aniridwa. Mbali imeneyi imakulolani kuti muwonjezere kwambiri mlingo wa kulamulira ndi kuzindikira ophwanya njiru za malire a liwiro.

Mitundu ya zida

Pamene ma tachographs adawonekera, zida zomwe zidaperekedwa zidasintha mosiyanasiyana. Ngati m'mbuyomu ambiri aiwo anali amtundu wa analogi, tsopano asinthidwa ndi zida zapamwamba komanso zazing'ono zama digito.

Kodi tachograph ndi chifukwa chiyani imafunika m'galimoto?

Ma tachographs, kutengera njira ya kuphedwa, amagawidwa m'mitundu iwiri:

  • kuzungulira (wokwera m'malo mwa speedometer yokhazikika);
  • amakona anayi (wokwera pamalo okhazikika a wailesi yagalimoto).

Pakadali pano, zida za analogi zimasinthidwa ndi digito. Mchitidwewu umagwirizanitsidwa makamaka ndi mlingo wochepa wa kulondola kwa makina a tachographs.

Kuyambira 2016, kugwiritsa ntchito tachographs analogi ya mtundu uliwonse ndikoletsedwa ku Russia. Pankhaniyi, analogi amatanthauza chipangizo chilichonse chomwe chilibe chitetezo cha crypto.

Ma tachograph amtundu wa digito alowa m'miyoyo yathu. Amakulolani kuti musunge zambiri zambiri, chifukwa cha kukumbukira kukumbukira. Sizingatheke kupeza mwayi wosaloledwa kuzinthu zomwe zili mmenemo, chifukwa cha chitetezo chapamwamba.

Kuyesa kulikonse kusokoneza kagwiritsidwe ntchito ka chipangizocho kumaphatikizapo chilango choyang'anira ngati chindapusa. Pogwira ntchito ndi tachograph ya digito, khadi yozindikiritsa imagwiritsidwa ntchito. Ndi chonyamulira pulasitiki cha zambiri za dalaivala.

Pali mitundu inayi ya makadi otere:

  • khadi laumwini la dalaivala;
  • Khadi lapadera (kwa ogwira ntchito m'malo ogwira ntchito omwe akutumizira chipangizocho);
  • khadi la kampani yoyendetsa;
  • khadi la apolisi apamsewu (pazowongolera).

Makhadi operekedwawa amaperekedwa ndi mabungwe apadera omwe ali ndi chilolezo choyenera.

Chipangizo ndi ndondomeko ya ntchito

Tachograph, kunja, ndi chipangizo chosazindikirika, makamaka pankhani ya mawonekedwe a rectangular. Komabe, mkati mwake mwadzaza, monga amanenera, ndi sayansi ndi luso lamakono lamakono. Kuphunzira mozama za izo kumatithandiza kuzindikira zingapo za ziwalo zake zogwira ntchito ndi mfundo.

Kugwira ntchito ndi tachograph Kanema malangizo kwa madalaivala

Zotere:

  • makiyi owonetsera ndi owongolera;
  • chosindikizira chotentha;
  • sikani chipangizo;
  • modemu;
  • sensa yoyenda.

Chiwonetsero cha tachograph chikuwonetsa zonse zofunika. Makiyi amaperekedwa kuti alowetse nambala ya pini ndikuyambitsa ntchito zofananira. Chosindikizira chotenthetsera chimawonetsa zidziwitso zonse zaulendo papepala. The owerenga ntchito kuzindikira pulasitiki TV.

Pogwiritsa ntchito modemu, ntchito yotumiza deta kwa olembetsa ma cellular network kudzera pa GPRS imayendetsedwa. Sensor yoyenda imakupatsani mwayi wojambulira zambiri pa liwiro ndi mtunda womwe wayenda.

Chimodzi mwazinthu zazikulu za tachograph iliyonse ndi chipika cha CIPF. Cholinga chake ndi kubisa zonse zomwe zidalembetsedwa pazida.

Kuphatikiza apo, chida choperekedwa cha Hardware chimapereka chidziwitso chosankha. Mwa kuyankhula kwina, dongosolo, malingana ndi magawo a ntchito, limatsimikizira zomwe ziyenera kuperekedwa pazochitika zilizonse.

Chipangizo chotchulidwacho chimatsegulidwa mwamsanga mutangoyamba injini. Pambuyo pake, machitidwe onse ndi masensa a chipangizocho amayamba kugwira ntchito.

Malamulo akukhazikitsa

Kuyika kwa tachograph kumachitika kokha m'malo apadera othandizira ndi ma workshop. Nthawi yomweyo, mabungwe omwe atchulidwa pamwambapa ayenera kukhala ndi layisensi yochokera ku FSB komanso chiphaso chochokera ku Unduna wa Zamayendedwe. Kupanda kutero, pali kuthekera kwakukulu kwa kukhazikitsa kolakwika kwa chipangizocho ndi zotsatira zake zonse.

Kuonjezera apo, pakawonongeka kapena kulephera kwa chipangizocho, wonyamulirayo amataya kukonzanso kwa chitsimikizo, ndipo ayenera kukonza m'thumba mwake.

Kodi tachograph ndi chifukwa chiyani imafunika m'galimoto?

Musanayambe kuyika tachograph, choyamba muyenera kusankha malo abwino kwambiri. Poganizira kuti muyenera kugwiritsa ntchito chipangizocho pafupifupi tsiku lililonse, muyenera kusamalira kupezeka kwake. M'pofunikanso kusamalira kukhazikika kwake kodalirika kuti asawononge kusweka kwake chifukwa cha kugwa.

Lamulo limaletsa kuyika tachograph pawekha. Komabe, pakukula kwachitukuko, zidzakhala zabwino kudziwana ndi ma nuances ena a kukhazikitsa kwake.

Kukhazikitsa kwa tachograph algorithm ndi motere:

  1. kuyenerera kwa speedometer wamba ndi sensa yothamanga yagalimoto imawunikidwa;
  2. ngati n'koyenera, speedometer ndi liwiro sensa m'malo;
  3. wiring kulumikiza chojambulira, speedometer ndi liwiro sensa ndi wokwera;
  4. ntchito yolondola ya chipangizo chojambulira imafufuzidwa;
  5. chipangizocho chimatsegulidwa ndikusindikizidwa;
  6. kukonza bwino ndi kuwongolera.

Njirayi sitenga nthawi yambiri. Monga lamulo, wonyamulirayo ayenera kuthera maola 2 mpaka 4.

Miyezo ya ntchito ndi chindapusa chifukwa chopanda tachograph

Miyezo ya ntchito pa tachograph makamaka imayang'ana pa malamulo omwe amapereka ndondomeko yeniyeni ya ntchito. Zimasonyeza kuti dalaivala sayenera kukhala pamsewu popanda kuima kwa maola oposa 4 - 4,5.

Nthawi yopumula ndi mphindi 45.

Nthawi yonse ya kayendetsedwe ka galimoto patsiku sayenera kupitirira maola 9. Pankhaniyi, dalaivala ayenera kukhala ndi masiku 2 pa sabata. Ponena za njira zolumikizirana, nthawi yosagwira ntchito pakadali pano imachepetsedwa mpaka maola 9.

Chilango choyang'anira chimaperekedwa kwa munthu ngati chindapusa popanda chipangizo, ntchito yake yolakwika kapena kuphwanya kolembedwa. Mu milandu iwiri yoyamba, dalaivala ayenera kulipira za 2 - 3 zikwi rubles. Koma abwana, polola kuphwanya koteroko, akhoza "kuwulukira" kwa 7-10 zikwi rubles.

KUPHUNZIRA KUONA NTCHITO NTCHITO NDI KUPUMULIRA ZOTHANDIZA GAWO 1.

Kuyika kovomerezeka kwa tachograph kumakhala kosapeweka. Ndikoyenera kudziwa kuti malingaliro a madalaivala ndi onyamulira kwa izo sizodziwika konse. Kwa ena, izi sizimapangitsa kuvomerezedwa, koma kwa wina zomwe adazikonda. Mwanjira ina, mayiko ambiri a ku Ulaya akhala akugwiritsa ntchito bwino tachographs kwa zaka zambiri, ndipo zotsatira za kukhazikitsidwa kwa zatsopano zoterezi zadutsa zomwe zinkayembekeza.

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