zotchinga chete

Zamkatimu

Makina osalankhula (omwe pano amatchedwa "s / b") ndi gawo loyimitsidwa, lomwe ndi matabwa awiri achitsulo okhala ndi mphira pakati pawo. Cholepheretsa cholumikizacho chimalumikiza magawo oyimitsidwa palimodzi, amachepetsa kugwedezeka pakati pamfundo. Zoyimitsa mwakachetechete zimathandizira kuyenda bwino chifukwa cha kutanuka kwa mphira, womwe umagwira ngati chosokoneza pakati pazitsulo zoyimitsidwa. 

Zomwe zili chete ndi cholinga chake

zotchinga chete

Zoyimira chete zimagwira ntchito kuti zipewe kupindika kwa kuyimitsidwa ndi zolimbitsa thupi. Ndiwo oyamba kugwedezekagwedezeka, kenako amalowetsedwa ndi zoyamwa. Komanso zotchinga sizigawidwa m'magulu otsatirawa:

  • zomangamanga (limodzi, awiri bushings kapena popanda zinthu zitsulo);
  • kapangidwe kamangidwe (zotsekemera zolimba kapena mabowo);
  • mtundu wazolumikizira (matumba kapena nyumba zokhala ndi zikwama);
  • kuyenda (kuyenda kwapakatikati ndi "kuyandama");
  • zakuthupi (labala kapena polyurethane).

Kapangidwe kake, mabulogu mwakachetechete amasiyana mawonekedwe, kutengera mtundu wa lever. Nthawi zambiri, ma bushings awiri amagwiritsidwa ntchito pamakombedwe atatu amtundu wa MacPherson woyimitsidwa kutsogolo - kumbuyo komwe kumakhala mabatani awiri, kutsogolo kutsogolo kuchokera mkati mwa bolt, kulibe khola lakunja. Mwa njira, kumbuyo kutsogolo kwa s / b kutsogolo kumatha kudzazidwa ndimadzimadzi. Kapangidwe kameneka kamapangitsa kuti athe kuyamwa mphamvu yanjenjemera, koma madziwo akangoyamba kutuluka, magwiridwe achete amachepa kwambiri.

Malinga ndi kuchuluka kwa kapangidwe kake, ndibwino kugwiritsa ntchito olimba s / b, gwero lawo ndilokwera kwambiri.

Pa kusunthika kwa chidwi chapadera pali "zoyandama" zotchinga chete. Iwo ntchito kumbuyo Mipikisano kugwirizana kuyimitsidwa, iwo akhoza mbamuikha mu chiwongolero ndi ndodo kapena yopingasa ndodo. Malo oyandama "oyandama" ali ndi ntchito yachiwiri - kulola kuti gudumu lizitha kutembenuka momasuka mbali inayake, kwinaku likungoyimilira mu ndege yowongoka komanso yopingasa. Katunduyu nthawi zambiri amatsekedwa ndi buti mbali zonse ziwiri, mkati mwake momwe mumayikiramo hinge.Kuti kayendetsedwe kake kanyamulidwe, kuyimitsidwa kumbuyo "kuyendetsa" pakufunika, galimoto mumsewu ndiyokhazikika pothinana. Kuti nsapato ya jombo ndi yotetezeka pachiwopsezo, ndiye imadutsa fumbi ndi chinyezi, ndikuchepetsa kwambiri gawolo. 

Kodi midadada yosakhalitsa ili kuti?

chete block ndi lever

Mabokosi azitsulo amagwiritsidwa ntchito m'magawo otsatirawa:

  • kutsogolo ndi kumbuyo levers;
  • kotenga nthawi ndi zopingasa ndodo kumbuyo kuyimitsidwa;
  • monga zolimba bushings;
  • muzitsulo zopangira;
  • mu absorbers mantha;
  • ngati phiri la unit yamagetsi ndikutumiza;
  • pa subframes.
Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Momwe Mungasankhire Rack Yabwino Kwambiri Yagalimoto Yamagetsi?

Kugwiritsa ntchito midadada yopanda phokoso m'malo mwa matayala a labala kwasintha kwambiri magwiridwe antchito a chassis chifukwa chakuti mphira womwe uli mgalimoto yolimba imagwira ntchito bwino kupindika, kumachepetsa kugwedezeka bwino ndipo sikutha msanga. 

Mitundu ndi mitundu ya zotchinga

Pali magawo awiri omwe magawo onse osalongosoka amagawidwa:

  • Ndi zinthu zomwe amapangidwa;
  • Mwa mtundu (mawonekedwe ndi kapangidwe).

Zitsamba zamatabwa am'mbuyo ndi mikono yakutsogolo zimapangidwa ndi mphira kapena polyurethane.

Mwa mtundu iwo amadziwika:

  • Zowonongeka zosagundika. Ziwalo zotere zimakhala ndi khola lachitsulo lokhala ndi mphira mkati. Palinso zosintha ndi chitsulo chimodzi. Poterepa, adzaikidwa mkati mwa mphira.
  • Perforated chete chipika kapena ndi cavities mu mphira gawo. Zomata zoterezi zimapotoza choponderacho. Gawolo liyenera kukanikizidwa mofanana kuti katundu azigawidwa pagawo lonse logwiranso ntchito.
  • Malo osakhalitsa okhala ndi matumba osakanikirana. Ziwalo zotere sizikhala ndi bowo lokwanira. M'malo mwake amagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi ma eyelets. Kapangidwe kameneka kamakupatsani mwayi wokonza magawo omwe ali mndege zoyendera limodzi.
  • Mapangidwe oyandama. Kunja, zotchinga zoyandama ndizofanana ndi mayendedwe a mpira. Kotero kuti panthawi yogwira ntchito gawo la mphira silikutha, limakutidwa ndi nsapato ya jombo. Kusinthaku kumapereka mayendedwe osalala a gawo lokwerapo. Zitha kugwiritsidwa ntchito popangira ma levers, koma nthawi zambiri zimayikidwa muzowongolera za likulu.

Momwe mungayang'anire zotchinga chete?

watha chete block

Zomwe zapakati pazitsulo zoyimitsidwa ndi chitsulo ndi 100 km. Kufufuza kwa S / w kumachitika makilomita 000 aliwonse. Kuti muchite izi, muyenera kukweza galimoto pamtunda. Kuwunika koyambirira kofunikira, kumafunika kuzindikira kupezeka kwa ming'alu kapena ming'alu ya mphira. Ngati pali ming'alu, ndiye kuti ichi ndi chizindikiro kuti s / b iyenera kusinthidwa posachedwa.

Komanso, chekechi chimachitika pogwiritsa ntchito kukwera. Tatsamira pa lever, timatsanzira ntchito yake, pomwe stroko ya lever iyenera kukhala yolimba. Izi zimagwiranso ntchito pakukweza ma injini, zida zowopsa.

Popita, kugogoda mwamphamvu pazosakhazikika, "kulekerera" kuyimitsidwa kumalankhula za kuvala kwa zotchinga.

Kusintha

Kusintha kwa zotchinga mwakachetechete kumapangidwa kokha ndi zovala zowonekera, nthawi zina kumakhala kopanda tanthauzo kuzikhudza. Ndikulimbikitsidwa kuti musinthe gawo lazitsulo zazitsulo mbali zonse, chifukwa popita, kuyimitsidwa kumayamba kuwonekera kokwanira chifukwa cha kusiyana kwa magwiridwe antchito. 

Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Sunroof pagalimoto - pali chiyani ndipo ndibwino kusankha

Mwa njira, sikuti kuyimitsidwa kulikonse kumayamba "kumveka" pamene s / w wavala. Mwachitsanzo: galimoto ya Mercedes-Benz W210 ndi BMW 7-mndandanda E38 mpaka omaliza amakhalabe "chete", ngakhale mabatani osatekeseka atang'ambika kwathunthu. Izi zikusonyeza kuti zida zamagalimoto ziyenera kupezeka kutengera mileage ndi zizindikilo zoyambirira zosakwanira zoyimitsidwa.

Moyo wonse

Nthawi zambiri, gwero lazinthu zoyambirira limafikira makilomita 100 kapena kuposa, kutengera komwe galimoto imagwiritsidwa ntchito. Ponena za ma analogues, njira zotsika mtengo kwambiri zitha kulephera kale pamakilomita masauzande achiwiri. Mileage yodziwika bwino ya analogue yabwino ndi 000-50% ya gwero la gawo loyambirira. 

silentblock polyurentane

Ndi zotchinga ziti zomwe zili bwino: polyurethane kapena labala?

Zachidziwikire, zikalephera kutseka mwakachetechete, yankho loyenera lingakhale m'malo mwake ndi chimodzimodzi, chomwe chimaperekedwa ndi wopanga. Ngati dalaivala sakudziwa bwino zagalimoto yake, ndiye kuti kusankha mabuloko chete kungachitike malinga ndi kabukhu la galimoto inayake.

Asanabwezeretse zopumira, mwiniwake wamagalimoto ayenera kusankha pazomwe akuchokera.

Msika wamakono wamagalimoto, wogula amapatsidwa njira ziwiri: mphira ndi polyurethane. Nayi kusiyana kwake.

Mabulange chete

Kodi chete ndi chiyani ndikusintha liti

Pamtima pazitsulo zoterezi, raba amagwiritsidwa ntchito. Magawowa ndi otchipa komanso osavuta kupeza m'masitolo. Koma njirayi ili ndi zovuta zingapo zofunika:

  • Zida zochepa zogwirira ntchito;
  • Creak, ngakhale atasinthidwa;
  • Samalekerera zovuta zachilengedwe, mwachitsanzo, ming'alu ya mphira pansi pa zovuta mu chisanu choopsa.

Polyurethane amakhala chete

Kodi chete ndi chiyani ndikusintha liti

Chovuta chofunikira kwambiri pamiyendo yakachetechete ya polyurethane poyerekeza ndi mtundu wakale ndi mtengo wokwera. Komabe, izi zimadzaza ndi kupezeka kwa zabwino zambiri:

  • Ntchito chete;
  • Khalidwe lagalimoto panjira limakhala lofewa;
  • Fulcrum siyopunduka mopitirira muyeso;
  • Kuchuluka kwa moyo wogwira ntchito (nthawi zina mpaka kasanu, poyerekeza ndi analogue ya labala);
  • Imachepetsa kunjenjemera bwino;
  • Imasintha magwiridwe antchito agalimoto.

Zifukwa zolephera ndi zomwe zimasokonekera

Kwenikweni, gwero la gawo lililonse lamagalimoto limakhudzidwa osati ndi mtundu wake wokha, komanso ndimachitidwe ogwirira ntchito. Izi zimachitika kuti malo osakhalitsa mwakachetechete samathera chuma chake mgalimoto yomwe imangoyendetsa msewu wamavuto.

Kodi chete ndi chiyani ndikusintha liti

Nthawi ina, galimoto imayendetsedwa kwambiri mumzinda, ndipo woyendetsa amayendetsa molondola komanso moyenera. Zikatero, ngakhale bajeti yopanda malire ikhoza kuwononga zinthu zoyenera.

Zambiri pa mutuwo:
  Mababu olimbikitsidwa, mukuyenera kukhala nawo?

Kuwonongeka kwakukulu kwa zotchinga mwakachetechete ndikutuluka kapena kusandulika kwa gawo la mphira, chifukwa ndichoperewera pa fulcrum. Mphamvu zopotoka zimagwiritsa ntchito mfundo zina. Kuphulika kwa kopanira kwazitsulo ndikosowa kwambiri. Chifukwa chachikulu cha izi ndikuphwanya njira zokakamiza.

Gawo la mphira limatha msanga pamilandu yotsatirayi:

  • Kuphwanya ukadaulo posintha mabulogu chete. Ma bolt akakhazikika, galimotoyo iyenera kukhala yolimba pama mawilo ake osamangika. Kupanda kutero, gawo lolimba molakwika limapindika makina atatsitsidwa pansi. Pambuyo pake, mphirawo udzasweka pansi pa katundu wina.
  • Kuphwanya njira zokakamiza. Ngati gawolo lakhazikitsidwa ndi zolowetsa, panthawi yogwira katunduyo sangagawidwe mofanana.
  • Kutopa kwachilengedwe. Madalaivala ena amayang'anitsitsa zotchinga pokhapokha pakakhala vuto ndi iwo, nthawi zambiri kuposa nthawi yothandizira.
  • Kuwononga mwamphamvu mankhwala. Izi zimaphatikizaponso ma reagents omwe mseu umayenda nawo. Mafuta wamba a injini amathanso kuthyola mphira mosavuta.
Kodi chete ndi chiyani ndikusintha liti

Izi ndi zizindikilo zomwe mungatsimikizire kuti zotchinga chete ziyenera kusinthidwa:

  • Galimotoyo idayenda pafupifupi ma kilomita 100 (ngati misewu inali yabwino, ndiye kuti nthawi yolowera m'malo imachepa - pafupifupi 000-50 zikwi);
  • Kubwerera m'mbuyo kumawoneka, galimoto imakhala yosakhazikika komanso yosakhala bwino kuyendetsa;
  • Njira yopondera matayala imatha mosafanana (ziyenera kukumbukiridwa kuti izi mwina ndi zotsatira za zovuta zina, zomwe zafotokozedwa mu nkhani yapadera);
  • Zokwera m'manja zawonongeka.

Pogwira ntchito yake munthawi yake komanso yabwino, mwini galimotoyo amapewa kuwononga zosafunika pakukonza zinthu zomwe sizinafike.

Mafunso ndi Mayankho:

Kodi chimachitika ndi chiyani ngati midadada yopanda phokoso ikasinthidwa? Chifukwa cha chipika chopanda phokoso chomwe chaphulika, mkono woyimitsidwa umakhala wokhotakhota. Chifukwa cha kuchuluka kwa mmbuyo, mpando wokwera pamahinji umasweka, zomwe zingayambitse kusweka kwa lever yonse.

ЧKodi block block imachita chiyani? Choyamba, zinthu izi kulumikiza mbali kuyimitsidwa galimoto. Pakuyenda, kugwedezeka kumachitika pakati pazigawozi. Chida chopanda phokoso chimafewetsa kugwedezeka uku.

N'chifukwa chiyani block block imatchedwa? Kuchokera ku English block block - mfundo yabata. Ndi chinthu chosapatukana chokhala ndi zitsamba ziwiri zolumikizidwa ndi vulcanization.

Kodi zometa zamkono zakutsogolo ndi za chiyani? Popeza pali zinthu zofewa (rabala kapena silikoni) popanga chipika chopanda phokoso, zimachepetsa kugwedezeka ndi kugwedezeka komwe kumachitika muzitsulo polumikiza mbali zoyimitsidwa.

NKHANI ZOFANANA
Waukulu » nkhani » Kodi chete ndi chiyani ndikusintha liti

Kuwonjezera ndemanga