Kodi briper caliper imagwira ntchito bwanji? Chipangizo ndi zovuta

Zamkatimu

Mabuleki anabwera ndi amantha! Malingaliro awa amagawidwa ndi mafani oyendetsa kwambiri. Koma ngakhale madalaivala otere amagwiritsira ntchito ma braking system. Chofunikira kwambiri pakabuleki amakono ndikoyimitsa.

Kodi mfundo yoyendetsera gawo ili ndi chiyani, kapangidwe kake, zolakwika zazikulu komanso momwe zimasinthira. Tidzakambirana zonsezi motsatizana.

Kodi caliper chinsalu ndi chiyani

Chowotchera chimbudzi ndi gawo lokwera pa brake disc, lomwe limalumikizidwa ndi chiwongolero kapena mtengo wakumbuyo. Galimoto yapakatikati imakhala ndi otsogola kutsogolo. Mawilo apambuyo amakhala ndi ma brake.

Kodi briper caliper imagwira ntchito bwanji? Chipangizo ndi zovuta

Magalimoto okwera mtengo amakhala ndi mabuleki athunthu, chifukwa chake amakhalanso ndi oyendetsa magudumu kumbuyo.

Zochita za caliper yemwe ananyema zimayenderana ndi kuyesetsa kwa dalaivala akamakankhira pakhonde logwirira pomwe galimoto ikuyenda. Kutengera ndi mphamvu yogwira ntchito paphokoso la mabuleki, liwiro loyankha lidzakhala losiyana. Mabuleki a Drum amagwira ntchito mosiyana, koma mabuleki amatengera khama la woyendetsa.

Cholinga cha caliper ananyema

Monga tanenera kale, caliper ananyema atakwera pamwamba chimbale ananyema. Makinawa atatsegulidwa, ma pads amatseka chimbalecho mwamphamvu, zomwe zimathandiza kuyimitsa kanyumba, ndipo chifukwa chake, galimoto yonse.

Gawoli limatha kugwedezeka, chifukwa chake, ngati zinthu zingapo za makinawo zatha, mutha kugula chida chokonzanso ndikusintha gawo lomwe lalephera.

Kodi briper caliper imagwira ntchito bwanji? Chipangizo ndi zovuta

Kwenikweni, chida chodziyimira chowotcha chimaphatikizapo zinthu izi:

  • Nyumba;
  • Malangizo kwa omwe akuthandizani, omwe amakupatsani mwayi wokhazikitsa yunifolomu ya ma padi pa disc;
  • Pisitoni jombo kuteteza tinthu olimba kulowa actuator ananyema kotero kuti si kupanikizana;
  •  Piston ya brake caliper, yomwe imayendetsa nsapato zosunthika (nthawi zambiri nsapato mbali inayo imamangiriridwa pachitsulo choyandama ndipo imayikidwa pafupi kwambiri ndi disc);
  • Bulaketi lomwe limalepheretsa ziyangoyango kutangwanika ndikukhudza chimbale pamalo omasuka, ndikupangitsa kuti phokoso likhale lopera;
  • Caliper kasupe, yomwe imakankhira padyo kuchoka pa disc pomwe kuyeserera kwa brake kumatulutsidwa;
  • Ananyema nsapato. Kwenikweni pali awiri - amodzi mbali iliyonse ya disc.

Kodi caliper ananyema bwanji?

Mosasamala mtundu wamagalimoto, ma braking system nthawi zambiri amagwiranso ntchito chimodzimodzi. Dalaivala akamakakamiza chidule chothira, kuthamanga kwamadzimadzi kumapangidwa mu silinda yoyambira. Mphamvuzi zimafalikira kudzera mumsewu waukulu wopita kutsogolo kapena kumbuyo kwa caliper.

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Timadzimadzi timayendetsa pisitoni. Amakankhira mapepalawo ku disc. Diski yosinthasintha imatsinidwa ndipo pang'onopang'ono imachepa. Munthawi imeneyi, kutentha kwakukulu kumapangidwa. Pachifukwa ichi, mwiniwake wagalimoto amayenera kulabadira mtundu wa ma piritsi ananyema. Palibe amene akufuna kukhala pamalo omwe mabuleki amalephera kapena kupanikizika.

Kodi briper caliper imagwira ntchito bwanji? Chipangizo ndi zovuta

Ngati galimotoyo ili ndi mabuleki azida zamagudumu onse, ndiye kuti omenyera kumbuyo, monga mu drum, azilumikizidwa ndi handbrake.

Mitundu ya calipers ananyema

Ngakhale lero pali zochitika zambiri zomwe cholinga chake ndi kukonzanso kudalirika kwa braking system, zazikulu ndi mitundu iwiri:

  • Atathana ananyema caliper;
  • Choyendetsa choyendetsa.

Ngakhale kapangidwe ka njirazi ndi kosiyana, momwe amagwirira ntchito amafanana.

Mapangidwe amodzi

Izi ndizokhazikika. Ali ndi ma pistoni osachepera awiri ogwira ntchito. Omwe amakhala ndi ma piston mbali zonse ziwiri amachepetsa chimbale kuti zitheke bwino. Kwenikweni, mabuleki awa amaikidwa pamagalimoto amasewera.

Kodi briper caliper imagwira ntchito bwanji? Chipangizo ndi zovuta

Opanga magalimoto apanga mitundu yambiri yazokhazikika. Pali zinayi, zisanu ndi chimodzi, zisanu ndi zitatu - ngakhale khumi-pisitoni zosintha.

Choyendetsa choyendetsa

Mtundu uwu wa caliper udapangidwa koyambirira. Mu zida za njirazi pali pisitoni imodzi yamabuleki, yomwe imayendetsa nsapato, yomwe imayikidwa kumbuyo kwake mkati mwa disc.

Kuti chimbale cha mabuleki chikamangidwe mbali zonse ziwiri, palinso pad kunja. Imakhazikika pamabulaketi olumikizidwa ndi thupi la pisitoni wogwira ntchito. Dalaivala akamakakamiza chidule, mphamvu yama hydraulic imakankhira pisitoniyo chimbale. Pedi yama brake imakhala motsutsana ndi disc.

Kodi briper caliper imagwira ntchito bwanji? Chipangizo ndi zovuta

Thupi la pisitoni limasunthira pang'ono, kuyendetsa cholembera choyandama ndi pad. Izi zimalola kuti chimbale cha brake chikonzeke ndi mapadi mbali zonse ziwiri.

Magalimoto Bajeti zili ndi dongosolo ngati braking. Komanso pakasinthidwe, kasinthasintha woyenda mosasunthika kumatha kugwa. Zitha kugwiritsidwa ntchito kugula chida chokonzera chonyamulira ndikusintha gawo losweka.

Zolakwa ndi kukonza calipers ananyema

Popeza magudumu abwinobwino a galimoto amatenga katundu wambiri galimoto ikamatsika (kuti muwonjezere nthawi yantchito yama mabuleki ndikupewa zovuta, madalaivala odziwa ntchito amagwiritsa ntchito njira yolumikizira injini), mbali zina zimafunika kusinthidwa. Koma kuphatikiza pakukonza mabuleki mwachizolowezi, dongosololi limatha kulephera.

Nazi zolakwika wamba, zomwe zimayambitsa ndi mayankho ake:

vutoMawonetseredwe othekaMomwe mungathetse
Mphero ya caliper (chifukwa chovala, dothi kapena dzimbiri, kusokonekera kwa woperekayo)Galimoto imayenda bwino pambali, "imagwira" mabuleki (mabuleki akupitilizabe, ngakhale chitulusi chitatulutsidwa), kuyesayesa kofunikira kumafunikira mabuleki, mabuleki kupanikizana pamene chidacho chikukanikizidwa mwamphamvuCaliper bulkhead, m'malo mwa ziwalo zobvala. Sinthani anthers. N'zotheka kuyeretsa zinthu zomwe zawonongeka ndi dzimbiri, koma ngati pali chitukuko, vuto silidzathetsedwa.
Piston wedge (nthawi zambiri chifukwa chovala zachilengedwe kapena dothi ingress, nthawi zina dzimbiri limakhala pisitoni pamwamba chifukwa cha buti)ChofananaEna amayesa kugaya galasi la pisitoni, komabe, m'malo mwa gawolo kumakhala ndi zotsatira zabwino. Kuyeretsa kumangothandiza ndi dzimbiri laling'ono.
Kuphulika kwa mbale yokwera (imagwirizira malo)ChofananaKusintha m'malo aliwonse
Padge wedge kapena kuvala kofananaChofananaChongani caliper guide bolt ndi ma piston
Kutayikira madzimadzi ananyema kudzera koyeneraNgo zofewaOnani komwe madzi akutuluka, ndikusintha zisindikizo kapena kufinya payipi mwamphamvu.

Pokonza caliper, ndikofunikira kusankha zida zolondola zomwe zikugwirizana ndi makinawo. Mavuto ambiri a caliper amayamba chifukwa cha nsapato, zisindikizo ndi njanji.

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  Kuzindikira kwa magalimoto akunja

Kutengera mtundu wamagalimoto ndi otengera omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito mu brake system, gwero la gawoli limatha kukhala pafupifupi makilomita 200. Komabe, izi ndizochepa, chifukwa zimakhudzidwa ndimayendedwe oyendetsa ndi mtundu wa zida.

Kukonza caliper, ayenera kuchotsedwa kwathunthu ndi kutsukidwa. Kuphatikiza apo, njira zonse zimatsukidwa ndipo anthers ndi zisindikizo zasinthidwa. Chowombera chakumbuyo cholumikizidwa ndi handbrake chimafuna chisamaliro chapadera. Nthawi zambiri, ambuye pamalo osungira amasonkhanitsa molakwika makina oimikapo magalimoto, omwe amathamangitsa kuwonongeka kwa ziwalo zina zake.

Kodi briper caliper imagwira ntchito bwanji? Chipangizo ndi zovuta

Ngati caliper wawonongeka ndi dzimbiri, palibe chifukwa chokonzera. Kuphatikiza pa kukonza kwanthawi zonse, chidwi chiyenera kulipidwa ndi mabuleki ngati mavuto omwe alembedwa patebulo awonedwa, komanso ngati omwe akung'ung'udza akung'ung'udza kapena kugogoda.

Momwe mungasankhire chobera

Ndikofunikira kwambiri kuti caliper ifanane ndi magwiridwe antchito agalimoto, kutanthauza mphamvu yake. Ngati muyika mtundu wotsika kwambiri pagalimoto yamphamvu, ndiye kuti mabuleki amangotha ​​mwachangu.

Ponena za kukhazikitsidwa kwa ma calipers opindulitsa kwambiri pagalimoto yama bajeti, ili ndi funso kale kuthekera kwachuma kwa eni galimoto.

Chida ichi chimasankhidwa malinga ndi magawo otsatirawa:

  • Ndi kupanga galimoto. Zonse zofunikira ziyenera kuphatikizidwa pazolemba zaukadaulo. M'misika yapadera yogulitsira, akatswiri ali kale ndi izi, chifukwa chake, ngati galimoto idagulidwa pamsika wachiwiri popanda zolemba zaukadaulo, angakuuzeni njira yomwe ingafanane ndi galimoto inayake;
  • Ndi VIN-code. Njirayi ikuthandizani kuti mupeze gawo loyambirira. Komabe, anzawo omwe amasankhidwa ndi bajeti amasankhidwa malinga ndi izi osagwira ntchito moyenera. Chinthu chachikulu ndikuti eni ake omwe zida zawo zikuyang'aniridwa adalowetsa deta molondola;
  • Code yachinyengo. Kuti mugwiritse ntchito njirayi, inunso muyenera kudziwa izi molondola.
Kodi briper caliper imagwira ntchito bwanji? Chipangizo ndi zovuta

Simuyenera kugulitsa anzawo nthawi yomweyo, popeza opanga zida zamagalimoto ena amachita zachinyengo pakupanga zinthu zawo. Zitsimikiziro zambiri - pogula chida kuchokera kwa opanga odalirika monga Meyle, Frenkit, NK, ABS.

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Ndondomeko m'malo caliper ananyema

Sizitengera luso lapadera kuti lisinthe mbali yakutsogolo kapena yakumbuyo. Makinawo ayenera kukhala oyamba pamtunda woyenera. Kusintha kwa gawo kuyenera kuchitidwa nthawi zonse ngati zida.

Zingwezo zimamasulidwa, galimoto ili ndi jekete (mutha kuyamba mbali zonse, koma mukutanthauzira uku, njirayi imachitika kuyambira mbali ya woyendetsa). Makina akumbuyo akasintha, muyenera kutsitsa bwalo lamanja, ndikuyika galimoto yamagudumu kutsogolo ndikuyika zoko pansi pa mawilo.

Poterepa (caliper ikusintha kuchokera mbali ya dalaivala), nsapato zimayikidwa pansi pa mawilo mbali ya wokwera. Makinawo sayenera kupita kutsogolo / kumbuyo pantchito.

Dongosolo la mabuleki limatulutsa magazi loyenera silimasulidwa, ndipo payipi imatsitsidwira muchidebe chopanda kanthu. Kuchotsa madzimadzi otsala kuchokera pachombocho, chomata chimakanikizidwa pisitoniyo kuti chibisike mthupi.

Kodi briper caliper imagwira ntchito bwanji? Chipangizo ndi zovuta

Gawo lotsatira ndikutsegula bolt yolowera. Mwa mtundu uliwonse, chinthu ichi chili ndi malo ake omwe. Ngati buleki wamanja wakwezedwa, woperekayo sangathe kuchotsedwa. Pakadali pano, njira yoyenera kumanja yasankhidwa. Chingwe chotseka payipi iyenera kukhala pamwamba. Kupanda kutero, cholembera chosavomerezeka chimayamwa mpweya m'dongosolo.

Pamene caliper amasintha, nthawi yomweyo muyenera kumvetsera ma disc. Ngati pali zolakwika pa iwo, ndiye kuti pamwamba pake muyenera kukhala mchenga. Caliper yatsopano imalumikizidwa mosinthika.

Kuti mabuleki agwire bwino ntchito, muyenera kutulutsa magazi pa mabuleki (mutachotsa okhwima onse). Werengani momwe mungachitire izi mu nkhani yapadera.

Malangizo okonza ndi kukonza

Popeza kuti njirazi ndizokwera mtengo kwambiri kuti zizisonkhanitsidwa, zimafunikira chisamaliro ndi kukonza nthawi ndi nthawi. Nthawi zambiri, maupangiri (mapangidwe oyandama) kapena ma pistoni amakhala ndi acidified mwa omwe amakhala nawo. Vuto lachiwiri ndi chifukwa chobwezeretsa mwadzidzidzi madzi amadzimadzi.

Ngati ma pistoni sali acidic kwathunthu, amatha kutsukidwa. Monga tanenera kale, ndi kutsekemera kambiri (dzimbiri), palibe chifukwa chokonzekera gawolo - ndi bwino kulibwezeretsa ndi latsopano. Ndiyeneranso kulabadira momwe masika amakhalira pa caliper. Chifukwa cha dzimbiri, imatha kutaya mphamvu kapena kuphulika palimodzi.

Kodi briper caliper imagwira ntchito bwanji? Chipangizo ndi zovuta

Nthawi zambiri utoto umatha kudziteteza kuti usawonongeke. Kuphatikiza kwina kwa njirayi ndi mawonekedwe okongoletsa mfundo.

Dusters, bushings ndi zinthu zina zotsekera zimatha kusinthidwa ndikugula zida zakumbuyo zokonzera. Njira zakutsogolo zimathandizidwa chimodzimodzi.

Kuphatikiza apo, penyani kanema wamomwe opumira mabuleki amathandizira:

Kukonza ndi kukonza kwa CALIPERS

Mafunso ndi Mayankho:

Kodi caliper pagalimoto ndi chiyani? Ndi chinthu chofunikira kwambiri pamakina agalimoto. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito m'ma disk braking systems. Makinawa amalumikizidwa mwachindunji ndi mzere wa brake ndi ma brake pads.

Kodi caliper ndi chiyani? Ntchito yofunika kwambiri ya caliper ndiyo kuchitapo kanthu pamapadi mukamakanikiza chopondapo, kuti akanikize mwamphamvu pa brake disc ndikuchepetsa kusinthasintha kwa gudumu.

Ndi mapepala angati omwe ali mu caliper? Mapangidwe a ma calipers amatha kusiyana mumitundu yosiyanasiyana yamagalimoto. Kwenikweni, kusiyana kwawo kuli mu chiwerengero cha ma pistoni, koma pali mapepala awiri mmenemo (kotero kuti chimbalecho chimatsekedwa kumbali zonse ziwiri).

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